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Journalist: The trade union members at AutoFaber Inc.

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Journalist: The trade union members at AutoFaber Inc. [#permalink]

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New post 22 Nov 2013, 23:51
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Difficulty:

  35% (medium)

Question Stats:

76% (02:11) correct 24% (02:28) wrong based on 238 sessions

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Journalist: The trade union members at AutoFaber Inc. are planning to go on strike. Independent arbitration would avert a strike, but only if both sides agree to accept the arbitrator's recommendations as binding. However, based on past experience, the union is quite unlikely to agree to this, so a strike is likely.

Which one of the following arguments exhibits a pattern of reasoning most similar to that exhibited by the journalist's argument?

(A) The company will downsize unless more stock is issued. Furthermore, if the company downsizes, the shareholders will demand a change. Since no more stock is being issued, we can be sure that the shareholders will demand a change.
(B) Rodriguez will donate her paintings to the museum only if the new wing is named after her. The only other person the new wing could be named after is the museum's founder, Wu. But it was decided yesterday that the gardens, not the new wing, would be named after Wu. So Rodriguez will donate her paintings to the museum.
(C) Reynolds and Khripkova would not make suitable business partners, since they are constantly squabbling, whereas good business partners know how to get along with each other most of the time and, if they quarrel, know how to resolve their differences.
(D) Lopez will run in tomorrow's marathon. Lopez will win the marathon only if his sponsors do a good job of keeping him hydrated . But his sponsors are known to be poor at keeping their athletes hydrated. So it is probable that Lopez will not win the marathon.
(E) The new course in microeconomics is offered either in the fall or in the spring. The new course will be offered in the spring if there is a qualified instructor available. Since the economics department currently lacks a qualified instructor for such courses, however, the course will not be offered in the spring.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by lMarial on 23 Nov 2013, 01:25, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: Journalist: The trade union members at AutoFaber Inc. [#permalink]

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New post 23 Nov 2013, 00:38
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This is parallel reasoning question, one of the most difficult type of CR questions. To solve this kind of question, we can use diagram to visualize the reasoning. It would help shortening the solving time. :)

ANALYZE THE STIMULUS:

(1) The trade union members at AutoFaber Inc. are planning to go on strike.
(2) Independent arbitration would avert a strike, but only if both sides agree to accept the arbitrator's recommendations as binding.
(3) However, based on past experience, the union is quite unlikely to agree to this, so a strike is likely.

The diagram is:
If X (accept recommendations) --> Y (strike not happen)
==> NOT X --> NOT Y (NOT "strike not happen")


ANALYZE EACH ANSWER:

Which one of the following arguments exhibits a pattern of reasoning most similar to that exhibited by the journalist's argument?

(A) The company will downsize unless more stock is issued. Furthermore, if the company downsizes, the shareholders will demand a change. Since no more stock is being issued, we can be sure that the shareholders will demand a change.
Wrong.
Logic of A is:
X happens if Y does not happen
X happens ==> Z happens
Because Y does not happen --> Z happens

NOT following the same reasoning.

(B) Rodriguez will donate her paintings to the museum only if the new wing is named after her. The only other person the new wing could be named after is the museum's founder, Wu. But it was decided yesterday that the gardens, not the new wing, would be named after Wu. So Rodriguez will donate her paintings to the museum.
Wrong.
Logic of B is:
X happens if Y happens
Z happens --> X will happen.

NOT following the same reasoning.

(C) Reynolds and Khripkova would not make suitable business partners, since they are constantly squabbling, whereas good business partners know how to get along with each other most of the time and, if they quarrel, know how to resolve their differences.
Wrong.
Logic of C is:
Because X --> Y happens.
NOT X --> NOT Y

Quite similar reasoning but wrong because C does NOT say clearly that if R & K know how to resolve their differences, they would be suitable business partners.
NOT following the same reasoning.

(D) Lopez will run in tomorrow's marathon. Lopez will win the marathon only if his sponsors do a good job of keeping him hydrated . But his sponsors are known to be poor at keeping their athletes hydrated. So it is probable that Lopez will not win the marathon.
Correct.
Logic of D is:
X happens if Y happens
Y not happen --> X will not happen.

Much better than C because D clearly mentions both the cause and the effect.

(E) The new course in microeconomics is offered either in the fall or in the spring. The new course will be offered in the spring if there is a qualified instructor available. Since the. <== I bet this option is incomplete.

Anyway, we have the final option is D.
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Re: Journalist: The trade union members at AutoFaber Inc. [#permalink]

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New post 23 Nov 2013, 01:15
This type is indeed difficult and too time-consuming.
Although it seems to be comprehensible, it's hard to apply under time pressure, especially if you are non-native :)

Thanks for explanation. Hope this approach will help me to keep within 2 minutes.

Last edited by lMarial on 23 Nov 2013, 01:26, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: Journalist: The trade union members at AutoFaber Inc. [#permalink]

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New post 23 Nov 2013, 01:26
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lMarial wrote:
This type is indeed difficult and too time-consuming.
Although it seems to be comprehensible, it's hard to apply under time pressure, especially if you are non-native :)

Thanks for expanation. Hope this approach will help me to keep within 2 minutes.


Hi IMarial

Frankly, this question took me 2:55 because of its long wordings. Anyway, when you see this type of question on screen, you're doing GOOD job mate. Because this type question only appears to select good test takers.

Best!
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Re: Journalist: The trade union members at AutoFaber Inc. [#permalink]

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New post 24 Nov 2013, 11:34
It was time consuming to read everything. I the chose D quiten fast, because the strike is LIKELY and the marathon is PROBABLE. In any answer it was a definite WILL. So D fits best.

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Re: Journalist: The trade union members at AutoFaber Inc. [#permalink]

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New post 20 May 2015, 20:34
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Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Journalist: The trade union members at AutoFaber Inc. [#permalink]

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New post 08 Dec 2017, 05:34
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.

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Re: Journalist: The trade union members at AutoFaber Inc.   [#permalink] 08 Dec 2017, 05:34
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Journalist: The trade union members at AutoFaber Inc.

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