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Re: In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes ar [#permalink]
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generis wrote:

Project SC Butler: Day 142 Sentence Correction (SC1)


For SC butler Questions Click Here


In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes are also full of fiber, vitamins, key minerals, and plant protein, plus their antioxidant levels rival berries.

A) In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes are also full of fiber, vitamins, key minerals, and plant protein, plus their antioxidant levels rival berries

B) Legumes are not only convenient, affordable, and versatile but also are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, plant protein, and levels of antioxidants that rival those of berries

C) The convenient, affordable, and versatile legumes are, in addition to rivaling berries for antioxidant levels, full of fiber, vitamins, minerals, and plant protein

D) Not only are they convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, and plant protein, rivaling berries in antioxidant levels

E) Legumes, in addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, and plant protein and rival berries in antioxidant levels



Source: Wizako


The sentence expresses two ideas on Legumes. They are rich in.....and they rival berries.

E is the correct answer.

A) Comparison issue as not parallel entities compared - '...their antioxidant levels rival berries'

B) Parallelism issue - '.... not only convenient, affordable, and versatile but also are rich in fiber........

C) Meaning issue - In its current use, the additive phrase seems to add to the adjectives 'full of fiber....' and is not parallel. Also the phrase is additive instead of showing contrast as they rival in antioxidant levels.

D) Misplaced modifiers - 'rivaling berries in antioxidant levels' modifies 'legumes are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, and plant protein' whereas 'rivaling berries in antioxidant levels' should have modified 'legumes'
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Re: In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes ar [#permalink]
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generis wrote:

Project SC Butler: Day 142 Sentence Correction (SC1)


For SC butler Questions Click Here

In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes are also full of fiber, vitamins, key minerals, and plant protein, plus their antioxidant levels rival berries.

Sentence Structure
Subject - Verb:
    Legumes, in addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile,
      are rich in
        1) fiber,
        2) vitamins,
        3) minerals,
        and 4) plant protein
      and rival berries in antioxidant levels

Issues:
    their( legumes) antioxidant levels rival berries
    The antioxidants are INCORRECTLY compared with berries.
    The comparison MUST be in between the antioxidants.
    Ex:
      their( legumes) antioxidant levels that of rival berries
      OR
      their( legumes) antioxidant levels rival berries' <---- Slightly inferior Yet allowed
    A Comparison issue in A

Answer choice analysis:
    A) In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes are also full of fiber, vitamins, key minerals, and plant protein, plus their antioxidant levels rival berries
      Comparison issue in A
      , plus is incorrectly used to conncet two ICs

    B) Legumes are not only convenient, affordable, and versatile but also are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, plant protein, and levels of antioxidants that rival those of berries
      In the expression Not only X but also Y, X and Y MUST be parallel.
      X: convenient - Noun
      Y: are - State-form of the Verb

    C) The convenient, affordable, and versatile legumes are, in addition to rivaling berries for antioxidant levels, full of fiber, vitamins, minerals, and plant protein
      Meaning issue: OptionC states that the legumes ARE rivaling berries for antioxidant levels

    D) Not only are they convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, and plant protein, rivaling berries in antioxidant levels
      The comma (,) + verb-ing form CAN play the role of the following things:
        1) Result of the action
        2) How aspect
        and 3) More info or general description.
      However, the expression "Legumes are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, and plant protein ..." does NOT add to any of the usages of The comma (,) + verb-ing-form.

    E) Legumes, in addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, and plant protein and rival berries in antioxidant levels
      Makes a coherent meaning. E is the champ!
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Re: In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes ar [#permalink]
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My answer is (E). I always use POE for SC questions. It took me 1 minute and 59 second to make the choice for this question.

Issue with (A): In "plus their antioxidant levels rival berries", there are at least two problems. (1) Plus is used as a conjunction, which is informal usage and should not be endorsed by strict GMAT grammar. (2) We have to compare "apple to apple", or "antioxidant levels to antioxidant levels". Here, the sentence compares "levels" with "berries".

Issue with (B) Parallelism for "not only ... but also" is broken. "are" is used before "not only" but after "but also".

Issue with (C) I feel there are changes in meaning between "A is Adjective" and "Adjective A". For example: "The winter flights are affordable" means that flight tickets in winter are affordable. On the other hand, "The affordable winter flights" qualify "winter flights" to denote those that are affordable. By the same token, "The convenient, affordable, and versatile legumes" changes meaning.

