GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

 It is currently 17 Feb 2019, 12:07

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

## Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in February
PrevNext
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
272829303112
3456789
10111213141516
17181920212223
242526272812
Open Detailed Calendar
• ### Free GMAT Algebra Webinar

February 17, 2019

February 17, 2019

07:00 AM PST

09:00 AM PST

Attend this Free Algebra Webinar and learn how to master Inequalities and Absolute Value problems on GMAT.
• ### Valentine's day SALE is on! 25% off.

February 18, 2019

February 18, 2019

10:00 PM PST

11:00 PM PST

We don’t care what your relationship status this year - we love you just the way you are. AND we want you to crush the GMAT!

# Not all employment selection mechanisms that have a “disparate effect,

 new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics
Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Intern
Joined: 03 Jul 2010
Posts: 6
Not all employment selection mechanisms that have a “disparate effect,  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 Jul 2010, 00:30
3
20
00:00

Difficulty:

75% (hard)

Question Stats:

48% (01:31) correct 52% (01:42) wrong based on 819 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

Not all employment selection mechanisms that have a “disparate effect,” that is, that screens out a percentage of minorities or women disproportionate to their presence in the relevant labor market, are unlawful.

A that is, that screens out a percentage of minorities or women disproportionate to
B which means, that screens out a percentage of minorities or women disproportionate with
C which means, that screen out a percentage of minorities or women disproportionate with
D that is, that screen out a percentage of minorities or women disproportionate to
E that is, that screens out a percentage of minorities or women disproportionate with

My choice is A.
I suppose what's following the "that is," should be an explanation to the "disparate effect".

Any ideas?
Intern
Joined: 17 Aug 2009
Posts: 30
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Finance
Schools: Babson (A), Smith (D)
GMAT 1: 580 Q49 V21
GMAT 2: 650 Q49 V29
GPA: 3.85
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Re: Not all employment selection mechanisms that have a “disparate effect,  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 Jul 2010, 01:39
3
1
Not all employment selection mechanisms that have a “disparate effect,” that is, that screens out a percentage of minorities or women disproportionate to their presence in the relevant labor market, are unlawful.

Here selection mechanisms is plural hence there should be verb agreement - selection mechanisms that screen out.
So rule out options A, B and E

Now between C and D, which refers to disparate effect and is not correct, hence D. Hope this help (I used POE to get to the answer)

Sandeep
Intern
Joined: 03 Jul 2010
Posts: 6
Re: Not all employment selection mechanisms that have a “disparate effect,  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 Jul 2010, 04:01
Thanks for the reply.

However, I'm still confused with the "that is" part at the middle of that sentence.

Is it an interjection?
Manager
Joined: 15 Mar 2010
Posts: 73
Re: Not all employment selection mechanisms that have a “disparate effect,  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 Jul 2010, 04:44
1
sandeepnerli wrote:
Not all employment selection mechanisms that have a “disparate effect,” that is, that screens out a percentage of minorities or women disproportionate to their presence in the relevant labor market, are unlawful.

Here selection mechanisms is plural hence there should be verb agreement - selection mechanisms that screen out.
So rule out options A, B and E

Now between C and D, which refers to disparate effect and is not correct, hence D. Hope this help (I used POE to get to the answer)

Sandeep

Agree with Sandeep.

Additionally, the correct idiom is disproportionate to something and not disproportionate with something. Hence 'D' out.

C which means, that screen out a percentage of minorities or women disproportionate with
D that is, that screen out a percentage of minorities or women disproportionate to
_________________

If you like my post, consider giving me a kudos. THANKS!

Manager
Joined: 15 Mar 2010
Posts: 73
Re: Not all employment selection mechanisms that have a “disparate effect,  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 Jul 2010, 04:48
1
kasulty wrote:
Thanks for the reply.

However, I'm still confused with the "that is" part at the middle of that sentence.

