GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 18 Sep 2018, 11:12

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Just over 5% of road fatalities in 2009 have been caused by

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 26 Sep 2010
Posts: 39
GMAT 1: 680 Q49 V34
GPA: 3.65
Just over 5% of road fatalities in 2009 have been caused by  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Aug 2011, 11:50
13
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  75% (hard)

Question Stats:

39% (00:52) correct 61% (00:59) wrong based on 474 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Just over 5% of road fatalities in 2009 have been caused by speeding vehicles – less than those caused by drunk drivers.

A. vehicles – less than those caused
B. vehicles - fewer than have been caused
C. vehicles, which is fewer than those
D. vehicles, a number that is lower than the fatalities
E. vehicles, fewer than the ones caused


In the OA, Do you think that word "that" is missing to have a parallel structure. Please comment ?
Most Helpful Community Reply
Manager
Manager
avatar
Status: Appearing for GMAT
Joined: 23 May 2011
Posts: 111
Location: United States (NJ)
Concentration: Finance, General Management
GPA: 3.5
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Re: Road fatalities  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Aug 2011, 21:27
3
2
bharatemail wrote:
Just over 5% of road fatalities in 2009 have been caused by speeding vehicles – less than those caused by drunk drivers.

A. vehicles – less than those caused
B. vehicles - fewer than have been caused
C. vehicles, which is fewer than those
D. vehicles, a number that is lower than the fatalities
E. vehicles, fewer than the ones caused


In the OA, Do you think that word "that" is missing to have a parallel structure. Please comment ?


Hi bharatemail and sgupta0827,
Option A : Wrong because road fatalities is countable noun and we can not use less for that. Fewer is the correct option.
Option C : Which is modifying preceding noun "Vehicle", so vehicles is fewer than those... = Wrong and moreover vehicles are plural.
Option D : In "a number of X " is plural so can not be followed by "is" but here a number...........modifying vehicles so is wrong.
Option E : Usage of ones (there is nothing like ones, we have one and one's) is incorrect.

So only option B is best in all.


I hope my explanation helped, if indeed, please don't forget to give Kudos.
_________________

"Giving kudos" is a decent way to say "Thanks" and motivate contributors. Please use them, it won't cost you anything.
Thanks Rphardu

General Discussion
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Status: Dream big, work hard, and drink gallons of beer!
Joined: 11 Jun 2011
Posts: 157
Concentration: Finance, General Management
GMAT Date: 10-01-2011
WE: Web Development (Consulting)
Re: Road fatalities  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Aug 2011, 12:22
If claimed OA is correct, then I am going to wait for the experts to explain this question.
_________________

If I look absent-minded or insane, I am just living a dream of being successful. If you still wonder why I am like this, you have no idea how success tastes like!

Manager
Manager
User avatar
Status: Dream big, work hard, and drink gallons of beer!
Joined: 11 Jun 2011
Posts: 157
Concentration: Finance, General Management
GMAT Date: 10-01-2011
WE: Web Development (Consulting)
Re: Road fatalities  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Aug 2011, 08:25
1
rphardu wrote:
bharatemail wrote:
Just over 5% of road fatalities in 2009 have been caused by speeding vehicles – less than those caused by drunk drivers.

A. vehicles – less than those caused
B. vehicles - fewer than have been caused
C. vehicles, which is fewer than those
D. vehicles, a number that is lower than the fatalities
E. vehicles, fewer than the ones caused


In the OA, Do you think that word "that" is missing to have a parallel structure. Please comment ?


Hi bharatemail and sgupta0827,
Option A : Wrong because road fatalities is countable noun and we can not use less for that. Fewer is the correct option.
Option C : Which is modifying preceding noun "Vehicle", so vehicles is fewer than those... = Wrong and moreover vehicles are plural.
Option D : In "a number of X " is plural so can not be followed by "is" but here a number...........modifying vehicles so is wrong.
Option E : Usage of ones (there is nothing like ones, we have one and one's) is incorrect.

So only option B is best in all.


I hope my explanation helped, if indeed, please don't forget to give Kudos.


Thanks! I agree with your explanation. Yet somehow B doesn't sound right to my ears. I am not able to spot any error in B, however. Do you know how can we make B sound better? Just wanted to know out of curiosity. I hope it's not too much trouble for you. :-D
_________________

If I look absent-minded or insane, I am just living a dream of being successful. If you still wonder why I am like this, you have no idea how success tastes like!

Manager
Manager
avatar
Status: Appearing for GMAT
Joined: 23 May 2011
Posts: 111
Location: United States (NJ)
Concentration: Finance, General Management
GPA: 3.5
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Re: Road fatalities  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Aug 2011, 08:43
2
sgupta0827 wrote:
rphardu wrote:
bharatemail wrote:
Just over 5% of road fatalities in 2009 have been caused by speeding vehicles – less than those caused by drunk drivers.

