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GMATPREP ChallengeQ -What kinds of property rights apply to

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GMATPREP ChallengeQ -What kinds of property rights apply to [#permalink]

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12 Aug 2014, 07:23
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Passage-21 GMATPrep RCs-Collection(Main article)
What kinds of property rights apply to Algonquian family hunting territories, and how did they come to be? The dominant view in recent decades has been that family hunting territories, like other forms of private landownership, were not found among Algonquians (a group of North American Indian tribes) before contact with Europeans but are the result of changes in Algonquian society brought about by the European-Algonquian fur trade, in combination with other factors such as ecological changes and consequent shifts in wildlife harvesting patterns. Another view claims that Algonquian family hunting territories predate contact with Europeans and are forms of private landownership by individuals and families. More recent fieldwork, however, has shown that individual and family rights to hunting territories form part of a larger land-use system of multifamilial hunting groups, that rights to hunting territories at this larger community level take precedence over those at the individual or family level, and that this system reflects a concept of spiritual and social reciprocity that conflicts with European concepts of private property. In short, there are now strong reasons to think that it was erroneous to claim that Algonquian family hunting territories ever were, or were becoming, a kind of private property system.
1.The primary purpose of the passage is to
A. provide an explanation for an unexpected phenomenon
B. suggest that a particular question has yet to be answered
C. present a new perspective on an issue
D. defend a traditional view from attack
E. reconcile opposing sides of an argument

[Reveal] Spoiler:
C

2. It can be inferred from the passage that proponents of the view mentioned in the first highlighted text believe which of the following about the origin of Algonquian family hunting territories?
A. They evolved from multifamilial hunting territories.
B. They are an outgrowth of reciprocal land-use practices.
C. They are based on certain spiritual beliefs.
D. They developed as a result of contact with Europeans.
E. They developed as a result of trade with non-Algonquian Indian tribes.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
D

3. According to the passage, proponents of the view mentioned in the first highlighted portion of text and proponents of the view mentioned in the second highlighted portion of text ( see in "Another view claims...") both believe which of the following about Algonquian family hunting territories?
A They are a form of private landownership.
B They are a form of community, rather than individual, landownership.
C They were a form of private landownership prior to contact with Europeans.
D They became a form of private landownership due to contact with Europeans.
E They have replaced reciprocal practices relating to land use in Algonquian society

[Reveal] Spoiler:
A

[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #1 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #2 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #3 OA

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Last edited by GMATNinjaTwo on 22 Jan 2018, 14:42, edited 1 time in total.
corrected typo in passage
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -What kinds of property rights apply to [#permalink]

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13 Aug 2014, 20:32
1
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -What kinds of property rights apply to [#permalink]

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13 Aug 2014, 22:57
2
KUDOS
Time taken 5:30 mins.
1.The primary purpose of the passage is to
C. present a new perspective on an issue
"View 1 , View 2 and View 3. In short, there are now strong reasons to think that it was erroneous to claim that Algonquian family hunting territories ever were, or were becoming, a kind of private property system."

2. It can be inferred from the passage that proponents of the view mentioned in the first highlighted text believe which of the following about the origin of Algonquian family hunting territories?
D. They developed as a result of contact with Europeans.
"The dominant viewin recent decades has been that family hunting territories, like other forms of private landownership, were not found among Algonquians (a group of North American Indian tribes) before contact with Europeans but are the result of changes in Algonquian society brought about by the European-Algonquian fur trade"

3. According to the passage, proponents of the view mentioned in the first highlighted portion of text and proponents of the view mentioned in the second highlighted portion of text ( see in "Another view claims...") both believe which of the following about Algonquian family hunting territories?
A They are a form of private landownership.
"The dominant viewin recent decades has been that family hunting territories, like other forms of private landownership....
.....
Another view claims that Algonquian family hunting territories predate contact with Europeans and are forms of private landownership"
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -What kinds of property rights apply to [#permalink]

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14 Aug 2014, 00:19
1
KUDOS
1.The primary purpose of the passage is to
A. provide an explanation for an unexpected phenomenon
B. suggest that a particular question has yet to be answered
C. present a new perspective on an issue
D. defend a traditional view from attack
E. reconcile opposing sides of an argument

2. It can be inferred from the passage that proponents of the view mentioned in the first highlighted text believe which of the following about the origin of Algonquian family hunting territories?
A. They evolved from multifamilial hunting territories.
B. They are an outgrowth of reciprocal land-use practices.
C. They are based on certain spiritual beliefs.
D. They developed as a result of contact with Europeans.
E. They developed as a result of trade with non-Algonquian Indian tribes.

