GMAT Question of the Day: Daily via email | Daily via Instagram New to GMAT Club? Watch this Video

It is currently 11 Jul 2020, 05:19

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Math Revolution and GMAT Club Contest! If x and y are integers, are

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Find Similar Topics 
Math Expert
User avatar
V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 65187
Math Revolution and GMAT Club Contest! If x and y are integers, are  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 Dec 2015, 05:37
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  35% (medium)

Question Stats:

66% (01:15) correct 34% (01:15) wrong based on 234 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Math Revolution and GMAT Club Contest Starts!



QUESTION #15:

If x and y are integers, are they consecutive?

(1) x + y = 2
(2) x - y = 4



Check conditions below:



Math Revolution and GMAT Club Contest

The Contest Starts November 28th in Quant Forum


We are happy to announce a Math Revolution and GMAT Club Contest

For the following four (!) weekends we'll be publishing 4 FRESH math questions per weekend (2 on Saturday and 2 on Sunday).

To participate, you will have to reply with your best answer/solution to the new questions that will be posted on Saturday and Sunday at 9 AM Pacific.
Then a week later, the forum moderator will be selecting 2 winners who provided most correct answers to the questions, along with best solutions. Those winners will get 6-months access to GMAT Club Tests.

PLUS! Based on the answers and solutions for all the questions published during the project ONE user will be awarded with ONE Grand prize:

PS + DS course with 502 videos that is worth $299!



All announcements and winnings are final and no whining :-) GMAT Club reserves the rights to modify the terms of this offer at any time.


NOTE: Test Prep Experts and Tutors are asked not to participate. We would like to have the members maximize their learning and problem solving process.

Thank you!


_________________
Intern
Intern
User avatar
Joined: 12 Jul 2015
Posts: 17
Location: United States
Concentration: Strategy, General Management
WE: General Management (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Math Revolution and GMAT Club Contest! If x and y are integers, are  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 Dec 2015, 06:17
4
Given: x and y are integers,

Question: are they consecutive?
=> x=y+1 or x=y-1

First Approach by Substituting numbers
(1) x + y = 2
eg 1: 1+1=2
eg 2: 0+2=2 or 2+0=2
eg 3: -1+3=2 etc
We see that in any case x and y are not consecutive. Hence sufficient

(2) x - y = 4
eg 1: 8 - 4 = 4
eg 2: 4 - 0 = 4 or 0 - (-4) =4
eg 3: 2-(-2)=4
We see that in any case x and y are not consecutive. Hence sufficient

Second Approach:
(1) x + y = 2
0r x = 2 - y----(1)
If x and y are consecutive, x=y+1 or x=y-1 (ie x>y and y>x)
Case 1: On substituting for x = y+1 in (1)
2-y = y+1
y = 1/2 --- Not an integer
Case 2: On substituting for x=y-1
2-y=y-1
y=3/2----- Not an Integer

Hence, they do not satisfy the conditions, x and y are not consecutive.

(2) x - y = 4
Or x = 4+y
If x and y are consecutive, x=y+1 or x=y-1 but x= 4+y indicates that they are not consecutive

Hence D
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 30 Sep 2013
Posts: 20
Re: Math Revolution and GMAT Club Contest! If x and y are integers, are  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 Dec 2015, 07:23
1
Here I was having the doubt weather it is consecutive integers or is it even consecutive integers or is it odd consecutive integers .

I have assumed that it is consecutive integers i.e x and x + 1

Y = X + 1 ? Though they are number of ways to solve this .
We can keep this value and test it or any other approach .

Statement (1) x + y = 2

The sum of any two consecutive integers is odd.
For example ,


X = -1 , Y = 0 then X + Y is -1 which is odd.
X = 1 , Y = 0 then X + Y is 1 which is odd.
X = 1 , Y = 2 then X + Y is 3 which is odd.
X = 11 , Y = 12 then X + Y is 23 which is odd.

So they are not consecutive integers.
may be they both are equal integers i.e X =1 and Y = 1

If the question was about even consecutive integers , then there would be chances that x = 0 and y = 2
Then x,y would be consecutive. But my current assumption is with normal consecutive integer.