Is it an interjection?

no, 'that is'(i.e.) is not interjection

i.e." is used to specify what your are trying to convey.

Ex:We will have caramel corn, cookies on this spooky night, i.e., Halloween.
_________________

If you like my post, consider giving me a kudos. THANKS!

Manager
Joined: 06 Oct 2009
Posts: 55
Re: Not all employment selection mechanisms that have a “disparate effect,  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 Jul 2010, 16:58
I'll go with D for the below two reasons.
Subject-verb agreement -screen out
Correct idiom - disproportionate to
Posted from my mobile device
Posted from my mobile device
Director
Status: Impossible is not a fact. It's an opinion. It's a dare. Impossible is nothing.
Affiliations: University of Chicago Booth School of Business
Joined: 26 Nov 2009
Posts: 734
Location: Singapore
Concentration: General Management, Finance
Schools: Chicago Booth - Class of 2015
Re: Not all employment selection mechanisms that have a “disparate effect,  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 Jul 2010, 21:46
Between C and D
Even if don't know the idiom, I can use pronoun ambiguity to get the answer.

In C "which" is ambiguous.
which means, that screen out a percentage of minorities or women disproportionate with ---> which can refer to effects which is wrong. We are talking about mechanisms.

D it is.

kasulty wrote:
Not all employment selection mechanisms that have a “disparate effect,” that is, that screens out a percentage of minorities or women disproportionate to their presence in the relevant labor market, are unlawful.

A that is, that screens out a percentage of minorities or women disproportionate to
B which means, that screens out a percentage of minorities or women disproportionate with
C which means, that screen out a percentage of minorities or women disproportionate with
D that is, that screen out a percentage of minorities or women disproportionate to
E that is, that screens out a percentage of minorities or women disproportionate with

My choice is A.
I suppose what's following the "that is," should be an explanation to the "disparate effect".

Any ideas?
Intern
Joined: 23 Oct 2011
Posts: 5
Re: Not all employment selection mechanisms that have a “disparate effect,  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

Updated on: 28 Oct 2011, 08:29
The key question is why 'which means' is not allowed here.

There is something we need to settle before the proof:

the main structure of the sentence is: (according to choice A D & E)
not all...mechanisms]--[that have ...effect], --[that is],---[that screen out...],----[are]--[unlawful]
(subject)----------------(1st relative clause)----(parenthesis)-(2nd relative clause)---(be)---(predicative)
there are two parallel relative clauses modifying the subject, namely 'mechanism'.

'that is' is a parenthesis, and it connects two relative clauses.
'that is' = 'that is to say'
and 'that' here refers to the 1st clause.
it means, we can express the meaning of the 1st clause in another way, namely by the 2nd clause
*************************************************************
The formal proof of why 'which means' is not allowed here.

Suppose: using 'which means' is allowed here.

claim 1: 'which means' is not a parenthesis.

proof of claim 1

'which' is an interrogative pronoun, not a demonstrative pronoun.
so 'which' cannot refer to the first relative clause.
And we have to regard 'which' as an relative pronoun, which refers to a noun mentioned before, and marks a relative clause.
end of the proof of claim 1.

Therefore, the clause 'that screens out....' is a objective clause, performing as an objective for 'which means'

So 'which means, that screen out....' is a relative clause as a whole, modifying the noun 'disparate effect'.

based on the meaning of the clause 'that screen out...', we know its logic subject is 'mechanism', which is refered to by 'that'.

But 'that' cannot refer to 'mechanisms', because, 'mechanisms' are plural, while 'that' is single.
(here we are no longer dealing with a relative clause, but a objective clause)
We have to use 'those' to refer mechanism.

We we run into a contradiction.