3. According to the passage, proponents of the view mentioned in the first highlighted portion of text and proponents of the view mentioned in the second highlighted portion of text ( see in "Another view claims...") both believe which of the following about Algonquian family hunting territories?
A They are a form of private landownership.
B They are a form of community, rather than individual, landownership.
C They were a form of private landownership prior to contact with Europeans.
D They became a form of private landownership due to contact with Europeans.
E They have replaced reciprocal practices relating to land use in Algonquian society
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -What kinds of property rights apply to [#permalink]

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30 Aug 2014, 10:51
Time taken - 05 mins 30 secs

1.C
2.D
3.A
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -What kinds of property rights apply to [#permalink]

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04 Aug 2016, 13:33
got stumped with this one
only second correct
6 minutes.
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -What kinds of property rights apply to [#permalink]

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29 Oct 2016, 04:49
Time Taken : 6 Minutes All Correct. A short and tricky passage.
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -What kinds of property rights apply to [#permalink]

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11 Dec 2017, 20:43
JarvisR wrote:
Time taken 5:30 mins.
1.The primary purpose of the passage is to
C. present a new perspective on an issue
"View 1 , View 2 and View 3. In short, there are now strong reasons to think that it was erroneous to claim that Algonquian family hunting territories ever were, or were becoming, a kind of private property system."

2. It can be inferred from the passage that proponents of the view mentioned in the first highlighted text believe which of the following about the origin of Algonquian family hunting territories?
D. They developed as a result of contact with Europeans.
"The dominant viewin recent decades has been that family hunting territories, like other forms of private landownership, were not found among Algonquians (a group of North American Indian tribes) before contact with Europeans but are the result of changes in Algonquian society brought about by the European-Algonquian fur trade"

3. According to the passage, proponents of the view mentioned in the first highlighted portion of text and proponents of the view mentioned in the second highlighted portion of text ( see in "Another view claims...") both believe which of the following about Algonquian family hunting territories?
A They are a form of private landownership.
"The dominant viewin recent decades has been that family hunting territories, like other forms of private landownership....
.....
Another view claims that Algonquian family hunting territories predate contact with Europeans and are forms of private landownership"

Hi,
For 3) Isn't 1st view saying
The dominant view in recent decades has been that family hunting territories, like other forms of private landownership, were not found among Algonquians . Can you pls explain how A is correct? Am I missing something?
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -What kinds of property rights apply to [#permalink]

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14 Dec 2017, 20:54
1
KUDOS
What kinds of property rights apply to Algonquian family hunting territories, and how did they come to be? The dominant view in recent decades has been that family hunting territories, like other forms of private landownership, were not found among Algonquians (a group of North American Indian tribes) before contact with Europeans but are the result of changes in Algonquian society brought about by the European-Algonquian fur trade, in combination with other factors such as ecological changes and consequent shifts in wildlife harvesting patterns. Another view claims that Algonquian family hunting territories predate contact with Europeans and are forms of private landownership by individuals and families. More recent fieldwork, however, has shown that individual and family rights to hunting territories form part of a larger land-use system of multifamilial hunting groups, that rights to hunting territories at this larger community level take precedence over those at the individual or family level, and that this system reflects a concept of spiritual and social reciprocity that conflicts with European concepts of private property. In short, there are now strong reasons to think that it was erroneous to claim that Algonquian family hunting territories ever were, or were becoming, a kind of private property system.

I think its important to organize & summarize the passage (as below):

Dominant view (of property rights for Algonquian family territories): family hunting territories (form of private landownership) were found AFTER contact w/ Europeans.

Another view (of property rights for Algonquian family territories): family hunting territories (form of private landownership) PREDATE contact w/ Europeans.

Recent Fieldwork: New system conflicts w/ European concepts of private property. Debatable whether Algonquian family hunting territories ever were/were becoming, a kind of private property system

-----

1. The primary purpose of the passage is to

A. provide an explanation for an unexpected phenomenon
- what unexpected phenomenon? where is the explanation for this said phenomenon?

B. suggest that a particular question has yet to be answered
- what question has yet to be answered?

C. present a new perspective on an issue
- yes. the new perspective is: was this land ever private?

D. defend a traditional view from attack
- there are multiple views, none really being attacked. 2 are introduced and 1 is said to question both those concepts.

E. reconcile opposing sides of an argument
- not attempting to reconcile opposing sides of an argument...instead, suggesting something else entirely.

-----

2. It can be inferred from the passage that proponents of the view mentioned in the first highlighted text believe which of the following about the origin of Algonquian family hunting territories?

A. They evolved from multifamilial hunting territories.
- wrong. not mentioned until later.

B. They are an outgrowth of reciprocal land-use practices.
- same as "A".

C. They are based on certain spiritual beliefs.
- same as "A"

D. They developed as a result of contact with Europeans.
- yes, first highlighted text = dominant view which says exactly this.

