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# M: It is almost impossible to find a person between the ages of 85 an

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M: It is almost impossible to find a person between the ages of 85 an  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 10 Oct 2018, 07:23
2
26
00:00

Difficulty:

95% (hard)

Question Stats:

23% (01:41) correct 77% (01:47) wrong based on 934 sessions

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M: It is almost impossible to find a person between the ages of 85 an 90 who primarily uses the left hand.
Q: Seventy to ninety years ago, however, children were punished for using their left hands to eat or to write and were forced to use their right hands.

Q's response serves to counter any use by M of the evidence about 85 to 90 year olds in support of which one of the following hypotheses?

(A) Being born right-handed confers a survival advantage.
(B) Societal attitudes toward handedness differ at different times.
(C) Forcing a person to switch from a preferred hand is harmless.
(D) Handedness is a product of both genetic predisposition and social pressures.
(E) Physical habits learned in school often persist in old age.

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Lahoosaher

Originally posted by lahoosaher on 09 Sep 2009, 03:25.
Last edited by Bunuel on 10 Oct 2018, 07:23, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: M: It is almost impossible to find a person between the ages of 85 an  [#permalink]

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14 Sep 2009, 02:10
5
What is the question stem askin for?
It is askinig us to find what is Qs answer possibly trying to oppose
This is a "inference" question which means we might have to make subtle inferences not
directly stated in the text.Lets look at the choices:

Paraphrasing: Q thinks that 85/90 year olds all using right hand probably menas nothng
more than a particular social norm followed during the childhood years of this age group.
and M has gone a little too far in attributing this pattern to perhaps a UNIVERSAL RULE
concerning human evolution and survival.

Lets see what the ansswer choice states:

A) Being born right-handed confers a survival advantage.
There is a slight hint that M might try to relate a persons age(and hence his
disposition of survival for such a long time) to his left handedness..keep it

(B) Societal attitudes toward handedness differ at different times.
nowhere has M mentioned about changing times,he is clearly talking about a specific
age group..OUT

(C) Forcing a person to switch from a preferred hand is harmless.
M is noway referring to a force or a switch or a harm.OUT
(D) Handedness is a product of both genetic predisposition and social pressures.
M just tries to link age to a habit and most probably
inferring a relationship between longevity and right hand usage.He is not trying to
venture into the reasons OUT

(E) Physical habits learned in school often persist in old age.
Where did school come from??? OUT

By POE...A stands out
##### General Discussion
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Re: M: It is almost impossible to find a person between the ages of 85 an  [#permalink]

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09 Sep 2009, 09:34
1
IMO A.
One line statement by M implies right handed people lived longer. Q counters it by suggesting an alternative.
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Re: M: It is almost impossible to find a person between the ages of 85 an  [#permalink]

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10 Sep 2009, 19:43
2
Question focuses on :"Q’s response " =
Q: Seventy to ninety years ago, however, children were punished for using their left hands to eat or to write and were forced to use their right hands.

From the "children were punished for using their left hands to eat or to write and were forced to use their right hands." can it be deduced that
it was the (B) Societal attitudes toward handedness differ at different times.

IMO A is too generic...
I l go with B.
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Re: M: It is almost impossible to find a person between the ages of 85 an  [#permalink]

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14 Sep 2009, 07:12
1
1
I tried to solve this one again. Took a print and wrote down everything...

Situation : M finds it difficult to a person between the ages of 85 an 90 who primarily uses the left hand.
Lets take this as an argumet. Now Q assumes that there is no other possiblity of this happening other than the fact that Seventy to ninety years ago , children were forced to use their right hands. Because of this , and with the time , almost all of them got aquented with the use of right hand for anything they do.

Now we have to find a counter argument which will oppose Q's position on the situation at hand.

(A) Being born right-handed confers a survival advantage.
Now my doubt is , from what has been provided in (A) , can we deduce that Being born LEFT-handed DOES NOT confer a survival advantage? Rather poses a threat...
If YES , IMO A.

If NO , "Being born right-handed confers a survival advantage." does not say anything to weaken Q's position , it does not talk about left - handed people.
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Re: M: It is almost impossible to find a person between the ages of 85 an  [#permalink]

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26 Apr 2011, 11:07
A

M: It is almost impossible to find a person between the ages of 85 an 90 who primarily uses the left hand.
Q: Seventy to ninety years ago, however, children were punished for using their left hands to eat or to write and were forced to use their right hands.

Q’s response serves to counter any use by M of the evidence about 85 to 90 year olds in supports of which one of the following hypotheses?

Th answer: Other reason why elders are "right-hand" persons.

(A) Being born right-handed confers a survival advantage. - the other reason that contradict Q statement.
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Re: M: It is almost impossible to find a person between the ages of 85 an  [#permalink]

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19 Sep 2012, 20:11
M: It is almost impossible to find a person between the ages of 85 and 90 who primarily uses the left hand.

Q: Seventy to ninety years ago, however, children were punished for using their left hands to eat or to write and were forced to use their right hands.

Q’s response serves to counter any use by M of the evidence about 85 to 90 year olds in support of which one of the following hypotheses?
(A) Being born right-handed confers a survival advantage.
(B) Societal attitudes toward handedness differ at different times.
(C) Forcing a person to switch from a preferred hand is harmless.
(D) Handedness is a product of both genetic predisposition and social pressures.
(E) Physical habits learned in school often persist in old age.

NB: Good for mental muscles but I don't think GMAT contains this type of questions.

Maybe this is an Inference type question

(A) Being born right-handed confers a survival advantage. (Good choice, M states that only right handed people survived till 90 years and all the left handed people did not. This has been countered by Q by stating that a lot of left handed children were forced to use their right hand. We cannot be sure as there could be left handed people above the age of 90)
(B) Societal attitudes toward handedness differ at different times. (Maybe, but there is no mention of the present attitudes, eliminate)
(C) Forcing a person to switch from a preferred hand is harmless. (Not relevant)
(D) Handedness is a product of both genetic predisposition and social pressures. (Good Choice, M has stated something which looks like it has got to do something with the genes, but Q has countered it by stating that it was due to social pressures)
(E) Physical habits learned in school often persist in old age. (Not relevant)

Why is A correct and D wrong?
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Re: M: It is almost impossible to find a person between the ages of 85 an  [#permalink]

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19 Sep 2012, 20:53
2
1
getgyan wrote:
Why is A correct and D wrong?

M presents evidence that could be used to support some unspoken hypothesis. We are to take it that, without even hearing that hypothesis, Q rebuts it by presenting counter-evidence. We’re asked to locate the disputed hypothesis.
In sum, we want an answer choice that would be supported by M’s statement and rebutted by Q’s statement, and that’s answer choice (A). M’s statement that virtually no one who has lived past 85 is left-handed could be used to argue that right-handed people have a survival advantage over—i.e., live longer than—left-handers. It could, that is, but for Q’s reply that most people born left-handers who are now age 85 were forced to use their right hands as children. That would mean that many right-handed 85-year-olds may have been born left-handed and forced to switch. The fact that you can’t find old southpaws doesn’t mean that they die earlier, but merely that they don’t behave like southpaws. And that’s how answer choice (A) is supported by M but rebutted by Q.
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Re: M: It is almost impossible to find a person between the ages of 85 an  [#permalink]

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10 Oct 2018, 07:24
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Re: M: It is almost impossible to find a person between the ages of 85 an   [#permalink] 10 Oct 2018, 07:24
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