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# If the county continues to collect residential trash at

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If the county continues to collect residential trash at  [#permalink]

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10 Sep 2009, 15:13
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78% (01:32) correct 22% (01:53) wrong based on 2297 sessions

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If the county continues to collect residential trash at current levels, landfills will soon be overflowing and parkland will need to be used in order to create more space. Charging each household a fee for each pound of trash it puts out for collection will induce residents to reduce the amount of trash they create; this charge will therefore protect the remaining county parkland.

Which of the following is an assumption made in drawing the conclusion above?

(A) Residents will reduce the amount of trash they put out for collection by reducing the number of products they buy.
(B) The collection fee will not significantly affect the purchasing power of most residents, even if their households do not reduce the amount of trash they put out.
(C) The collection fee will not induce residents to dump their trash in the parklands illegally.
(D) The beauty of county parkland is an important issue for most of the county’s residents.
(E) Landfills outside the county’s borders could be used as dumping sites for the county’s trash.

Kindly discuss each option.

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Re: If the county continues to collect ...  [#permalink]

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11 Sep 2009, 02:56
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As with basic definition of assumption-"Assumptions are unstated premise that if proven wrong, will make the argument weak."
The conclusion is "imposing a fee will save the parkland". Now the choise A says that the residents will purchase less and hence produce lesser garbage.
Lets is it is proven wrong, means residents will not purchase less. Is this affects the conclusion? No. Because the residents can purchase more and dump their garbage at some other area.
Now lets check option C. If it is proven wrong means "The collection fee will induce residents to dump their trash in he parklands illegally.", the conclsion is weakend. So "C" is correct choice.
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Re: If the county continues to collect ...  [#permalink]

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10 Sep 2009, 16:34
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Conclusion :- Charging each household a fee for each pound of trash it puts out for collection will induce residents to reduce the amount of trash they create; this charge will therefore protect the remaining county parkland.

Intent is to protect parkland from becoming landfills - I will go with option C , reasoning mentioned below

(A) Residents will reduce the amount of trash they put out for collection by reducing the number of products they buy. - This can be valid , however low number of products does not necessarily translate in to less trash

(B) The collection fee will not significantly affect the purchasing power of most residents, even if their households do not reduce the amount of trash they put out. - not related as there is no discussion on purchasing power
(C) The collection fee will not induce residents to dump their trash in the parklands illegally.
This looks most valid
(D) The beauty of county parkland is an important issue for most of the county’s residents.
- not related
(E) Landfills outside the county’s borders could be used as dumping sites for the county’s trash.
- If landfills outside the country borders can be used then this will solve the problem and there is no need for charge
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Re: If the county continues to collect ...  [#permalink]

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11 Sep 2009, 14:05
thanks for the explanation.

OA is "C".
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Re: If the county continues to collect residential trash at  [#permalink]

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21 Apr 2014, 08:15
Hussain15 wrote:
If the county continues to collect residential trash at current levels, landfills will soon be overflowing and parkland will need to be used in order to create more space. Charging each household a fee for each pound of trash it puts out for collection will induce residents to reduce the amount of trash they create; this charge will therefore protect the remaining county parkland.

Which of the following is an assumption made in drawing the conclusion above?

(A) Residents will reduce the amount of trash they put out for collection by reducing the number of products they buy.
(B) The collection fee will not significantly affect the purchasing power of most residents, even if their households do not reduce the amount of trash they put out.
(C) The collection fee will not induce residents to dump their trash in the parklands illegally.
(D) The beauty of county parkland is an important issue for most of the county’s residents.
(E) Landfills outside the county’s borders could be used as dumping sites for the county’s trash.

Kindly discuss each option.

Conclusion: Charging collection fee willl make the house hold to reduce the trash and this will protect the county parkland from becoming landfils.
Premise: The increasing amount of trash will make the current landfill overflow and will need to change the county park land as Land fills.

Cause - effect

Assumption:
1) Charging is the only option will make the residents to reduce the trash
2) Even when Residents are charged with collection fee the land fills should not overflow.

(A) Residents will reduce the amount of trash they put out for collection by reducing the number of products they buy. - Buying capacity has nothing to say for the trash that is produced
(B) The collection fee will not significantly affect the purchasing power of most residents, even if their households do not reduce the amount of trash they put out. - Purchasing power is irrelevant for the conclusion
(C) The collection fee will not induce residents to dump their trash in the parklands illegally. - Apt answer for the 2nd assumption - Says - X(Collection fee) occurs then y (Landfills will not over flow) will occur . Negating again breaks conclusion - collection fee will induce residents to dump their trash in the parklands illegally. - X(Collection fee) occurs then y (Landfills will not over flow) will not occur
(D) The beauty of county parkland is an important issue for most of the county’s residents. - Beauty is irrelevant for the conclusion
(E) Landfills outside the county’s borders could be used as dumping sites for the county’s trash - irrelevant

I picked D . often forget to negate the answer choice.
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If the county continues to collect residential trash at  [#permalink]

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15 Feb 2015, 13:40
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Picked D too, but after analysis understood WHY C is right. Just forgot that an assumption have according to CR Bible two roles: acting as a supporter and as a defender. So if there are no gaps in the argument -> Use assumption as a defender, that means, sliminate answer choices that could weaken a conclusion... So C can weaken a conclusion.....