A. vehicles – less than those caused
B. vehicles - fewer than have been caused
C. vehicles, which is fewer than those
D. vehicles, a number that is lower than the fatalities
E. vehicles, fewer than the ones caused


In the OA, Do you think that word "that" is missing to have a parallel structure. Please comment ?


Hi bharatemail and sgupta0827,
Option A : Wrong because road fatalities is countable noun and we can not use less for that. Fewer is the correct option.
Option C : Which is modifying preceding noun "Vehicle", so vehicles is fewer than those... = Wrong and moreover vehicles are plural.
Option D : In "a number of X " is plural so can not be followed by "is" but here a number...........modifying vehicles so is wrong.
Option E : Usage of ones (there is nothing like ones, we have one and one's) is incorrect.

So only option B is best in all.


I hope my explanation helped, if indeed, please don't forget to give Kudos.


Thanks! I agree with your explanation. Yet somehow B doesn't sound right to my ears. I am not able to spot any error in B, however. Do you know how can we make B sound better? Just wanted to know out of curiosity. I hope it's not too much trouble for you. :-D


Thanks sgupta0827, Kudos to you for further analyzing answer choices.
It seems that correct structure should be :vehicles - fewer than those/some pronoun have been caused by drunk drivers.
The problem with it is that pronoun can refer to either Vehicles or fatalities.

Giving kudos is a decent way to say "Thanks". Please use them, I need two to acess GMAT CLUB Test.
_________________

"Giving kudos" is a decent way to say "Thanks" and motivate contributors. Please use them, it won't cost you anything.
Thanks Rphardu

Manager
Manager
User avatar
Status: Dream big, work hard, and drink gallons of beer!
Joined: 11 Jun 2011
Posts: 157
Concentration: Finance, General Management
GMAT Date: 10-01-2011
WE: Web Development (Consulting)
Re: Road fatalities  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Aug 2011, 09:10
1
rphardu wrote:
Thanks sgupta0827, Kudos to you for further analyzing answer choices.
It seems that correct structure should be :vehicles - fewer than those/some pronoun have been caused by drunk drivers.
The problem with it is that pronoun can refer to either Vehicles or fatalities.


Thanks rphardu for your prompt response! In this question, I am more concerned about the use "have been" than really about missing pronoun. Isn't "have been" implicit even if we miss it in the appositive?

Isn't "fewer than caused by drunk drivers" enough for this appositive?
_________________

If I look absent-minded or insane, I am just living a dream of being successful. If you still wonder why I am like this, you have no idea how success tastes like!

Manager
Manager
avatar
Status: Appearing for GMAT
Joined: 23 May 2011
Posts: 111
Location: United States (NJ)
Concentration: Finance, General Management
GPA: 3.5
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Re: Road fatalities  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Aug 2011, 09:25
sgupta0827 wrote:
rphardu wrote:
Thanks sgupta0827, Kudos to you for further analyzing answer choices.
It seems that correct structure should be :vehicles - fewer than those/some pronoun have been caused by drunk drivers.
The problem with it is that pronoun can refer to either Vehicles or fatalities.


Thanks rphardu for your prompt response! In this question, I am more concerned about the use "have been" than really about missing pronoun. Isn't "have been" implicit even if we miss it in the appositive?

Isn't "fewer than caused by drunk drivers" enough for this appositive?


Sorry bro, but for me it does not look like appositive. Appositive are modifier here we have comparision.

Regarding removing of "have been", this concept has been illustrated very well on one of the mgmat post. I will post the link, once at home.
_________________

"Giving kudos" is a decent way to say "Thanks" and motivate contributors. Please use them, it won't cost you anything.
Thanks Rphardu

Manager
Manager
User avatar
Status: Dream big, work hard, and drink gallons of beer!
Joined: 11 Jun 2011
Posts: 157
Concentration: Finance, General Management
GMAT Date: 10-01-2011
WE: Web Development (Consulting)
Re: Road fatalities  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Aug 2011, 09:34
rphardu wrote:
sgupta0827 wrote:
rphardu wrote:
Thanks sgupta0827, Kudos to you for further analyzing answer choices.
It seems that correct structure should be :vehicles - fewer than those/some pronoun have been caused by drunk drivers.
The problem with it is that pronoun can refer to either Vehicles or fatalities.


Thanks rphardu for your prompt response! In this question, I am more concerned about the use "have been" than really about missing pronoun. Isn't "have been" implicit even if we miss it in the appositive?

Isn't "fewer than caused by drunk drivers" enough for this appositive?


Sorry bro, but for me it does not look like appositive. Appositive are modifier here we have comparision.

Regarding removing of "have been", this concept has been illustrated very well on one of the mgmat post. I will post the link, once at home.


