There are two identical containers A & B. The container A contains 1 Litre pure water and container B contains B 1 litre of pure milk. Now 5 cups of water container A taken out and is mixed well in container B. Then, 5 cups of this mixture is taken out and mixed in the container A. If M denotes the proportion of milk in the container A and N denote the proportion of water in container B, then:
A. M<N
B. M>N
C. M=N
D. 2M= N
E. Info insufficient, can’t be determined.
Answer - C
We can have any proportion of 5 cups mixed in other container, the result will be container A having same % of milk as in container B having water
For eg. we take 500 ml (for 5 cups) of water mixed with milk -> Result will 1.5 ltrs having 0.5 ltr of water giving concentration of 0.5/1.5 => 1/3 => N = 33.33% of water
So 500 ml of this concentration will contain 2/3 of 500 ml of milk => 33.33% milk in 500 ml
When we add 500 ml of this concentration in 500 ml of water -> result will be 33.33% milk in 1 ltr of mixture => M
Therefore M = N
Similarly,
If we take 200 ml (for 5 cups) then 200 ml of water mixed in 1 ltr of milk -> 0.2 ltr water in 1.2 ltr of mixture -> 0.2/1.2 =1/6 concentration of water = N
When we mix 200 ml of this concentration => 5/6 of 200 ml added to 500 ml of water => 1000/6 in 1 ltr mixture => 1/6 of milk => M
Again M=N.
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