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Minimum of how many people are needed to have the probability of more

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New post 20 Aug 2018, 05:50
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Re: Minimum of how many people are needed to have the probability of more  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Oct 2018, 07:38
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1
Suppose there are 2 people A and B
Probability of one on monday/tuesday = 2c1 * 2/7 * 5/7
Prob of both on monday/tuesday = 2/7*2/7
Total = 20/4 + 4/49 = 24/49 < 1/2

Now increase the no of people to 3 : A, B and C
Prob of one on monday/tuesday = 3c1 * 2/7 * 5/7 * 5/7 = 150/343
Prob of two on monday/tuesday = 3c2 * 2/7 * 2/7 * 5/7 = 60/343
Prob of three on monday/tuesday = 2/7* 2/7 * 2/7 = 8/343

Total = 218/343 > 1/2
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Minimum of how many people are needed to have the probability of more  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Aug 2018, 06:09
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Bunuel wrote:

GMAT CLUB TESTS' FRESH QUESTION:



Minimum of how many people are needed to have the probability of more than 1/2 that at lease one of them was born on either on Monday or on Tuesday?

A. 2
B. 3
C. 4
D. 5
E. 6



Say there are only 2 person..
Prob = \(\frac{2}{7}+\frac{2}{7}-\frac{2}{7*2/7}=\frac{4}{7}-\frac{4}{49}=\frac{24}{49}<\frac{1}{2}\)
Ans will be 3 because with 2, we had answer almost close to 1/2
No calculations required therefore
B
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Re: Minimum of how many people are needed to have the probability of more  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Aug 2018, 06:13
chetan2u can you please explain a little bit more?

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Re: Minimum of how many people are needed to have the probability of more  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Oct 2018, 06:06
Need Expert to help with this one please!
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Re: Minimum of how many people are needed to have the probability of more  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Oct 2018, 22:37
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Bunuel wrote:

GMAT CLUB TESTS' FRESH QUESTION:



Minimum of how many people are needed to have the probability of more than 1/2 that at lease one of them was born on either on Monday or on Tuesday?

A. 2
B. 3
C. 4
D. 5
E. 6

My approach was like this:
As, question stated that at least one of the people have to have birthday on either Monday or Tuesday, I need to figure out the probability of all of them having birthday on remaining 5 days of week (other than Monday and Tuesday), then simply asses the value whether it is less than 0.5. If it is less than 0.5 then we have our answer.
First option 2 people: probability of both of them having birthday of remaining 5 days out of 7 days : \(\frac{5}{7} * \frac{5}{7}\) =\(\frac{25}{49}\) > 0.5
2nd Option 3 people: probability of all 3 of them having birthday of remaining 5 days out of 7 days : \(\frac{5}{7}*\frac{5}{7}*\frac{5}{7} = \frac{125}{363}\)< 0.5 ---> so 3 people is our answer or option [B]
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Re: Minimum of how many people are needed to have the probability of more  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Oct 2018, 20:45
chetan2u wrote:
Bunuel wrote:

GMAT CLUB TESTS' FRESH QUESTION:



Minimum of how many people are needed to have the probability of more than 1/2 that at lease one of them was born on either on Monday or on Tuesday?

A. 2
B. 3
C. 4
D. 5
E. 6



Say there are only 2 person..
Prob = 2/7+2/7-2/7*2/7=4/7-4/49=24/49<1/2
Ans will be 3 because with 2, we had answer almost close to 1/2
No calculations required therefore
B[/quote

Hi Experts,can you please explain Prob = 2/7+2/7-2/7*2/7 .
I am not able to understand this.
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Re: Minimum of how many people are needed to have the probability of more  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Oct 2018, 21:45
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For "AT LEAST" probability question, it would be a good choice to use P(A) = 1 - P(not A)

Let's say
A - There is at least 1 person born on Monday or Tuesday
B - There is no one born on Monday or Tuesday
Clearly, P(A) = 1 - P(B)

The problem asks when P(A) > 1/2. Or in other words, when P(B) < 1/2.

If we have 1 person, P(B) = 5/7
If we have 2 people, P(B) = (5/7)^2 = 25/49
If we have 3 people, P(B) = (5/7)^3 = something that I am pretty sure that < 1/2

The correct answer is B.3
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New post 24 Dec 2018, 04:54
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Re: Minimum of how many people are needed to have the probability of more  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Dec 2018, 08:51
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chetan2u Bunuel

Kindly guide me where I have gone wrong below.