So the supposition that 'which means' is allowed here is false
_________________

I am a student from China, and working on SC now
Send me email if you want to discuss gmat SC with me
email: zhengkangcheng@126(.)com (remove the parentheses)

Originally posted by egoistwlv on 27 Oct 2011, 04:56.
Last edited by egoistwlv on 28 Oct 2011, 08:29, edited 1 time in total.
Manager
Joined: 21 Apr 2011
Posts: 74
Re: Not all employment selection mechanisms that have a “disparate effect,  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Oct 2011, 08:41
kasulty wrote:
Not all employment selection mechanisms that have a “disparate effect,” that is, that screens out a percentage of minorities or women disproportionate to their presence in the relevant labor market, are unlawful.

A that is, that screens out a percentage of minorities or women disproportionate to
(mechanisms is plural. Screens is singular)
B which means, that screens out a percentage of minorities or women disproportionate with
(should be disproportionate to)
C which means, that screen out a percentage of minorities or women disproportionate with
(same as above)
D that is, that screen out a percentage of minorities or women disproportionate to
(Correct Answer)
E that is, that screens out a percentage of minorities or women disproportionate with
(Should be disproportionate to and not disproportionate with)

My choice is A.
I suppose what's following the "that is," should be an explanation to the "disparate effect".

Any ideas?

Hi Kasulty,

The answer to this question is D. Please see my responses above.
Manager
Joined: 07 May 2015
Posts: 82
Re: Not all employment selection mechanisms that have a “disparate effect,  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

15 Dec 2015, 18:07
There are two basic splits:
1. that is vs which means - I personally could not decide which is better over another, so I tried to find something else.
2. disproportionate To vs Disproportionate with - Disproportionate to is correct idiom (as per my understanding)
Based on second, B, C, and E are out.

Between A and D, the pronoun That points to mechanisms, which is plural so it should be screen not screens. So i selected D as correct answer.

kasulty wrote:
Not all employment selection mechanisms that have a “disparate effect,” that is, that screens out a percentage of minorities or women disproportionate to their presence in the relevant labor market, are unlawful.

A that is, that screens out a percentage of minorities or women disproportionate to
B which means, that screens out a percentage of minorities or women disproportionate with
C which means, that screen out a percentage of minorities or women disproportionate with
D that is, that screen out a percentage of minorities or women disproportionate to
E that is, that screens out a percentage of minorities or women disproportionate with

My choice is A.
I suppose what's following the "that is," should be an explanation to the "disparate effect".

Any ideas?
Senior Manager
Joined: 27 Jul 2014
Posts: 251
Schools: ISB '15
GMAT 1: 660 Q49 V30
GPA: 3.76
Re: Not all employment selection mechanisms that have a “disparate effect,  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

01 Feb 2016, 14:17
What does various that refers to in OA
Confused to see too many "that"
Retired Moderator
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4684
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: Not all employment selection mechanisms that have a “disparate effect,  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

01 Feb 2016, 23:53
Not all selection mechanisms that have a “disparate effect,” that is, that screens out a percentage of minorities or women disproportionate to their presence in the relevant labor market are unlawful.
1. mechanisms that have – that refers to the mechanisms, hence plural verb ‘have’
2. that is – is an idiom ( as per the Free dictionary), meaning, ‘ in other words’. Sometimes, this is also marked as ‘i.e.’ It seeks to define or explain the term ‘disparate effect’
3. that screens – That refers to the disparate effect.
_________________

GMAT coaching under able guidance is only half expensive and time-consuming as a self-study in the final reckoning

Manager
Joined: 12 Mar 2015
Posts: 86
Concentration: Leadership, Finance
GPA: 3.9
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Re: Not all employment selection mechanisms that have a “disparate effect,  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

02 Feb 2016, 06:20
kasulty wrote:
Not all employment selection mechanisms that have a “disparate effect,” that is, that screens out a percentage of minorities or women disproportionate to their presence in the relevant labor market, are unlawful.

