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In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes ar

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In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes ar  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jul 2019, 12:13
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6
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A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  65% (hard)

Question Stats:

54% (01:48) correct 46% (01:46) wrong based on 328 sessions

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Project SC Butler: Day 142 Sentence Correction (SC1)


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In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes are also full of fiber, vitamins, key minerals, and plant protein, plus their antioxidant levels rival berries.

A) In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes are also full of fiber, vitamins, key minerals, and plant protein, plus their antioxidant levels rival berries

B) Legumes are not only convenient, affordable, and versatile but also are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, plant protein, and levels of antioxidants that rival those of berries

C) The convenient, affordable, and versatile legumes are, in addition to rivaling berries for antioxidant levels, full of fiber, vitamins, minerals, and plant protein

D) Not only are they convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, and plant protein, rivaling berries in antioxidant levels

E) Legumes, in addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, and plant protein and rival berries in antioxidant levels



Source: Wizako

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In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes ar  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jul 2019, 12:16
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OFFICIAL EXPLANATION

Project SC Butler: Day 142 Sentence Correction (SC1)



THE PROMPT AND THE OPTIONS

Quote:
In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes are also full of fiber, vitamins, key minerals, and plant protein, plus their antioxidant levels rival berries.

• Meaning? Structure?
This sentence is full of adjectives and noun descriptors. Find the verbs.
Intro phrase: Legumes have qualities A, B, and C
Main clause:
Legumes are full of D, E, F, and G
and
Legumes' antioxidant levels rival berries

Quote:
A) In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes are also full of fiber, vitamins, key minerals, and plant protein, plus their antioxidant levels rival berries

plus is not an acceptable conjunction on the GMAT, although plus is very common in spoken English and informal writing
• parallelism issue: in this sentence, rival is a verb that means equal (are equal to).
Two things are being compared. One is equal to the other.
RHS of comparison? berries
LHS of comparison? antioxidant levels
Logical nonsense. Antioxidant levels are compared to berries.
The sentence intends to compare levels of antioxidants in legumes to levels of antioxidants in berries.
Eliminate A

Quote:
B) Legumes are not only convenient, affordable, and versatile but also are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, plant protein, and levels of antioxidants that rival those of berries.

• In the idiom NOT ONLY X BUT ALSO Y, parallelism is violated.
• Often, as is the case here, we can just check the words right after not only and but also and make sure that X and Y are parallel
In this case, convenient (adjective} follows not only while ARE (a verb) incorrectly follows but also
convenient but also ARE. Not parallel

• Another way that will work every time: ONCE outside, TWICE inside.
If we have a verb such as ARE (or a preposition, or any word attached to the correlative conjunction NOT ONLY X BUT ALSO Y)
-- we find the root phrase,
-- note where, in the sentence, not only is placed, and
-- check words right before and right after not only (or but also)

Correct, ARE is once "outside":
Legumes ARE || not only [X] convenient, affordable, and versatile but also [Y] rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, plant protein, and levels of antioxidants that rival those of berries. [Y] (once outside)

Correct, ARE is twice inside:
Legumes || not only ARE [X] convenient, affordable, and versatile but also ARE [Y] rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, plant protein, and levels of antioxidants that rival those of berries. [Y] (Twice inside)

Wrong, ARE is once inside, once outside:
Legumes ARE not only [X] convenient, affordable, and versatile but also ARE [Y] rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, plant protein, and levels of antioxidants that rival those of berries. [Y]
Option B follows this incorrect structure. X and Y are not parallel. Eliminate B.
Quote:
C) The convenient, affordable, and versatile legumes are, in addition to rivaling berries for antioxidant levels, full of fiber, vitamins, minerals, and plant protein

• This sentence is a stylistic train wreck. (Don't decide on style first.)
• The definite article THE is ungrammatical unless we want to talk about exactly one group of legumes in one place at one time.
(We do not. This sentence is about legumes in general.)
The legumes . . . are rivaling berries for antioxidant levels is nonsensical.
The legumes are in competition [with] berries to obtain antioxidant levels? :dazed Wow, that construction is horrible.
Eliminate C
Quote:
D) Not only are they convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, and plant protein, rivaling berries in antioxidant levels

