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# In contrast to large steel plants that take iron ore through

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Senior Manager
Joined: 18 Sep 2009
Posts: 328
In contrast to large steel plants that take iron ore through  [#permalink]

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22 Aug 2012, 12:14
00:00

Difficulty:

15% (low)

Question Stats:

81% (00:51) correct 19% (00:58) wrong based on 155 sessions

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In contrast to large steel plants that take iron ore through all the steps needed to produce several different kinds of steel, processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products has enabled small mills to put capital into new technology and remain economically viable.

(A) processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products has enabled small mills to put capital into new technology and remain

(B) processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products has enabled small mills to put capital into new technology, remaining

(C) the processing of steel scrap into a specialized group of products has enabled small mills to put capital into new technology, remaining

(D) small mills, by processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products, have been able to put capital into new technology and remain

(E) small mills, by processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products, have been able to put capital into new technology and remained

In D the phrase " have been" indicates passive voice. " Is have been apply to "remain economically viable. In that case we need " remained". please explain.
Senior Manager
Joined: 28 Jun 2009
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22 Aug 2012, 12:24
D is the correct choice here.

Large steel plants are compared to small mills. So options A, B, C are out.

Among D and E, D uses correct tense of remain - present tense.

About your question, 'have been' doesn't indicate passive voice here. 'Remain' is parallel to 'put'.
"have been able to" is present perfect form of "to be able to"
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23 Aug 2012, 11:51
Hi

Thank you for your detailed explanation.

still I am not clear on this: About your question, 'have been' doesn't indicate passive voice here. 'Remain' is parallel to 'put'. "have been able to" is present perfect form of "to be able to".

I dont know how to spot parallelism here. When i saw verb " remained" , I assumed the subject of the verb "remained" must be "small firms". can you please suggest some tips on how to spot parallelism.

Thanks
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23 Aug 2012, 13:49
1
I dont know how to spot parallelism here. When i saw verb " remained" , I assumed the subject of the verb "remained" must be "small firms". can you please suggest some tips on how to spot parallelism.

subject is Small firms because as piya correctly shared her pointer , its a contrast ( between Large firms & Small mills ) , so we can zone in between D & E

In D n E ; remove the middle modifier & reread

D : Small firms have been able to PUT................AND............REMAIN.......

E : Small firms have been able to PUT...................AND...........REMAINED..........

you can always be in look out for markers such as AND / OR............. and then try to check the portions before / after AND ( they should be parallel )

Parallelism : more like A ( B+C) = AB + AC

A : SMALL FIRMS HAVE BEEN ABLE TO , B : Put , C : Remain/Remained

Now do a quick check wrt to the above equation substituting the individual variables:

LHS : Small firms have been able to ( PUT + REMAIN/REMAINED )

RHS for D : Small firms have been able to PUT ..............+........... Small firms have been able to remain

RHS for E : Small firms have been able to PUT ..............+........... Small firms have been able to REMAINED ( does this sound correct ?) = Eliminate

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Re: In contrast to large steel plants that take iron ore through  [#permalink]

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24 Aug 2012, 12:13
1
1
Hi Tom,

The key to identify the correct intended parallel list in the sentence is to understand the logical intended meaning ofthe sentence. Here is the analysis of this question with all due importance to the intended meaning.

In contrast to large steel plants that take iron ore through all the steps needed to produce several different kinds of steel, processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products has enabled small mills to put capital into new technology and remain economically viable.

• The sentence presents a contrast.
• Large steel plants process iron ore to produce several kinds of steel.
• Unlike them, small mills process steel scrap into specific products.
• This has enabled them to do two things:
o put capital into new technology.
o remain economically viable.

Error Analysis:

• In contrast to large steel plants
o that take iron ore through all the steps needed to produce several different kinds of steel,
• (cont. of first clause.) processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products has enabled small mills to put capital into new technology and remain economically viable.

(blue = subjects, pink = verbs)

The two entities contrasted in the idiom in use - in contrast to X, Y … are not logically parallel. X= large steel plants (noun phrase) which is not logically parallel to Y= processing steel scrap… (verb-ing phrase).

POE:

(A) processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products has enabled small mills to put capital into new technology and remain: Incorrect for the reason stated above.

(B) processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products has enabled small mills to put capital into new technology, remaining: Incorrect.
a. Same error as choice A.
b. Processing steel scrap has enabled small plants to – i) put capital into new technology and ii) remain economically viable. The two are independent purposes. “Remaining” ∦”to put”. Furthermore, this choice distorts the meaning. It unnecessarily links the two independent purposes. The choice now suggests that “remaining economically viable” is the result of the action of small mills “putting capital in the technology”. This is not the intended meaning of the sentence. Furthermore its not clear what is “remaining economically viable”. Per the structure of the sentence, “processing steel scrap” is remaining economically viable, but this is illogical.