Issue with (D) "Not only" should be paired with "but also" or "also". D contains neither.
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Re: In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes ar [#permalink]
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In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes are also full of fiber, vitamins, key minerals, and plant protein, plus their antioxidant levels rival berries.

Well, in this sentence understanding the modifier and the modifies entity can make our lives easier.
Firstly, the original sentence is written in a very awkward fashion but we can at least figure out the intention of the author.

X has a,b,c in addition to p,q,r, and their antioxidants levels are comparable to berries.

So, we need a choice which can communicate this meaning in a clear and concise way.
All the choices have fatal errors except Choice E.

Legumes, in addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, and plant protein and rival berries in antioxidant levels

It uses the structure: Subject, modifier, verb+object and verb+object.
It gives a clear meaning.

IMHO E
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Re: In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes ar [#permalink]
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IMO correct answer is E

In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes are also full of fiber, vitamins, key minerals, and plant protein, plus their antioxidant levels rival berries.

A) In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes are also full of fiber, vitamins, key minerals, and plant protein, plus their antioxidant levels rival berries - Though the sentence is really portraying an awkward meaning as comparison is incorrect "their antioxidant levels rival berries" - here the comparison is between berries with "antioxidant levels of legumes"- Incorrect.

B) Legumes are not only convenient, affordable, and versatile but also are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, plant protein, and levels of antioxidants that rival those of berries - Incorrect parallelism - "...are not only..." with "but also are ...."

C) The convenient, affordable, and versatile legumes are, in addition to rivaling berries for antioxidant levels, full of fiber, vitamins, minerals, and plant protein - meaning issue

D) Not only are they convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, and plant protein, rivaling berries in antioxidant levels - after comma, verb+ing modifier when used modifies the entire preceding clause, the action mentioned in the clause, but "Not only are they convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, and plant protein, ..." is not performing any action that can be modified with the use of "rivaling"

E) Legumes, in addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, and plant protein and rival berries in antioxidant levels - Correct & concise
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In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes ar [#permalink]
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In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes are also full of fiber, vitamins, key minerals, and plant protein, plus their antioxidant levels rival berries.

Legumes, in addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, are rich in
Legumes are rich in
- fiber
- vitamins
- key minerals
- plant protein
- plant protain
and rival berries in antioxidant levels

A) In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes are also full of fiber, vitamins, key minerals, and plant protein, plus their antioxidant levels rival berries - incorrect listing

B) Legumes are not only convenient, affordable, and versatile but also are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, plant protein, and levels of antioxidants that rival those of berries - rich in levels? sounds strange

C) The convenient, affordable, and versatile legumes are, in addition to rivaling berries for antioxidant levels, full of fiber, vitamins, minerals, and plant protein - sounds strange

D) Not only are they convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, and plant protein, rivaling berries in antioxidant levels - wrong usage of ideom not only but also

E) Legumes, in addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, and plant protein and rival berries in antioxidant levels - correct answer
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Re: In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes ar [#permalink]
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In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes are also full of fiber, vitamins, key minerals, and plant protein, plus their antioxidant levels rival berries.

A) In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes are also full of fiber, vitamins, key minerals, and plant protein, plus their antioxidant levels rival berries - Two IC's joined by only plus

B) Legumes are not only convenient, affordable, and versatile but also are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, plant protein, and levels of antioxidants that rival those of berries - Antioxidants don't rival but legumes do

C) The convenient, affordable, and versatile legumes are, in addition to rivaling berries for antioxidant levels, full of fiber, vitamins, minerals, and plant protein -gives the meaning the X and Y rival for Z - incorrect in this context

D) Not only are they convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, and plant protein, rivaling berries in antioxidant levels - modifies the action of " are rich" which lead to meaning error

E) Legumes, in addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, and plant protein and rival berries in antioxidant levels - Correct
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Re: In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes ar [#permalink]
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A) In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes are also full of fiber, vitamins, key minerals, and plant protein, plus their antioxidant levels rival berries.---->Awkward structure.

B) Legumes are not only convenient, affordable, and versatile but also are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, plant protein, and levels of antioxidants that rival those of berries----->"not only...but also..." is not parallel.

C) The convenient, affordable, and versatile legumes are, in addition to rivaling berries for antioxidant levels, full of fiber, vitamins, minerals, and plant protein.----->Incorrect meaning

D) Not only are they convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, and plant protein, rivaling berries in antioxidant levels----->"not only...but also..." is not parallel.