(2) x - y = 4

The difference between any two consecutive integers is |1|
So they are not consecutive integers.


Answer is D
Director
Director
User avatar
G
Joined: 20 Feb 2015
Posts: 721
Concentration: Strategy, General Management
Math Revolution and GMAT Club Contest! If x and y are integers, are  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 27 Dec 2015, 23:24
2
for x and y to be consecutive
either x=y+1 or x=y-1
since neither of the statement doesn't give the required condition for x and y to be consecutive
so D

Originally posted by CounterSniper on 20 Dec 2015, 07:34.
Last edited by CounterSniper on 27 Dec 2015, 23:24, edited 2 times in total.
Intern
Intern
User avatar
B
Joined: 20 Jan 2015
Posts: 44
Reviews Badge
Re: Math Revolution and GMAT Club Contest! If x and y are integers, are  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 Dec 2015, 10:09
1
option D.
We need to find yes or no.

Statement 1- We cannot get any consecutive values of integer x and y such that x+y=2
The only close value is when both are equal i.e. x=1 and y=1 but still they are not consecutive. => no. => sufficient.
Statement 2- We cannot get any consecutive values of integer x and y such that x-y=4 => no => sufficient.

Answer option D.
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 21 Jan 2013
Posts: 36
Concentration: General Management, Leadership
Schools: LBS
GPA: 3.82
WE: Engineering (Computer Software)
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
Re: Math Revolution and GMAT Club Contest! If x and y are integers, are  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 Dec 2015, 10:14
1
QUESTION #15:

If x and y are integers, are they consecutive?

(1) x + y = 2
(2) x - y = 4


--
(1) x+y = 2
the sum of any two consecutive integers is always ODD, so if sum of x and y is 2 (even), they cannot be consecutive, SUFFICIENT.
(2) x-y = 4
x is 4 units to the right to y on number line., so they are not consecutive. SUFFICIENT.
answer choice : D
Intern
Intern
User avatar
Joined: 01 Nov 2015
Posts: 29
Location: India
Concentration: Marketing, Entrepreneurship
WE: Engineering (Computer Software)
Re: Math Revolution and GMAT Club Contest! If x and y are integers, are  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 Dec 2015, 20:50
1
I. x + y = 2 =>

Let's try some numbers -
1+1 = 2 (Not Consecutive)
0+2 = 2 (NC)
-1+3=2 (NC)

We can see that x and y cannot be consecutive and solve the equation
Sufficient

II. x-y=4
x = y + 4
i.e; x is greater than y by 4 hence they are not concecutive
Sufficient

Answer is D
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 09 Jul 2015
Posts: 45
Re: Math Revolution and GMAT Club Contest! If x and y are integers, are  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Dec 2015, 17:00
2
Answer is D. Both statements are sufficient to answer the question.

if x & y are integers, are they consecutive ?

1) x+y = 2 - this means both x and y are odd or both x and y are even as the result is even. This will never be possible if they are consecutive. Hence x and y are not consecutive. SUFFICIENT.

2) x-y=4 - same logic as above, either x and y both should be odd or both should be even for this to be true. Hence x and y are not consecutive. SUFFICIENT.

Answer is D - both are sufficient
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Status: single
Joined: 19 Jan 2015
Posts: 78
Location: India
GPA: 3.2
WE: Sales (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
Re: Math Revolution and GMAT Club Contest! If x and y are integers, are  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Dec 2015, 19:27
1
if x and y are consecutive integers

If both integers are positive, then add a,a+1=2a+1,

If both integers are negative, then add= -a-a-1=-2a-1.