E. They developed as a result of trade with non-Algonquian Indian tribes.
- never said in passage.

-----

3. According to the passage, proponents of the view mentioned in the first highlighted portion of text and proponents of the view mentioned in the second highlighted portion of text ( see in "Another view claims...") both believe which of the following about Algonquian family hunting territories?

A. They are a form of private landownership.
- both only differ WHEN private landownership was actually "a thing" (before or after Europeans came into contact with them)

B. They are a form of community, rather than individual, landownership.
- neither view agrees with this

C. They were a form of private landownership prior to contact with Europeans.
- only one view agrees with this

D. They became a form of private landownership due to contact with Europeans.
- only one view agrees with this (opposite group who agrees with C)

E. They have replaced reciprocal practices relating to land use in Algonquian society
- never mentioned in the passage

Kudos please if you find this helpful
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -What kinds of property rights apply to [#permalink]

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15 Dec 2017, 05:26
LakerFan24 wrote:
What kinds of property rights apply to Algonquian family hunting territories, and how did they come to be? The dominant view in recent decades has been that family hunting territories, like other forms of private landownership, were not found among Algonquians (a group of North American Indian tribes) before contact with Europeans but are the result of changes in Algonquian society brought about by the European-Algonquian fur trade, in combination with other factors such as ecological changes and consequent shifts in wildlife harvesting patterns. Another view claims that Algonquian family hunting territories predate contact with Europeans and are forms of private landownership by individuals and families. More recent fieldwork, however, has shown that individual and family rights to hunting territories form part of a larger land-use system of multifamilial hunting groups, that rights to hunting territories at this larger community level take precedence over those at the individual or family level, and that this system reflects a concept of spiritual and social reciprocity that conflicts with European concepts of private property. In short, there are now strong reasons to think that it was erroneous to claim that Algonquian family hunting territories ever were, or were becoming, a kind of private property system.

I think its important to organize & summarize the passage (as below):

Dominant view (of property rights for Algonquian family territories): family hunting territories (form of private landownership) were found AFTER contact w/ Europeans.

Another view (of property rights for Algonquian family territories): family hunting territories (form of private landownership) PREDATE contact w/ Europeans.

Recent Fieldwork: New system conflicts w/ European concepts of private property. Debatable whether Algonquian family hunting territories ever were/were becoming, a kind of private property system

-----

1. The primary purpose of the passage is to

A. provide an explanation for an unexpected phenomenon
- what unexpected phenomenon? where is the explanation for this said phenomenon?

B. suggest that a particular question has yet to be answered
- what question has yet to be answered?

C. present a new perspective on an issue
- yes. the new perspective is: was this land ever private?

D. defend a traditional view from attack
- there are multiple views, none really being attacked. 2 are introduced and 1 is said to question both those concepts.

E. reconcile opposing sides of an argument
- not attempting to reconcile opposing sides of an argument...instead, suggesting something else entirely.

-----

2. It can be inferred from the passage that proponents of the view mentioned in the first highlighted text believe which of the following about the origin of Algonquian family hunting territories?

A. They evolved from multifamilial hunting territories.
- wrong. not mentioned until later.

B. They are an outgrowth of reciprocal land-use practices.
- same as "A".

C. They are based on certain spiritual beliefs.
- same as "A"

D. They developed as a result of contact with Europeans.
- yes, first highlighted text = dominant view which says exactly this.

E. They developed as a result of trade with non-Algonquian Indian tribes.
- never said in passage.

-----

3. According to the passage, proponents of the view mentioned in the first highlighted portion of text and proponents of the view mentioned in the second highlighted portion of text ( see in "Another view claims...") both believe which of the following about Algonquian family hunting territories?

A. They are a form of private landownership.
- both only differ WHEN private landownership was actually "a thing" (before or after Europeans came into contact with them)

B. They are a form of community, rather than individual, landownership.
- neither view agrees with this

C. They were a form of private landownership prior to contact with Europeans.
- only one view agrees with this

D. They became a form of private landownership due to contact with Europeans.
- only one view agrees with this (opposite group who agrees with C)

E. They have replaced reciprocal practices relating to land use in Algonquian society
- never mentioned in the passage

Kudos please if you find this helpful

Hi,

For Q3, answer option C, the first view clearly says prior to contact with Europeans and the second view says "predate" contact with Europeans. So y is C the wrong answer ?

Thanks.