• IDIOM?
Does not matter in this option.
We are allowed to use not only without but also
• ___ ING modifier (rivaling) is problematic
If we want to use it as a "contemporaneous event," it does not quite fit. It's different from the other "events." We read a lot about legumes and suddenly berries are at issue.
• a comma + participial modifier (a verbING modifier) of this sort often suggests a result.
--- ___ING words modify the preceding clause, subject of the clause, or immediately preceding word.
-- Well, rivaling is not modifying plant protein
-- This one is a tough call because something about this participial modifier is off.
-- Rivaling cannot modify the entire previous clause; that connection does not apply.
-- Rivaling can modify legumes (WHAT is doing the rivaling). This is close.
• parallelism?
Legumes are / rivaling?
I think that parallelism is the issue. "Rivaling" packs a heavy punch.
This way seems more parallel: legumes ARE blah blah, and RIVAL berries in blah blah. Are and rival are parallel.

KEEP D and compare to E

Quote:
E) Legumes, in addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, and plant protein and rival berries in antioxidant levels.

That works.
• Legumes have benefits that are listed properly in the "in addition" modifier
• Legumes have other benefits that are listed in the main clause ("are rich in")
• legumes rival berries in antioxidant levels. A little clunky, but okay.
• compared to D? Option E is better.

When a comma + ING seems not to fit properly, check parallelism.
Would the sentence be better if this seemingly "tacked on" ING word were a parallel verb?
Quite often the answer is "yes," as it is in this sentence.

The correct answer is E

ISSUES

• IDIOM? We can use not only without using but also.
If we say not only and use but, though, the also must be there.

• ONCE OUTSIDE, TWICE INSIDE

I discuss "once outside, twice inside" in this post, here.

I will mark "outside" and "inside" with this symbol: ||
The verb ARE is the issue.
The words not only signal the beginning of a parallel structure.

-- the structure starts at the words not only

The "root" of this parallel structure is Legumes ARE.

When the verb (or preposition) comes before the idiomatic structure, we say that the verb ARE is outside the coordinating conjunction.
-- The verb should be outside ONE time, this way:
Correct: Legumes are || not only X but also Y
Correct: Legume are || not only A, B, and C, but also D, E, F, G, and H

If the verb ARE is "inside" the structure, it must be inside TWICE, this way:

Correct: Legumes || not only are X but also are Y (twice inside)
Correct: Legumes || not only are A, B, and C but also are D, E, F, G, and H. (twice inside)
In this case, the root is simply Legumes.

This sentence uses ARE once outside and once inside. Wrong. :x
Wrong: Legumes are not only X but also are Y (once outside, once inside) :x

COMMENTS

Okay, what is going on? :lol:
Option D is a very close contender, and yet the timer data tells me that D is only 1% of incorrect choices!
The other three are about 13% each! I am stunned.

This may be an instance in which too-rigid adherence to rules saved people.
I don't think so, though, if most of these posts are indicative.
In most of these posts, I sense discomfort with "rivaling" although not a lot of clarity about why.
And that fact is okay. Something about rivaling seems off.

Obviously, rivaling cannot be a "result" phrase. (What, because the legumes have all those other qualities, they rival berries in antioxidant levels? No.)
Rivaling cannot modify plant protein.
But what about legumes? Why not choose D on the basis that rivaling modifies the subject of the previous clause?
Answer: because that construction is not as good as the construction in E in which a "big" verb gets to be a verb rather than a weird participial modifier.
And that answer is all we need.

It just hit me. People are not picking D because they think that NOT ONLY must always be followed by BUT ALSO.
"Not only" can be in a sentence without "but also."

This question is harder than it seems.
These posts are good. Analysis is good, even if it is a little inaccurate here and there. Nice work. Kudos to all.
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Re: In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes ar  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jul 2019, 12:29
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In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes are also full of fiber, vitamins, key minerals, and plant protein, plus their antioxidant levels rival berries.

