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No one who lacks knowledge of a subject is competent

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No one who lacks knowledge of a subject is competent [#permalink]

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New post 05 Apr 2015, 07:25
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Difficulty:

  75% (hard)

Question Stats:

55% (01:28) correct 45% (01:43) wrong based on 286 sessions

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No one who lacks knowledge of a subject is competent to pass judgment on that subject. Since political know-how is a matter, not of adhering to technical rules, but of insight and style learned through apprenticeship and experience, only seasoned politicians are competent to judge whether a particular political policy is fair to all.

A major weakness of the argument is that it

(A) relies on a generalization about the characteristic that makes someone competent to pass judgment

(B) fails to give specific examples to illustrate how political know-how can be acquired

(C) uses the term "apprenticeship" to describe what is seldom a formalized relationship

(D) equates political know-how with understanding the social implications of political policies

(E) assumes that when inexperienced politicians set policy they are guided by the advice of more experienced politicians
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: No one who lacks knowledge of a subject is competent [#permalink]

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New post 05 Apr 2015, 09:03
souvik101990 wrote:
No one who lacks knowledge of a subject is competent to pass judgment on that subject. Since political know-how is a matter, not of adhering to technical rules, but of insight and style learned through apprenticeship and experience, only seasoned politicians are competent to judge whether a particular political policy is fair to all.

A major weakness of the argument is that it

(A) relies on a generalization about the characteristic that makes someone competent to pass judgment

(B) fails to give specific examples to illustrate how political know-how can be acquired

(C) uses the term "apprenticeship" to describe what is seldom a formalized relationship

(D) equates political know-how with understanding the social implications of political policies

(E) assumes that when inexperienced politicians set policy they are guided by the advice of more experienced politicians


In this argument we see that we start from "one can judge subject that he or she know" and than "politics should be experienced" and "only politicians can judge whether political policy fair for all"
So argument says that only politicians can judge fairness of policy.

A) I think that we have correct definiton of experienced politic, so this is incorrect
B) We don't need to know how exactly politic became a politic. Incorrect
C) Can't understand completely this premise, but I don't see any problems with use of word "apprenticeship" in this argument
D) This premise point to the weak place of our argument. Correct
E) Argument doesn't contain any information about who set the policy so this premise out of scope. Incorrect
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Re: No one who lacks knowledge of a subject is competent [#permalink]

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New post 16 Apr 2015, 22:21
the argument is devilish enough:
fact 1: subject knowledge--> pass jusgement
fact2: politics learnt through apprenticeship --> know a lot about politics to pass judgement on fairness of a policy.

learning politics in some way is related to fairness of a policy ( that is all i could understand in 50 seconds, let's POE)
A. Actually it makes sense. It is saying the truth so can't be a weakener
B. an example of political learnings is not required per se
C. Tough wordings, hmm, let's leave it aside as of now
D. Something is about this choice but can't make out right away
E. Crap!! not required to know how politicians learn and advice.

Now at a second look , D says political know how ---> social implication of a policy ( in some way it can judge whether a policy is fair or not)
if so, then this is a flaw
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Re: No one who lacks knowledge of a subject is competent [#permalink]

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New post 18 May 2015, 20:51
Why option A is wrong here ?
The premise assumes one characteristic makes politician competent . I guess this the weakness of statement.

Regarding C , We are no discussing about "the social implications of political policies".
Any expert please help.
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Re: No one who lacks knowledge of a subject is competent [#permalink]

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New post 06 Apr 2016, 03:37
souvik101990 wrote:
No one who lacks knowledge of a subject is competent to pass judgment on that subject. Since political know-how is a matter, not of adhering to technical rules, but of insight and style learned through apprenticeship and experience, only seasoned politicians are competent to judge whether a particular political policy is fair to all.

