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In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world’s leading

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Re: In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world’s leading  [#permalink]

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New post 11 May 2019, 06:39
I still cannot understand the different explanations present in the discussion. Would really appreciate if GMATNinja can answer this one.
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Re: In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world’s leading  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Aug 2019, 18:43
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jainbob wrote:
I still cannot understand the different explanations present in the discussion. Would really appreciate if GMATNinja can answer this one.

Apologies if we're too late to help you, jainbob, but if we are, hopefully this will be useful for somebody else.

Let's start with choice (B):
Quote:
(B) In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world’s leading exporter of honey, with the sale of nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, and almost half of it that goes to the United States.

Here, "that goes to the United States" modifies the [something]... okay, but what does the half (of something) do? The verb "goes" is locked up in the "that" clause, so there is no main verb for the subject "half". That leaves us with a sentence fragment.

Also, notice the use of the present perfect tense: "...Argentina has become the world’s leading exporter of honey..." The present perfect tense suggests an ongoing action, but "with the sale" seems to refer to sales that were completed in the past. That certainly isn't a smoking gun, but, in light of the other issues, we can eliminate (B).

Quote:
C. with the sale to foreign markets of nearly 90,000 tons a year, with almost half of it going

As in choice (B), "with the sale" isn't ideal. And we also have the pronoun "it" to consider...

If we replace the pronoun "it" with "honey", we get, "... almost half of honey.." Well, half of what is actually going to the United States? Half of honey? Umm... what honey? All of the honey in the world? The sentence refers to honey in general, so it doesn't make sense to say that "half of honey" goes to the United States.

So, again, what is actually going to the United States? Half of "the sale"? That doesn't work either. Some amount of honey is sold TO the United States, but the "sale" isn't the thing that goes to the United States.

The thing that goes to the United States is some quantity of honey: half of the ~90,000 tons that are sold each year to foreign markets. So does the singular pronoun "it" refer to "90,000 tons"? In this context, we would say, "90,000 tons ARE sold each year", not "90,000 tons IS sold each year."

At best, the use of "it" is confusing and unclear. Let's see if we can find a better choice.

Quote:
D. selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, and almost half of it goes

(D) avoids the use of "with the sale", which wasn't ideal. Instead, "selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets" tells us exactly how "Argentina has become the world’s leading exporter of honey" and implies that Argentina is still selling 90,000 tons a year (an ongoing action, which is consistent with the preceding use of the present perfect).

However, we run into the same pronoun issue that we saw in choice (C). Let's see if (E) is any better:

Quote:
E. selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, with almost half going

Choice (E) eliminates the pronoun issue altogether, so that's huge vote in favor of (E) over (D). Also, as described above, "selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets" is better than "with the sale" (as in choice C). This makes (E) the best choice.
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Re: In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world’s leading  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Sep 2019, 07:53
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souvik101990 wrote:
In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world’s leading exporter of honey, with nearly 90,000 tons a year sold to foreign markets, almost half of which going to the United States.

(A) with nearly 90,000 tons a year sold to foreign markets, almost half of which going

(B) with the sale of nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, and almost half of it that goes

(C) with the sale to foreign markets of nearly 90,000 tons a year, with almost half of it going

(D) selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, and almost half of it goes

(E) selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, with almost half going

https://www.nytimes.com/2002/03/05/business/us-and-argentina-fight-over-honey.html

But here on the humid pampas, where fields of alfalfa and clover stretch to the horizon, the emergence of a flourishing honey industry belies that notion. In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world's leading exporter of honey, selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, with almost half of it going to the United States.



Dear GMATGuruNY

1- Why is choice A incorrect? doesn't the construction 'with nearly 90,000 tons a year sold to foreign markets' answer the question HOW Argentina became biggest exporter?

2- Is 'almost half of which' wrong?

Thanks
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In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world’s leading  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Sep 2019, 09:21
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Mo2men wrote:
souvik101990 wrote:
In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world’s leading exporter of honey, with nearly 90,000 tons a year sold to foreign markets, almost half of which going to the United States.

(A) with nearly 90,000 tons a year sold to foreign markets, almost half of which going

(B) with the sale of nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, and almost half of it that goes

(C) with the sale to foreign markets of nearly 90,000 tons a year, with almost half of it going

(D) selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, and almost half of it goes

(E) selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, with almost half going

https://www.nytimes.com/2002/03/05/business/us-and-argentina-fight-over-honey.html

But here on the humid pampas, where fields of alfalfa and clover stretch to the horizon, the emergence of a flourishing honey industry belies that notion. In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world's leading exporter of honey, selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, with almost half of it going to the United States.



Dear GMATGuruNY

1- Why is choice A incorrect? doesn't the construction 'with nearly 90,000 tons a year sold to foreign markets' answer the question HOW Argentina became biggest exporter?

2- Is 'almost half of which' wrong?

Thanks


RULE: which must serve as part of a CLAUSE.
A clause includes both a subject and a verb.

