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# It is well known that many homeless people frequent public libraries

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It is well known that many homeless people frequent public libraries  [#permalink]

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05 Mar 2015, 23:05
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It is well known that many homeless people frequent public libraries as a kind of sanctuary. Now, several dozen public libraries across the country have made their facilities more useful to homeless people by offering free job training programs, for adults and free activities for homeless children. While the administrators of these libraries mean well, the homeless do not pay property taxes to support the library, so these people are getting something for nothing, a dangerous practice for all concerned.

Which of the following is assumed by the author of this argument?

(A) None of the sales tax paid by homeless people who use the free services is used by the libraries.

(B) The general public that uses the libraries does not mind the services provided to the homeless.

(C) Many of the homeless people who use public libraries as sanctuaries check the library’s local newspapers for job listings.

(D) Some libraries that offer programs to the homeless cannot afford these programs.

(E) Property taxes are used predominantly to support public libraries.
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Re: It is well known that many homeless people frequent public libraries  [#permalink]

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08 Mar 2015, 05:18
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The answer should be A based on the following reasoning:

The author concludes that "the homeless do not pay property taxes to support the library, so these people are getting something for nothing" Now, instead of paying property taxes, if these people are paying some other tax etc, then they are not getting something for nothing. Instead, they would be paying for what they get.

a) None of the sales tax paid by homeless people who use the free services is used by the libraries - Correct!
b) The general public that uses the libraries does not mind the services provided to the homeless - Out of scope because the argument has nothing to do with the general public.
c) Many of the homeless people who use public libraries as sanctuaries check the library’s local newspapers for job listings - Again, out of scope because they would still get something for nothing
d) Some libraries that offer programs to the homeless cannot afford these programs - Changes the focus from the homeless to the library.
e) Property taxes are used predominantly to support public libraries - I first fell for this option but then I eliminated it because of the word 'predominantly' which is too strong based on the argument.
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Re: It is well known that many homeless people frequent public libraries  [#permalink]

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10 Mar 2015, 21:48
Author`s conclusion: these people are getting something for nothing, a dangerous practice for all concerned.
Premise produced in support: The homeless do not pay property taxes to support the library.
Author makes the conclusion with very strong words, saying these people are getting something for "nothing". So, the assumption made is the poor are not paying anything back to library in any form. This is inline with option A.
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Re: It is well known that many homeless people frequent public libraries  [#permalink]

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18 May 2015, 05:07
Option A talks about sales tax while the argument mentions property taxes ?
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Re: It is well known that many homeless people frequent public libraries  [#permalink]

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23 Jul 2015, 05:40
3
sidhant10 wrote:
Hi Harley,

Had a doubt in a question in CR. Would like to know your inputs on the same.

Can we include "Sales Tax" (particularly) in the answer when nothing related to it has been mentioned in the premise or the conclusion.

Regards

Hello sidhant10

The conclusion of this argument is that "these people are getting something for nothing, a dangerous practice for all concerned."
From the text of argument we know that homeless use public library for free.
Author made this conclusion because homeless don't pay property tax.

But what if homeless pay some another taxes and these taxes are used for support of libraries? Then this conclusion is wrong.

Variant A states directly that sales taxes which homeless pay don't go on support of libraries so we can infer that homeless really use public libraries for free.

P.S. In assumption, weakener and stregthener we can include new information.
This are inference and must be true questions that can't include new information.
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Re: It is well known that many homeless people frequent public libraries  [#permalink]

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23 Jul 2015, 05:50
Harley1980 wrote:
sidhant10 wrote:
Hi Harley,

Had a doubt in a question in CR. Would like to know your inputs on the same.

Can we include "Sales Tax" (particularly) in the answer when nothing related to it has been mentioned in the premise or the conclusion.

Regards

Hello sidhant10

The conclusion of this argument is that "these people are getting something for nothing, a dangerous practice for all concerned."
From the text of argument we know that homeless use public library for free.
Author made this conclusion because homeless don't pay property tax.