If consecutive integers substract then, a-a-1=1

or -a+a-1=1., if we use 0 and add equals 1 or -1

if we substitue addition in statment 1 and substraction statement 2 not satisfy as integers.

so both statements are sufficient that x and y are not consecutive integers.

so option D is correct.
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 07 May 2015
Posts: 172
Location: India
GMAT 1: 660 Q48 V31
GPA: 3
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Math Revolution and GMAT Club Contest! If x and y are integers, are  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Dec 2015, 19:57
1
statement 1:
x+y = 2
this will be true for values: 1+1 =2 or 3-1 = 2 or 4-2 = 2 Thus in all cases x and y are not consecutive
Sufficient

Statement 2:
x- y = 2
this will be true for values : 5-1 = 4or 3+1 =4 or 2+2=4 or -4+8 = 4. Thus in all cases x and y are not consecutive
Sufficient

Ans: D
Marshall & McDonough Moderator
User avatar
D
Joined: 13 Apr 2015
Posts: 1665
Location: India
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
Re: Math Revolution and GMAT Club Contest! If x and y are integers, are  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Dec 2015, 01:16
1
St1: x + y = 2
If two integers are consecutive, one integer has to be even and the other integer has to be odd.
even + odd = odd.
But according to statement 1, the sum of two integers is even. --> x and y are not consecutive integers.
Statement 1 alone is sufficient.

St2: x - y = 4.
The 2 integers differ by 4 and hence are not consecutive integers.
Also, if x and y are consecutive, the difference between the 2 integers should be odd. But, since the difference is even x and y are not consecutive integers.
Statement 2 alone is sufficient

Answer: D
Intern
Intern
User avatar
S
Joined: 21 Nov 2014
Posts: 25
Location: Viet Nam
GMAT 1: 760 Q50 V44
GMAT 2: 750 Q51 V40 (Online)
Re: Math Revolution and GMAT Club Contest! If x and y are integers, are  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Dec 2015, 03:20
1
(1) x + y = 2
Since two consecutive integers contain 1 odd number and one even number, sum of two consecutive integers is always odd. -> x & y are not consecutive. Sufficient.
(2) x - y = 4
Since the different between two consecutive integers is always either 1 or - 1, it is sufficient to conclude that x & y are not consecutive.
Answer D.
_________________
GMAT Group for Vietnamese:

https://www.facebook.com/groups/644070009087525/
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 30 Oct 2015
Posts: 9
Location: United States
Concentration: Finance, Technology
GMAT 1: 730 Q50 V38
WE: Information Technology (Investment Banking)
Re: Math Revolution and GMAT Club Contest! If x and y are integers, are  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Dec 2015, 19:02
1
D
I No two consecutive integers can sum up to 2
II Two consecutive integers will either have a difference of +1 or -1.
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 23 Sep 2015
Posts: 361
Location: France
GMAT 1: 690 Q47 V38
GMAT 2: 700 Q48 V38
WE: Real Estate (Mutual Funds and Brokerage)
Reviews Badge
Re: Math Revolution and GMAT Club Contest! If x and y are integers, are  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Dec 2015, 06:57
1
1) The sum of two consecutive integers is always ODD. If both x and y and negative, the sum will be a negative odd, if both positive, a positive odd is one of them is zero then the sum is 1 or -1. Sufficient x and y are not consecutive integers

2) The difference of 2 consecutive integers is always 1 or -1
- if x is 3 and y 4 ==> -1
-if x is 4 y 3 ==> 1
- if x is -3 y -4 ==> 1
- if x is -4 y -3 ==> -1
Sufficient x and y are not consecutive

Answer D
_________________
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 17 Aug 2014
Posts: 10
Re: Math Revolution and GMAT Club Contest! If x and y are integers, are  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Dec 2015, 02:58
1
Either statement alone is sufficient to answer this question
The answer is no. The numbers are not consecutive
x+y=2, by trial and error we can notice that none of the combinations are consecutive(1,1),(0,2),(2,0),(3,-1),(-1,3),(4,-2),(-2,4) and so on

By statement 2 , x-y=4, we can infer that x and y are seperated by 4 places on the number line and hence are not consecutive.

Ans) D
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 05 Jun 2013
Posts: 25
Reviews Badge
Re: Math Revolution and GMAT Club Contest! If x and y are integers, are  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Dec 2015, 05:01
1
x and y are integers, are they consecutive?

(1) x + y = 2
Lets say x , y are consecutive. Then their difference will be 1 .Therefore y should be either equal to x+1 or x-1
x+x+1 = 2 2x =1 x=1/2. Given x is integer. So not possible.
x+x-1= 2 2x=3 x=3/2 Given x is integer. So not possible.
Therefore with this equation, x and y can never be consecutive. So sufficient.

