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More than 30 years ago, Dr. Barbara McClintock, the Nobel Prize winner

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More than 30 years ago, Dr. Barbara McClintock, the Nobel Prize winner [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jun 2009, 08:01
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A
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55% (00:37) correct 45% (00:47) wrong based on 797 sessions

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More than 30 years ago, Dr. Barbara McClintock, the Nobel Prize winner, reported that genes can "jump," as pearls moving mysteriously from one necklace to another.

(A) as pearls moving mysteriously from one necklace to another
(B) like pearls moving mysteriously from one necklace to another
(C) as pearls do that move mysteriously from one necklace to others
(D) like pearls do that move mysteriously from one necklace to others
(E) as do pearls that move mystreiously from one necklace to some other

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Re: Dr. Barbara McClintock [#permalink]

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New post 09 Nov 2009, 10:05
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(A) as pearls moving mysteriously from one necklace to another
AS PEARLS MOVE would have been a correct usage of AS
but here a noun PEARLS is being compared to GENES and hence LIKE is correct
MOVING MYSTERIOUSLY FROM .... participle phrase for an analogy of the way the genes move around
(B) like pearls moving mysteriously from one necklace to another
CORRECT
(C) as pearls do that move mysteriously from one necklace to others
AS PEARLS DO is correct but THAT is incorrect because THAT cannot restrict
the action DO of pearls
(D) like pearls do that move mysteriously from one necklace to others
LIKE PEARLS DO is incorrect since LIKE cannot modify a clause "pearls do"
(E) as do pearls that move mysteriously from one necklace to some other one

AS has to be followed by the noun/pronoun performing the clause
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Re: OG 11 SC [#permalink]

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New post 04 May 2012, 13:00
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Hi All,

More than 30 years ago Dr, Barbara McClintock, the Nobel Prize winner, reported that genes can “jump”, as pearls moving mysteriously from one necklace to another.

Image

“Like” and “As”, both are used to convey comparison is a sentence. However, there is a difference between their usages. “Like” is always followed only by a “noun” or a “pronoun” whereas “As” is always followed by a “clause”.

Going by this rule, the original sentence is incorrect because here “as” is not followed by a clause. This error can be rectified either by placing a clause after “as” or by replacing “as” with “like”.

POE:

Choice A: as pearls moving mysteriously from one necklace to another. Incorrect for the reason stated above.

Choice B: like pearls moving mysteriously from one necklace to another. Correct.

Choice C: as pearls do that move from one necklace to others. Incorrect. Firstly, “that” is relative pronoun that modifies a noun. So “that” should touch the noun it modifies. But in this choice, “that” is away. Also, the use of “others” is not correct here. The intended meaning is that pearls move from necklace to another necklace. Using “others” make it ambiguous as to where the pearls move to.

Choice D: like pearls do that move from one necklace to others. Incorrect. Apart from repeating the “that” and “others” errors of choice C, this choice has another error. “like” has been followed by a clause here.

Choice E: as do pearls that move mysteriously from one necklace to some other one. Incorrect. This sentence distorts the meaning of the sentence. By using the modifier "that move" and verb "do" for pearls, it appears that pearls to two actions - pearls jump and by the way these pearls also move mysteriously...This is not the intended meaning. The author actually wants to say that genes jump like the pearls. And then he describes the manner in which these pearls jump - by moving mysteriously.

Image

1. “Like” is followed by a noun and “as” is followed by a clause.
2. Be careful of any change in words that appear in the original sentence.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: More than thirty years ago Dr. Barbara McClintock, the Nobel [#permalink]

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New post 26 Sep 2012, 23:19
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rohansherry wrote:
126. More than thirty years ago Dr. Barbara McClintock, the Nobel Prize winner, reported that genes can
"jump," as pearls moving mysteriously from one necklace to another.
(A) as pearls moving mysteriously from one necklace to another
(B) like pearls moving mysteriously from one necklace to another
(C) as pearls do that move mysteriously from one necklace to others
(D) like pearls do that move mysteriously from one necklace to others
(E) as do pearls that move mysteriously from one necklace to some other one


I am responding to a p.m. from venmic, vvho vvrote: "The correct ansvver to this one is C not B." I am sorry to differ, but the correct ansvver is B

Idea #1
"like" is used for nouns only, to compare a noun to a noun
"as" introduces a full clause, that must have a full noun + verb structure
See these blog post:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/gmat-sente ... ike-vs-as/
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/gmat-sente ... omparison/

Idea #2
DO NOT confuse a [noun + participle] structure for a full [noun + verb] structure. This is a very common mistake, the GMAT loves to catch folks in it.
A participle is a verb form, but it's not acting as a verb in the sentence --- rather, it's acting as a noun modifier.
See this blog:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/participle ... -the-gmat/

The phrase "pearls moving mysteriously from one necklace to another" is not a full [noun + verb] clause --- it would not stand on it's own as a sentence. Rather, it's simply a noun plus a long noun modifier. All we have is the noun and stuff decorating the noun, so "as" is incorrect, and "like" is correct. That's why (A) is wrong and (B) is right.

Once we have the words "pearls do", that's a noun + verb, a clause all on its own --- then "like" is wrong: this is why (D) is wrong. Choices (C) & (E) have the correct word "as" followed by a full clause --- they avoid the "as"/"like" mistake. BUT, (C) & (E) are wordier, less polished, less elegant, more awkward. (B) is much more sleek and efficient, which makes (B) the correct answer.