A) In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes are also full of fiber, vitamins, key minerals, and plant protein, plus their antioxidant levels rival berries
---- their doesn't have a clear referent (vitamins, minerals.. )

B) Legumes are not only convenient, affordable, and versatile but also are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, plant protein, and levels of antioxidants that rival those of berries
---- Not only-but also parallelism not met

C) The convenient, affordable, and versatile legumes are, in addition to rivaling berries for antioxidant levels, full of fiber, vitamins, minerals, and plant protein
--- No apparent errors, starting phrase correctly modifies legumes, additive phrase correctly introduced without altering the meaning.

D) Not only are they convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, and plant protein, rivaling berries in antioxidant levels
---- rivaling berries seems to be modifying plan protein

E) Legumes, in addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, and plant protein and rival berries in antioxidant levels
---- sentence structure is awkward, and rival berries towards the end of the sentence seems to alter the intended meaning of the sentence. Additionally, Legumes are rich......... and rival berries is not parallel (a verb is required after and)

I think the correct answer is C.

I invite constructive feedback on the reasons provided for each answer choice. Please do point out if i may have presented a false reasoning.

Thank you!
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Re: In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes ar  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jul 2019, 13:25
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generis wrote:

Project SC Butler: Day 142 Sentence Correction (SC1)


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In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes are also full of fiber, vitamins, key minerals, and plant protein, plus their antioxidant levels rival berries.

A) In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes are also full of fiber, vitamins, key minerals, and plant protein, plus their antioxidant levels rival berries

B) Legumes are not only convenient, affordable, and versatile but also are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, plant protein, and levels of antioxidants that rival those of berries

C) The convenient, affordable, and versatile legumes are, in addition to rivaling berries for antioxidant levels, full of fiber, vitamins, minerals, and plant protein

D) Not only are they convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, and plant protein, rivaling berries in antioxidant levels

E) Legumes, in addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, and plant protein and rival berries in antioxidant levels



Source: Wizako


The sentence expresses two ideas on Legumes. They are rich in.....and they rival berries.

E is the correct answer.

A) Comparison issue as not parallel entities compared - '...their antioxidant levels rival berries'

B) Parallelism issue - '.... not only convenient, affordable, and versatile but also are rich in fiber........

C) Meaning issue - In its current use, the additive phrase seems to add to the adjectives 'full of fiber....' and is not parallel. Also the phrase is additive instead of showing contrast as they rival in antioxidant levels.

D) Misplaced modifiers - 'rivaling berries in antioxidant levels' modifies 'legumes are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, and plant protein' whereas 'rivaling berries in antioxidant levels' should have modified 'legumes'
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Re: In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes ar  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jul 2019, 14:13
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generis wrote:

Project SC Butler: Day 142 Sentence Correction (SC1)


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In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes are also full of fiber, vitamins, key minerals, and plant protein, plus their antioxidant levels rival berries.

Sentence Structure
Subject - Verb:
    Legumes, in addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile,
      are rich in
        1) fiber,
        2) vitamins,
        3) minerals,
        and 4) plant protein
      and rival berries in antioxidant levels

Issues:
    their( legumes) antioxidant levels rival berries
    The antioxidants are INCORRECTLY compared with berries.
    The comparison MUST be in between the antioxidants.
    Ex:
      their( legumes) antioxidant levels that of rival berries
      OR
      their( legumes) antioxidant levels rival berries' <---- Slightly inferior Yet allowed
    A Comparison issue in A

Answer choice analysis:
    A) In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes are also full of fiber, vitamins, key minerals, and plant protein, plus their antioxidant levels rival berries
      Comparison issue in A
      , plus is incorrectly used to conncet two ICs

    B) Legumes are not only convenient, affordable, and versatile but also are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, plant protein, and levels of antioxidants that rival those of berries
      In the expression Not only X but also Y, X and Y MUST be parallel.
      X: convenient - Noun
      Y: are - State-form of the Verb

    C) The convenient, affordable, and versatile legumes are, in addition to rivaling berries for antioxidant levels, full of fiber, vitamins, minerals, and plant protein
      Meaning issue: OptionC states that the legumes ARE rivaling berries for antioxidant levels

    D) Not only are they convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, and plant protein, rivaling berries in antioxidant levels
      The comma (,) + verb-ing form CAN play the role of the following things:
        1) Result of the action
        2) How aspect
        and 3) More info or general description.
      However, the expression "Legumes are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, and plant protein ..." does NOT add to any of the usages of The comma (,) + verb-ing-form.

