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In most major metropolitan areas, the number of hate crimes per capita

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In most major metropolitan areas, the number of hate crimes per capita  [#permalink]

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New post 02 May 2017, 11:43
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A
B
C
D
E

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In most major metropolitan areas, the number of hate crimes per capita is significantly lower in neighborhoods in which the population is racially mixed, that is, no more than one third of the area’s inhabitants belong to the same ethnic group; it is theorized that a person is less likely to commit a hate crime against someone who he regards as a neighbor.

A. that is, no more than one third of the area’s inhabitants belong to the same ethnic group; it is theorized that a person is less likely to commit a hate crime against someone who he regards as a neighbor

B. that is, no more than one third of the area’s inhabitants belong to the same ethnic group; it is theorized that a person is less likely to commit a hate crime against someone whom he regards as a neighbor

C. that is, no more than one third of the area’s inhabitants belongs to the same ethnic group; it is theorized that a person is less likely to commit a hate crime against someone whom he regards as a neighbor

D. that is, no more than one third of the area’s inhabitants belongs to the same ethnic group; it is theorized that a person is less likely to commit a hate crime against someone who he regards as a neighbor

E. that is, no more than one third of the area’s inhabitants belongs to the same ethnic group; it is theorized that a person is less likely to commit a hate crime against someone whom he regards to be a neighbor

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In most major metropolitan areas, the number of hate crimes per capita  [#permalink]

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New post 06 May 2017, 11:44
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Official Explanation

The underlined portion of this sentence contains two errors: a subject/verb disagreement and a misused pronoun. The subject of the clause is one third, which is singular, so it requires the singular verb belongs. Who should be whom. If you have trouble determining whether to use who or whom, restate the sentence substituting he or him for who or whom. In this sentence, someone regards him as a neighbor—since it’s him, use whom. These two errors should allow you to quickly eliminate answer choices that contain one or both of them.

A No. Belong should be belongs to agree with one third and who should be whom.
B No. This choice corrects the pronoun misuse but does not fix the subject/verb disagreement in belong.
C Yes. This choice uses the correct verb belongs and the correct pronoun whom.
D No. Belongs is correct, but who is not.
E No. Although this choice corrects the subject/verb disagreement and the pronoun misuse, it introduces a new error, regards … to be. The correct idiomatic expression is regards … as.

Hope it helps

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Re: In most major metropolitan areas, the number of hate crimes per capita  [#permalink]

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New post 02 May 2017, 20:00
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against someone who he regards is wrong. It should be Whom. Eliminate A & E.

no more than one third of the area’s inhabitants belong to is wrong(SV Agreement). belong should be singular belongs. Eliminate B.

In E, whom he regards to be a neighbor is unidiomatic. regards as is more appropriate. Eliminate E.

Only left C. C is the correct answer.
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Re: In most major metropolitan areas, the number of hate crimes per capita  [#permalink]

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New post 02 May 2017, 22:42
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Expert, please clear the doubt..

No more than one third of area's inhabitant's should use singular or plural verb.
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New post 03 May 2017, 03:41
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RMD007 wrote:
Expert, please clear the doubt..

No more than one third of area's inhabitant's should use singular or plural verb.
I think it should be plural. One third of the area’s inhabitants belong sounds way better than one third of the area’s inhabitants belongs.
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Re: In most major metropolitan areas, the number of hate crimes per capita  [#permalink]

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New post 03 May 2017, 22:15
The answer should be B in my opinion. As per my understanding, whenever the subject lies in the 'of' kind of prepositional phrases that express quantity of some kind - some of the stones (stones is the subject), most of the students (students is the subject even though it is a part of prepositional phrase because together the phrase describes quantity), two of the five medals (medals is the subject) - the subject is the noun of the prepositional phrase. This concept is present in the e-GMAT course. Please let me know if the understanding is wrong.
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New post 03 May 2017, 22:36
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himanshumalhotra1990 wrote:
The answer should be B in my opinion. As per my understanding, whenever the subject lies in the 'of' kind of prepositional phrases that express quantity of some kind - some of the stones (stones is the subject), most of the students (students is the subject even though it is a part of prepositional phrase because together the phrase describes quantity), two of the five medals (medals is the subject) - the subject is the noun of the prepositional phrase. This concept is present in the e-GMAT course. Please let me know if the understanding is wrong.
I've seen others also mention it, but that "concept" is probably just an oversimplification. For example, in two of the five medals, it is not correct to say that medals will decide the verb just because it is the object of the preposition. Consider one of the five medals. Clearly we can't say one of the five medals are.
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Re: In most major metropolitan areas, the number of hate crimes per capita  [#permalink]

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New post 04 May 2017, 03:37
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arvind910619 wrote:
I got this question wrong , can some please elaborate why we have to use singular verb belongs in C and what is wrong with B.
Thanks

RMD007 wrote:
Expert, please clear the doubt..