E) Legumes, in addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, and plant protein and rival berries in antioxidant levels.--->This is what we have in the end after POE and consider between A & E.
----->The answer is E
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Re: In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes ar [#permalink]
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generis wrote:
In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes are also full of fiber, vitamins, key minerals, and plant protein, plus their antioxidant levels rival berries.

A) In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes are also full of fiber, vitamins, key minerals, and plant protein, plus their antioxidant levels rival berries
B) Legumes are not only convenient, affordable, and versatile but also are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, plant protein, and levels of antioxidants that rival those of berries
C) The convenient, affordable, and versatile legumes are, in addition to rivaling berries for antioxidant levels, full of fiber, vitamins, minerals, and plant protein
D) Not only are they convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, and plant protein, rivaling berries in antioxidant levels
E) Legumes, in addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, and plant protein and rival berries in antioxidant levels
Source: Wizako


Meaning: legumes [1] are rich in many nutrients and [2] rival berries in antioxidant levels; convenient, affordable etc… are describing the other qualities of legumes, but this is not part of the main idea.

A) "in addition… legumes are also…," this choice emphasizes the legumes' qualities and its nutrients, as the main idea, unintended; also, "plus their antioxidant levels rival berries" compares levels to berries, the comparison is between levels vs levels;
B) "not only convenient… but also are" both parts are not parallel, also, emphasizes the wrong ideas;
C) "legumes are full of fibers…" wrong idea; also, "legumes, in addition to rivaling berries for antioxidant levels" imps legumes are rivaling berries or competing with them for antioxidant levels–this makes no sense;
D) "not only are they…legumes are…rivaling berries in antioxidant levels" not parallel and the pres participle "rivaling…" distorts the main idea;

Answer (E): "Legumes are rich… and [legumes] rival berries in antioxidant levels"
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In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes ar [#permalink]
Expert Reply
I have posted the official explanation HERE
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Re: In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes ar [#permalink]
Isn't BEING supposed to be False :lol: :lol:
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In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes ar [#permalink]
Hi Experts.
I seriously am not able to understand why verb-ing modifier (rivaling) is wrong in Option D. According to me
The cause: legumes are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, and plant protein
The effect: Because legumes have such qualities, they are able to rival berries in antioxidant levels.

Please help me understand what is the problem here
Thanks

VeritasKarishma GMATNinja @Empowertutoring CrackVerbal egmat
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Re: In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes ar [#permalink]
Krishchamp wrote:
Hi Experts.
I seriously am not able to understand why verb-ing modifier (rivaling) is wrong in Option D. According to me
The cause: legumes are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, and plant protein
The effect: Because legumes have such qualities, they are able to rival berries in antioxidant levels.

Please help me understand what is the problem here
Thanks

VeritasKarishma GMATNinja @Empowertutoring CrackVerbal egmat


The verb-ing modifier implies that whatever comes before the comma results in this subsequent action or outcome.
Choice D implies that all the qualities of legumes as listed results in the rivaling berries in antioxidant levels. This is incorrect because the antioxidant levels is a separate quality of legumes and needs to be separated with a conjunction "and".
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Re: In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes ar [#permalink]
For choice D, the pronoun comes before a noun in the sentence.
Is this correct? Or can this be used as a reason for eliminating this choice?
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In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes ar [#permalink]
Although answer is E (I agree with that), the modifier " in addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile" conveys wrong meaning. that is in general Legumes has inherent tendency of being convenient at one time and of not being convenient at other.

Rest of the Answers (Does not even come close)
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Re: In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes ar [#permalink]
Hi expert,

Could you further explain the use of "being" in the correct answer choice. I rejected E because "being" can't be used as a modifier.

Or maybe "being" has not been used as a modifier?

Best regards,
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Re: In addition to being convenient, affordable, and versatile, legumes ar [#permalink]
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Krishchamp wrote:
Hi Experts.
I seriously am not able to understand why verb-ing modifier (rivaling) is wrong in Option D. According to me
The cause: legumes are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, and plant protein
The effect: Because legumes have such qualities, they are able to rival berries in antioxidant levels.

Please help me understand what is the problem here
Thanks

VeritasKarishma GMATNinja @Empowertutoring CrackVerbal egmat


Fiber, vitamins, minerals and proteins are different from antioxidants. Legumes are high in all of them.
"Legumes rival berries in antioxidant levels" is not the effect of "legumes are rich in vitamins etc"
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