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# If – 1 < x < 1 and x is not equal to 0, then which of the following mu

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Re: If – 1 < x < 1 and x is not equal to 0, then which of the following mu [#permalink]
EMPOWERgmatRichC wrote:
RANDOM 4-PACK SERIES Pack 1 Question 4 IF -1 < x < 1 and ...

If – 1 < x < 1 and x is not equal to 0, then which of the following must be true?

I. |x| > $$x^{2}$$
II. x – $$x^{2}$$ > $$x^{3}$$
III. |1 – x| = |x – 1|

A) I only
B) II only
C) I and II only
D) I and III only
E) II and III only

48 Hour Window Answer & Explanation Window
OA, and explanation will be posted after the 48 hour window closes.

This question is part of the Random 4-Pack series

When -1<x<1: |x| > $$x^{2}$$ => I must be true
x – $$x^{2}$$ > $$x^{3}$$ => Not sure it is true with all values of x
|1 – x| = |x – 1| true with all the value of x => it is also true with all x: -1<x<1: III must be true

Ans: D
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Re: If – 1 < x < 1 and x is not equal to 0, then which of the following mu [#permalink]
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EMPOWERgmatRichC wrote:
RANDOM 4-PACK SERIES Pack 1 Question 4 IF -1 < x < 1 and ...

If – 1 < x < 1 and x is not equal to 0, then which of the following must be true?

I. |x| > $$x^{2}$$
II. x – $$x^{2}$$ > $$x^{3}$$
III. |1 – x| = |x – 1|

A) I only
B) II only
C) I and II only
D) I and III only
E) II and III only

48 Hour Window Answer & Explanation Window
OA, and explanation will be posted after the 48 hour window closes.

This question is part of the Random 4-Pack series

Given, $$- 1 < x < 1$$ and $$x \neq 0$$,

For a Must be true question, ALL cases posisble must satisfy the given conditions.

i) $$|x| > x^2$$ ---> 1 positive quantity > another positive squared quantity , can only happen for fractions between -1 and 1. As this is the given range of x, this has to be true for all cases.

when $$x<0$$ --> $$|x|=-x$$ ---> $$-x>x^2$$ --->$$x^2+x<0$$ --->$$-1<x<0$$ ...(1)
when $$x\geq 0$$-->$$|x|=x$$---> $$x>x^2$$ ---> $$x^2-x<0$$ ---> $$0<x<1$$ ...(2)

Both (1) and (2) lie in the given ranges and hence must be true for all cases. Eliminate B and E.

ii) $$x – x^2 > x^3$$ ---> $$x^3+x^2-x <0$$ ---> $$x(x^2+x-1)<0$$ ---> $$x(x-a)(x-b)<0$$ ---> where $$a<0$$ and $$b>0$$--->$$x<a$$ and $$0<x<b$$.

As $$a=\frac{-1-\sqrt{5}}{2}$$ (= a quantity <-1) and $$b=\frac{-1+\sqrt{5}}{2}$$, clearly see that $$x<a$$ is out of the given range of -$$1<x<$$1, hence making this statement NOT a must be true statement. Eliminate C.

iii) $$|1 – x| = |x – 1|$$, $$|x-1| > 0$$ for all values $$-1<x<1$$ and as $$|x-1| > 0$$ for $$-1<x<0$$ and as this range lies within the given range, this is a MUST BE TRUE statement, making D as the correct answer.
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Re: If – 1 < x < 1 and x is not equal to 0, then which of the following mu [#permalink]
Learning4mU wrote:

My solution:

Let's take two values of x as -0.5 and 0.5, then

I) Any value inside the mode is positive then whether we take 0.5 or -0.5 this will remain positive. We also know that squaring a fraction gives us a value less then the original fraction(if the original fraction is positve) and always positive. So statement (I) is always true as 0.5 > 0.125.