    E) Legumes, in addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, and plant protein and rival berries in antioxidant levels
      Makes a coherent meaning. E is the champ!

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Re: In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes ar  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jul 2019, 18:10
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My answer is (E). I always use POE for SC questions. It took me 1 minute and 59 second to make the choice for this question.

Issue with (A): In "plus their antioxidant levels rival berries", there are at least two problems. (1) Plus is used as a conjunction, which is informal usage and should not be endorsed by strict GMAT grammar. (2) We have to compare "apple to apple", or "antioxidant levels to antioxidant levels". Here, the sentence compares "levels" with "berries".

Issue with (B) Parallelism for "not only ... but also" is broken. "are" is used before "not only" but after "but also".

Issue with (C) I feel there are changes in meaning between "A is Adjective" and "Adjective A". For example: "The winter flights are affordable" means that flight tickets in winter are affordable. On the other hand, "The affordable winter flights" qualify "winter flights" to denote those that are affordable. By the same token, "The convenient, affordable, and versatile legumes" changes meaning.

Issue with (D) "Not only" should be paired with "but also" or "also". D contains neither.
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Re: In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes ar  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jul 2019, 18:55
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In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes are also full of fiber, vitamins, key minerals, and plant protein, plus their antioxidant levels rival berries.

Well, in this sentence understanding the modifier and the modifies entity can make our lives easier.
Firstly, the original sentence is written in a very awkward fashion but we can at least figure out the intention of the author.

X has a,b,c in addition to p,q,r, and their antioxidants levels are comparable to berries.

So, we need a choice which can communicate this meaning in a clear and concise way.
All the choices have fatal errors except Choice E.

Legumes, in addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, and plant protein and rival berries in antioxidant levels

It uses the structure: Subject, modifier, verb+object and verb+object.
It gives a clear meaning.

IMHO E
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Re: In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes ar  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jul 2019, 20:07
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IMO correct answer is E

In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes are also full of fiber, vitamins, key minerals, and plant protein, plus their antioxidant levels rival berries.

A) In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes are also full of fiber, vitamins, key minerals, and plant protein, plus their antioxidant levels rival berries - Though the sentence is really portraying an awkward meaning as comparison is incorrect "their antioxidant levels rival berries" - here the comparison is between berries with "antioxidant levels of legumes"- Incorrect.

B) Legumes are not only convenient, affordable, and versatile but also are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, plant protein, and levels of antioxidants that rival those of berries - Incorrect parallelism - "...are not only..." with "but also are ...."

C) The convenient, affordable, and versatile legumes are, in addition to rivaling berries for antioxidant levels, full of fiber, vitamins, minerals, and plant protein - meaning issue

D) Not only are they convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, and plant protein, rivaling berries in antioxidant levels - after comma, verb+ing modifier when used modifies the entire preceding clause, the action mentioned in the clause, but "Not only are they convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, and plant protein, ..." is not performing any action that can be modified with the use of "rivaling"

E) Legumes, in addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, and plant protein and rival berries in antioxidant levels - Correct & concise
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In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes ar  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jul 2019, 21:45
1
In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes are also full of fiber, vitamins, key minerals, and plant protein, plus their antioxidant levels rival berries.