Does all that make sense?

Mike :-)
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Re: More than thirty years ago Dr. Barbara McClintock, the Nobel [#permalink]

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New post 27 Sep 2012, 06:34
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I do have a question whether we are comparing genes with pearls or we are comparing the action of jumping
of genes with action of pearls movement.
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Re: More than thirty years ago Dr. Barbara McClintock, the Nobel [#permalink]

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New post 27 Sep 2012, 10:43
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sujit2k7 wrote:
I do have a question whether we are comparing genes with pearls or we are comparing the action of jumping
of genes with action of pearls movement.


It's funny --- that question doesn't have a clear precise mathematical answer. In the big picture, in the overall logic of the sentence and of the larger argument, we are drawing an analogy between genes jumping and pearls moving, between the two actions, but when we use the construction "...like pearls ...", as in the correct answer (B), then the literal grammatical comparison is between genes and pearls, the two nouns.

Does that make sense?

Mike :-)
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Re: More than thirty years ago Dr. Barbara McClintock, the Nobel [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jul 2013, 03:39
as-vs-like-correct-and-incorrect-usages-133950.html

To state comparisons:
LIKE + NOUN
AS + CLAUSE


More than thirty years ago Dr. Barbara McClintock, the Nobel Prize winner, reported that genes can “jump,” as
pearls moving mysteriously from one necklace to another.


A. as pearls moving mysteriously from one necklace to another
B. like pearls moving mysteriously from one necklace to another
C. as pearls do that move mysteriously from one necklace to others
D. like pearls do that move mysteriously from one necklace to others
E. as do pearls that move mysteriously from one necklace to some other one

Than you can eliminate C and E because they are unidiomatic.
one necklace to another
one necklace to others
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Re: More than 30 years ago, Dr. Barbara McClintock, the Nobel Prize winner [#permalink]

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New post 21 May 2014, 09:45
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(A) "as" requires a clause after it. A clause requires a verb, but we don't have one here. "moving" is a participle (i.e. a type of adjective).
(B) CORRECT!
(C) This answer choice does use "as" correctly. Unfortunately, the word "that" is a relative pronoun, and it modifies whatever it touches. In this case, it's touching a verb ("do"), which it cannot modify. "One necklace to others" is slightly weird; a single pearl can't move to multiple necklaces at once.
(D) "like" cannot have a clause after it. The word "do" signals this as a clause, so the "like" is wrong.
(E) This answer choice does use "as" correctly. However, it makes a meaning error. This implies that pearls actually move from one necklace to another, which they don't. Also, "one necklace to some other one" is awkward
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Re: More than 30 years ago, Dr. Barbara McClintock, the Nobel Prize winner [#permalink]

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New post 26 Apr 2018, 05:40
perfectstranger wrote:
More than 30 years ago, Dr. Barbara McClintock, the Nobel Prize winner, reported that genes can "jump," as pearls moving mysteriously from one necklace to another.


(A) as pearls moving mysteriously from one necklace to another

(B) like pearls moving mysteriously from one necklace to another

(C) as pearls do that move mysteriously from one necklace to others

(D) like pearls do that move mysteriously from one necklace to others

(E) as do pearls that move mysteriously from one necklace to some other

It's B. Like used for comparing nouns.
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Re: More than 30 years ago, Dr. Barbara McClintock, the Nobel Prize winner [#permalink]

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New post 16 May 2018, 00:47
GMATNinja Hey! Can you please explain why each of the four options is incorrect?
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Re: More than 30 years ago, Dr. Barbara McClintock, the Nobel Prize winner [#permalink]

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New post 16 May 2018, 08:20
Here two nouns are not actually compared but correlated. As per my knowledge correlation is depicted by "like" to bring out a relation or similarity between two nouns. Genes like pearls...

B is the correct choice.

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Re: More than 30 years ago, Dr. Barbara McClintock, the Nobel Prize winner [#permalink]

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New post 20 May 2018, 03:42
perfectstranger wrote:
More than 30 years ago, Dr. Barbara McClintock, the Nobel Prize winner, reported that genes can "jump," as pearls moving mysteriously from one necklace to another.

(A) as pearls moving mysteriously from one necklace to another
(B) like pearls moving mysteriously from one necklace to another
(C) as pearls do that move mysteriously from one [color=#ed1c24][color=#9e0039]necklace to others[/color][/color]
(D) like pearls do that move mysteriously from one necklace to others
(E) as do pearls that move mystreiously from one necklace to some other


A : Do is missing
B: Another is correct: From one (Singular) to Another (for singular )...to maintain From..To idiom
C,D,& E : Idiom error.
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Re: More than 30 years ago, Dr. Barbara McClintock, the Nobel Prize winner [#permalink]

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New post 20 May 2018, 19:59
SugandhaM wrote:
GMATNinja Hey! Can you please explain why each of the four options is incorrect?

There's a great explanation here from GMAT Club legend mikemcgarry. Let me know if that doesn't clear up your doubts?
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Re: More than 30 years ago, Dr. Barbara McClintock, the Nobel Prize winner   [#permalink] 20 May 2018, 19:59
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