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Nalmed Province's plan is to reduce highway congestion by expanding

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Nalmed Province's plan is to reduce highway congestion by expanding [#permalink]

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Nalmed Province's plan is to reduce highway congestion by expanding the commuter rail system, so giving more people the option of travelling by train. When a recent opinion poll presented this plan to province residents, they overwhelmingly favored it, even though they knew that enacting the plan would mean substantial tax increases. Consequently, the plan, if enacted, is very likely to succeed, because if the people are prepared to pay, they expect to reap the benefit.

The inference made from the poll results is most vulnerable to criticism on the grounds that
A) it overlooks the possibility that once the highways are consistently uncongested, some commuters might have no motivation to switch from using their car to using the rail system.
B) the favorable responses collected are entirely consistent with every one of those respondents expecting that it would be others who, by using the rail system, would ease highway congestion.
C) those respondents who opposed the plan might nevertheless become users of the rail system as a result of its expansion.
D) those respondents who opposed the plan might oppose it for reasons other than the tax increase required to carry it out.
E) residents responding to the poll are likely to overestimate the tax increase they themselves will experience if the proposed expansion occurs.

OA after some discussion. :)
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by WaitingSurprises on 02 Jul 2016, 02:31, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: Nalmed Province's plan is to reduce highway congestion by expanding [#permalink]

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Expand commuter rail system --> Reduce highway congestion.
To implement the plan, residents have to pay additional tax. --> Residents favored the plan --> Plan will succeed

Possible Weakener: If each resident thinks that others will use the commuter rail and favors to use the car, then the highway congestion will not reduce and the plan will fail.

A) it overlooks the possibility that once the highways are consistently uncongested, some commuters might have no motivation to switch from using their car to using the rail system. - Incorrect. This will reduce congestion on highways because some have motivation to use the rail system.

B) the favorable responses collected are entirely consistent with every one of those respondents expecting that it would be others who, by using the rail system, would ease highway congestion. - Correct

C) those respondents who opposed the plan might nevertheless become users of the rail system as a result of its expansion. - Incorrect - Strengthener

D) those respondents who opposed the plan might oppose it for reasons other than the tax increase required to carry it out. - Incorrect - Majority of Residents did not oppose the plan. So even if few residents oppose the plan, the plan will succeed. Not a weakener

E) residents responding to the poll are likely to overestimate the tax increase they themselves will experience if the proposed expansion occurs. - Incorrect - Out of context

Answer: B

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Re: Nalmed Province's plan is to reduce highway congestion by expanding [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jul 2016, 22:09
A for me. It suggests that once the congestion on highways reduces, some people might switch back to using cars, which in turn might lead to the problem resurfacing. Options c, d, and even are clearly out. B looks a bit extreme. What's the OA?

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Re: Nalmed Province's plan is to reduce highway congestion by expanding [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jul 2016, 22:18
I will go with B. As highways will still have low congestion , which is the intention

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Re: Nalmed Province's plan is to reduce highway congestion by expanding [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jul 2016, 22:27
B for me. If every person thinks that others will use the rail but not himself, then the plan will fail. A doesn't guarantee that the highway will remain congested after implementation of new rails, cause we don't know how large is the number of some commuters

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Re: Nalmed Province's plan is to reduce highway congestion by expanding [#permalink]

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OA is B. A is a close contender but B does the most harm to the inference.

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Re: Nalmed Province's plan is to reduce highway congestion by expanding [#permalink]

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New post 12 Sep 2017, 13:49
B - the favorable responses collected are entirely consistent with every one of those respondents expecting that it would be others who, by using the rail system, would ease highway congestion. -- Thus if each one expects the other to use the train (and not themselves) ;they essentially negate each other's intentions, and hence no one uses the train.

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Re: Nalmed Province's plan is to reduce highway congestion by expanding   [#permalink] 12 Sep 2017, 13:49
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