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In one of the most stunning reversals in the history of marketing, the

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In one of the most stunning reversals in the history of marketing, the Coca-Cola company in July 1985 yielded to thousands of irate consumers demanding that it should bring back the original Coke formula.

(A) demanding that it should
(B) demanding it to
(C) and their demand to
(D) who demanded that it
(E) who demanded it to

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Originally posted by Ayrish on 03 Nov 2009, 09:55.
Last edited by Bunuel on 08 Apr 2018, 12:31, edited 5 times in total.
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Re: In one of the most stunning reversals in the history of marketing, the  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Aug 2011, 10:23
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The SC is an uses of Subjunctive-The subjunctive is a special kind of present tense, using an infinitive that has no –s in the third person singular. It is often used when talking about something that somebody must do.

The subjunctive verbs are: like advice, condition, demand, directive, intention, order, proposal, recommendation, request, suggestion, wish.

Subjunctive verb requires that.
Thus correct answer is D.
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Re: In one of the most stunning reversals in the history of marketing, the  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Aug 2010, 10:03
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the idiom "demand someone to do something" is wrong? i think i saw such idiom before...i pick E. what's the OA?
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Re: In one of the most stunning reversals in the history of marketing, the  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Aug 2010, 13:22
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D and E are the same for me :s
Demand can be used in these two ways:
She demanded that I BUY her a diamond ring.
She demanded me TO BUY her a diamond ring.
(You must admit that these examples are funny, LOL).

IMO, D just sounds better.
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Re: In one of the most stunning reversals in the history of marketing, the  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Nov 2010, 11:48
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When you're asked to supply a Modifier, as you are here (clues: it follows a comma and is nonessential to the meaning of the sentence - you could just as easily stop at "Pilsudski" and the sentence s till makes sense) it's important that the modifier is clear in what it described.

"Demanding" in A and B could describe "the newly formed state" - remember, "-ing" verbs used as modifiers can describe the subject of the sentence. That's fairly illogical (while being routed does it have any potential to demand anything?), and it also means that "it" as a pronoun is illogical ("it" really needs to refer to "Russian state", and in that case it wouldn't make sense to demand anything from itself).

C uses the pronoun "their", which has no referent - "their" is plural and the only nouns that it could refer to are "state" and "General".

Similarly, "E" uses "them", which has no referent. As Amma points out, D is correct: "who" as a modifier matches with "Jozef", and "it" to the state. The modifier and the pronoun both have clear, logical referents, and so D is correct.
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Re: In one of the most stunning reversals in the history of marketing, the  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jul 2012, 21:24
In B, the modifier – requiring ……. - is an adverbial present participial phrase, just modifying the preceding noun -residents-; Actually the adverbial should be used only when you want to modify a verb or the entire preceding clause and in such cases, we should set it off with commas. On the contrary, when you want to pinpoint a noun very restrictively, then we should use a restrictive pronouns such as - who or that - in order to punch the nail straight on the noun. That is the reason that D is superior in terms of usage
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Re: In one of the most stunning reversals in the history of marketing, the  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jul 2012, 21:41
Hi,

In answer D 'Who' refers to the Angry Residents.... Angry residents in the clause is the object.....so should it not be Whom rather than Who?

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Re: In one of the most stunning reversals in the history of marketing, the  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jul 2012, 13:21
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ankitbansal85 wrote:
Hi,

In answer D 'Who' refers to the Angry Residents.... Angry residents in the clause is the object.....so should it not be Whom rather than Who?

Regards
Ankit Bansal


Hi Ankit,

The action “required” is done by “hundreds of local residents”. They are the ones “who” did the action of requiring something. Therefore, use of “who” is correct in Choice D.

Now take a look at this sentence:

In the mall, I ran into Joe whom I met after three years.

In this sentence, “who” did the action of meeting? “I” did. But “whom” did I meet? I met Joe.

Notice that the subject of the “who” clause in the original sentence is “hundreds of angry residents”, the performer of the action. In the simple example sentence, “Joe” is the object of the main clause while both the actions are performed by "I". That is why he is referred to by “whom”.

Hope this helps.
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Re: In one of the most stunning reversals in the history of marketing, the  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Aug 2012, 11:12
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Daagh has neatly shared his pointers and Guess we all second him. Will just add my friendly dimes :

Let's draw an analogy :

B : Daagh responded to Thang......... Requesting him to clear the maze

D : Daagh responded to Thang.......... Who requested him to clear the maze

which one would u zone in on ?