A that is, that screens out a percentage of minorities or women disproportionate to
B which means, that screens out a percentage of minorities or women disproportionate with
C which means, that screen out a percentage of minorities or women disproportionate with
D that is, that screen out a percentage of minorities or women disproportionate to
E that is, that screens out a percentage of minorities or women disproportionate with

My choice is A.
I suppose what's following the "that is," should be an explanation to the "disparate effect".

Any ideas?

The first choice was to decide between disproportionate to and disproportionate with. Selected disproportionate to so now left with A and D

Substituted D in original sentence and removed unnecessary stuff.

Not all employment selection mechanisms that have a “disparate effect,” that is, that screen out a percentage of minorities or women disproportionate to their presence in the relevant labor market, are unlawful.
Senior Manager
Joined: 27 Jul 2014
Posts: 251
Schools: ISB '15
GMAT 1: 660 Q49 V30
GPA: 3.76
Re: Not all employment selection mechanisms that have a “disparate effect,  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

02 Feb 2016, 08:51
daagh wrote:
Not all selection mechanisms that have a “disparate effect,” that is, that screens out a percentage of minorities or women disproportionate to their presence in the relevant labor market are unlawful.
1. mechanisms that have – that refers to the mechanisms, hence plural verb ‘have’
2. that is – is an idiom ( as per the Free dictionary), meaning, ‘ in other words’. Sometimes, this is also marked as ‘i.e.’ It seeks to define or explain the term ‘disparate effect’
3. that screens – That refers to the disparate effect.

Thanks Daagh,

In the real GMAT question can we expect this "That is" idiom.
In the examination mode one doesn't quickly grasp this "that is" is idiom "i.e"
Retired Moderator
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4684
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: Not all employment selection mechanisms that have a “disparate effect,  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

02 Feb 2016, 09:33
Hani
Hi. I don't remember an official question with 'that is'
_________________

GMAT coaching under able guidance is only half expensive and time-consuming as a self-study in the final reckoning

Manager
Joined: 21 Apr 2016
Posts: 168
Re: Not all employment selection mechanisms that have a “disparate effect,  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 Aug 2016, 18:53
Doesn't the underlined portion refer to "disparate effect"? Why is OA D, which has plural verb? How does the underlined portion refer to "mechanisms"?
Retired Moderator
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 2900
Location: Germany
Schools: German MBA
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
Re: Not all employment selection mechanisms that have a “disparate effect,  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

21 Aug 2016, 13:24
manhasnoname wrote:
Doesn't the underlined portion refer to "disparate effect"? Why is OA D, which has plural verb? How does the underlined portion refer to "mechanisms"?

Note the "that" after "that is". Two parallel clauses are linked with "that is":
"that have a “disparate effect” " and "that screen out a percentage" - the phrase "that is" clarifies the meaning of the first clause using the second. The relative pronoun "that" in both these clauses refer to "mechanisms".

If the second "that" (after "that is") were not there, then the succeeding part could refer to "disparate effect”".
Retired Moderator
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 2900
Location: Germany
Schools: German MBA
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
Re: Not all employment selection mechanisms that have a “disparate effect,  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

01 Dec 2016, 05:04
The OA is correct and explanations provided in the thread appear sufficient. If there are any specific questions, please post them here and then click again on the "Request Expert Reply" button - users are requested not to click the button without posting their queries.
Intern
Joined: 23 Dec 2014
Posts: 16
Re: Not all employment selection mechanisms that have a “disparate effect,  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Apr 2017, 09:37
After reading many times I still feel that the second "that" explains the disparate effect.

There is no "and" to think a that and that parallelism.

Please help to explain.
Non-Human User
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 3632
Re: Not all employment selection mechanisms that have a “disparate effect,  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

13 Sep 2018, 16:34
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
_________________
Re: Not all employment selection mechanisms that have a “disparate effect,   [#permalink] 13 Sep 2018, 16:34
Display posts from previous: Sort by

# Not all employment selection mechanisms that have a “disparate effect,

 new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics

 Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.