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# In most industries the rising cost of support services

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Manager
Joined: 25 Jul 2009
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In most industries the rising cost of support services  [#permalink]

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23 Feb 2010, 23:14
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Difficulty:

65% (hard)

Question Stats:

50% (01:21) correct 50% (01:23) wrong based on 601 sessions

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In most industries the rising cost of support services actually passes a greater financial burden to customers; in the legal profession, for example, a current climb in the cost of court reporting has forced many attorneys to raise their hourly rates.

* has forced many attorneys to raise their hourly rates.
* has made many attorneys raise their hourly rates.
* has meant that many attorneys are being forced to raise their hourly rates.
* is forcing many attorneys to raise their hourly rates.
* is meaning that many attorneys are raising their hourly rates by force.

Kindly explain as we a;ready know the OA. I can't find any error in
OPTION A
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Re: In most industries the rising cost of support services  [#permalink]

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24 Jun 2017, 15:53
5
bhavikagoyal2009 wrote:
Hello. I am confused between A and D. Can you please help with which verb tense should be used here?

To be honest, I don't think there's a very good reason why (D) is better than (A). I can tell you what the question-writer was thinking: "a current climb" suggests present tense ("is forcing"), so that's why the writer thought that (D) would be right. But I don't think that the present perfect ("has forced") in (A) is wrong either, since that tense describes an action that started in the past and continues into the present.

My usual disclaimer: the GMAT spends somewhere in the neighborhood of \$1500-\$3000 developing each official question, and even the awesome people who write the GMAT Club tests can't compete. So please don't worry about this one too much -- like many non-official questions, it has a flaw or two.

I hope this helps!
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Re: In most industries the rising cost of support services  [#permalink]

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01 Mar 2014, 00:35
7
1
In most industries the rising cost of support services actually passes a greater financial burden to customers; in the legal profession, for example, a current climb in the cost of court reporting has forced many attorneys to raise their hourly rates.

3 and 5 can be eliminated on first look.
3. has meant that many attorneys are being forced to raise their hourly rates.
5. is meaning that many attorneys are raising their hourly rates by force.

1, 2 and 4 all grammatically correct. 1 and 2 uses present perfect and both are correct and two correct options are not possible; thus, 4 is the black sheep in the herd and is the right answer by POE.
1. has forced many attorneys to raise their hourly rates.
2. has made many attorneys raise their hourly rates.
4. is forcing many attorneys to raise their hourly rates.

Present perfect represents actions happened just before present in unspecified time and that are true in its effect in present as well.

my work has completed: work just completed before present and you can check the fact.

in above question "a current climb in the cost of court reporting " is suggesting that something is happening or happened in present tense and thus its effect must be that point onward in continuous tense. has "present perfect" suggests that action completed just before present tense and thus attorneys can not raise rates before the current climb or before present tense.
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##### General Discussion
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Re: Doubt in gmat club test OA  [#permalink]

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24 Feb 2010, 00:44
i think it's clearly between A and D... and in D, we don't need the progressive tense, so i would say the present perfect works best here...

current climb [in the cost] represents a cost that has been rising... as stated in the beginning of the sentence: "rising cost...". hence, the effect of the "climb" is still in effect, so has forced is fine.

B: the climb doesn't MAKE person X do something... i really don't know how to explain this one; it just sounds odd.
C and E are clearly wordy
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Re: In most industries the rising cost of support services actua  [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2012, 10:00

In most industries the rising cost of support services actually passes a greater financial burden to customers; in the legal profession, for example, a current climb in the cost of court reporting has forced many attorneys to raise their hourly rates.
1. has forced many attorneys to raise their hourly rates.
2. has made many attorneys raise their hourly rates.
3. has meant that many attorneys are being forced to raise their hourly rates.
4. is forcing many attorneys to raise their hourly rates.
5. is meaning that many attorneys are raising their hourly rates by force.

As OA is 'D' but 'A' seems to be more meaningfully correct.

