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Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to

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Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to [#permalink]

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59% (01:14) correct 41% (01:08) wrong based on 2657 sessions

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Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of to confine them to a hotel.

(A) to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of to confine them to

(B) that would have allowed members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of confined to

(C) under which members of the jury are allowed to go home at the end of each day instead of confining them in

(D) that would allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day rather than confinement in

(E) to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day rather than be confined to

Spoiler: :: OE
OG Verbal Review 2, SC#93

Parallelism; Logical predication

The logic of this sentence has two possible options for the members of the jury: they can go home or be confined to a hotel. The first option is expressed using the infinitive to go home; the second option should use the parallel form (to understood) be confined. Since the members of the jury are not doing the confining themselves, the passive form must be used. The construction x instead of y, when x and y are infinitives, is clumsy; the idiomatic construction x rather than y is better here. Both constructions require x and y to be parallel.

(A) The passive form to be confined is required. To allow members of the jury . . . to confne them illogically indicates that the jurors are doing the confining.
(B) The infinitive form to be confned is required, rather than the past participle. The sentence is awkward and wordy.
(C) Members of the jury is the illogical object in confning them. Confining is not parallel to to go home.
(D) The noun confinement is not parallel to to go home.
(E) Correct. Be confined to uses the infinitive form just as to go home does; the to before be confined is understood and does not need to be repeated. The x rather than y construction is appropriately used in this sentence.

The correct answer is E.
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Re: Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to [#permalink]

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Two idioms at play here: motion to... and rather than...

That leaves E.
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Re: Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to [#permalink]

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OA is E

OE:

In this sentence, members of the jury are presented with two options: they may (1) go home or (2) be confined to a hotel. The rejected motion would have allowed them to do the first rather than [to] suffer the second.
Members of the jury must be the logical subject of both options, and both must be expressed in parallel form, that is, as infinitive clauses. E, the best choice, observes these requirements. In A and C, the phrase members
of the jury is not the logical subject of the second option, to confine them or confining them, since jury members are not doing the confining. In B and D, confined and confinement are not infinitives and thus do not parallel to go in the first option.
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Re: Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2007, 17:26
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I think the hardest part of this question is the parallelism. I initially start the parallelism with (to go home...). I guess the trick is to look how the second half starts and work backwards to see where the first one should start.

Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to
go home at the end of each day
rather than
be confined to a hotel
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Re: Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to [#permalink]

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186. Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of
to confine them to a hotel.
(A) to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of to confine them to

I think this suggests that the members of the jury confine themselves to a hotel, a fact that does not make any sense
notice that the parallelism is between go and confine so the sentence reads

members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of [members of the jury] to confine them to a hotel

(B) that would have allowed members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of confined to

I think you need passive voice here in confined to suggest that the members are confined. The sentence reads

a motion that would have allowed members of the jury to confined to ...

(C) under which members of the jury are allowed to go home at the end of each day instead of confining
them in

I'm not sure whether confine in is idiomatic. anyway to go home is not parallel to confining

(D) that would allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day rather than confinement in

note parallel structures to go home rather confinement

(E) to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day rather than be confined to

This answer choice maintains parallelism and properly uses passive voice so that the members are confined to a hotel.
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Re: Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to [#permalink]

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Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of
to confine them to a hotel.
(A) to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of to confine them to
(B) that would have allowed members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of confined to
(C) under which members of the jury are allowed to go home at the end of each day instead of confining
them in
(D) that would allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day rather than confinement in
(E) to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day rather than be confined to


E for several reasons.
An easy way to start is the use of rather/instead of. Rather is the obvious choice. This leaves D,E. E is correct (parallel structure, concise) for many reasons, while D is awkward and wordy.
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Re: Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to [#permalink]

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Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of to confine them to a hotel.
(A) to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of to confine them to
(B) that would have allowed members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of confined to
(C) under which members of the jury are allowed to go home at the end of each day instead of confining
them in
(D) that would allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day rather than confinement in
(E) to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day rather than be confined to

IMO

A - Wrong - Doesn't have parallel structure - X instead of Y. X - Members..To go home vs To confine them -
B - Wrong - no need of would . Also - this isn't parallel with comparative structure at the end
C - Wrong - under which - awkward
D - Wrong - no need of would . Also - this isn't parallel with comparative structure at the end
E - Right - Concise, parallel ( X rather than Y) - Members... To go home vs (to) be confined to hotel

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Re: Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to [#permalink]

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New post 04 Dec 2016, 23:13
I choose E based in Subjunctive Mood , apart from idiom... Experts please correct me if it does not comes under Subjunctive Mood and i did wrong analyses , because in whole discussion no body mentioned anything about the Subjunctive Mood ...
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Re: Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to [#permalink]

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mbaprep2016 wrote:
I choose E based in Subjunctive Mood , apart from idiom... Experts please correct me if it does not comes under Subjunctive Mood and i did wrong analyses , because in whole discussion no body mentioned anything about the Subjunctive Mood ...
sayantanc2k


No, there is no subjunctive mood in option E - you are probably misguided because of "be confined". Here "be confimed" is not a verb in subjunctive mood. It is an infinitive in parallel with "go home" - "to" is outside the parrallel structure (X rather than Y) and hence covers both "go home" and "be confined".