But what if homeless pay some another taxes and these taxes are used for support of libraries? Then this conclusion is wrong.

Variant A states directly that sales taxes which homeless pay don't go on support of libraries so we can infer that homeless really use public libraries for free.

P.S. In assumption, weakener and stregthener we can include new information.
This are inference and must be true questions that can't include new information.

Thanks for the explanation Harvey!

Cheers!
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Re: It is well known that many homeless people frequent public libraries  [#permalink]

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23 Jul 2015, 15:03
1
The author makes a normative claim that the homeless shouldn't "get something for nothing", meaning that the homeless don't pay for the library services they are offered.

Option (A) and (E) addresses this. (A) mentions that sales taxes paid for by the homeless may support the library. (E) mentions that property taxes predominantly pay for the library's services.

It is clear that the author believes that the homeless don't contribute financially in any way to support the library. It's also clear that the author believes that property tax is the only source of taxed funding for public libraries. (A) explores one alternative to undermine the author's assumption. Sales tax may sound irrelevant, and so would, say, charitable donations, but keep in mind that the author is generalizing, so including an example which contradicts or simply reveals the author's hasty generalization is perfectly sound. Whereas, (E)'s language is too weak (not strong, as someone else mentioned earlier). If (E) stated that only property taxes are used to fund public libraries, then both (A) and (E) would be correct answers, but that's not the case here.

(A) is correct.
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Re: It is well known that many homeless people frequent public libraries  [#permalink]

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16 Aug 2015, 02:19
Harley1980 wrote:
sidhant10 wrote:
Hi Harley,

Had a doubt in a question in CR. Would like to know your inputs on the same.

Can we include "Sales Tax" (particularly) in the answer when nothing related to it has been mentioned in the premise or the conclusion.

Regards

Hello sidhant10

The conclusion of this argument is that "these people are getting something for nothing, a dangerous practice for all concerned."
From the text of argument we know that homeless use public library for free.
Author made this conclusion because homeless don't pay property tax.

But what if homeless pay some another taxes and these taxes are used for support of libraries? Then this conclusion is wrong.

Variant A states directly that sales taxes which homeless pay don't go on support of libraries so we can infer that homeless really use public libraries for free.

P.S. In assumption, weakener and stregthener we can include new information.
This are inference and must be true questions that can't include new information.

Hi ,

Could you please explain option E. as I was between A and E. just want to know what is the issue with E?

Thanks
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Re: It is well known that many homeless people frequent public libraries  [#permalink]

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16 Aug 2015, 02:35
PathFinder007 wrote:
Harley1980 wrote:
sidhant10 wrote:
Hi Harley,

Had a doubt in a question in CR. Would like to know your inputs on the same.

Can we include "Sales Tax" (particularly) in the answer when nothing related to it has been mentioned in the premise or the conclusion.

Regards

Hello sidhant10

The conclusion of this argument is that "these people are getting something for nothing, a dangerous practice for all concerned."
From the text of argument we know that homeless use public library for free.
Author made this conclusion because homeless don't pay property tax.

But what if homeless pay some another taxes and these taxes are used for support of libraries? Then this conclusion is wrong.

Variant A states directly that sales taxes which homeless pay don't go on support of libraries so we can infer that homeless really use public libraries for free.

P.S. In assumption, weakener and stregthener we can include new information.
This are inference and must be true questions that can't include new information.

Hi ,

Could you please explain option E. as I was between A and E. just want to know what is the issue with E?

Thanks

Hello PathFinder007

The conclusion of this argument is that "these people are getting something for nothing, a dangerous practice for all concerned."
From the text of argument we know that homeless use public library for free.
Author made this conclusion because homeless don't pay property tax.

But what if homeless pay some another taxes and these taxes are used for support of libraries? Then this conclusion is wrong.