Guess D : as it clearly indicates ------ Thang had some problem with the Q ---- Thang requested Daagh to clear the maze -------- And Daagh responded to Thang : The logical flow stays intact

C : Does it at all sound correct ( apart from the fact that +ing modifier Requiring incorrectly modifies the closest noun Residents whereas it should be preceeded by a comma and should be aptly modifying the preceeding clause )
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Re: In one of the most stunning reversals in the history of marketing, the  [#permalink]

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New post 09 May 2013, 02:17
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fozzzy wrote:
In one of the most surprising decisions in the history of Wardsville, the lumber company in the summer of 1994 responded to hundreds of angry residents requiring that it should pay restitution for selling faulty boards.

A requiring that it should
B requiring it to
C and their requirement to
D who required it to
E who required for it to

What is the referrent for "it"

Grockit


I believe "it" can refer only to the lumber company as the "hundreds of angry residents" is plural

On the hindsight, i think that "required" can only be used because it is and action which preceeded responded so has to be in the past tense.
Hence the option A B C are ruled out, leaving us with D and E and of the two, D is more appropriate.
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Re: In one of the most stunning reversals in the history of marketing, the  [#permalink]

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New post 09 May 2013, 03:14
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12bhang wrote:
Requiring is the present participle form. So, it should modify the preceding noun i.e residents. So there is no modifier error.

Why must we eliminate B ?


As a poster has noted above, this seems to be rip-off from an older OG question. However, in the process, the creator of this question curiously changed the correct option D. In the original sentence, it was: who demanded that it (this is a subjunctive construction), while in this question option D is: who required it to (this is a non-subjunctive construction).

Now, require is a funny word. It can take both: subjunctive and non-subjunctive format. But here is the funnier thing. Just because require can take both: subjunctive and non-subjunctive, does not mean that both of these would be correct in any given situation. Let’s look at a couple of correct sentences to understand this further:

1. A plural subject requires a plural verb for a correct sentence.
2. Residents required that the lumber company pay restitution for selling faulty boards.


#1 above is non-subjunctive while #2 is subjunctive. Let us now change # 2 to:

3. Residents required the lumber company to pay restitution for selling faulty boards.

If you look at this closely, this sentence is not optimal, because an illogical meaning that can be interpreted from this is that residents wanted to pay restitution for selling faulty boards, and for this, the residents required the lumber company!! (Think about it this way: Residents required money to pay restitution for selling faulty boards; now just substitute money with the lumber company).

So, in short, the correct sentence is #2 (and not #3), because there is an ambiguity in meaning in #3. At least if there is an option that does have the structure mentioned in #2, it would be preferable.

In this case, while option D in the OG question had a choice similar to #2, this question under consideration changes option D.

This, by the way, also underscores a similar problem in option B of the sentence under consideration (residents did not require the lumber company as B suggests; residents required something from the lumber company).

In fact, test takers would be advised to understand this concept well, since this will become increasingly important, given GMAT’s recent thrust on meaning related questions.
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Re: In one of the most stunning reversals in the history of marketing, the  [#permalink]

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Ayrish wrote:
Hi everyone.
Can you please help me to find the reason why oa is better.
394. In one of the most stunning reversals in the history of marketing, the Coca-Cola company in July 1985 yielded to thousands of irate consumers demanding that it should bring back the original Coke formula.
(A) demanding that it should
(B) demanding it to
(C) and their demand to
(D) who demanded that it
(E) who demanded it to


Hi,

It might be a very stupid question but can anyone please tell me how the OA is D..cause if we rewrite the sentence it would be like this -"In one of the most stunning reversals in the history of marketing, the Coca-Cola company in July 1985 yielded to thousands of irate consumers 'who demanded that it' bring back the original Coke formula." now the thing is that if we are using 'It' here then it should be 'brings' not 'bring' or some other tense has to be used or am I missing something here?
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Re: In one of the most stunning reversals in the history of marketing, the  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Aug 2013, 08:22
Reetabrata Ghosh wrote:

Hi,

It might be a very stupid question but can anyone please tell me how the OA is D..cause if we rewrite the sentence it would be like this -"In one of the most stunning reversals in the history of marketing, the Coca-Cola company in July 1985 yielded to thousands of irate consumers 'who demanded that it' bring back the original Coke formula." now the thing is that if we are using 'It' here then it should be 'brings' not 'bring' or some other tense has to be used or am I missing something here?


hi,

Verbs such as can, could,should, will, would, may, might are modal auxiliary verbs. Most modals are followed by the simple form of the verb (without "to")

example: i can do this///he can do this///they can do this.
i may not go///he may not go////they may not go.
i will do this///he will do this///they will do this.
i should do this///he should do this///they should do this.

hope its clear.
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Re: In one of the most stunning reversals in the history of marketing, the  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Aug 2013, 09:33
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The OA is D, and it must be by process of elimination, but I agree that the pronoun still makes the choice unappealing. Luckily the only singular noun before "it" is "Coca-Cola company", so there can't be much confusion as to the antecedent of the pronoun "it".

