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# Pack 5 Q3: Because there is a lack of a single factor to appraise...

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EMPOWERgmat Instructor
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Pack 5 Q3: Because there is a lack of a single factor to appraise...  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 25 Nov 2019, 15:12
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Pack 5, Question 3 of 5:

Because there is a lack of a single factor to appraise the art against, calculating the market value of art is subjective.

A. Because there is a lack of a single factor to appraise the art against, calculating the market value of art is subjective.
B. Subjective is to calculate the market value of art because a single factor is lacking against which the art can be appraised.
C. It is subjective to calculate the market value of art because against no single factor can the art be appraised.
D. To calculate the market value of art is subjective because there is no single factor that the art can be appraised against.
E. Calculating the market value of art is subjective because there is no single factor against which the art can be appraised.

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Originally posted by EMPOWERgmatVerbal on 22 Nov 2019, 16:04.
Last edited by EMPOWERgmatVerbal on 25 Nov 2019, 15:12, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: Pack 5 Q3: Because there is a lack of a single factor to appraise...  [#permalink]

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22 Nov 2019, 18:53
2
Because there is a lack of a single factor to appraise the art against, calculating the market value of art is subjective.

A. Because there is a lack of a single factor to appraise the art against, calculating the market value of art is subjective.
"a lack of a single factor" is redundant compared to "no single factor"
B. Subjective is to calculate the market value of art because a single factor is lacking against which the art can be appraised.- Subjective doesn't literallymean to calculate the market value. " is lacking" is the wrong tense its should be "lacks"
C. It is subjective to calculate the market value of art because against no single factor can the art be appraised.- awkward
D. To calculate the market value of art is subjective because there is no single factor that the art can be appraised against.- the action of calculating is subjective and not the intention of calculating
E. Calculating the market value of art is subjective because there is no single factor against which the art can be appraised.- Correct!
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Re: Pack 5 Q3: Because there is a lack of a single factor to appraise...  [#permalink]

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22 Nov 2019, 19:58
Imo. E

Because there is a lack of a single factor to appraise the art against, calculating the market value of art is subjective.

Because there is a lack of a single factor to appraise the art against, calculating...., against what???

A. Because there is a lack of a single factor to appraise the art against, calculating the market value of art is subjective. - Incomplete construction, incorrect
B. Subjective is to calculate the market value of art because a single factor is lacking against which the art can be appraised. - Subjective is to calculate.... Distorts the meaning
C. It is subjective to calculate the market value of art because against no single factor can the art be appraised. - Awkward construction.
D. To calculate the market value of art is subjective because there is no single factor that the art can be appraised against. - Starting the sentence with preposition to requires comma, subject. Distorts the meaning.
E. Calculating the market value of art is subjective because there is no single factor against which the art can be appraised. - Aha, perfect meaningful construction and no error. Hold it.
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Re: Pack 5 Q3: Because there is a lack of a single factor to appraise...  [#permalink]

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23 Nov 2019, 05:11
EMPOWERgmatVerbal wrote:
Because there is a lack of a single factor to appraise the art against, calculating the market value of art is subjective.

A. Because there is a lack of a single factor to appraise the art against, calculating the market value of art is subjective.
B. Subjective is to calculate the market value of art because a single factor is lacking against which the art can be appraised.
C. It is subjective to calculate the market value of art because against no single factor can the art be appraised.
D. To calculate the market value of art is subjective because there is no single factor that the art can be appraised against.
E. Calculating the market value of art is subjective because there is no single factor against which the art can be appraised.

Let me try.

A. Because there is a lack of a single factor to appraise the art against, calculating the market value of art is subjective.
It can be discerned that if at least one factor was available, it would be possible to calculate...
So, I think meaning wise this choice is wrong.
I think what the sentence wants to convey is that most of the time art is judge subjectively because one has to take into account many factors.

B. Subjective is to calculate the market value of art because a single factor is lacking against which the art can be appraised.
This looks as if we are defining subjectivity

C. It is subjective to calculate the market value of art because against no single factor can the art be appraised.
Looks good to me.

D. To calculate the market value of art is subjective because there is no single factor that the art can be appraised against.
The substantive clause is used so SV agreement is right but I guess again it seems that the sentence is more defining subjectivity.

E. Calculating the market value of art is subjective because there is no single factor against which the art can be appraised.
Using gerund is okay and SV agreement is also right but again, meaning wise it seems the sentence is defining subjective.

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Re: Pack 5 Q3: Because there is a lack of a single factor to appraise...  [#permalink]

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23 Nov 2019, 07:59
1
Because there is a lack of a single factor to appraise the art against, calculating the market value of art is subjective.

A 5 second scan of answer choices gives us no clear split : apart fromsome active passive issues
Lets get to meaning of the sentence
literally author wants to convey : calculating the value of art is subjective and he provides a reason: the art cannot be appraised against any single factor

note while inferring the meaning only we see idea is clearly stated if we keep everything as it is ,Now lets attack the choices

A) A. Because there is a lack of a single factor to appraise the art against, calculating the market value of art is subjective. : jumbling the sentence keeps us to an open ended question appraise the art form against what ???

B. Subjective is to calculate the market value of art because a single factor is lacking against which the art can be appraised. : shifting the sentence to passive construction changes our intended meaning.

C. It is subjective to calculate the market value of art because against no single factor can the art be appraised. : hold for now

D. To calculate the market value of art is subjective because there is no single factor that the art can be appraised against. : sentence ending with preposition red flag in GMAT

E. Calculating the market value of art is subjective because there is no single factor against which the art can be appraised

Now between C and E
E is active voice clearly stating our inferred idea in few words
C is passive and takes more word to state the idea and has a subtle meaning change

we can always say :"calculating market value of art is subjective" has different meaning than it is subjective to calculate the value of art

So My Take E
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Re: Pack 5 Q3: Because there is a lack of a single factor to appraise...  [#permalink]

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23 Nov 2019, 09:35
Options (A), (B), and (D) are clearly messed up.

