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In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world’s leading

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In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world’s leading [#permalink]

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In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world’s leading exporter of honey, with nearly 90,000 tons a year sold to foreign markets, almost half of which going to the United States.

(A) with nearly 90,000 tons a year sold to foreign markets, almost half of which going

(B) with the sale of nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, and almost half of it that goes

(C) with the sale to foreign markets of nearly 90,000 tons a year, with almost half of it going

(D) selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, and almost half of it goes

(E) selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, with almost half going
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world’s leading [#permalink]

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New post 01 Oct 2009, 20:59
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I did take E.

In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world’s leading exporter of honey,
with nearly 90,000 tons a year sold to foreign markets, almost half of which going to the
United States.


A. with nearly 90,000 tons a year sold to foreign markets, almost half of which going. First part of the sentence was in present perfect. So i prefered selling over the past tense 'sold'.

B. with the sale of nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, and almost half of it that goes

C. with the sale to foreign markets of nearly 90,000 tons a year, with almost half of it going. awakard construction

D. selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, and almost half of it goes. Not parallel

E. selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, with almost half going. Parallelism.

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Re: In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world’s leading [#permalink]

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New post 02 Oct 2009, 09:12
i think the discrepancy lies in the subject of the sentence... in A), the main subject is "Argentina" (argentina has become..). however, in the next part of the sentence, it is referring to honey (90000 tons [of honey] sold...). ideally, the subject should be the same in both parts. this is accomplished in E, where "Argentina" is the subject for both parts of the sentence
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Re: In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world’s leading [#permalink]

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New post 02 Oct 2009, 22:24
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The clause - X has become Y, needs a *ing word to be followed to modify the whole clause.

So its down to D and E.

D has issues with tense as already pointed out by the preceding poster. The word "and" is also not needed

So answer is E.

duttarupam wrote:
In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world’s leading exporter of honey,
with nearly 90,000 tons a year sold to foreign markets, almost half of which going to the
United States.

A. with nearly 90,000 tons a year sold to foreign markets, almost half of which going

B. with the sale of nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, and almost half of it that goes

C. with the sale to foreign markets of nearly 90,000 tons a year, with almost half of it going

D. selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, and almost half of it goes

E. selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, with almost half going

[Reveal] Spoiler:
E


What is wrong with A ?

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Re: In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world’s leading [#permalink]

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New post 03 Oct 2009, 10:50
I think after comma it should be telling about Argentina, so E is best, whereare if u see A it is not modifying Argentina.

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Re: In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world’s leading [#permalink]

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New post 07 Oct 2010, 06:46
and in D simply creates an independent clause

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Re: In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world’s leading [#permalink]

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New post 10 Oct 2010, 08:41
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The root cause of the problem is the use of the pronouns without proper antecedence wherever they appear.

In choice A what does the pronoun which stand for? Whether it is 90000 tons or foreign markets, we can not tell for sure.

In B, C and D half of it - what does it refer to? Obviously it can not refer to the plural 90,000 tons or the foreign markets. If so, is it the distantly placed sale or the subject of the main clause i.e. Argentina? The pronoun reference is ambiguous

That is why E is the best choice without the pronoun trap.
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Re: In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world’s leading [#permalink]

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New post 10 Oct 2010, 10:39
if Argentina BECAME..., with sold makes better sense,
but Argentina has become..., so selling ( which is in progress sounds better to me
although I fell for A, but E is the best.
I like this question :)

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Re: In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world’s leading [#permalink]

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In E, "with almost half ..." is a prep phrase, that has to modify either a noun, if the prep phrase is acting as an adjective, or a verb, if the prep phrase is acting as an adverb.
Could anybody point out what is the function of the prep phrase and what is modifying?

thanks in advance!
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Re: In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world’s leading [#permalink]

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New post 22 Apr 2011, 23:46
A,B,C can eliminated because "selling..." is the one modifying the entire sentence...
I was struck between D and E... but I find the sentence structure in E weird.."with almost half going to the US" din make sense to me... D has issues pertaining to the pronoun "it"...so that can be eliminated...

Is the usage in E correct????

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Re: In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world’s leading [#permalink]

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New post 24 Apr 2011, 11:41
nimrod wrote:
A,B,C can eliminated because "selling..." is the one modifying the entire sentence...
I was struck between D and E... but I find the sentence structure in E weird.."with almost half going to the US" din make sense to me... D has issues pertaining to the pronoun "it"...so that can be eliminated...

Is the usage in E correct????


Yes, it is correct, since it is the OA.
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Re: In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world’s leading [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jun 2011, 21:53
E for me...."selling", "going"...parallel structure
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Re: In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world’s leading [#permalink]

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In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world’s leading exporter of honey, with nearly 90,000 tons a year sold to foreign markets, almost half of which going to the United States.

A. with nearly 90,000 tons a year sold to foreign markets, almost half of which going
B. with the sale of nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, and almost half of it
that goes
C. with the sale to foreign markets of nearly 90,000 tons a year, with almost half of it
going
D. selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, and almost half of it goes
E. selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, with almost half going

*edited*
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Re: In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world’s leading [#permalink]

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Here's the explanation:

Option A incorrectly uses the past tense in the first part 'sold to foreign markets' and then the continous tense 'going' to indicate two different actions, which should have actually happened at the same time/tense.