(C) the processing of steel scrap into a specialized group of products has enabled small mills to put capital into new technology, remaining: Incorrect. Same errors as in choice B.

(D) small mills, by processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products, have been able to put capital into new technology and remain: Correct.

(E) small mills, by processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products, have been able to put capital into new technology and remained: Incorrect. "to put" is not parallel "remained".

1. The two entities compared/ contrasted must be logically as well as grammatically parallel.
2. Identify the correct list in the sentence. You can identify the correct list if you have understood the intended meaning well.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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Re: In contrast to large steel plants that take iron ore through  [#permalink]

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07 Feb 2013, 07:39
IT is uneasy to realize which meaning is correct when we face D and E.

the meaning cheating is brutal when we are in the test room and are tired.

any one has any tip for going against this cheating. ? pls explain.
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Re: In contrast to large steel plants that take iron ore through  [#permalink]

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12 Feb 2013, 07:23
its'nt the usage of remain correct because small plants is a plural , or do we need any other reason to conclude on this being the correct choice
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Re: In contrast to large steel plants that take iron ore through  [#permalink]

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13 Feb 2013, 22:11
ramanujanu wrote:
its'nt the usage of remain correct because small plants is a plural , or do we need any other reason to conclude on this being the correct choice

We chose "remain" to correct the parallelism:

have been able to put........ (to) remain
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Re: In contrast to large steel plants that take iron ore through  [#permalink]

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09 Mar 2013, 02:52
To Egmat : why cant we view the parallelism in E as follows :
E: small mills, by processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products, have been able to put capital into new technology and (have) remained

in other words "have" can go along with "been able" and "remained"
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Re: In contrast to large steel plants that take iron ore through  [#permalink]

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09 Mar 2013, 11:32
To Egmat : why cant we view the parallelism in E as follows :
E: small mills, by processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products, have been able to put capital into new technology and (have) remained

in other words "have" can go along with "been able" and "remained"

Note that "been" is very much part of "have". The present perfect helping verb verb is "have been". To this you can add any verb in its participle form to create a proper verb in a sentence. In choice E, "have been able" is a correct verb but we cannot say "have been remained". Also, we just CANNOT choose to remove "been" for the sake of parallelism. If we need to keep helping verbs understood then we need to keep "have been" understood", not just anyone.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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Re: In contrast to large steel plants that take iron ore through  [#permalink]

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08 Jan 2015, 08:47
Please post the question by underlining the intended portion to be corrected

TomB wrote:
In contrast to large steel plants that take iron ore through all the steps needed to produce several different kinds of steel, processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products has enabled small mills to put capital into new technology and remain economically viable.

(A) processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products has enabled small mills to put capital into new technology and remain

(B) processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products has enabled small mills to put capital into new technology, remaining

(C) the processing of steel scrap into a specialized group of products has enabled small mills to put capital into new technology, remaining

(D) small mills, by processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products, have been able to put capital into new technology and remain

(E) small mills, by processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products, have been able to put capital into new technology and remained

In D the phrase " have been" indicates passive voice. " Is have been apply to "remain economically viable. In that case we need " remained". please explain.

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In contrast to large steel plants that take iron ore through  [#permalink]

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28 Mar 2018, 01:18
Dear mikemcgarry, GMATNinjaTwo, GMATNinja, MagooshExpert Carolyn, sayantanc2k,

I picked up E because of two action that small mills do
#1 have been able to put
#2 (have) remained

Why "have been able to put" cannot be parallel with "(have) remained" ,which omits have

Thanks in davance
Have a nice day
>_~
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Re: In contrast to large steel plants that take iron ore through  [#permalink]

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29 Mar 2018, 20:55
zoezhuyan wrote:
Dear mikemcgarry, GMATNinjaTwo, GMATNinja, MagooshExpert Carolyn, sayantanc2k,

I picked up E because of two action that small mills do
#1 have been able to put
#2 (have) remained

Why "have been able to put" cannot be parallel with "(have) remained" ,which omits have

Thanks in davance
Have a nice day
>_~

Hi zoezhuyan!

Happy to help

The main problem with E is just that "remained" shouldn't be in past tense, period. The rest of the verbs in the sentence are all in some version of the present tense, and it doesn't make sense to just throw in a verb in the past tense with no context.

Also, we cannot just omit "have" in a verb -- that changes the tense. The verb "have remained" is in the past perfect tense, and "remained" is in the simple past tense.

Of course, neither of these work in this context because they're in some form of past tense, which we just shouldn't have at all here. We want "remain" to match "have been able to put", which would be "have been able to remain". That's why we want "remain" here, not "remained"

Here's an article about parallelism that might be useful!

-Carolyn
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Re: In contrast to large steel plants that take iron ore through &nbs [#permalink] 29 Mar 2018, 20:55
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