Hi Learning4mU,

Your logic IS correct, but you have to be careful about your calculations. $$(.5)^{2}$$ = .25 (NOT .125). Working through this prompt, your logic is sound, so the miscalculation wouldn't hurt you. In other types of questions though (especially DS), a miscalculation could cost you the points.

GMAT assassins aren't born, they're made,
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Re: If – 1 < x < 1 and x is not equal to 0, then which of the following mu [#permalink]
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Hi All,

In Roman Numeral questions, the arrangement of the answer choices often provides a clue as to how you could deal with the prompt in the most efficient way possible (and avoid some of the work). From these answer choices, we know that only 1 or 2 of the 3 Roman Numerals MUST be true, so we can deal with the Roman Numerals 'out of order' if it will save us some effort.

We're given a range of possible values (-1 < x < 1) and that X CANNOT be 0. We can prove/disprove the various Roman Numerals by TESTing VALUES and looking for patterns.

I. I. |x| > $$x^{2}$$

|x| will be positive for any value of X that we can choose. Since we'll be SQUARING a fraction (regardless of whether it's a positive fraction or a negative fraction), the result WILL be smaller than the |x|.

eg.
IF....
X = 1/2
$$(1/2)^{2}$$ = 1/4

IF...
X = -1/3
$$(-1/3)^{2}$$ = 1/9

Thus, Roman Numeral 1 is ALWAYS TRUE.

II. x – $$x^{2}$$ > $$x^{3}$$

This Roman Numeral is probably the 'scariest looking', but it can also be dealt with by TESTing VALUES.

While....
(1/2) - $$(1/2)^{2}$$ > $$(1/2)^{3}$$
1/2 - 1/4 > 1/8
1/4 > 1/8
Is TRUE

(-1/2) - $$(-1/2)^{2}$$ > $$(-1/2)^{3}$$
-1/2 - 1/4 > -1/8
-3/4 > -1/8
is NOT TRUE

Thus, Roman Numeral 2 is NOT always true.

III. |1 – x| = |x – 1|

This Roman Numeral is actually a math 'truism'; it's always true for any rational value of X. You can use as many different values as you like, the resulting calculations are ALWAYS equal.

Thus, Roman Numeral 3 is ALWAYS TRUE.

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Rich
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Re: If – 1 < x < 1 and x is not equal to 0, then which of the following mu [#permalink]
EMPOWERgmatRichC wrote:
Learning4mU wrote:

My solution:

Let's take two values of x as -0.5 and 0.5, then

I) Any value inside the mode is positive then whether we take 0.5 or -0.5 this will remain positive. We also know that squaring a fraction gives us a value less then the original fraction(if the original fraction is positve) and always positive. So statement (I) is always true as 0.5 > 0.125.

Hi Learning4mU,

Your logic IS correct, but you have to be careful about your calculations. $$(.5)^{2}$$ = .25 (NOT .125). Working through this prompt, your logic is sound, so the miscalculation wouldn't hurt you. In other types of questions though (especially DS), a miscalculation could cost you the points.

GMAT assassins aren't born, they're made,
Rich

Thanks a lot Rich for pointing out this silly error of mine. Surely it has worked here but some other day it can be a blunder and cost me heavy points. I ll certainly take care of this.
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Re: If – 1 < x < 1 and x is not equal to 0, then which of the following mu [#permalink]
Engr2012 wrote:
EMPOWERgmatRichC wrote:
bunuel wrote:
RANDOM 4-PACK SERIES Pack 1 Question 4 IF -1 < x < 1 and ...

If – 1 < x < 1 and x is not equal to 0, then which of the following must be true?