Option B uses the pronoun 'it' without a clear reference - is it the foreign markets or is it the sale?

Option C has a problem similar to Option B i.e. pronoun reference

Option D uses two different tenses i.e. continous tense 'selling' and then the perfect tense 'goes' to refer to two activities that happen at the same time.

Option E is the correct answer as it does not have the 'pronoun reference' issue by eliminating the pronoun 'it' and also having tenses that are parallel 'selling' and 'going'.

Hope this helps :)
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Re: In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world’s leading [#permalink]

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New post 16 Nov 2011, 04:23
+1 for E.

E uses correct tense and correctly expresses the intent of the sentence.

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Re: In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world’s leading [#permalink]

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New post 26 Dec 2012, 03:40
shadow wrote:
i think the discrepancy lies in the subject of the sentence... in A), the main subject is "Argentina" (argentina has become..). however, in the next part of the sentence, it is referring to honey (90000 tons [of honey] sold...). ideally, the subject should be the same in both parts. this is accomplished in E, where "Argentina" is the subject for both parts of the sentence



In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world’s leading exporter of honey, selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, with almost half going to the United States.


Main clause -

Argentina has become the world’s leading exporter of honey
Subject: Argentina
Verb: has become

in ans choice E- the first -ing modifier will modify the previous clause - and mainly subject of that clause which is "Argentina" - I got this
"selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets"

But, in the second part of answer choice "with almost half going to the United States." - i dont understand what should this modify.- My understanding says - "going to the united states." is also modifying "Argentina" - which is wrong. Because ""selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets"" is not a clause.

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Re: In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world’s leading [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jan 2013, 13:25
The clause - X has become Y, needs a *ing word to be followed to modify the whole clause. a,b,c are out
since d has a goes which is not parallel to selling ..d is also out ..
correct ans should be E

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Re: In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world’s leading [#permalink]

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Dhairya275 wrote:
In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world's leading exporter of honey, with nearly 90,000 tons a year sold to foreign markets, almost half of which going to the United States.

A. with nearly 90,000 tons a year sold to foreign markets, almost half of which going
B. with the sale of nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, and almost of it that goes
C. with the sale to foreign markets of nearly 90,000 tons a year, with almost half of it going
D. selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, and almost half of it goes
E. selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, with almost half going

Help Please !!



Correct Ans : E

A. with nearly 90,000 tons a year sold to foreign markets, almost half of which going.

Argentina has become : Present Perfect
with nearly 90,000 tons a year sold : Past tense
Not preffered

B. with the sale of nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, and almost half of it that goes

and almost half of it that goes : use of that is unnecessary

C. with the sale to foreign markets of nearly 90,000 tons a year, with almost half of it going.

It seems as if 90,000 is pointing towards market value rather than value of honey.

D. selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, and almost half of it goes.

Parallelism problem

E. selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, with almost half going.

Correct

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Re: In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world’s leading [#permalink]

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Dhairya275 wrote:
In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world's leading exporter of honey, with nearly 90,000 tons a year sold to foreign markets, almost half of which going to the United States.

A. with nearly 90,000 tons a year sold to foreign markets, almost half of which going
B. with the sale of nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, and almost of it that goes
C. with the sale to foreign markets of nearly 90,000 tons a year, with almost half of it going
D. selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, and almost half of it goes
E. selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets, with almost half going

Help Please !!


Hello Dhairya,

Let's understand the meaning of the sentence---> In little more then a decade, Argentina has become leading exporter of honey by exporting 90000 T a year and almost half of 90000 T goes to US.

Clearly in the underlined quote, we have the reason as to why Argentina became leading exporter ie. How it became the leading exporter..Since it presents a reasoning for the preceeding clause " In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world's leading exporter of honey," Use of Verbing is better suited instead of prepositional phrase "with".

so A, B and C are ruled out

For option D Lets study the option after putting it in answer choice and removing the verb-ing modifer

"In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world's leading exporter of honey,selling nearly 90,000 tons a year to foreign markets,and almost half of it goes

The Sentence becomes "In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world's leading exporter of honey and almost half of it goes to the US"

The word "and" means it should connect the first verb of this sentence "has become" with another verb which is not there. Note that goes ----is verb for it (Honey)

and Hence Option D is incorrect.

So Correct answer has to be E.

I marked D initially but on analyzing later, E looked the best.

Hope it helps :)

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Re: In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world’s leading [#permalink]

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New post 31 Aug 2013, 10:15
Clear E as it correctly uses verb-ing modifier to modify the previous clause and is followed by a prepositional phrase which is correctly used. Also here verb-ing modifier supplies the causation which explains how argentina has become largest exporter.

D uses and which distorts the meaning
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Re: In little more than a decade, Argentina has become the world’s leading   [#permalink] 31 Aug 2013, 10:15

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