Sent from my MotoG3 using GMAT Club Forum mobile app
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -What kinds of property rights apply to [#permalink]

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15 Dec 2017, 05:34
shrupk wrote:
LakerFan24 wrote:
What kinds of property rights apply to Algonquian family hunting territories, and how did they come to be? The dominant view in recent decades has been that family hunting territories, like other forms of private landownership, were not found among Algonquians (a group of North American Indian tribes) before contact with Europeans but are the result of changes in Algonquian society brought about by the European-Algonquian fur trade, in combination with other factors such as ecological changes and consequent shifts in wildlife harvesting patterns. Another view claims that Algonquian family hunting territories predate contact with Europeans and are forms of private landownership by individuals and families. More recent fieldwork, however, has shown that individual and family rights to hunting territories form part of a larger land-use system of multifamilial hunting groups, that rights to hunting territories at this larger community level take precedence over those at the individual or family level, and that this system reflects a concept of spiritual and social reciprocity that conflicts with European concepts of private property. In short, there are now strong reasons to think that it was erroneous to claim that Algonquian family hunting territories ever were, or were becoming, a kind of private property system.

I think its important to organize & summarize the passage (as below):

Dominant view (of property rights for Algonquian family territories): family hunting territories (form of private landownership) were found AFTER contact w/ Europeans.

Another view (of property rights for Algonquian family territories): family hunting territories (form of private landownership) PREDATE contact w/ Europeans.

Recent Fieldwork: New system conflicts w/ European concepts of private property. Debatable whether Algonquian family hunting territories ever were/were becoming, a kind of private property system

-----

1. The primary purpose of the passage is to

A. provide an explanation for an unexpected phenomenon
- what unexpected phenomenon? where is the explanation for this said phenomenon?

B. suggest that a particular question has yet to be answered
- what question has yet to be answered?

C. present a new perspective on an issue
- yes. the new perspective is: was this land ever private?

D. defend a traditional view from attack
- there are multiple views, none really being attacked. 2 are introduced and 1 is said to question both those concepts.

E. reconcile opposing sides of an argument
- not attempting to reconcile opposing sides of an argument...instead, suggesting something else entirely.

-----

2. It can be inferred from the passage that proponents of the view mentioned in the first highlighted text believe which of the following about the origin of Algonquian family hunting territories?

A. They evolved from multifamilial hunting territories.
- wrong. not mentioned until later.

B. They are an outgrowth of reciprocal land-use practices.
- same as "A".

C. They are based on certain spiritual beliefs.
- same as "A"

D. They developed as a result of contact with Europeans.
- yes, first highlighted text = dominant view which says exactly this.

E. They developed as a result of trade with non-Algonquian Indian tribes.
- never said in passage.

-----

3. According to the passage, proponents of the view mentioned in the first highlighted portion of text and proponents of the view mentioned in the second highlighted portion of text ( see in "Another view claims...") both believe which of the following about Algonquian family hunting territories?

A. They are a form of private landownership.
- both only differ WHEN private landownership was actually "a thing" (before or after Europeans came into contact with them)

B. They are a form of community, rather than individual, landownership.
- neither view agrees with this

C. They were a form of private landownership prior to contact with Europeans.
- only one view agrees with this

D. They became a form of private landownership due to contact with Europeans.
- only one view agrees with this (opposite group who agrees with C)

E. They have replaced reciprocal practices relating to land use in Algonquian society
- never mentioned in the passage

Kudos please if you find this helpful

Hi,

For Q3, answer option C, the first view clearly says prior to contact with Europeans and the second view says "predate" contact with Europeans. So y is C the wrong answer ?

Thanks.

Sent from my MotoG3 using GMAT Club Forum mobile app

I am sorry. While reading fast, I missed the "not" in the first view

Sent from my MotoG3 using GMAT Club Forum mobile app
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -What kinds of property rights apply to [#permalink]

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15 Dec 2017, 20:19
GMATNinja
GMATNinjaTwo
Your explanations for these questions would be really helpful here. Got only one question correct.
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -What kinds of property rights apply to [#permalink]

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19 Dec 2017, 16:05
GMATNinja
GMATNinjaTwo
Your explanations for these questions would be really helpful here. Got only one question correct.

sadikabid27, we'd be happy to help, but can you let us know which two you missed and explain your thinking? The more information you give us the easier it will be for us to help.

Thanks!
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -What kinds of property rights apply to [#permalink]

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20 Jan 2018, 23:04
In Q3, I didn't understand why A is the answer ?
It states that ' The dominant viewin recent decades has been that family hunting territories, like other forms of private landownership, were not found among Algonquians'
What I understood from this statement is Algonquians didn't have private landownership territories.
Please suggest where did I go wrong ?

Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -What kinds of property rights apply to   [#permalink] 20 Jan 2018, 23:04
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