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# Is x + y < 1 ? (1) x < 8/9 (2) y < 1/8

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Re: Is x + y < 1 ? (1) x < 8/9 (2) y < 1/8 [#permalink]
fido wrote:
Dear Bunuel,
Although i understand the solution after reading it,can you please help me in understanding the line of thinking.I never thought of multiplying the bases by a common factor.What concept's understanding would prompt me to ?

Thank you

We need to compare some fractions. Easiest ways is to find the least common denominator and proceed.
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Re: Is x + y < 1 ? (1) x < 8/9 (2) y < 1/8 [#permalink]
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Is x+y < 1?
a) x < 8/9
b) y < 1/8

The answer to this question is E. By adding the inequalities, we find that x + y < 8/9 + 1/8 = 73/72, but it remains possible that x+y is somewhere between 1 and 73/72. It may be easier to see this using decimals, rather than fractions. Recall that 8/9 = 0.8888...., and that 1/8 = 0.125. Using both statements, we might have that x = 0.88, and that y = 0.121, so x+y can be equal to 1.01, and therefore can be greater than 1.
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Re: Is x + y < 1 ? (1) x < 8/9 (2) y < 1/8 [#permalink]
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$$x+y < 1$$

(1) $$x < \frac{8}{9}$$

As we don't know the value of y, this equation is not sufficient =====> (1) NOT SUFFICIENT

(2) $$y < \frac{1}{8}$$

As we don't know the value of x, this equation is not sufficient =====> (2) NOT SUFFICIENT

Combining (1) & (2)

Lets solve x first

$$x < \frac{8}{9}$$

$$x < 8 * 0.11$$

$$x < 0.88$$

Lets solve for y

$$y < \frac{1}{8}$$

$$x < 0.125$$

Adding $$x + y = 0.88 + 0.125$$

We get $$x+y = 1.005$$

As the value of $$x + y$$ can take the highest value as $$1.004$$ans any value lower than that which is $$< 1$$

We can say that x can be > 1 or x can be < 1

Hence, =====> Both (1) & (2) NOT SUFFICIENT

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Re: Is x + y < 1 ? (1) x < 8/9 (2) y < 1/8 [#permalink]
Hi All,

When dealing with fractions in GMAT Quant questions, it's sometimes helpful to convert from fraction-to-decimal (doing so might make the requisite math faster or easier).

We're asked if (X+Y) is less than 1. This is a YES/NO question.

1) X < 8/9

This FACT tells us that X is LESS than .88888...., but we don't know anything about Y.
Fact 1 is INSUFFICIENT

2) Y < 1/8

This FACT tells us that Y is LESS than .125, but we don't know anything about X.
Fact 2 is INSUFFICIENT

Combined, we know that (X+Y) must be LESS than .8888.... + .125 = 1.01388888....

IF... the sum = 1, then the answer to the question is NO.
IF... the sum = 0, then the answer to the question is YES.

Combined, INSUFFICIENT

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Re: Is x + y < 1 ? (1) x < 8/9 (2) y < 1/8 [#permalink]
You can see that the statements are independently insufficient

Combined
Test x = 7/9 and y =2/9
7/9+ 2/9 = 1 - --> NO

There are plenty of Yes answers to realise that even combined the statements are insufficient
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Is x + y < 1 ? (1) x < 8/9 (2) y < 1/8 [#permalink]
Individually, its easy to see they're not sufficient.
Combining LCM being 72; we can see x+y<73/72 -> (1)