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# I need expert comments - If I say "having been"

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Director
Status: Impossible is not a fact. It's an opinion. It's a dare. Impossible is nothing.
Affiliations: University of Chicago Booth School of Business
Joined: 26 Nov 2009
Posts: 960
Location: Singapore

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07 Jun 2010, 22:32
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If I say "having been" is almost always wrong on gmat, am I correct?

e.g

Framed by traitorous colleagues, Alfred Dreyfus was imprisoned for twelve years before
there was exoneration and his freedom.
(A) there was exoneration and his freedom
(B) he was to be exonerated with freedom
(C) being exonerated and freed
(D) exoneration and his freedom
(E) being freed, having been exonerated
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Director
Status: Impossible is not a fact. It's an opinion. It's a dare. Impossible is nothing.
Affiliations: University of Chicago Booth School of Business
Joined: 26 Nov 2009
Posts: 960
Location: Singapore
Re: having been - on gmat [#permalink]

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08 Jun 2010, 11:44
Guys

Any illustrations where this pattern is correct? It will be helpful..

Thanks
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Senior Manager
Joined: 08 Dec 2009
Posts: 409
Re: having been - on gmat [#permalink]

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13 Jul 2010, 23:24
1
KUDOS
wow funny how i found this thread...
i just wrote about "having + past participle" and "having been + past participle" couple hours ago...

gmat-grammar-book-verbs-96445.html
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Manager
Joined: 09 Jul 2010
Posts: 121
Re: I need expert comments - If I say "having been" [#permalink]

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15 Mar 2012, 13:58
If I say "having been" is almost always wrong on gmat, am I correct?

e.g

Framed by traitorous colleagues, Alfred Dreyfus was imprisoned for twelve years before
there was exoneration and his freedom.
(A) there was exoneration and his freedom
(B) he was to be exonerated with freedom
(C) being exonerated and freed
(D) exoneration and his freedom
(E) being freed, having been exonerated

Could someone here please explain when "having been" could be right on gmat

Thanks
SVP
Joined: 14 Apr 2009
Posts: 2085
Location: New York, NY
Re: I need expert comments - If I say "having been" [#permalink]

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16 Mar 2012, 10:10
1) "Having been exonerated, I went home"

Here with "having" - it has to modify a noun.

2) If you use it as a verb for "to be" as in "having been there, I can say this"

These are two use cases.

In the question above, it doesn't fit well with the sentence structure so E is not relevant.
Re: I need expert comments - If I say "having been"   [#permalink] 16 Mar 2012, 10:10
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