Sorry for so much trouble. The reason I am calling this appositive is that it is connected by a big dash(--). Since it is connected by a big dash, it can not be a main clause. It doesn't look like a subordinate clause either. Comparison by itself is not a segment fragment as far as I understand. It has to be something, so I think it's an appositive. Grammar experts can help us here.
_________________

If I look absent-minded or insane, I am just living a dream of being successful. If you still wonder why I am like this, you have no idea how success tastes like!

Retired Moderator
avatar
Joined: 20 Dec 2010
Posts: 1869
Re: Road fatalities  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Aug 2011, 09:53
sgupta0827 wrote:
Sorry for so much trouble. The reason I am calling this appositive is that it is connected by a big dash(--). Since it is connected by a big dash, it can not be a main clause. It doesn't look like a subordinate clause either. Comparison by itself is not a segment fragment as far as I understand. It has to be something, so I think it's an appositive. Grammar experts can help us here.


I am no expert in Grammar. Here's what I think.

Although "--" can be used to list things, here it is not used as an appositive. It is just trying to give us additional information about the fatalities-- in this case comparative analysis.

I think "-fewer than the fatalities that have been caused", in spite of being wordy, would more clearly express what it intended to.

Author:
What's the source?
_________________

~fluke

GMAT Club Premium Membership - big benefits and savings

Manager
Manager
User avatar
Status: Dream big, work hard, and drink gallons of beer!
Joined: 11 Jun 2011
Posts: 157
Concentration: Finance, General Management
GMAT Date: 10-01-2011
WE: Web Development (Consulting)
Re: Road fatalities  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Aug 2011, 10:17
fluke wrote:
sgupta0827 wrote:
Sorry for so much trouble. The reason I am calling this appositive is that it is connected by a big dash(--). Since it is connected by a big dash, it can not be a main clause. It doesn't look like a subordinate clause either. Comparison by itself is not a segment fragment as far as I understand. It has to be something, so I think it's an appositive. Grammar experts can help us here.


I am no expert in Grammar. Here's what I think.

Although "--" can be used to list things, here it is not used as an appositive. It is just trying to give us additional information about the fatalities-- in this case comparative analysis.

I think "-fewer than the fatalities that have been caused", in spite of being wordy, would more clearly express what it intended to.

Author:
What's the source?


This answers my question of "have been". So far I was thinking that the sentence fragment is used as an appositive. That's why I was doubting the use of "have been". If it is only used to fill the information, sentence should stand alone by itself. Hence, the verb "have been" is required. Simply having "Caused" would be a comma splice.
_________________

If I look absent-minded or insane, I am just living a dream of being successful. If you still wonder why I am like this, you have no idea how success tastes like!

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 26 Sep 2010
Posts: 39
GMAT 1: 680 Q49 V34
GPA: 3.65
Re: Road fatalities  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Aug 2011, 12:32
Hi Fluke

I came across this question during one of tests in "e-gmat course". I am still confused why pronoun is not used in the latter portion of the sentence.
Manager
Manager
User avatar
B
Status: GMAT Coach
Joined: 05 Nov 2012
Posts: 133
Location: Peru
GPA: 3.98
Re: Just over 5% of road fatalities in 2009 have been caused by  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Oct 2016, 07:38
rphardu wrote:
bharatemail wrote:
Just over 5% of road fatalities in 2009 have been caused by speeding vehicles – less than those caused by drunk drivers.

A. vehicles – less than those caused
B. vehicles - fewer than have been caused
C. vehicles, which is fewer than those
D. vehicles, a number that is lower than the fatalities
E. vehicles, fewer than the ones caused


In the OA, Do you think that word "that" is missing to have a parallel structure. Please comment ?


Hi bharatemail and sgupta0827,
Option A : Wrong because road fatalities is countable noun and we can not use less for that. Fewer is the correct option.
Option C : Which is modifying preceding noun "Vehicle", so vehicles is fewer than those... = Wrong and moreover vehicles are plural.
Option D : In "a number of X " is plural so can not be followed by "is" but here a number...........modifying vehicles so is wrong.
Option E : Usage of ones (there is nothing like ones, we have one and one's) is incorrect.

So only option B is best in all.


I hope my explanation helped, if indeed, please don't forget to give Kudos.


Option E : Usage of ones (there is nothing like ones, we have one and one's) is incorrect.

Sorry to disagree, but the expression “ones“ exists.

There are many kinds of sweets; I really like the chocolate ones.
Or The ones with chocolate frosting have cream fillings.
Or Are these the ones you want?
_________________

Clipper Ledgard
GMAT Coach

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 21 Jul 2016
Posts: 42
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy, Operations
WE: Other (Computer Software)
Just over 5% of road fatalities in 2009 have been caused by  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Oct 2016, 08:39
B is the correct answer

Meaning is pretty clear. Let me put forth answer analysis.