RULE: A VERBing may function as a verb only if it is preceded by a helping verb such as is, was, etc.
John IS going.
Mary WAS going.
The children HAVE BEEN going.

A VERBing without a helping verb functions either as a MODIFIER or as a NOUN.

A: Argentina has become the world’s leading exporter of honey, with nearly 90,000 tons a year sold to foreign markets, almost half of which going to the United States.
Here, going is not a verb but a MODIFIER describing half of which.
The portion in red does not include a verb and thus does not constitute a clause.
As a result, this usage of which is invalid.
Eliminate A.

Other issues:

A reader might at first construe that which refers to MARKETS, the nearest eligible antecedent.
But semantically, the intended referent seems to be 90,000 TONS.
Since the referent for which is not immediately clear, eliminate A.

The modifier in blue is a bit ambiguous: it does not make crystal clear WHO has sold 90,000 tons to foreign markets.
It could be that 90,000 tons are sold by Argentina ALONE.
It could be that 90,000 tons are sold by all of the world's honey-producing countries COMBINED.
Since both interpretations are possible, we should check whether an alternate answer choice clarifies the intended meaning.

Generally, COMMA + VERBing after a clause serves to express an action attributed to the preceding subject.
E: Argentina has become the world’s leading exporter of honey, selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets.
Here, selling unambiguously refers to ARGENTINA -- the preceding subject -- clearly conveying that ARGENTINA is selling 90,000 tons to foreign markets.

Since E conveys a clearer meaning than A, eliminate A.
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Re: In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world’s leading  [#permalink]

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New post 07 May 2020, 02:23
In (D), don't you think "it" can only refer back to honey? Which is correct.
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Re: In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world’s leading  [#permalink]

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New post 07 May 2020, 03:32
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lakshya14 wrote:
In (D), don't you think "it" can only refer back to honey? Which is correct.


D: Argentina has become the world’s leading exporter of honey, and almost half of it goes to the United States.
Here, honey refers to HONEY IN GENERAL.
If it refers to honey, the implication is that half of HONEY IN GENERAL goes to the United States.
The intended meaning is that half of the HONEY FROM ARGENTINA goes to the United States.
This meaning is conveyed by the OA:
Argentina has become the world’s leading exporter of honey, selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, with almost half going to the United States.
Here, almost half clearly refers to the nearly 90,000 tons sold by Argentina, correctly conveying that almost half of the honey FROM ARGENTINA goes to the United States.
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In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world’s leading  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jul 2020, 07:12
souvik101990 wrote:
In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world’s leading exporter of honey, with nearly 90,000 tons a year sold to foreign markets, almost half of which going to the United States.

(A) with nearly 90,000 tons a year sold to foreign markets, almost half of which going

(B) with the sale of nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, and almost half of it that goes

(C) with the sale to foreign markets of nearly 90,000 tons a year, with almost half of it going

(D) selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, and almost half of it goes

(E) selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, with almost half going

https://www.nytimes.com/2002/03/05/business/us-and-argentina-fight-over-honey.html

But here on the humid pampas, where fields of alfalfa and clover stretch to the horizon, the emergence of a flourishing honey industry belies that notion. In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world's leading exporter of honey, selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, with almost half of it going to the United States.


DmitryFarber VeritasKarishma Why the use of ", with" in A is incorrect? Also, why the use of ", with" in E is correct? Moreover, what's the difference in usage of both? Thank you! :)
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Re: In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world’s leading  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jul 2020, 17:03
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Will2020 The issue is not really that "with" is wrong in A and required in E. It's simply a matter of overall usage, meaning, and structure. I think we can make a case that the adverbial modifier "selling" more clearly modifies the main action than the passive "with 90,000 tons sold." However, it's hard to say that this part of A is really wrong. A really fails in the second half. Even if we accept that "which" refers to honey and not markets (this isn't great), we simply can't say "half of which going." We have to say "half of which goes" or "with half going."
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Re: In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world’s leading  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jul 2020, 22:39
DmitryFarber wrote:
Will2020 The issue is not really that "with" is wrong in A and required in E. It's simply a matter of overall usage, meaning, and structure. I think we can make a case that the adverbial modifier "selling" more clearly modifies the main action than the passive "with 90,000 tons sold." However, it's hard to say that this part of A is really wrong. A really fails in the second half. Even if we accept that "which" refers to honey and not markets (this isn't great), we simply can't say "half of which going." We have to say "half of which goes" or "with half going."


Hi sir

A clarification:
Quote:
Even if we accept that "which" refers to honey and not markets (this isn't great), we simply can't say "half of which going." We have to say "half of which goes"

Is not "half of which goes " OR "half of which going" always WRONG in this question? Because going is with which and which is modifying "half "but not acting as a verb to that clause.
So why did you say "We have to say "half of which goes""? I think i miss something?

please suggest.
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Re: In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world’s leading   [#permalink] 31 Jul 2020, 22:39

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