Actually, if I had negated answer choices C and D -> Negating C would hurt the conclusion.
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Re: If the county continues to collect residential trash at  [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2015, 23:46
If the county continues to collect residential trash at current levels, landfills will soon be overflowing and parkland will need to be used in order to create more space. Charging each household a fee for each pound of trash it puts out for collection will induce residents to reduce the amount of trash they create; this charge will therefore protect the remaining county parkland.

Which of the following is an assumption made in drawing the conclusion above?

(A) Residents will reduce the amount of trash they put out for collection by reducing the number of products they buy.
(B) The collection fee will not significantly affect the purchasing power of most residents, even if their households do not reduce the amount of trash they put out.
(C) The collection fee will not induce residents to dump their trash in the parkland illegally.
(D) The beauty of county parkland is an important issue for most of the county’s residents.
(E) Landfills outside the county’s borders could be used as dumping sites for the county’s trash.

Premises ---If the county continues to collect residential trash at current levels, landfills will soon be overflowing and parkland will need to be used in order to create more space.

conclusion--- Charging each household a fee for each pound of trash it puts out for collection will induce residents to reduce the amount of trash they create; this charge will therefore protect the remaining county parkland.

Gap -----Residential Trash / Collection Fee for each pound of trash

assumption strategy -----use negation technique

A) Residents will not reduce the amount of trash they put out for collection by reducing the number of products they buy.

1. After negation the statement says that residential trash will not reduce .

2. reducing the number of products they buy-----let's understand if initially resident used to buy 100 product per month now they buy 50 product per month but nothing has been given about quantity of the product . the quantity of the 50 product may be more than the quantity of 100 product .

does not fill the gap .

(B) The collection fee will not significantly affect the purchasing power of most residents, even if their households do not reduce the amount of trash they put out.

(C) The collection fee willnot induce residents to dump their trash in the parkland illegally.

fill the gap-----collection fee/ residential trash

(D) The beauty of county parkland is an important issue for most of the county’s residents.

irrelevant

(E) Landfills outside the county’s borders could be used as dumping sites for the county’s trash.

irrelevant

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Re: If the county continues to collect residential trash at  [#permalink]

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03 Jun 2016, 22:47
2
Argument analysis :

If the county continues to collect residential trash at current levels, landfills will soon be overflowing and parkland will need to be used in order to create more space. - A prediction based on current situation
Charging each household a fee for each pound of trash it puts out for collection will induce residents to reduce the amount of trash they create; - proposed line of action
this charge will therefore protect the remaining county parkland. - Conclusion

Assumptions:
Increase in fee will be successful to achieve the desired objective of protecting the parkland by reducing the amount of trash, hence assumes that -
- increase in fees will be enough to convince/force the residents to decrease the amount of trash or
- proper execution of the policy will be there or
- residents will not find any other way of dumping the trash

Which of the following is an assumption made in drawing the conclusion above?

(A) Residents will reduce the amount of trash they put out for collection by reducing the number of products they buy. It cannot be an assumption. Even though the option talks about reduction in amount of trash, it does not follow the line of argument that is …impact of fees or how increase in fees has led to this initiative.
(B) The collection fee will not significantly affect the purchasing power of most residents, even if their households do not reduce the amount of trash they put out. Against the argument
(C) The collection fee will not induce residents to dump their trash in the parklands illegally. Correct. Negates
(D) The beauty of county parkland is an important issue for most of the county’s residents. Priority is good but where is impact of line of action.
(E) Landfills outside the county’s borders could be used as dumping sites for the county’s trash. Can be but it is not the point of argument.

Option C
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Re: If the county continues to collect residential trash at  [#permalink]

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29 Sep 2016, 06:27
Quote:
If the county continues to collect residential trash at current levels, landfills will soon be overflowing and parkland will need to be used in order to create more space. Charging each household a fee for each pound of trash it puts out for collection will induce residents to reduce the amount of trash they create; this charge will therefore protect the remaining county parkland.

Which of the following is an assumption made in drawing the conclusion above?

(A) Residents will reduce the amount of trash they put out for collection by reducing the number of products they buy.
(B) The collection fee will not significantly affect the purchasing power of most residents, even if their households do not reduce the amount of trash they put out.
(C) The collection fee will not induce residents to dump their trash in the parklands illegally.
(D) The beauty of county parkland is an important issue for most of the county’s residents.
(E) Landfills outside the county’s borders could be used as dumping sites for the county’s trash.

dear experts,
thanks for your patient to my question.

1/ this conclusion includes two events ?
Quote:
Charging each household a fee for each pound of trash it puts out for collection will induce residents to reduce the amount of trash they create ; this charge will therefore protect the remaining county parkland

because I figure out there is a colon btw last 2 sentences, generally, colon means parallelism, so i think there are two events in conclusion , reduce trash and protect remaining parkland

2/ does charge cause reduce and cause protect parkland
or
charge causes reduce, then reduce causes protect parkland
Quote:
Charging each household a fee for each pound of trash it puts out for collection will induce residents to reduce the amount of trash they create ; this charge will therefore protect the remaining county parkland

here is a word "therefore" implying a conclusion, charge therefore protect parkland,
reading it some times, i feel charge is not the direct cause which causes protect parkland, but i am not sure.

thanks a lot
have a nice day
>_~
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Re: If the county continues to collect residential trash at  [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2017, 01:41
If the county continues to collect residential trash at current levels, landfills will soon be overflowing and parkland will need to be used in order to create more space. Charging each household a fee for each pound of trash it puts out for collection will induce residents to reduce the amount of trash they create; this charge will therefore protect the remaining county parkland.

Conclusion: Protecting the country parkland.

Which of the following is an assumption made in drawing the conclusion above?

(A) Residents will reduce the amount of trash they put out for collection by reducing the number of products they buy.
By reducing the number of product they buy, they will reduce the trash and so the fees. Which will lead to less trash and might save the parkland.

(B) The collection fee will not significantly affect the purchasing power of most residents, even if their households do not reduce the amount of trash they put out.
We are not concerned with the purchasing power of the clients.

(C) The collection fee will not induce residents to dump their trash in the parklands illegally.
The question was never about illegal dumping. It clearly said that the county collects it.

(D) The beauty of county parkland is an important issue for most of the county’s residents.
We ar again not concerned about the parkland beauty.

(E) Landfills outside the county’s borders could be used as dumping sites for the county’s trash.
We don't need a solution but an assumption.
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Re: If the county continues to collect residential trash at  [#permalink]

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30 Oct 2017, 06:30
I dint get the clear meaning of the option C - can someone explain.
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Re: If the county continues to collect residential trash at  [#permalink]

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19 Mar 2018, 04:33
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Hussain15 wrote:
If the county continues to collect residential trash at current levels, landfills will soon be overflowing and parkland will need to be used in order to create more space. Charging each household a fee for each pound of trash it puts out for collection will induce residents to reduce the amount of trash they create; this charge will therefore protect the remaining county parkland.

Which of the following is an assumption made in drawing the conclusion above?

(A) Residents will reduce the amount of trash they put out for collection by reducing the number of products they buy.
(B) The collection fee will not significantly affect the purchasing power of most residents, even if their households do not reduce the amount of trash they put out.
(C) The collection fee will not induce residents to dump their trash in the parklands illegally.
(D) The beauty of county parkland is an important issue for most of the county’s residents.
(E) Landfills outside the county’s borders could be used as dumping sites for the county’s trash.

Kindly discuss each option.

Conclusion : Monetary charges on residents will help reducing the trash and hence will save parkland county from excessive trash.

Assumption : Any statement that will help us to conclude that this plan will be a success.

(A) Residents will reduce the amount of trash they put out for collection by reducing the number of products they buy. Not that relevant. We can have better answer.
(B) The collection fee will not significantly affect the purchasing power of most residents, even if their households do not reduce the amount of trash they put out. Out of scope
(C) The collection fee will not induce residents to dump their trash in the parklands illegally. Good. if this happens then residents need not to pay more and they can dump the trash in Parkland county dump yards Illegally.
(D) The beauty of county parkland is an important issue for most of the county’s residents. Out of scope
(E) Landfills outside the county’s borders could be used as dumping sites for the county’s trash. Out of scope

(C)
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Re: If the county continues to collect residential trash at  [#permalink]

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20 Jun 2019, 20:51
The argument is that charging residents a fee per pound of trash will protect the parkland as:
P - the parkland will not need to be used by the county for overflow
p - current trash collection amounts are approaching current garbage tip limits
p - residents will be deterred from paying the fee

The assumption here is that the plan will work. The author makes the following quick to find assumptions:
1. residents will be able to reduce their waste
2. residents won't find an alternate method of disposing their trash

A - this is one possible inference from the argument - it is one method of reduction. This, then, wasn't assumed in making the argument as the sequencing follows the argument itself.
B - Purchasing power is irrelevant to the argument
C - this is correct. In arriving at his conclusion, the author makes his argument sound - that is he has considered all alternates and has denied any possibility of the plan deviating from its intended effect. C is one of those effects. Thus C denies the possibility of weakening the author's argument by denying whether the author has considered this.
D - The importance of the parkland is irrelevant to the argument that the fee will have its intended affect.
E - This may be true, but why would the author assume this? This is besides the argument.
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Re: If the county continues to collect residential trash at   [#permalink] 20 Jun 2019, 20:51
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