Legumes, in addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, are rich in
Legumes are rich in
- fiber
- vitamins
- key minerals
- plant protein
- plant protain
and rival berries in antioxidant levels

A) In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes are also full of fiber, vitamins, key minerals, and plant protein, plus their antioxidant levels rival berries - incorrect listing

B) Legumes are not only convenient, affordable, and versatile but also are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, plant protein, and levels of antioxidants that rival those of berries - rich in levels? sounds strange

C) The convenient, affordable, and versatile legumes are, in addition to rivaling berries for antioxidant levels, full of fiber, vitamins, minerals, and plant protein - sounds strange

D) Not only are they convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, and plant protein, rivaling berries in antioxidant levels - wrong usage of ideom not only but also

E) Legumes, in addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, and plant protein and rival berries in antioxidant levels - correct answer
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Re: In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes ar  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jul 2019, 00:17
1
In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes are also full of fiber, vitamins, key minerals, and plant protein, plus their antioxidant levels rival berries.

A) In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes are also full of fiber, vitamins, key minerals, and plant protein, plus their antioxidant levels rival berries - Two IC's joined by only plus

B) Legumes are not only convenient, affordable, and versatile but also are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, plant protein, and levels of antioxidants that rival those of berries - Antioxidants don't rival but legumes do

C) The convenient, affordable, and versatile legumes are, in addition to rivaling berries for antioxidant levels, full of fiber, vitamins, minerals, and plant protein -gives the meaning the X and Y rival for Z - incorrect in this context

D) Not only are they convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, and plant protein, rivaling berries in antioxidant levels - modifies the action of " are rich" which lead to meaning error

E) Legumes, in addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, and plant protein and rival berries in antioxidant levels - Correct
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Re: In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes ar  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jul 2019, 01:12
1
A) In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes are also full of fiber, vitamins, key minerals, and plant protein, plus their antioxidant levels rival berries.---->Awkward structure.

B) Legumes are not only convenient, affordable, and versatile but also are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, plant protein, and levels of antioxidants that rival those of berries----->"not only...but also..." is not parallel.

C) The convenient, affordable, and versatile legumes are, in addition to rivaling berries for antioxidant levels, full of fiber, vitamins, minerals, and plant protein.----->Incorrect meaning

D) Not only are they convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, and plant protein, rivaling berries in antioxidant levels----->"not only...but also..." is not parallel.

E) Legumes, in addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, and plant protein and rival berries in antioxidant levels.--->This is what we have in the end after POE and consider between A & E.
----->The answer is E
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Re: In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes ar  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jul 2019, 08:11
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generis wrote:
In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes are also full of fiber, vitamins, key minerals, and plant protein, plus their antioxidant levels rival berries.

A) In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes are also full of fiber, vitamins, key minerals, and plant protein, plus their antioxidant levels rival berries
B) Legumes are not only convenient, affordable, and versatile but also are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, plant protein, and levels of antioxidants that rival those of berries
C) The convenient, affordable, and versatile legumes are, in addition to rivaling berries for antioxidant levels, full of fiber, vitamins, minerals, and plant protein
D) Not only are they convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, and plant protein, rivaling berries in antioxidant levels
E) Legumes, in addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, and plant protein and rival berries in antioxidant levels
Source: Wizako


Meaning: legumes [1] are rich in many nutrients and [2] rival berries in antioxidant levels; convenient, affordable etc… are describing the other qualities of legumes, but this is not part of the main idea.

A) "in addition… legumes are also…," this choice emphasizes the legumes' qualities and its nutrients, as the main idea, unintended; also, "plus their antioxidant levels rival berries" compares levels to berries, the comparison is between levels vs levels;
B) "not only convenient… but also are" both parts are not parallel, also, emphasizes the wrong ideas;
C) "legumes are full of fibers…" wrong idea; also, "legumes, in addition to rivaling berries for antioxidant levels" imps legumes are rivaling berries or competing with them for antioxidant levels–this makes no sense;
D) "not only are they…legumes are…rivaling berries in antioxidant levels" not parallel and the pres participle "rivaling…" distorts the main idea;

Answer (E): "Legumes are rich… and [legumes] rival berries in antioxidant levels"
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In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes ar  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jul 2019, 22:31
I have posted the official explanation HERE
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Re: In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes ar  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Aug 2019, 05:16
Isn't BEING supposed to be False :lol: :lol:
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Re: In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes ar   [#permalink] 03 Aug 2019, 05:16
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