(2) x - y = 4
Lets say x , y are consecutive. Then their difference will be 1 .
which means x- y=1 or y-x =1 . Therefore x and y are not consecutive from this above equation. Hence sufficient.

As EACH statement ALONE is sufficient to answer the question asked, therefore choice D.
Retired Moderator
avatar
V
Joined: 21 Jun 2014
Posts: 1068
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Technology
GMAT 1: 540 Q45 V20
GPA: 2.49
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Math Revolution and GMAT Club Contest! If x and y are integers, are  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Dec 2015, 13:17
1
Given: x and y are integers

(1) x + y = 2

sum of two consecutive integers will not be 2.

Sufficient.

(2) x - y = 4

Difference should be 1 in case of consecutive integers.

Sufficient.

Option D is the correct answer.
_________________
Math Expert
User avatar
V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 65187
Re: Math Revolution and GMAT Club Contest! If x and y are integers, are  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Dec 2015, 11:23
Bunuel wrote:

Math Revolution and GMAT Club Contest Starts!



QUESTION #15:

If x and y are integers, are they consecutive?

(1) x + y = 2
(2) x - y = 4



Check conditions below:



Math Revolution and GMAT Club Contest

The Contest Starts November 28th in Quant Forum


We are happy to announce a Math Revolution and GMAT Club Contest

For the following four (!) weekends we'll be publishing 4 FRESH math questions per weekend (2 on Saturday and 2 on Sunday).

To participate, you will have to reply with your best answer/solution to the new questions that will be posted on Saturday and Sunday at 9 AM Pacific.
Then a week later, the forum moderator will be selecting 2 winners who provided most correct answers to the questions, along with best solutions. Those winners will get 6-months access to GMAT Club Tests.

PLUS! Based on the answers and solutions for all the questions published during the project ONE user will be awarded with ONE Grand prize:

PS + DS course with 502 videos that is worth $299!



All announcements and winnings are final and no whining :-) GMAT Club reserves the rights to modify the terms of this offer at any time.


NOTE: Test Prep Experts and Tutors are asked not to participate. We would like to have the members maximize their learning and problem solving process.

Thank you!



MATH REVOLUTION OFFICIAL SOLUTION:

Since we have 2 variables (x, y) in the original condition, we also need 2 equations to match the number of variables and the number of equations. Since we need both 1) and 2), the correct answer is likely C. Using both con 1) & 2), we get x=3, y=-1. Since they are not consecutive, it is not sufficient. Therefore the correct answer is C. However, since this is an “integer” question, which is one of the key questions, we should apply Common Mistake Type 4(A).

In case of con 1), if x+y=2, in any cases, there cannot be consecutive integers. So this is a “no” and sufficient (Adding two consecutive integers will always yield an odd number).

In case of con 2), the difference between two consecutive integers is always 1. So this is also a “no” and sufficient. Therefore, the correct answer is D.
If D and C are both correct answers, then D is the final correct answer. This type of question appears in a score range of 50 to 51.

Note 1: Solving this type of question usually takes over 5 minutes during the actual exam. However, if you understand the relationship between Variable Approach Method and Common Mistake Types, you will be able to solve this type of question in just about 2 minutes.

Note 2: For cases where we need 2 more equations, such as original conditions with “2 variables”, or “3 variables and 1 equation”, or “4 variables and 2 equations”, we have 1 equation each in both 1) and 2). Therefore, there is 70% chance that C is the answer, while E has 25% chance. These two are the majority. In case of common mistake type 3,4, the answer may be from A, B or D but there is only 5% chance. Since C is most likely to be the answer using 1) and 2) separately according to DS definition (It saves us time). Obviously there may be cases where the answer is A, B, D or E.
_________________
Non-Human User
User avatar
Joined: 09 Sep 2013
Posts: 15402
Re: Math Revolution and GMAT Club Contest! If x and y are integers, are  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Jan 2017, 21:46
Hello from the GMAT Club BumpBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
_________________
GMAT Club Bot
Re: Math Revolution and GMAT Club Contest! If x and y are integers, are   [#permalink] 01 Jan 2017, 21:46

Math Revolution and GMAT Club Contest! If x and y are integers, are

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  





Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne