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Ms. Chambers is among the forecasters who predict that the

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Joined: 16 Jan 2018
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Re: Ms. Chambers is among the forecasters who predict that the  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jan 2018, 22:52
When I met Liza yesterday, it was the first time I _____ her since Christmas.

a. saw
b. had seen
c. have seen
d. have been seen

sir/maam, can you please help me to know the correct answer and explain it. and why the other option is wrong

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Joined: 28 May 2015
Posts: 29
Location: India
Schools: HEC Dec '17
GMAT 1: 710 Q51 V34
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Re: Ms. Chambers is among the forecasters who predict that the  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jan 2018, 00:06
anah wrote:
When I met Liza yesterday, it was the first time I _____ her since Christmas.

a. saw
b. had seen
c. have seen
d. have been seen

sir/maam, can you please help me to know the correct answer and explain it. and why the other option is wrong

Posted from my mobile device



Although, I am not an expert but let me try.

Context - I met Liza yesterday - so past from now. Right !
usage of past tense verb " met " is correct for simple past tense.

Again the verb " was " denotes simple past so the next verb has to be logically in sense with the verbs " met and was".


The Present perfect tense indicates either continued action or continued effect of a completed action up to the present. With since, use the Present perfect to indicate an action or effect that continues to the present time. - Courtsey MGMAT SC Guide

In other words something that is continuosuly coming from the past to present and something that has only reference in the past. I think you must have figured out that the answer should be option C = have seen (have denotes present perfect and seen is the past participle of base verb form - to see)


option A - saw
now if I use the verb saw then three simple past verbs in the sentece " met " , " was" and "saw" will represent the same time of the action. In other words if two simple tense verbs are used in the sentence it clearly means that both verbs performed action at the same time.

So logically meeting her yesterday and seeing her (i.e. when see saw Liza on the eve of Christmas - a past event from yesterday) cannot be a simultaneous event.

option B - had seen

first of all had seen is a past perfect usage so it signifies past of the past. Now it can be used here but its not preferrable because we have already used another marker " yesterday" so relating two events in past

event 1 - past of past = seeing her on the eve of christmas
event 2 - past = meeting her yesterday

option D = have been seen
have been = present perfect continous and seen - past participle of the verb " to see "
so this construction is grammatically as well as logically incorrect

grammatically - seen should be seeing as verb-ing form is used for continuous events.
logically - if she is seeing her on a continous basis how come yesterday it was the first time.

R.
Re: Ms. Chambers is among the forecasters who predict that the &nbs [#permalink] 17 Jan 2018, 00:06

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