If there's still any doubt, you can't demand someone to do something. You can demand that they do something, or ask them to do something, but not demand to. (Baten80 talked about this in his post). It just doesn't work in English, so you can consider it an idiom and eliminate answer choices B, C and E.

As for difficulty level, I'd say somewhere around the 600 level mark. None of the answer choices are perfect, but D doesn't have any obvious grammatical flaws, so you can use process of elimination to end up with D. I can see why other answer choices are tempting as well.

Hope this helps!
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Re: In one of the most stunning reversals in the history of marketing, the  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Aug 2013, 19:24
blueseas wrote:
Reetabrata Ghosh wrote:

Hi,

It might be a very stupid question but can anyone please tell me how the OA is D..cause if we rewrite the sentence it would be like this -"In one of the most stunning reversals in the history of marketing, the Coca-Cola company in July 1985 yielded to thousands of irate consumers 'who demanded that it' bring back the original Coke formula." now the thing is that if we are using 'It' here then it should be 'brings' not 'bring' or some other tense has to be used or am I missing something here?


hi,

Verbs such as can, could,should, will, would, may, might are modal auxiliary verbs. Most modals are followed by the simple form of the verb (without "to")

example: i can do this///he can do this///they can do this.
i may not go///he may not go////they may not go.
i will do this///he will do this///they will do this.
i should do this///he should do this///they should do this.

hope its clear.


hi blueseas,

well I am aware of Modal auxiliary verbs and I know that we don't need a "s" there..but the thing is that I don't find any modal verb in the correct sentence..if we put D in the place of the underlined words and then re-write the sentence then it would be "In one of the most stunning reversals in the history of marketing, the Coca-Cola company in July 1985 yielded to thousands of irate consumers 'who demanded that it' bring back the original Coke formula." I cant find any modal verb here..(the option D only states this 'who demanded that it' and the underline words were "demanding that it should")..
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Re: In one of the most stunning reversals in the history of marketing, the  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Aug 2013, 00:28
Reetabrata Ghosh wrote:
if we are using 'It' here then it should be 'brings' not 'bring' or some other tense has to be used or am I missing something here?


As another poster has pointed out, this uses, what is called, the "subjunctive". You can search on the net and find a lot of relevant info on this. Few official examples test you on this. Example, # 54 in OG-13 (there are others as well; can dig it up):

The report recommended that the hospital eliminate unneeded beds, consolidate expensive services, and use space in other hospitals

...that hospital eliminate.... is a subjunctive structure.
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Re: In one of the most stunning reversals in the history of marketing, the  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Apr 2015, 06:34
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D

A is an incorrect idiom
B - The way that the sentence is organized makes it seem like Coca Cola demanded the customers to bring back the original formula
C - Coca Cola yielded to a subset of customers, the customers who demanded. Coca Cola did not yield to both customers and the customer's demand.
D - Correct
E is an incorrect idiom
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Re: In one of the most stunning reversals in the history of marketing, the  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Apr 2015, 12:23
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Demand is subjunctive and must be followed by THAT.

there is no need to use SHOULD after demand.

D is correct.
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Re: In one of the most stunning reversals in the history of marketing, the  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Apr 2015, 01:10
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Hello Souvik,

Here is how I approached this one:

The first rule that came to my mind in the first read - to use "demanded THAT" remove usage of " Should.

Second - I cut out the extra words and went with D option as it makes most sense:

In one of the most stunning reversals in the history of marketing,the Coca-Cola companyin July 1985 yielded tothousands of irate consumers demanding that it should bring back the original Coke formula.

In one of the most stunning reversals in the history of marketing,the Coca-Cola companyin July 1985 yielded tothousands of irate consumers who demanded that it bring back the original Coke formula.

Took about a minute to arrive at the correct solution.




souvik101990 wrote:
In one of the most stunning reversals in the history of marketing, the Coca-Cola company in July 1985 yielded to thousands of irate consumers demanding that it should bring back the original Coke formula.

(A) demanding that it should
(B) demanding it to
(C) and their demand to
(D) who demanded that it
(E) who demanded it to

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Re: In one of the most stunning reversals in the history of marketing, the  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Apr 2015, 11:56
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souvik101990 wrote:
In one of the most stunning reversals in the history of marketing, the Coca-Cola company in July 1985 yielded to thousands of irate consumers demanding that it should bring back the original Coke formula.


(A) demanding that it should
in subjunctive mood we cannot use "should"

(B) demanding it to
after demanding we need "that"

(C) and their demand to
yielded to their demand?

(D) who demanded that it
correct

(E) who demanded it to
need that after demanded
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Re: In one of the most stunning reversals in the history of marketing, the &nbs [#permalink] 30 Apr 2015, 11:56

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