Jul 19 08:00 AM PDT  09:00 AM PDT The Competition Continues  Game of Timers is a teambased competition based on solving GMAT questions to win epic prizes! Starting July 1st, compete to win prep materials while studying for GMAT! Registration is Open! Ends July 26th Jul 20 07:00 AM PDT  09:00 AM PDT Attend this webinar and master GMAT SC in 10 days by learning how meaning and logic can help you tackle 700+ level SC questions with ease. Jul 21 07:00 AM PDT  09:00 AM PDT Attend this webinar to learn a structured approach to solve 700+ Number Properties question in less than 2 minutes
Author 
Message 
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Manager
Joined: 09 Sep 2004
Posts: 153

If n is an integer, is 3x^n positive?
[#permalink]
Show Tags
Updated on: 08 Oct 2016, 02:57
Question Stats:
78% (00:56) correct 22% (00:56) wrong based on 220 sessions
HideShow timer Statistics
If n is an integer, is \(3x^n\) positive? (1) x is negative. (2) n is odd.
Official Answer and Stats are available only to registered users. Register/ Login.
Originally posted by ninomoi on 15 May 2007, 02:03.
Last edited by Bunuel on 08 Oct 2016, 02:57, edited 2 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.



Senior Manager
Joined: 03 May 2007
Posts: 253

Re: If n is an integer, is 3x^n positive?
[#permalink]
Show Tags
15 May 2007, 07:52
ninomoi wrote: If n is an integer, is 3x^n positive?
1. x is negative 2. n is odd
pls explain. Thanks
Answer is C
in order for the expression to be positive we have to have x negative (*=+)
but we also know that x^n where n is even will give us positive number
2^2=2*2=4 so we have to have n odd



Intern
Joined: 29 Mar 2010
Posts: 18

Re: If n is an integer, is 3x^n positive?
[#permalink]
Show Tags
29 Mar 2010, 13:58
Gmat Prep says the answer is C, but I think it is A. Can someone tell me what I am doing wrong?
1. x is negative
So, let x be 1. 1 ^ 2 *  * 3 = 3 1 ^ 3 *  * 3 = 3
If x is negative the answer is always positive. If the problem were 3(x)^n then that answer would be C. However, without the brackets you must distribute the negative after you take x^n...therefore the answer will always be a negative number multiplied by 3 which gives a positive answer.



Intern
Joined: 19 Feb 2010
Posts: 5

Re: If n is an integer, is 3x^n positive?
[#permalink]
Show Tags
01 Apr 2010, 13:01
gmatready7 wrote: Gmat Prep says the answer is C, but I think it is A. Can someone
If x is negative the answer is always positive. If the problem were 3(x)^n then that answer would be C. However, without the brackets you must distribute the negative after you take x^n...therefore the answer will always be a negative number multiplied by 3 which gives a positive answer. I think it's an issue of order of operations. Exponents come before multiplication so if x = 1 and n is even say 2 Then 3 * 1^2 = 3 * 1 = 3 x = 1 and n is odd say 3 then 3 * 1^3 = 3 * 1 = 3 so A by itself is insufficient.... Please correct me if I am wrong



Intern
Joined: 29 Mar 2010
Posts: 18

Re: If n is an integer, is 3x^n positive?
[#permalink]
Show Tags
01 Apr 2010, 14:00
PeterFaulkner wrote: gmatready7 wrote: Gmat Prep says the answer is C, but I think it is A. Can someone
If x is negative the answer is always positive. If the problem were 3(x)^n then that answer would be C. However, without the brackets you must distribute the negative after you take x^n...therefore the answer will always be a negative number multiplied by 3 which gives a positive answer. I think it's an issue of order of operations. Exponents come before multiplication so if x = 1 and n is even say 2 Then 3 * 1^2 = 3 * 1 = 3 x = 1 and n is odd say 3 then 3 * 1^3 = 3 * 1 = 3 so A by itself is insufficient.... Please correct me if I am wrong But you can raise a negative number to an even power and the answer is still negative. 1^2 = 1. For it to be positive you must use brackets around the 1....(1)^2 = 1. This is why I chose answer a. Are we to assume there are brackets on the GMAT even though they are not shown?



Math Expert
Joined: 02 Aug 2009
Posts: 7764

Re: If n is an integer, is 3x^n positive?
[#permalink]
Show Tags
11 Jan 2016, 21:23
NoHalfMeasures wrote: If n is an integer, is 3x^n positive? (1) x is negative. (2) n is odd.
pls press kudos if you liked the question Hi, what does the sign of 3x^n depends on ... 1) sign of x.. 2) value(odd/even) of n, and not on sign of n, as it will turn the x variable in a fraction but will not effect the sign of that fraction or integer.. lets see the statements.. (1) x is negative. we are told of one of the two things required .. insuff (2) n is odd. we are told of one of the two things required .. insuff combined both the info is provided ... suff
_________________



Current Student
Joined: 30 Dec 2015
Posts: 187
Location: United States
Concentration: Strategy, Organizational Behavior
GPA: 3.88
WE: Business Development (Hospitality and Tourism)

Re: If n is an integer, is 3x^n positive?
[#permalink]
Show Tags
17 Jan 2016, 06:51
chetan2u wrote: NoHalfMeasures wrote: If n is an integer, is 3x^n positive? (1) x is negative. (2) n is odd.
pls press kudos if you liked the question Hi, what does the sign of 3x^n depends on ... 1) sign of x.. 2) value(odd/even) of n, and not on sign of n, as it will turn the x variable in a fraction but will not effect the sign of that fraction or integer.. lets see the statements.. (1) x is negative. we are told of one of the two things required .. insuff (2) n is odd. we are told of one of the two things required .. insuff combined both the info is provided ... suff I don't understand  if x is negative then 3(x) = positive number and 3x^n will be positive  is it for PEMDAS? That x^n operation must come first?



Math Expert
Joined: 02 Aug 2009
Posts: 7764

Re: If n is an integer, is 3x^n positive?
[#permalink]
Show Tags
17 Jan 2016, 07:02
lpetroski wrote: chetan2u wrote: NoHalfMeasures wrote: If n is an integer, is 3x^n positive? (1) x is negative. (2) n is odd.
pls press kudos if you liked the question Hi, what does the sign of 3x^n depends on ... 1) sign of x.. 2) value(odd/even) of n, and not on sign of n, as it will turn the x variable in a fraction but will not effect the sign of that fraction or integer.. lets see the statements.. (1) x is negative. we are told of one of the two things required .. insuff (2) n is odd. we are told of one of the two things required .. insuff combined both the info is provided ... suff I don't understand  if x is negative then 3(x) = positive number and 3x^n will be positive  is it for PEMDAS? That x^n operation must come first? Hi, x^n operation is not there in PEMDAS.. because x^n is one number.. example 4=2^2 so if we have 7*2^2, it means 7*4, because 2^2 is one number.. same goes for x^n.. hence even sign of n is important.. because power of an even number will make any number positive, even if it is negative.. say x=2 and n=2.. (2)^2=2*2=4, whereas 2^3=2*2*2=8, a ive number.. hope it helps
_________________



Intern
Joined: 11 Aug 2016
Posts: 19

Re: If n is an integer, is 3x^n positive?
[#permalink]
Show Tags
07 Oct 2016, 22:01
ninomoi wrote: If n is an integer, is 3x^n positive?
1. x is negative 2. n is odd
pls explain. Thanks Answer should be C For the given statement to be positive x should be negative and n should be odd number St 1 : states that x is negative but we dont know if n is even or odd if n is even insuff if n is odd sufficient so st 1 is insuff St 2: States that n is odd again we dont know the value of x whether positive or negative if positive answer to question is no if negative answer to ques is yes again insuff Combined sufficient since n is odd and x is negative statement will be positive.



SVP
Status: It's near  I can see.
Joined: 13 Apr 2013
Posts: 1686
Location: India
Concentration: International Business, Operations
GPA: 3.01
WE: Engineering (Real Estate)

If n is an integer, is 3x^n positive?
[#permalink]
Show Tags
21 Mar 2018, 06:04
ninomoi wrote: If n is an integer, is \(3x^n\) positive?
(1) x is negative. (2) n is odd. Given: n = Integer Question : \(3x^n\) > 0 ? Or, Is 3 * x^n > 0 ? Or, Is x^n > 0 ? St 1: x < 0, but we don't know whether "n" is even or odd.
If "n" is even the answer to the question is YES If "n" is odd the answer to the question is NO (Insufficient) St 2: n is odd, we don't know "x" is positive or negative.If "x" is positive the answer to the question is YES If "x" is negative the answer to the question is NO (Insufficient) Combining both statements we get,x is ve and n is odd, therefore we can say that x^n < 0 always. Answer to the question is "NO" Sufficient (C)
_________________
"Do not watch clock; Do what it does. KEEP GOING."




If n is an integer, is 3x^n positive?
[#permalink]
21 Mar 2018, 06:04






