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# In clinical trials of new medicines, half of the subjects

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SVP
Joined: 30 Oct 2003
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In clinical trials of new medicines, half of the subjects [#permalink]

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31 Dec 2003, 14:40
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18. In clinical trials of new medicines, half of the subjects receive the drug being tested and half receive a physiologically inert substance ?a placebo. Trials are designed with the intention that neither subjects nor experimenters will find out which subjects are actually being given the drug being tested. However, this intention is frequently frustrated because ____.

Which one of the following, if true, most appropriately completes the explanation?

(A) often the subjects who receive the drug being tested develop symptoms that the experimenters recognize as side effects of the physiologically active drug

(B) subjects who believe they are receiving the drug being tested often display improvements in their conditions regardless of whether what is administered to them is physiologically active or not

(C) in general, when the trial is intended to establish the experimental drug's safety rather than its effectiveness, all of the subjects are healthy

(D) when a trial runs a long time, few of the experimenters will work on it from inception to conclusion

(E) the people who are subjects for clinical trials must, by law, be volunteers and must be informed of the possibility that they will receive a placebo

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Senior Manager
Joined: 05 May 2003
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Location: Aus

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31 Dec 2003, 16:15
I will go with A.
Though B seems to be close

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SVP
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Location: NewJersey USA

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31 Dec 2003, 16:39
Correct answer is A. I chose B. If you guys have time please justify your answers. Your reasoning ( right or wrong ) will definitely help me and others.

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Senior Manager
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31 Dec 2003, 16:57
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Trials are designed with the intention that neither subjects nor experimenters will find out which subjects are actually being given the drug being tested.

As per the expectation either the subjects or the experimenters should know who has been given the drug. But the experimenters come to know because of the side effects.

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SVP
Joined: 30 Oct 2003
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31 Dec 2003, 17:08
Hats off to you. Unbelievable reasoning. Fantastic explaination indeed.

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Manager
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In clinical trials of new medicines, half of the subjects receive the [#permalink]

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10 Dec 2014, 20:56
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In clinical trials of new medicines, half of the subjects receive the drug being tested and half receive a physiologically inert substance—a placebo. Trials are designed with the intention that neither subjects nor experimenters will find out which subjects are actually being given the drug being tested. However, this intention is frequently frustrated because______
Which one of the following, if true, most appropriately completes the explanation?
(A) often the subjects who receive the drug being tested develop symptoms that the experimenters recognize as side effects of the physiologically active drug
(B) subjects who believe they are receiving the drug being tested often display improvements in their conditions regardless of whether what is administered to them is physiologically active or not
(C) in general, when the trial is intended to establish the experimental drug’s safety rather than its effectiveness, all of the subjects are healthy
(D) when a trial runs a long time, few of the experimenters will work on it from inception to conclusion
(E) the people who are subjects for clinical trials must, by law, be volunteers and must be informed of the possibility that they will receive a placebo

Kudos [?]: 161 [1], given: 196

Senior Manager
Joined: 02 Dec 2014
Posts: 374

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Location: Russian Federation
Concentration: General Management, Economics
GMAT 1: 640 Q44 V33
WE: Sales (Telecommunications)
Re: In clinical trials of new medicines, half of the subjects receive the [#permalink]

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11 Dec 2014, 05:41
Choice A is correct. The question states " that neither subjects nor experimenters will find out which subjects are actually being given the drug being tested". If " subjects who receive the drug being tested develop symptoms that the experimenters recognize as side effects of the physiologically active drug" then initial condition is violated
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"Are you gangsters?" - "No we are Russians!"

Kudos [?]: 90 [0], given: 349

Manager
Joined: 05 Aug 2013
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Kudos [?]: 59 [0], given: 253

Location: India
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Re: In clinical trials of new medicines, half of the subjects receive the [#permalink]

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11 Dec 2014, 13:21
ajaym28 wrote:
In clinical trials of new medicines, half of the subjects receive the drug being tested and half receive a physiologically inert substance—a placebo. Trials are designed with the intention that neither subjects nor experimenters will find out which subjects are actually being given the drug being tested. However, this intention is frequently frustrated because______
Which one of the following, if true, most appropriately completes the explanation?
(A) often the subjects who receive the drug being tested develop symptoms that the experimenters recognize as side effects of the physiologically active drug
(B) subjects who believe they are receiving the drug being tested often display improvements in their conditions regardless of whether what is administered to them is physiologically active or not
(C) in general, when the trial is intended to establish the experimental drug’s safety rather than its effectiveness, all of the subjects are healthy
(D) when a trial runs a long time, few of the experimenters will work on it from inception to conclusion
(E) the people who are subjects for clinical trials must, by law, be volunteers and must be informed of the possibility that they will receive a placebo

Can you please post OE for this question??

Kudos [?]: 59 [0], given: 253

Manager
Joined: 23 Oct 2014
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Concentration: Marketing
Re: In clinical trials of new medicines, half of the subjects receive the [#permalink]

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11 Dec 2014, 20:10
1
KUDOS
In clinical trials of new medicines, half of the subjects receive the drug being tested and half receive a physiologically inert substance—a placebo. Trials are designed with the intention that neither subjects nor experimenters will find out which subjects are actually being given the drug being tested. However, this intention is frequently frustrated because______

Which one of the following, if true, most appropriately completes the explanation?

The clinical trials are designed so that no on will know which subject is given the actual drug. To complete the explanation you must find out how this design can be compromised. Essentially, find out what can alert either the subjects or the experimenters who has the real drug.

(A) often the subjects who receive the drug being tested develop symptoms that the experimenters recognize as side effects of the physiologically active drug
Bingo. If the experimenter knows what the symptoms are and the subject is exhibiting the symptoms then the experimenter will know that this subject has the real drug.

(B) subjects who believe they are receiving the drug being tested often display improvements in their conditions regardless of whether what is administered to them is physiologically active or not
This actually will enforce the design. If everyone, including the subjects with the placebo, has the same results then the design holds true. There is no way to figure out who has the real drug or who has the placebo.

(C) in general, when the trial is intended to establish the experimental drug’s safety rather than its effectiveness, all of the subjects are healthy
This is irrelevant. The trial's intent does nothing to compromise the design of the trial.

(D) when a trial runs a long time, few of the experimenters will work on it from inception to conclusion
This does not compromise the design of the trial.

(E) the people who are subjects for clinical trials must, by law, be volunteers and must be informed of the possibility that they will receive a placebo
Whether or the subject is a volunteer does not compromise the design of the trial.

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GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10117

Kudos [?]: 261 [0], given: 0

Re: In clinical trials of new medicines, half of the subjects [#permalink]

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13 Feb 2016, 00:26
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Re: In clinical trials of new medicines, half of the subjects   [#permalink] 13 Feb 2016, 00:26
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