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Re: On August 21, 1991, the day Latvia regained its independence, he dispa [#permalink]
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aditya8062 could you please elaborate


sure !!
you see the parallelism in A is faulty . we need to understand that parallelism between two things can only be done if those two things are suppose to be parallel . "he dispatched a https://gmatclub.com/chat to Riga" and "he promised..." are not two things that should be made parallel . after all how he must have conveyed "his promise"? the logic of the sentence tells us that he must have conveyed "his promise" through this https://gmatclub.com/chat. the intent of the sentence is that "he dispatched a letter" and "congratulating" and "promising" are by products of the main clause !!

i am still clueless about the source of this question but i strongly feel that A is not gmac's type
BTW what is the source?
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Re: On August 21, 1991, the day Latvia regained its independence, he dispa [#permalink]
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WaterFlowsUp wrote:
On August 21, 1991, the day Latvia regained its independence, he dispatched a https://gmatclub.com/chat to Riga, congratulating the government on its declaration of renewed State independence based on the foundation of the 1922 Constitution, and promised an even closer partnership between the legation in Washington D.C., the parliament and the Council of Ministers, to achieve their common goals.


A. he dispatched a https://gmatclub.com/chat to Riga, congratulating the government on its declaration of renewed State independence based on the foundation of the 1922 Constitution, and promised

B. he had dispatched a https://gmatclub.com/chat to Riga, congratulating the government on declaring of renewed State independence based on the foundation of the 1922 Constitution, promising

C. dispatching a https://gmatclub.com/chat to Riga, he congratulated the government on its declaration of renewed State independence based on the foundation of the 1922 Constitution, promised

D. dispatching a https://gmatclub.com/chat to Riga, he congratulated the government on its declaration of renewed State independence based on the foundation of the 1922 Constitution, and promised

E. he dispatched a https://gmatclub.com/chat to Riga, congratulated the government on its declaration of renewed State independence based on the foundation of the 1922 Constitution, and promising


Responding to a pm:

Actually, Aditya has explained it beautifully.

When two elements are supposed to be in parallel, you put them in parallel.

He did not dispatch a https://gmatclub.com/chat and then call up on the phone to promise an even closer partnership. That wouldn't make sense.
The sentence would make sense if it implies that he dispatched the https://gmatclub.com/chat to congratulate and promise. He did both things through the https://gmatclub.com/chat. Hence the equal elements are "congratulate" and "promise". Therefore, (A) has errors too.

So the correct sentence would look like this:

On August 21, 1991,..., he dispatched a https://gmatclub.com/chat to Riga, congratulating the government ..., and promising an even closer partnership ...
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Re: On August 21, 1991, the day Latvia regained its independence, he dispa [#permalink]
Hello Karishma

Can you please explain what is wrong with D ?

As: " dispatching a https://gmatclub.com/chat to Riga," is an appositive

Can we skip this part ?

On August 21, 1991, the day Latvia regained its independence, dispatching a https://gmatclub.com/chat to Riga, he congratulated the government on its declaration of renewed State independence based on the foundation of the 1922 Constitution
,and promised an even closer partnership between the legation in Washington D.C., the parliament and the Council of Ministers, to achieve their common goals.

Thanks a Lot !!


VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
WaterFlowsUp wrote:
On August 21, 1991, the day Latvia regained its independence, he dispatched a https://gmatclub.com/chat to Riga, congratulating the government on its declaration of renewed State independence based on the foundation of the 1922 Constitution, and promised an even closer partnership between the legation in Washington D.C., the parliament and the Council of Ministers, to achieve their common goals.


A. he dispatched a https://gmatclub.com/chat to Riga, congratulating the government on its declaration of renewed State independence based on the foundation of the 1922 Constitution, and promised

B. he had dispatched a https://gmatclub.com/chat to Riga, congratulating the government on declaring of renewed State independence based on the foundation of the 1922 Constitution, promising

C. dispatching a https://gmatclub.com/chat to Riga, he congratulated the government on its declaration of renewed State independence based on the foundation of the 1922 Constitution, promised

D. dispatching a https://gmatclub.com/chat to Riga, he congratulated the government on its declaration of renewed State independence based on the foundation of the 1922 Constitution, and promised

E. he dispatched a https://gmatclub.com/chat to Riga, congratulated the government on its declaration of renewed State independence based on the foundation of the 1922 Constitution, and promising


Responding to a pm:

Actually, Aditya has explained it beautifully.

When two elements are supposed to be in parallel, you put them in parallel.

He did not dispatch a https://gmatclub.com/chat and then call up on the phone to promise an even closer partnership. That wouldn't make sense.
The sentence would make sense if it implies that he dispatched the https://gmatclub.com/chat to congratulate and promise. He did both things through the https://gmatclub.com/chat. Hence the equal elements are "congratulate" and "promise". Therefore, (A) has errors too.

So the correct sentence would look like this:

On August 21, 1991,..., he dispatched a https://gmatclub.com/chat to Riga, congratulating the government ..., and promising an even closer partnership ...
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Re: On August 21, 1991, the day Latvia regained its independence, he dispa [#permalink]
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niyantg wrote:
Hello Karishma

Can you please explain what is wrong with D ?

As: " dispatching a https://gmatclub.com/chat to Riga," is an appositive

Can we skip this part ?

On August 21, 1991, the day Latvia regained its independence, dispatching a https://gmatclub.com/chat to Riga, he congratulated the government on its declaration of renewed State independence based on the foundation of the 1922 Constitution
,and promised an even closer partnership between the legation in Washington D.C., the parliament and the Council of Ministers, to achieve their common goals.

Thanks a Lot !!



'dispatching a https://gmatclub.com/chat to Riga," cannot be an appositive. An appositive is a noun, a noun phrase, or a noun clause which sits next to another noun to rename it or to describe it in another way.

Also, dispatched is the main verb of the sentence. The intent is to tell you that he dispatched a https://gmatclub.com/chat congratulating and promising...

If you make it a modifier separated by commas, it looks like it is modifying "the day Latvia regained its independence". Hence (D) is not correct.
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Re: On August 21, 1991, the day Latvia regained its independence, he dispa [#permalink]
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aditya8062 wrote:
what is the source of this question?
after rejecting all the choices i did pick A but A has some serious faults of parallelism


Same here bro..A is evident but flawed
if not for the discussion below,I was about to change the mechanics of how I relate modifiers with subjects..
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Re: On August 21, 1991, the day Latvia regained its independence, he dispa [#permalink]
That is why sometimes these forums can be dangerous... so-called experts posting questions with all wrong answers. I agree with you guys: I chose A, but it fails to follow parallelism.
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Re: On August 21, 1991, the day Latvia regained its independence, he dispa [#permalink]
He did two things.
1. Dispatched a https://gmatclub.com/chat
2. Promised blah blah blah

congratulating blah blah blah is actually an appositive phrase modifying the intent of the https://gmatclub.com/chat. Assuming that the promise is a part of the https://gmatclub.com/chat is questionable.

For example, "I wrote a letter, congratulating my brother, and gifted him happiness."

Please let me know if this is wrong.

My answer would be A
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Re: On August 21, 1991, the day Latvia regained its independence, he dispa [#permalink]
I chose A, as the other ones are obvious incorrect.

what stumbled me was...WHO WAS HE???
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Re: On August 21, 1991, the day Latvia regained its independence, he dispa [#permalink]
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: On August 21, 1991, the day Latvia regained its independence, he dispa [#permalink]
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