..allowed memebers of the jury to (go home) rather than (be confined). X = "go home", Y = "be confined".
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Re: Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jul 2017, 21:03
nero44 wrote:
Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of to confine them to a hotel.




IN GMAT RATHER THAN USED BETWEEN TWO VERBS(ACTIONS, PHRASES), INSTEAD OF USED BETWEEN TWO NOUNS
so A,B and C can be eliminated .
Between D and E rather than confined to is better than confined in .






(A) to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of to confine them to -
(B) that would have allowed members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of confined to
(C) under which memebrs of the jury are allowed to go home at the end of each day instead of confining them in
(D) that would allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day rather than confinement in
(E) to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day rather than be confined to
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Re: Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to [#permalink]

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aurobindomahanty wrote:
IN GMAT RATHER THAN USED BETWEEN TWO VERBS(ACTIONS, PHRASES), INSTEAD OF USED BETWEEN TWO NOUNS

Indeed, instead of is a preposition (after all, it ends with preposition of) and hence, must be followed by a Noun/Pronoun.

The tricky thing to remember is that Rather than is actually quite flexible and can also be followed by Noun.

For example, in the following sentence, rather than is followed by a noun (a type):

Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the Australian egg-laying mammals of today are a branch of the main stem of mammalian evolution rather than a type that developed independently from a common ancestor of mammals more than 220 million years ago.

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses Instead of Vs Rather than, its application and examples in significant detail. If someone is interested, PM me your email-id; I can mail the corresponding section.
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Re: Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to [#permalink]

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Let's first go through a bit of conceptual theory regarding the use verb+ing words.

1. Just because an ing is attached to a verb, it doesn't become a gerund. In fact, there are three forms of ing that one will come across in formal writing. The first is the present participle, (with or without a comma before). Such an Ing word is always a modifier and never a gerund.

Here in this example, the use of allowing without a comma modifies the motion in F and with a comma before in G modifies Judge Botham and his denial. In both cases, however, the present participle is a modifier.

2. To become a gerund the ing word must act as a noun and will mostly be either the subject or object of a clause. If it is a subject, it will most probably start a clause or at least be a part of a noun phrase that will in sum be the subject. What is more important is that such a word or phrase will be immediately followed by a verb to corroborate that what you have before is indeed a subject. In some cases, there will be possessive adjective before the ing word or an article acting as an adjective. Since possessives and adjective modify nouns, we can be sure that the following ing word must be a gerund.
Example
Being addicted to drinks has ruined many a person. 'Being addicted' is a gerund and a noun phrase followed by its verb 'has ruined'.
Exercising is a good discipline if done regularly -- Here exercising is a gerund with its verb 'is'
An ing gerund is a legal application in GMAT.
3. The third use of verb+ing is to use it as a part of a passive voice verb, considered legal in GMAT.
Example

He looked peeved when the inquiry committee was questioning him.

With this bit of theory in mind, one can find that the use of present participles is out of place in the context and hence wrong.

Now on to the official choices
Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of to confine them to a hotel.

(A) to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of to confine them to
(B) that would have allowed members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of confined to
(C) under which members of the jury are allowed to go home at the end of each day instead of confining them in
(D) that would allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day rather than confinement in
(E) to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day rather than be confined to

First of all, let's ruthlessly reject choices A, B, and C for using the unidiomatic 'instead of'.

Between D and E, the infinitive 'to allow' pointedly indicates that the motion, yet to be approved then, had a definite purpose inherent in it, while in D 'that would allow' is more indicative than intentional. Therefore, E is the best.
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Re: Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to [#permalink]

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New post 14 Apr 2018, 20:31
sayantanc2k, egmat I am unable to understand that why I feel that OA has 2 possible meanings, which is unacceptable.
1) whether the motion was about 'to allow members to go home"
2) OR whether the denial of the motion resulted in the allowing of members to go home.
Re: Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to   [#permalink] 14 Apr 2018, 20:31
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Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to

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