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# In 1923, the Supreme Court declared a minimum wage for women

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In 1923, the Supreme Court declared a minimum wage for women [#permalink]

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15 Dec 2005, 01:05
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In 1923, the Supreme Court declared a minimum wage for women and children in the District of Columbia as unconstitutional, and ruling that it was a form of price-fixing and, as such, an abridgment of the right of contract.

(A) the Supreme Court declared a minimum wage for women and children in the District of Columbia as unconstitutional, and
(B) the Supreme Court declared as unconstitutional a minimum wage for women and children in the District of Columbia, and
(C) the Supreme Court declared unconstitutional a minimum wage for women and children in the District of Columbia,
(D) a minimum wage for women and children in the District of Columbia was declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court,
(E) when the Supreme Court declared a minimum wage for women and children in the District of Columbia as unconstitutional,

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15 Dec 2005, 01:23
I think it is 'D'.

A - 'and' before 'ruling' is a problem. ("ruling..." is a modifier)
B - awkward, 'and' before 'ruling' is a problem.
C - awkward
E - Incomplete sentence
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15 Dec 2005, 02:06
D)....passive voice is not good. but D) is best among the choices. participle phrase correctly modifies "court" !

C) is out b/c "unconstitutional" in C) is an adverb, modifying " declared. thats wrong.
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15 Dec 2005, 02:34
The court can rule, but the minimum wage cannot rule.
Thus I vote for (D).
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15 Dec 2005, 08:23
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I think C is better than D. "ruling" in C modifies the supreme court whereas it modifies a minimum wage in D.
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15 Dec 2005, 21:18
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15 Dec 2005, 22:27
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I chose D as well, but OA is C.

I still find C to be very awkward with unconstitutional preceding a noun.....

Here is the OE:

This sentence depends on the correct use of an idiom: the court declares x unconstitutional. The inverted form should be used here becaues of the long phrases involved: the court declares unconstitutional x . The Supreme Court is the subject of the sentence; declared is the verb. Ruling....contract acts a modifier describing the action of the main clause; because the modifier is subordinate to the main clause, the conjunction and must be omitted. And is used to join two independent clauses, not a clause and its modifier.

(C) Correct. In this sentence, the correct idiom is used, and the modifier is grammatically and logically attached to the main clause

(D) Passive voice construction is weak and wordy; its use causes the modifier to be misplaced and ambigous
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15 Dec 2005, 22:35
TeHCM wrote:
I chose D as well, but OA is C.

I still find C to be very awkward with unconstitutional preceding a noun.....

Here is the OE:

This sentence depends on the correct use of an idiom: the court declares x unconstitutional. The inverted form should be used here becaues of the long phrases involved: the court declares unconstitutional x . The Supreme Court is the subject of the sentence; declared is the verb. Ruling....contract acts a modifier describing the action of the main clause; because the modifier is subordinate to the main clause, the conjunction and must be omitted. And is used to join two independent clauses, not a clause and its modifier.

(C) Correct. In this sentence, the correct idiom is used, and the modifier is grammatically and logically attached to the main clause

(D) Passive voice construction is weak and wordy; its use causes the modifier to be misplaced and ambigous

the court declares x unconstitutional means, court declared that 'x' ('x' is already there) as unconstitutional

the court declares unconstitutional x can't mean "court declared that 'x' ('x' is already there) as unconstitutional"...it rather sounds like "court itself has declared something unconstitutional".

The inverted form should be used here becaues of the long phrases involved - I doubt it here.
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15 Dec 2005, 22:39
What can I say?

Well I guess the only explanation that would make C correct is because in D, it sounds as if the minimum wage made the ruling...

BTW, this is from OG 11
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15 Dec 2005, 23:37
declared constitutional/unconstitutional is commonly written.

Late, but (C)
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06 Sep 2009, 09:12
D.
In the sentence "......ruling that it....", the "it" refers to the minimum wage.
C does not sound right, IMO.
What is the OA?
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06 Sep 2009, 09:22
sakshiag28 wrote:
In 1923, the supreme court declared a minimum wage for women and children in the district of Columbia as unconstitutional, and ruling that it was a form of price fixing and, as such, an abridgment of the right of contract.

a) the supreme court declared a minimum wage for women and children in the district of Columbia as unconstitutional, and
b) the supreme court declared as unconstitutional a minimum wage for women and children in the district of Columbia, and
c) the supreme court declared unconstitutional a minimum wage for women and children in the district of Columbia,
d) a minimum wage for women and children in the district of Columbia was declared unconstitutional by the supreme court
e) when the supreme declared a minimum wage for women and children in the district of Columbia as unconstitutional,

1. use of 'and' is unnecessary.
2. use of 'and' is unnecessary, also it sounds like Supreme court itself was declared as unconstitutional.
3. Not clear.
4. Clearly conveys the meaning of the sentence.
5. Not clear.
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06 Sep 2009, 12:02
'D' though it is passive choice. It refered correctly to the subject 'minimum wage' in the sentence.

OA?
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Re: minimum wage for women and children [#permalink]

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14 Jun 2011, 00:26
krishnasty wrote:
In 1923, the Supreme Court declared a minimum wage for women and children in the District of Columbia as unconstitutional, and ruling that it was a form of price-fixing, as such, an abridgment of the right of contract.

A) the Supreme Court declared a minimum wage for women and children in the District of Columbia as unconstitutional, and
B) the Supreme Court declared as unconstitutional a minimum wage for women and children in the District of Columbia, and
C) the Supreme Court declared unconstitutional a minimum wage for women and children in the District of Columbia,
D) a minimum wage for women and children in the District of Columbia was declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court ,
E) when the Supreme Court declared a minimum wage for women and children in the District of Columbia as unconstitutional,

declared as is unidiomatic
A - The sentence states that the women and children of DC is unconstitutional, the idea is non-sensical
B - Declared as - Not idiomatic
D - Grammatically the sentence is correct, but the sentence is in passive (Choice C is in active voice, hence I can deem this answer as incorrect)
E - Same as A, further In 1923 and using when is incorrect (redundant).
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Re: minimum wage for women and children [#permalink]

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14 Jun 2011, 07:31
A. declared as not correct; ,and ruling not parallel to declared
B. declared as incorrect
C. correct.
D. passive
E. "when" is incorrectly used, declared as unidiomatic
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Re: In 1923, the Supreme Court declared a minimum wage for women [#permalink]

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09 Jan 2014, 04:51
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09 Jan 2014, 04:52
automan wrote:
I think C is better than D. "ruling" in C modifies the supreme court whereas it modifies a minimum wage in D.

That is a perfect explanation.

I went with the "D is passive voice" too but clearly your approach is bulletproof. I completely missed that the present participle ruling actually modifies the whole preceding clause.
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09 Jan 2014, 09:42
aeglorre wrote:
I went with the "D is passive voice" too but clearly your approach is bulletproof. I completely missed that the present participle ruling actually modifies the whole preceding clause.

Yes, and I also read somewhere that the structure is always incorrect: Passive voice+present participial phrase.

D has this structure and so, is incorrect.
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09 Jan 2014, 10:29
ayushman wrote:
aeglorre wrote:
I went with the "D is passive voice" too but clearly your approach is bulletproof. I completely missed that the present participle ruling actually modifies the whole preceding clause.

Yes, and I also read somewhere that the structure is always incorrect: Passive voice+present participial phrase.

D has this structure and so, is incorrect.

Yeah it actually makes sense if there actually is such a rule. I mean passive voice has a "reverse" structure so to say, which completely flips subject and object and thus a present participle would interpret the object of active voice as the subject, in passive voice. And that clearly distorts the intended meaning, like in the above example.
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Re: In 1923, the Supreme Court declared a minimum wage for women [#permalink]

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20 Jan 2015, 04:51
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Re: In 1923, the Supreme Court declared a minimum wage for women   [#permalink] 20 Jan 2015, 04:51

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