I. |x| > $$x^{2}$$
II. x – $$x^{2}$$ > $$x^{3}$$
III. |1 – x| = |x – 1|

A) I only
B) II only
C) I and II only
D) I and III only
E) II and III only

48 Hour Window Answer & Explanation Window
OA, and explanation will be posted after the 48 hour window closes.

Given, $$- 1 < x < 1$$ and $$x \neq 0$$,

For a Must be true question, ALL cases posisble must satisfy the given conditions.

i) $$|x| > x^2$$ ---> 1 positive quantity > another positive squared quantity , can only happen for fractions between -1 and 1. As this is the given range of x, this has to be true for all cases.

when $$x<0$$ --> $$|x|=-x$$ ---> $$-x>x^2$$ --->$$x^2+x<0$$ --->$$-1<x<0$$ ...(1)
when $$x\geq 0$$-->$$|x|=x$$---> $$x>x^2$$ ---> $$x^2-x<0$$ ---> $$0<x<1$$ ...(2)

Both (1) and (2) lie in the given ranges and hence must be true for all cases. Eliminate B and E.

ii) $$x – x^2 > x^3$$ ---> $$x^3+x^2-x <0$$ ---> $$x(x^2+x-1)<0$$ ---> $$x(x-a)(x-b)<0$$ ---> where $$a<0$$ and $$b>0$$--->$$x<a$$ and $$0<x<b$$.

As $$a=\frac{-1-\sqrt{5}}{2}$$ (= a quantity <-1) and $$b=\frac{-1+\sqrt{5}}{2}$$, clearly see that $$x<a$$ is out of the given range of -$$1<x<$$1, hence making this statement NOT a must be true statement. Eliminate C.

iii) $$|1 – x| = |x – 1|$$, $$|x-1| > 0$$ for all values $$-1<x<1$$ and as $$|x-1| > 0$$ for $$-1<x<0$$ and as this range lies within the given range, this is a MUST BE TRUE statement, making D as the correct answer.

when x<0
we have x^2+x<0
that is x(x+1)<0
so x<0 and x+1<0
hence X<0 and x<-1
how is it that x>-1 according to your solution? You said when x<0 the range is -1<x<0

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Re: If – 1 < x < 1 and x is not equal to 0, then which of the following mu [#permalink]
EMPOWERgmatRichC wrote:
QUANT 4-PACK SERIES Problem Solving Pack 1 Question 4 IF -1 < x < 1 and ...

If – 1 < x < 1 and x is not equal to 0, then which of the following must be true?

I. |x| > $$x^{2}$$
II. x – $$x^{2}$$ > $$x^{3}$$
III. |1 – x| = |x – 1|

A) I only
B) II only
C) I and II only
D) I and III only
E) II and III only

48 Hour Window Answer & Explanation Window

OA, and explanation will be posted after the 48 hour window closes.

This question is part of the Quant 4-Pack series

x is a +ve or -ve fraction <1 but not equal to 0

I. |x| > $$x^{2}$$

x^2 and |x| will always be +ve
and squaring +ve fraction always decrease the value.
hence |x| > $$x^{2}$$

II. x – $$x^{2}$$ > $$x^{3}$$

If we take x= 1/2 or -1/2 and put the value in the given equation, it might or might not be right.

III. |1 – x| = |x – 1|
If we put 1/2 or -1/2 in the given equation, the result will be same. True

D) I and III only is the answer.
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Re: If – 1 < x < 1 and x is not equal to 0, then which of the following mu [#permalink]
EMPOWERgmatRichC wrote:
QUANT 4-PACK SERIES Problem Solving Pack 1 Question 4 IF -1 < x < 1 and ...

If – 1 < x < 1 and x is not equal to 0, then which of the following must be true?

I. |x| > $$x^{2}$$
II. x – $$x^{2}$$ > $$x^{3}$$
III. |1 – x| = |x – 1|

A) I only
B) II only
C) I and II only
D) I and III only
E) II and III only

48 Hour Window Answer & Explanation Window

OA, and explanation will be posted after the 48 hour window closes.

x is a +ve or -ve fraction <1 but not equal to 0

I. |x| > $$x^{2}$$

x^2 and |x| will always be +ve
and squaring +ve fraction always decrease the value.
hence |x| > $$x^{2}$$

II. x – $$x^{2}$$ > $$x^{3}$$

If we take x= 1/2 or -1/2 and put the value in the given equation, it might or might not be right.

III. |1 – x| = |x – 1|
If we put 1/2 or -1/2 in the given equation, the result will be same. True

D) I and III only is the answer.

hello disha
can u answer my question above?
please tell me what is the mistake in that approach...
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Re: If – 1 < x < 1 and x is not equal to 0, then which of the following mu [#permalink]
mup05ro wrote:

when x<0
we have x^2+x<0
that is x(x+1)<0
so x<0 and x+1<0
hence X<0 and x<-1
how is it that x>-1 according to your solution? You said when x<0 the range is -1<x<0

Hi mup05ro,

When dealing with that inequality, you CANNOT "break it into pieces" the way that you did.

When you wrote that X < 0, you have to consider how that impacts the other part of the calculation. For example, If X = -2, how does THAT value impact the overall inequality?

IF X = -2...

X(X+1) =
(-2)(-2 + 1) =
(-2)(-1) = +2.... but that is NOT less than 0, so X CANNOT be -2. In that same way, while X can be negative, X cannot be less than -1.

GMAT assassins aren't born, they're made,
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Re: If – 1 < x < 1 and x is not equal to 0, then which of the following mu [#permalink]
EMPOWERgmatRichC wrote:
mup05ro wrote:

when x<0
we have x^2+x<0
that is x(x+1)<0
so x<0 and x+1<0
hence X<0 and x<-1
how is it that x>-1 according to your solution? You said when x<0 the range is -1<x<0

Hi mup05ro,

When dealing with that inequality, you CANNOT "break it into pieces" the way that you did.

When you wrote that X < 0, you have to consider how that impacts the other part of the calculation. For example, If X = -2, how does THAT value impact the overall inequality?

IF X = -2...

X(X+1) =
(-2)(-2 + 1) =
(-2)(-1) = +2.... but that is NOT less than 0, so X CANNOT be -2. In that same way, while X can be negative, X cannot be less than -1.

GMAT assassins aren't born, they're made,
Rich

thank you

how do determine this for every such problem? I would do the steps that I did above and simply say x<-1, so should i always verify with the range I got and conclude? I have not done that for many problems that i got right
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Re: If – 1 < x < 1 and x is not equal to 0, then which of the following mu [#permalink]
Hi mup05ro,

Some of the questions that you're going to face on Test Day will test the "thoroughness" of your thinking (Data Sufficiency does this often). If there are certain question types that you find challenging (such as absolute value/modulus questions), then you should consider doing a little more work to prove that you're correct. By TESTing VALUES, you would have PROOF of whether your deductions are correct or not.

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Re: If – 1 < x < 1 and x is not equal to 0, then which of the following mu [#permalink]
We're given that -1<x<0 or 0<x<1. To see if each statement must be true, we should test these ranges.

I. $$x^2<|x|$$
If x is negative, then |x|=-x, so expression becomes
$$x^2<|x|$$
$$x^2<-x$$
$$x>-1$$ (dividing by x and reversing the inequality since x is negative)
So if x is negative, -1<x<0, which falls inside the negative part of the given range for x.

If x is positive, then |x|=x, so expression becomes
$$x^2<|x|$$
$$x^2<x$$
$$x<1$$
So if x is positive, 0<x<1, which falls inside the positive part of the given range for x.

Thus, this statement must be true.

II. $$x^3<x-x^2$$
$$x^3+x^2-x<0$$
If -1<x<0, then we have
$$x^3+x^2-x<0$$
(small negative) + (larger positive) + (even larger positive)
which cannot be less than 0

Thus, this statement must not be true.

III. |1-x|=|-(x-1)|=|x-1|
identity property. always true

Thus, this statement must be true.

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Re: If 1 < x < 1 and x is not equal to 0, then which of the following mu [#permalink]
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Re: If 1 < x < 1 and x is not equal to 0, then which of the following mu [#permalink]
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