No more than one third of area's inhabitant's should use singular or plural verb.

anshulmishra08@gmail.com wrote:
One third of the area's inhabitants in singular. Kindly explain why?

adityapareshshah wrote:
Here the verb belong/belongs refers to the subject 'Inhabitants', which is plural. Hence IMO, the correct verb to be used is 'belong' and hence the correct answer is Option B.


Option C is definitely wrong. For a quantity word, such as a fraction or a percentage, the associated noun determines whether it is singular or plural. For example:

One-third of the pizza IS eaten.... correct (Pizza singular, so the fraction word "one-third" is singular)
One-third of the pizza slices ARE eaten....correct (Pizza slices plural, so the fraction word "one-third" is plural)

AjiteshArun wrote:
himanshumalhotra1990 wrote:
The answer should be B in my opinion. As per my understanding, whenever the subject lies in the 'of' kind of prepositional phrases that express quantity of some kind - some of the stones (stones is the subject), most of the students (students is the subject even though it is a part of prepositional phrase because together the phrase describes quantity), two of the five medals (medals is the subject) - the subject is the noun of the prepositional phrase. This concept is present in the e-GMAT course. Please let me know if the understanding is wrong.
I've seen others also mention it, but that "concept" is probably just an oversimplification. For example, in two of the five medals, it is not correct to say that medals will decide the verb just because it is the object of the preposition. Consider one of the five medals. Clearly we can't say one of the five medals are.


However this rule applies for quantity words such as fractions / percentages, but not for actual numbers. For example:
One of the five pizzas IS eaten.... correct
Two of the five pizzas ARE eaten.... correct
Number of Pizzas eaten = one/two - one/two are numbers, not fractions / percentages - hence the rule of associated noun does not apply here.
Dear AjiteshArun, hope you would agree with my view.
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New post 07 May 2017, 23:49
Apart from the issue of S/V agreement (which I assume should be plural and not singular, based on the explanation provided by sayantanc2k, is the usage of 'whom' correct here? When do you use who and when do you use whom? Can anyone explain this?
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Re: In most major metropolitan areas, the number of hate crimes per capita  [#permalink]

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New post 18 May 2017, 11:42
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Apart from the issue of S/V agreement (which I assume should be plural and not singular, based on the explanation provided by sayantanc2k, is the usage of 'whom' correct here? When do you use who and when do you use whom? Can anyone explain this?


I wouldn't worry about this particular question, since it clearly has TONS of issues, but for more on who vs. whom, please check out this thread: https://gmatclub.com/forum/who-vs-whom-177012.html
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New post 24 Apr 2019, 13:32
One of the recent OG questions I’ve just taken states “one third of mothers WERE..” and the explanation stated that plural verb is needed. Really confused with this question(

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Re: In most major metropolitan areas, the number of hate crimes per capita  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Apr 2019, 13:32
One of the recent OG questions I’ve just taken states “one third of mothers WERE..” and the explanation stated that plural verb is needed. Really confused with this question(

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Re: In most major metropolitan areas, the number of hate crimes per capita  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Apr 2019, 16:08
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ankaua This is why it's better to learn from official questions than from third-party material. "One third of mothers were" makes much more sense than "was," since we would certainly go on to say something about the women as individuals rather than as a group. Imagine if I said "One third of mothers was living in a one-bedroom apartment." It would sound like a large group of women were all living together in a small space!
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Re: In most major metropolitan areas, the number of hate crimes per capita  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Apr 2019, 23:15
Why is Option C better than Option B. Shouldn't it be belong instead of belongs?
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New post 25 Apr 2019, 01:07
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riyagoyal wrote:
Why is Option C better than Option B. Shouldn't it be belong instead of belongs?
Maybe it'd be better to remove this question, or at least put it under "Debatable OA", although I really don't think that this is "debatable". The position the OE takes on belong/belongs is just wrong.

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Re: In most major metropolitan areas, the number of hate crimes per capita   [#permalink] 25 Apr 2019, 01:07
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