To be born on either Monday or Tuesday, the probability is 2/7.

So the equation is as follows based on the statment.

x(2/7)>1/2

This leads to x>1.75, hence the number of people needed are a minimum of 2 for the probability to exceed 1/2.
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Re: Minimum of how many people are needed to have the probability of more  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Dec 2018, 01:39
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Bunuel wrote:

GMAT CLUB TESTS' FRESH QUESTION:



Minimum of how many people are needed to have the probability of more than 1/2 that at lease one of them was born on either on Monday or on Tuesday?

A. 2
B. 3
C. 4
D. 5
E. 6


Assume no of people to be x. The probability of at least one of them is born on Monday or Tuesday is 1- the probability that all of them are born on rest of the days. The probability of one person to be born on the rest of the days=5/7. The probability that all of them are born on the rest of days=(5/7)^x. Required probability= 1-(5/7)^x, which, as per statement is greater than 1/2. So, 1-(5/7)^x=1/2 or (5/7)^x< 1/2, minimum x which satisfies this equation is 3. Hence, 3 or Option B is the answer.
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Re: Minimum of how many people are needed to have the probability of more  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jan 2019, 12:30
AnkitOrYadav wrote:
chetan2u wrote:
Bunuel wrote:

GMAT CLUB TESTS' FRESH QUESTION:



Minimum of how many people are needed to have the probability of more than 1/2 that at lease one of them was born on either on Monday or on Tuesday?

A. 2
B. 3
C. 4
D. 5
E. 6



Say there are only 2 person..
Prob = 2/7+2/7-2/7*2/7=4/7-4/49=24/49<1/2
Ans will be 3 because with 2, we had answer almost close to 1/2
No calculations required therefore
B[/quote

Hi Experts,can you please explain Prob = 2/7+2/7-2/7*2/7 .
I am not able to understand this.


not so sure....but I think we are using the probability OR rule:

prob(A or B) = P(A) + P(B) - P(A and B) ----> 2/7 + 2/7 -(2/7*2/7) ----> 4/7 - 4/49 ---> 24/49 <1/2
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Minimum of how many people are needed to have the probability of more  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jan 2019, 19:54
Assuming the probability that one person was born on a certain day (Mon, Tue, etc) of the week is 1/7.
The probability that one person was born on Monday is equal to the probability that he was born on Tuesday, so the probability that she was born either on Monday or Tuesday is 1/7+1/7=2/7 (let's call it P(A))

Then, the probability that at least one person out of n was born on Monday or Tuesday is (1-(1-P(A))^n). It is the complement of the probability that no one was born on Monday or Tuesday, in other words: 1 - (the probability everyone was born on Wed-Sun): 1 - (5/7)^n

Solving the following equation for n:
1-(1-P(A))^n >= 1/2
1-(5/7)^n >= 1/2
1/2 >= (5/7)^n

You may plug the alternatives and see that if n=2: then 1/2 < 25/49 so try n=3 and you will see that 1/2 >= 125/343. So the answer si you need at least 3 people.
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Re: Minimum of how many people are needed to have the probability of more  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jan 2019, 08:02
1
rahulkashyap wrote:
chetan2u can you please explain a little bit more?

Posted from my mobile device


Hi rahulkashyap, nausherwan, AnkitOrYadav

The reason for probability of atleast one of two person, say A and B, to be born on Mon or tuesday is..

So out of 7 days, we are taking just two days - Monday and tuesday..
Probability of A to be born on these 2 days = 2/7
Probability of B to be born on these 2 days = 2/7
But it is possible that both are born in these two days, so we have to subtract it once ..= 2/7 * 2/7 = 4/49
Probability = 2/7 + 2/7 - 4/49
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Re: Minimum of how many people are needed to have the probability of more  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Feb 2019, 08:00
Minimum of how many people are needed to have the probability of more than 1/2 that at least one of them was born on either on Monday or on Tuesday?

A. 2
B. 3
C. 4
D. 5
E. 6



Minimum of people needed for 100% probability of at least one of them born on either M or T = 6 people (1st born on Wednesday, 2nd born on Thurs.... 6th born on either Mon or Tues)
half of these 6 people = 3 people.

hence at least 3 people are needed to have the probability of more than 1/2.
Choice : B
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Re: Minimum of how many people are needed to have the probability of more   [#permalink] 08 Feb 2019, 08:00
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