Variant E says that "Property taxes are used predominantly to support public libraries."
This information does not exclude possibility of another tax sources to support public libraries. 100% of property tax going to support public libraries but it is only 40% of budget of public libraries and another 60% received from sales tax in which homeless take a part.

And variant A states directly that sales taxes which homeless pay don't go on support of libraries so we can infer that homeless really use public libraries for free.
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Re: It is well known that many homeless people frequent public libraries  [#permalink]

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05 Jan 2016, 00:06
If you don’t pay property taxes, you can’t enjoy public property. --> so that is the argument. It's not about sales tax. Argument is not that if you are not paying any tax, you can't enjoy public property. (Fill the gap)

If argument is written like this - if you are not paying anything to government, you can't use facility provided by government.

Harley1980 pl have a look
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Re: It is well known that many homeless people frequent public libraries  [#permalink]

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07 Jan 2016, 02:41
3
The conclusion states these homeless people are getting something for nothing. Not paying property tax is just given an example to emphasize the previous statement. The author basically assumes that these people do not support the library economically in any form. "A" if reversed suggests that these people might be paying some other tax which may support the library. Hence in reversed form "A" goes against the conclusion. So that is the answer.
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Re: It is well known that many homeless people frequent public libraries  [#permalink]

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18 Apr 2016, 08:29
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It is a close call between option A and E. I too answered as E without applying the correct technique.

Conclusion: These people ("homeless") are getting something for nothing, a dangerous practice for all concerned

Applying the assumption negation technique...
e) Property taxes are used predominantly to support public libraries.
becomes
e) Property taxes are
NOT used predominantly to support public libraries.
If property taxes are not used, then the homeless are actually getting something for free. This negated option strengthens the conclusion. The correct answer if negated should weaken the conclusion. Hence not the correct answer choice.

a) None of the sales tax paid by homeless people who use the free services is used by the libraries.
becomes
a)
Some None of the sales tax paid by homeless people who use the free services is used by the libraries.
If some of the sales tax paid is used by libraries, then the homeless people are not getting something free. This weakens the conclusion, hence the correct answer.

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Re: It is well known that many homeless people frequent public libraries  [#permalink]

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27 Apr 2016, 11:48
HI chetan2u / VeritasPrepKarishma ,

Nowhere in the argument SALES TAX mentioned then how could E be the answer. I agree that the assumption answer provide new information but the answer doesn't provide something out of box.

Eg-
John earn \$1000 a month. So he must be very foody.
Assumption- John spend more hen half of his earnings on food.

But saying anything like, he do not spend his earnings in pubs, movies etc etc.
This is completely out of box

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Re: It is well known that many homeless people frequent public libraries  [#permalink]

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27 Apr 2016, 20:49
PrakharGMAT wrote:
HI chetan2u / VeritasPrepKarishma ,

Nowhere in the argument SALES TAX mentioned then how could E be the answer. I agree that the assumption answer provide new information but the answer doesn't provide something out of box.

Eg-
John earn \$1000 a month. So he must be very foody.
Assumption- John spend more hen half of his earnings on food.

But saying anything like, he do not spend his earnings in pubs, movies etc etc.
This is completely out of box

Hi,
I believe you intend to say A while writing E..

Lets rephrase the para-

The para says that local libraries are helping HOMELESS people as a source of welfare. But as the tag HOMELESS suggests that they do not pay property tax. and as property tax finds its way back in these PUBLIC libraries as some sort of grant, these people are not paying for enjoying this welfare..

the assumption persay should be that no kind of taxes these people pay or any kind of revenues generated by government through these homeless people gets back to these libraries. Since if any kind of taxes paid by these people is used in the libraries, the argument will fall flat that these people are not paying for sustaining public libraries..

Choice A does not specify ALL but gives assumption of another tax, maybe since generally sales tax is the most common form of tax and these people are ot likely to be paying Income Tax..
SALES tax is generally on anything purchased, so it is likely that these guys are paying this TAX..

