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In the United States in 1986, the average rate of violent

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In the United States in 1986, the average rate of violent [#permalink]

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20 Mar 2008, 13:07
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In the United States in 1986, the average rate of violent crime in states with strict gun-control laws was 645 crimes per 100,000 persons: about 50 percent higher than the average rate in the eleven states where strict gun-control laws have never been passed. Thus one way to reduce violent crime is to repeal strict gun control laws.

Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the argument above?

(A) The annual rate of violent crime in states with strict gun-control laws has decreased since the passage of those laws.
(B) In states with strict gun-control laws, few individuals are prosecuted for violating such laws.
(C) In states without strict gun-control laws, many individuals have had no formal training in the use of firearms.
(D) The annual rate of nonviolent crime is lower in states with strict gun-control laws than in states without such laws.
(E) Less than half of the individuals who reside in states without strict gun-control laws own a gun.

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20 Mar 2008, 14:39
The conclusion is that gun laws had no effect in lowering violent crimes.
The premise is states with gun laws have higher rate of crime than state without gun laws.

So the assumption is that by imposing gun laws, these states would lower its violent crimes.

The answer that most weakens the argument is that gun laws have indeed lowered violent crimes, and those states with low rates of crime have always had low rates. Furthermore gun laws would benefit those 11 states as well.

So (A)
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20 Mar 2008, 14:40
walker wrote:
In the United States in 1986, the average rate of violent crime in states with strict gun-control laws was 645 crimes per 100,000 persons: about 50 percent higher than the average rate in the eleven states where strict gun-control laws have never been passed. Thus one way to reduce violent crime is to repeal strict gun control laws.

Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the argument above?

(A) The annual rate of violent crime in states with strict gun-control laws has decreased since the passage of those laws.
(B) In states with strict gun-control laws, few individuals are prosecuted for violating such laws.
(C) In states without strict gun-control laws, many individuals have had no formal training in the use of firearms.
(D) The annual rate of nonviolent crime is lower in states with strict gun-control laws than in states without such laws.
(E) Less than half of the individuals who reside in states without strict gun-control laws own a gun.

A. the law has been effective in lowing or controlling the crimes in those states that mplemented the law.
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20 Mar 2008, 17:18
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walker wrote:
In the United States in 1986, the average rate of violent crime in states with strict gun-control laws was 645 crimes per 100,000 persons: about 50 percent higher than the average rate in the eleven states where strict gun-control laws have never been passed. Thus one way to reduce violent crime is to repeal strict gun control laws.

Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the argument above?

(A) The annual rate of violent crime in states with strict gun-control laws has decreased since the passage of those laws.
(B) In states with strict gun-control laws, few individuals are prosecuted for violating such laws.strengthens the argument. ELIMINATE.
(C) In states without strict gun-control laws, many individuals have had no formal training in the use of firearms. no relation of crime with formal training. ELIMINATE.
(D) The annual rate of nonviolent crime is lower in states with strict gun-control laws than in states without such laws. we are talking about violent crime, not non-violent crime.ELIMINATE.
(E) Less than half of the individuals who reside in states without strict gun-control laws own a gun. but then what is the number for states with strict gun laws? ELIMINATE

Think its A.

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20 Mar 2008, 19:03
walker wrote:
In the United States in 1986, the average rate of violent crime in states with strict gun-control laws was 645 crimes per 100,000 persons: about 50 percent higher than the average rate in the eleven states where strict gun-control laws have never been passed. Thus one way to reduce violent crime is to repeal strict gun control laws.

Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the argument above?

(A) The annual rate of violent crime in states with strict gun-control laws has decreased since the passage of those laws.
(B) In states with strict gun-control laws, few individuals are prosecuted for violating such laws.
(C) In states without strict gun-control laws, many individuals have had no formal training in the use of firearms.
(D) The annual rate of nonviolent crime is lower in states with strict gun-control laws than in states without such laws.
(E) Less than half of the individuals who reside in states without strict gun-control laws own a gun.

A, too

The conclusion denies the role of the laws, so A confirms the role of the laws, A weakens the conclusion
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20 Mar 2008, 21:59
OA is A

Thanks for explanation!
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21 Mar 2008, 01:41
My vote goes to A only.

Why?
B: No reason why prosecution would be deterrent.
C: formal training has nothing to do with people using guns.
D: Crime - violent or non-violent has nothing to do with gun-control.
E: Again the number of people are not really important.

Hence A. By elimination.
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Re: In the United States in 1986, the average rate of violent [#permalink]

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06 Jul 2012, 00:14
(A) The annual rate of violent crime in states with strict gun-control laws has decreased since the passage of those laws.

The rate was even more before the law was in practice.

So, IMO too (A)
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Re: In the United States in 1986, the average rate of violent [#permalink]

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26 Aug 2016, 18:27
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: In the United States in 1986, the average rate of violent   [#permalink] 26 Aug 2016, 18:27
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