- E has fewer just after comma. It modifies the entire clause which is wrong. It should modify only fatalities
- As number of fatalities is countable, fewer than should be used.
- B uses % of fatalities as subject directly without being stated
Intern
Intern
avatar
S
Joined: 22 Apr 2015
Posts: 28
WE: Business Development (Internet and New Media)
Reviews Badge
Re: Just over 5% of road fatalities in 2009 have been caused by  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Jun 2017, 10:36
1
Spovil wrote:
B is the correct answer

Meaning is pretty clear. Let me put forth answer analysis.

- E has fewer just after comma. It modifies the entire clause which is wrong. It should modify only fatalities
- As number of fatalities is countable, fewer than should be used.
- B uses % of fatalities as subject directly without being stated



but the comparison here is between the percentage of fatalities caused by speeding vehicles in 2009 and percentage of fatalities caused by drunk drivers, rather between the number of fatalities. percentage is an uncountable noun so less is i guess more appropriate here.

Experts need your comment in this question.
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
P
Joined: 16 Nov 2016
Posts: 287
WE: Advertising (Advertising and PR)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Re: Just over 5% of road fatalities in 2009 have been caused by  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Jun 2017, 05:34
Can someone please explain why E is incorrect? rphardu said that "ones" doesn't exist, while "cledgard" said that it does exist. So I would request experts to intervene and post their answer and explanation on this. B somehow doesn't sound right to me.
_________________

If you find my post useful, please give me a kudos.

Thank you.
Regards,
ENEM

If you wish to spend wisely on your gmat prep material, check my post titled: How to Spend Money On GMAT Material Wisely, link: https://gmatclub.com/forum/how-to-buy-gmat-material-wisely-tag-free-gmat-resources-236174.html

Simple and handy template for CR: https://gmatclub.com/forum/simple-and-handy-template-for-cr-242255.html

simple template for more vs greater and fewer vs less: https://gmatclub.com/forum/simple-template-for-more-vs-greater-and-fewer-vs-less-242216.html

Intern
Intern
avatar
S
Joined: 30 Apr 2018
Posts: 16
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, General Management
GMAT 1: 710 Q51 V37
GPA: 4
WE: Engineering (Computer Software)
Re: Just over 5% of road fatalities in 2009 have been caused by  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Sep 2018, 16:14
could someone please explain why is E incorrect?
Manager
Manager
User avatar
S
Joined: 08 Sep 2017
Posts: 65
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Just over 5% of road fatalities in 2009 have been caused by  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Sep 2018, 18:10
Ok, I think I now understand the OA. My thoughts on this...

A. vehicles – less than those caused --> WRONG; "those" refers back to "road fatalities", which is a countable noun, although "less" seems to have some kind of parallelism referring to the percentage... is a little bit ambiguous but is better to use "fewer"/b]
B. vehicles - fewer than have been caused --> [b]right

C. vehicles, which is fewer than those --> "which" modifies only vehicles so it is wrong
D. vehicles, a number that is lower than the fatalities --> wrong, a number that is lower is RIGHT, "a number" is singular. What is wrong in this answer is that ...fatalities by... is wrong, we need sthg like "fatalities caused by..."
E. vehicles, fewer than the ones caused --> "the ones" is an unnecesary pronoun and it is wrong, it creates an slight ambiguity
_________________

Kudos please if you liked my post


Thanks!

Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 19 Jun 2017
Posts: 4
Re: Just over 5% of road fatalities in 2009 have been caused by  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Sep 2018, 01:34
1
dimmak wrote:
Ok, I think I now understand the OA. My thoughts on this...

A. vehicles – less than those caused --> WRONG; "those" refers back to "road fatalities", which is a countable noun, although "less" seems to have some kind of parallelism referring to the percentage... is a little bit ambiguous but is better to use "fewer"/b]
B. vehicles - fewer than have been caused --> [b]right

C. vehicles, which is fewer than those --> "which" modifies only vehicles so it is wrong
D. vehicles, a number that is lower than the fatalities --> wrong, a number that is lower is RIGHT, "a number" is singular. What is wrong in this answer is that ...fatalities by... is wrong, we need sthg like "fatalities caused by..."
E. vehicles, fewer than the ones caused --> "the ones" is an unnecesary pronoun and it is wrong, it creates an slight ambiguity



HI a small correction "a number" in option D is plural ."The number" is a singular .here a number is followed by that .so option D can be avoided on this basis.
Hope it helps.
Re: Just over 5% of road fatalities in 2009 have been caused by &nbs [#permalink] 07 Sep 2018, 01:34
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Just over 5% of road fatalities in 2009 have been caused by

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  

Events & Promotions

PREV
NEXT


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.