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Re: It is well known that many homeless people frequent public libraries  [#permalink]

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13 Aug 2016, 19:28
1
Conclusion is that it's dangerous practice.
premise 1> homeless people are not paying anything and getting something out of it.
Premise 2> Homeless people doesn't pay property tax

If we can prove that somehow homeless people are contributing in property TAx we can prove otherwise.

a) None of the sales tax paid by homeless people who use the free services is used by the libraries.
Negate - salestax paid by homeless people who use the free services is used by the libraries. then they pay somehow.
Correct

e) Property taxes are used predominantly to support public libraries :- even if some property tax is used, still the conclusion stands corrected as homeless people are not contributing anything.
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Re: It is well known that many homeless people frequent public libraries  [#permalink]

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09 Oct 2016, 08:35
rajthakkar wrote:
It is well known that many homeless people frequent public libraries as a kind of sanctuary. Now, several dozen public libraries across the country have made their facilities more useful to homeless people by offering free job training programs, for adults and free activities for homeless children. While the administrators of these libraries mean well, the homeless do not pay property taxes to support the library, so these people are getting something for nothing, a dangerous practice for all concerned.

Which of the following is assumed by the author of this argument?

a) None of the sales tax paid by homeless people who use the free services is used by the libraries.
b) The general public that uses the libraries does not mind the services provided to the homeless.
c) Many of the homeless people who use public libraries as sanctuaries check the library’s local newspapers for job listings.
d) Some libraries that offer programs to the homeless cannot afford these programs.
e) Property taxes are used predominantly to support public libraries.

P1: Homeless frequent public libraries as sanctuary
P2: Several dozen libraries across country are accommodating these homeless by providing free job training and activities for the homeless' kids
Conclusion: These ppl are getting something for nothing, a dangerous practice for all concerned.

I first thought: well, what if the taxes are not the only funding source for libraries? That would be something to make note:
I too took notice of A and E immediately upon scanning the choices. Since I am free to make an assumption it does not have to be strictly from the text, just can't be too far of a logical leap. The word "predominately" in E was my stop sign because even if 55% of property taxes went to the public library and the other 45% came from sales tax, the homeless, as long as they are buying things are not getting "something for nothing."
A on the other hand immediately addresses my initial concern. Furthermore, if I negate it and say "all of the sales tax paid by the homeless funds the libraries" it would destroy the argument.
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Re: It is well known that many homeless people frequent public libraries  [#permalink]

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27 Oct 2016, 21:44
1
rajthakkar wrote:
It is well known that many homeless people frequent public libraries as a kind of sanctuary. Now, several dozen public libraries across the country have made their facilities more useful to homeless people by offering free job training programs, for adults and free activities for homeless children. While the administrators of these libraries mean well, the homeless do not pay property taxes to support the library, so these people are getting something for nothing, a dangerous practice for all concerned.

Which of the following is assumed by the author of this argument?

a) None of the sales tax paid by homeless people who use the free services is used by the libraries.
b) The general public that uses the libraries does not mind the services provided to the homeless.
c) Many of the homeless people who use public libraries as sanctuaries check the library’s local newspapers for job listings.
d) Some libraries that offer programs to the homeless cannot afford these programs.
e) Property taxes are used predominantly to support public libraries.

Conclusion: Homeless people are getting something for nothing, a dangerous practice for all concerned.
Premise: the homeless do not pay property taxes to support the library.

Possible assumption:
They are not paying money in any other form that goest to support library.