The current climb ........is forcing ....X to do Y
The current climb.......has forced...X to do Y ("the rising cost" we don't know specified time so present perfect tense 'has forced')
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Re: In most industries the rising cost of support services actua  [#permalink]

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04 Sep 2012, 22:15
In most industries the rising cost of support services actually passes a greater financial burden to customers; in the legal profession, for example, a current climb in the cost of court reporting has forced many attorneys to raise their hourly rates.

is forcing many attorneys is correct because the rising costs is present tense. Therefore D
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Re: In most industries the rising cost of support services  [#permalink]

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17 Mar 2014, 13:30
1
1
First of all, If I see nothing wrong with the statement being underlined in the first look, I would be reluctant to go through the options rigorously enough to identify that two options are same..Both the options represent a different scenario (As deciphered by the reader)...So both option should be correct..Screwed my gmat verbal test score
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Re: In most industries the rising cost of support services  [#permalink]

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17 Mar 2014, 13:36
1
PiyushK wrote:
In most industries the rising cost of support services actually passes a greater financial burden to customers; in the legal profession, for example, a current climb in the cost of court reporting has forced many attorneys to raise their hourly rates.

3 and 5 can be eliminated on first look.
3. has meant that many attorneys are being forced to raise their hourly rates.
5. is meaning that many attorneys are raising their hourly rates by force.

1, 2 and 4 all grammatically correct. 1 and 2 uses present perfect and both are correct and two correct options are not possible; thus, 4 is the black sheep in the herd and is the right answer by POE.
1. has forced many attorneys to raise their hourly rates.
2. has made many attorneys raise their hourly rates.
4. is forcing many attorneys to raise their hourly rates.

Present perfect represents actions happened just before present in unspecified time and that are true in its effect in present as well.

my work has completed: work just completed before present and you can check the fact.

in above question "a current climb in the cost of court reporting " is suggesting that something is happening or happened in present tense and thus its effect must be that point onward in continuous tense. has "present perfect" suggests that action completed just before present tense and thus attorneys can not raise rates before the current climb or before present tense.

First of all, If I don't see anything wrong with the underlined statement in the first look, I would be reluctant to go through the options rigorously enough to identify that two options are same..Both the options represent a different scenario (As deciphered by the reader)...So both option should be correct..Screwed my gmat verbal test score

Quite disappointed with the quality of questions & explanations in the Verbal CAT..Quant looks fine
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Re: In most industries the rising cost of support services  [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2015, 16:49
The answer seems to be 'D'. 'Is forcing' parallel with 'Raises' in clause 1. This is a GMAT Prep question and they cant be wrong.
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Re: In most industries the rising cost of support services  [#permalink]

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18 Jun 2017, 05:43
The cultural legacy of the British Empire in Singapore contrasts sharply with that of other former British colonies. While countries such as India and Malaysia have de-emphasized the time they spent under British rule, going so far as to change most English place names, Singapore has generally embraced its colonial past.

A recent article by McDermott attributes this difference to a number of reasons, each of which distinguish Singapore from other former colonies. To begin with, Singapore did not have a shared history and culture before the arrival of the British. The area occupied by the modern state was sparsely populated and had been ruled by a series of local empires. A large majority of Singapores present-day population consists of the descendents of Chinese and Indian immigrants that arrived during the colonial period. Secondly, the cultural factors that unite Singaporeans today were developed during British rule. Among the most important of these cultural factors is a shared embrace of commerce and industry. During the colonial period, Singapore became a regional center of finance and international trade, and this status has continued to the present day. Economic prosperity is a national priority for nearly all Singaporeans. Finally, Singapore endured comparatively little strife in its transition to independence. In 1963, the country was joined in a union with the newly independent state of Malaysia through an Act of Parliament. Malaysia had only recently achieved independence, and only after a long guerilla war with the British. Two years later, Singapores union with Malaysia was dissolved and the country became a fully independent state.

What is the Primary purpose of passage?
A.To discuss the historical background of the culture of a particular nation
B.To illustrate a way in which a diverse population has discovered a shared cultural heritage
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Re: In most industries the rising cost of support services  [#permalink]

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23 Jun 2017, 07:25
Hello. I am confused between A and D. Can you please help with which verb tense should be used here?
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Re: In most industries the rising cost of support services  [#permalink]

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21 Feb 2019, 02:28
It has to be either option D or option E, as they are the only ones that maintain parallelism in the tenses. E is incorrect, as it changes the meaning of the sentence from the attorneys being forced to raise their rates, to the attorney forcefully raising their rates.
Re: In most industries the rising cost of support services   [#permalink] 21 Feb 2019, 02:28
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