A major weakness of the argument is that it

(A) relies on a generalization about the characteristic that makes someone competent to pass judgment

(B) fails to give specific examples to illustrate how political know-how can be acquired

(C) uses the term "apprenticeship" to describe what is seldom a formalized relationship

(D) equates political know-how with understanding the social implications of political policies

(E) assumes that when inexperienced politicians set policy they are guided by the advice of more experienced politicians


Dear Experts,

Please advise why option A is incorrect :(
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Re: No one who lacks knowledge of a subject is competent [#permalink]

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New post 08 Apr 2016, 01:41
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adityadon I understand your trouble. But we are discussing "the
social implications of political policies"
Why?
because whether a "policy will be fair to all" is a social implication.
Social effects -- effects on society, on people.

smartguy595 there is no generalization about the argument.

No where did the argument say "ONLY by apprenticeship and experience will this happen".

The only generalization was in the first sentence and it is about the INCOMPETENT not the COMPETENT that A refers to.
You can rescan the argument to determine if another generalization was made anywhere.

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Re: No one who lacks knowledge of a subject is competent [#permalink]

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New post 08 Apr 2016, 02:20
Nez wrote:
adityadon I understand your trouble. But we are discussing "the
social implications of political policies"
Why?
because whether a "policy will be fair to all" is a social implication.
Social effects -- effects on society, on people.

smartguy595 there is no generalization about the argument.

No where did the argument say "ONLY by apprenticeship and experience will this happen".

The only generalization was in the first sentence and it is about the INCOMPETENT not the COMPETENT that A refers to.
You can rescan the argument to determine if another generalization was made anywhere.


Nez,

Thanks for the explanation.

I am facing trouble with this type of questions.. Any tips please
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No one who lacks knowledge of a subject is competent [#permalink]

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New post 08 Apr 2016, 04:29
smartguy595 wrote:
Nez wrote:
adityadon I understand your trouble. But we are discussing "the
social implications of political policies"
Why?
because whether a "policy will be fair to all" is a social implication.
Social effects -- effects on society, on people.

smartguy595 there is no generalization about the argument.

No where did the argument say "ONLY by apprenticeship and experience will this happen".

The only generalization was in the first sentence and it is about the INCOMPETENT not the COMPETENT that A refers to.
You can rescan the argument to determine if another generalization was made anywhere.


Nez,

Thanks for the explanation.

I am facing trouble with this type of questions.. Any tips please

Well, I guess all of us gmat students are all "facing problems" in some areas that's why we are here. Keep prepping and answering many questions as possible from the OG and other authentic prep guys. u could use Veritas, Manhattan, e-gmat, Magoosh, EmpowerGMAT. They know their onions too well. Avoid local prep guys.This website also helps www.gmatprepnow.com

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No one who lacks knowledge of a subject is competent [#permalink]

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New post 24 Oct 2017, 05:59
No one who lacks knowledge of a subject is competent to pass judgment on that subject. Since political know-how is a matter, not of adhering to technical rules, but of insight and style learned through apprenticeship and experience, only seasoned politicians are competent to judge whether a particular political policy is fair to all.

The argument states that if one does not have knowledge of a subject, he or she is not competent enough to pass a judgment on that subject. It then takes a specific example of politics and states that since political know how involves - a) technical rules b) insight and style through experience and apprenticeship >> only a seasoned politician should be the judge of the fairness of a particular political party. Now, it does state that subject mater knowledge is required but in the example what the argument is intending to apply is that subject knowledge is not something that might require it in the first place. It is about the fairness of a party, analysis of which does not require political expertise and knowledge.

D gives us exactly this weakness - It equates political know-how with understanding the social implications of political policies.

A is incorrect because it is not a generalization and the example is not cited on a generalization. The first statement says "NO ONE" who lacks technical knowledge is competent to pass judgement of the subject. Thus, the example on this basis is initiated correctly but it does not link the know how to the matter adequately.

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No one who lacks knowledge of a subject is competent   [#permalink] 24 Oct 2017, 05:59
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