Let's POE

a) CorrectNone of the sales tax paid by homeless people who use the free services is used by the libraries.
This matches with our prethinking.
Negate it: Some of the sales tax paid by homeless people who use the free services is used by the libraries.
the negated A shows that actually they are paying something to support libray and this negated version shatters conclusion.
Hence correct
b) IncorrectThe general public that uses the libraries does not mind the services provided to the homeless. OFS
c)Incorrect Many of the homeless people who use public libraries as sanctuaries check the library’s local newspapers for job listings. OFS. Job listiong????
d)Incorrect Some libraries that offer programs to the homeless cannot afford these programs.
Not help conclusion in any way.
e) IncorrectProperty taxes are used predominantly to support public libraries.
OFS
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Re: It is well known that many homeless people frequent public libraries  [#permalink]

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12 Nov 2016, 04:49
Conclusion:Homeless guys don't pay taxes that cover the library expenses, so these poor homeless are getting SOMETHING FOR NOTHING.

Some prethinking:
here, just because these guys don't pay for the library, does it mean they're getting something for zero sum ?
Maybe they're contributing somewhere else-They are doing some social work with no pay, or paying other taxes that can contribute the library funds

A strong assumption supporting this conclusion would refute some of the things I marked in italics.

D says that a few libraries can't afford to pay for the programs for homeless. Ok, how does this choice affect the author's point that homeless are doing NOTHING for SOMETHING.
Even on negation-" Some libraries that offer programs to the homeless CAN afford these programs", this choice doesn't affect our conclusion whether homeless are doing anything to cover the library funds.

Now, look at A.
Refute this choice:"SOME of the sales tax paid by homeless people who use the free services is used by the libraries."
The argument falls apart. the negated version says that these guys are paying something for the services, that is the library waiver is all not free, and thus the 'conclusion' getting SOMETHING FOR NOTHING is false. Hence, A is the better.
Does it help ?
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Re: It is well known that many homeless people frequent public libraries  [#permalink]

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12 Nov 2016, 05:03
Well, this is an assumption question and conclusion states libraries are not getting anything and people are getting something for nothing. So our possible assumptions will be people are doing nothing which is helping library. Option A states that and on negotiating, the statement becomes " tax is being paid for library" and hence the conclusion is not true that libraries are not getting anything.Coming to option D, this choice doesn't talk anything regarding benefits incurred by the library. try negotiating this option, this have no effect on conclusion.

Hence A
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Re: It is well known that many homeless people frequent public libraries  [#permalink]

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02 Dec 2016, 03:40
Premise: It is well known that many homeless people frequent public libraries as a kind of sanctuary.

Premise: Now, several dozen public libraries across the country have made their facilities more useful to homeless people by offering free job training programs, for adults and free activities for homeless children.

Premise: While the administrators of these libraries mean well, the homeless do not pay property taxes to support the library,

Conclusion: so these people are getting something for nothing, a dangerous practice for all concerned.

Libraries are providing facilities to the homeless people
Homeless …………..not pay PROPERTY TAXES
Homeless……………do not support library
Homeless are getting SOMETHING FOR NOTHING…………..

1) But if they do some work for the library through which the library is saving money….
2) Or they pay in different form than property taxes

A. None of the sales tax paid by homeless people who use the free services is used by the libraries.
Negated statement: All of the sales tax paid by homeless people is used by the libraries. Then they are losing out something and library is gaining. It completely shatters the conclusion. CORRECT.

B. The general public that uses the libraries does not mind the services provided to the homeless.
OUT OF SCOPE

C. Many of the homeless people who use public libraries as sanctuaries check the library’s local newspapers for job listings.
OUT OF SCOPE. NO IMPACT ON THE CONCLUSION

D. Some libraries that offer programs to the homeless cannot afford these programs.
This choice does not support the conclusion in any way.

E. Property taxes are used predominantly to support public libraries.
True. But still these people are getting something. No impact on conclusion as such, Incorrect.
Negated statement: Property taxes are NOT used predominantly to support public libraries.
If this is so the whole argument fails because then the main point of discussion is no more the main point.
But there might be other things needed to support libraries which these homeless people might or might not support.
But these people are still getting something for nothing. Conclusion still holds true.
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Re: It is well known that many homeless people frequent public libraries &nbs [#permalink] 02 Dec 2016, 03:40

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