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OG 104

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Manager
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Joined: 21 Mar 2006
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OG 104 [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2008, 16:51
Nuclear fusion is the force that powers the Sun, the stars, and hydrogen bombs, merging the nuclei of atoms and not splitting them apart, as in nuclear reactors.
(A) merging the nuclei of atoms and not splitting them apart, as in nuclear reactors
(B) merging the nuclei of atoms instead of splitting them apart, like nuclear reactors
(C) merging the nuclei of atoms rather than splitting them apart, as nuclear reactors do
(D) and merges the nuclei of atoms but does not split them apart, as is done in nuclear reactors
(E) and merges the nuclei of atoms, unlike atomic reactors that split them apart

In the Q above I chose (E) , obviously wrong as it changed "nuclear reactors" to "atomic reactors".
However my doubt is , how come, "merging the nuclei of atoms rather than splitting them apart" do not modify "hydrogen bombs" which is a noun closest to it.

thanks,

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Re: OG 104 [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2008, 17:35
abhaypratapsingh wrote:
Nuclear fusion is the force that powers the Sun, the stars, and hydrogen bombs, merging the nuclei of atoms and not splitting them apart, as in nuclear reactors.
(A) merging the nuclei of atoms and not splitting them apart, as in nuclear reactors
(B) merging the nuclei of atoms instead of splitting them apart, like nuclear reactors
(C) merging the nuclei of atoms rather than splitting them apart, as nuclear reactors do
(D) and merges the nuclei of atoms but does not split them apart, as is done in nuclear reactors
(E) and merges the nuclei of atoms, unlike atomic reactors that split them apart

In the Q above I chose (E) , obviously wrong as it changed "nuclear reactors" to "atomic reactors".
However my doubt is , how come, "merging the nuclei of atoms rather than splitting them apart" do not modify "hydrogen bombs" which is a noun closest to it.

thanks,


Nuclear fusion is the force that powers the Sun, the
stars, and hydrogen bombs,merging the nuclei of atoms rather than split-
ting them apart, as nuclear reactors do"
Simplest way to rule out D and E is to say that you cannot have "and merges" after a comma. That's what the OG explanation means when it says "incorrectly makes merges the second verb of the restrictive clause... punctuation makes clear this separate action cannot be the case." If you want to say that nuclear fusion is the force that does two things (powers and merges), you must not put a comma before "merges":

Nuclear fusion is the force that powers the Sun, the stars, and hydrogen bombs and merges...

D and E have other problems as well. D: "as is done in nuclear reactions" is not as good as "as nuclear reactors do." E: "atomic reactors"? Where does this "atomic" come from?

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Re: OG 104 [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2008, 19:01
good point , thanks!!

But I still dont understand how come, "merging the nuclei of atoms rather than splitting them apart" do not modify "hydrogen bombs" which is a noun closest to it.

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Re: OG 104 [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2008, 22:30
abhaypratapsingh wrote:
Nuclear fusion is the force that powers the Sun, the stars, and hydrogen bombs, merging the nuclei of atoms and not splitting them apart, as in nuclear reactors.

(A) merging the nuclei of atoms and not splitting them apart, as in nuclear reactors
(B) merging the nuclei of atoms instead of splitting them apart, like nuclear reactors
(C) merging the nuclei of atoms rather than splitting them apart, as nuclear reactors do
(D) and merges the nuclei of atoms but does not split them apart, as is done in nuclear reactors
(E) and merges the nuclei of atoms, unlike atomic reactors that split them apart

In the Q above I chose (E) , obviously wrong as it changed "nuclear reactors" to "atomic reactors".
However my doubt is , how come, "merging the nuclei of atoms rather than splitting them apart" do not modify "hydrogen bombs" which is a noun closest to it.

thanks,


abhaypratapsingh wrote:
good point , thanks!!

But I still dont understand how come, "merging the nuclei of atoms rather than splitting them apart" do not modify "hydrogen bombs" which is a noun closest to it.


C. if you see such modifying phrases, they modify the preceding clauses not the closest noun.
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Re: OG 104 [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2008, 22:53
Can you clarify , what do you mean by "such" phrases ?

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Re: OG 104 [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2008, 02:22
abhaypratapsingh wrote:
Nuclear fusion is the force that powers the Sun, the stars, and hydrogen bombs, merging the nuclei of atoms and not splitting them apart, as in nuclear reactors.
(A) merging the nuclei of atoms and not splitting them apart, as in nuclear reactors
(B) merging the nuclei of atoms instead of splitting them apart, like nuclear reactors
(C) merging the nuclei of atoms rather than splitting them apart, as nuclear reactors do
(D) and merges the nuclei of atoms but does not split them apart, as is done in nuclear reactors
(E) and merges the nuclei of atoms, unlike atomic reactors that split them apart

In the Q above I chose (E) , obviously wrong as it changed "nuclear reactors" to "atomic reactors".
However my doubt is , how come, "merging the nuclei of atoms rather than splitting them apart" do not modify "hydrogen bombs" which is a noun closest to it.

thanks,


Will go with C)

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Re: OG 104 [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jul 2008, 07:25
abhaypratapsingh wrote:
Can you clarify, what do you mean by "such" phrases ?



Abhay, an mba aspirant, is working hard to get into a top b-school.
An mba aspirant, Abhay, who majored in business, is working hard to get into a top b-school.
Abhay, an mba aspirant, is working hard to ace his gmat exam, expecting 700+.

see the difference. normally the participle modifying phrases do not modify nown. such phrases modify the whole clause.
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Re: OG 104   [#permalink] 31 Jul 2008, 07:25
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OG 104

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