(C) and (E) are contenders. Let's compare them.

C. It is subjective to calculate the market value of art because against no single factor can the art be appraised.
The highlighted portion looks good, but the rest of the sentence is a bit clumsy, let's look at (E).

E. Calculating the market value of art is subjective because there is no single factor against which the art can be appraised.
Simplified, (E) looks as follows [Method X] is subjective [why?] because there is no factor [which factor?] against which the art can be valued.

Option (E) is clearer than (C).
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Re: Pack 5 Q3: Because there is a lack of a single factor to appraise...  [#permalink]

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24 Nov 2019, 11:21
1
Because there is a lack of a single factor to appraise the art against, calculating the market value of art is subjective.

this question tests clarity using simplified words, and describing the reason for correct process

A. Because there is a lack of a single factor to appraise the art against, calculating the market value of art is subjective.
Lack of -> is noun , we generally use lack to denote shortage (less or none). Lack of water, lack of money. lack of resources
lack of single factor -> there is not too much wrong with writing lack of factors or shortage of factors. the sentence suggests there are 0 factors and it will only add to clarity to use - there is no single factor (none)
Lack can also be used as- verb -> means missing; e.g. lacking skills
For clarity again, "against" the preposition should be closer to what it is modifying. it should be closer to single factor
subjective is adjective that modifies calculating value of art

B. Subjective is to calculate the market value of art because a single factor is lacking against which the art can be appraised.
Subject and Object are reversed here. Subjective is a main subject here and reason specified by because modifies the reversed relationship.
incorrect use of subjective to modify 'to calculate'. Because a single factor is lacking -> is lacking is verb, it misses the object. Is lacking what?
hence, incorrect!

C. It is subjective to calculate the market value of art because against no single factor can the art be appraised.
subjective (adjective) modifies infinitive to calculate. because is used to present the reason and is unnecessarily worded with inverted structure

D. To calculate the market value of art is subjective because there is no single factor that the art can be appraised against
Same as C, to calculate is being modified by adjective subjective. Because clause is unnecessarily wordy with the use of That and incorrect placement of against

E. Calculating the market value of art is subjective because there is no single factor against which the art can be appraised.
Calculating value is modified by adjective subjective. why do we say it is subjective because there is no single factor. against which art can be appraised modifies single factor.
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Re: Pack 5 Q3: Because there is a lack of a single factor to appraise...  [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2019, 14:47
Official Explanation:

Because there is a lack of a single factor to appraise the art against, calculating the market value of art is subjective.

A. Because there is a lack of a single factor to appraise the art against, calculating the market value of art is subjective.
B. Subjective is to calculate the market value of art because a single factor is lacking against which the art can be appraised.
C. It is subjective to calculate the market value of art because against no single factor can the art be appraised.
D. To calculate the market value of art is subjective because there is no single factor that the art can be appraised against.

E. Calculating the market value of art is subjective because there is no single factor against which the art can be appraised.

Since the entire sentence is underlined, let’s review our answer choices one by one.

Option A: Because there is a lack of a single factor to appraise the art against, calculating the market value of art is subjective.
“A lack of a single factor” is wordy and awkward. The preposition (against) is away from the noun (factor) it connects to. It is unlikely that this is the best answer.

Option B: Subjective is to calculate the market value of art because a single factor is lacking against which the art can be appraised.
“Subjective” is the subject of this sentence. The way this sentence is arranged, it seems like the definition of “subjective” is to calculate the market value of art. That is not the meaning of subjective, so this sentence is at the very least unclear and misleading. It cannot be the best answer.

Option C: It is subjective to calculate the market value of art because against no single factor can the art be appraised.
Once again, it is unclear if the sentence is simply providing an example of something subjective or if the only possible thing “subjective” could be is calculating the market value of art. Flipping the order of the subject and verb in the “because” clause creates an awkward sentence. This cannot be best answer.

Option D: To calculate the market value of art is subjective because there is no single factor that the art can be appraised against.
Using the infinitive (to calculate) as the subject is not quite clear here. Is it the calculations themselves that are subjective or the process of calculating (how to calculate) the value subjective? The preposition (against) is very removed from the noun (factor) it governs. This lack of clarity and poorly placed preposition means this cannot be the best answer.

Option E: Calculating the market value of art is subjective because there is no single factor against which the art can be appraised.
The use of the gerund (calculating) is clearer than using the infinitive. It is clear it is not the calculations themselves but the process of calculating that is subjective. The preposition is in the correct location, paired with “which.” “No single factor” is concise compared to “there is a lack of a single factor.” This sentence is concise, clear, and grammatically correct.

Option E is the best answer.
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Re: Pack 5 Q3: Because there is a lack of a single factor to appraise...  [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2019, 14:48
sampriya wrote:
Because there is a lack of a single factor to appraise the art against, calculating the market value of art is subjective.

A. Because there is a lack of a single factor to appraise the art against, calculating the market value of art is subjective.
"a lack of a single factor" is redundant compared to "no single factor"
B. Subjective is to calculate the market value of art because a single factor is lacking against which the art can be appraised.- Subjective doesn't literallymean to calculate the market value. " is lacking" is the wrong tense its should be "lacks"
C. It is subjective to calculate the market value of art because against no single factor can the art be appraised.- awkward
D. To calculate the market value of art is subjective because there is no single factor that the art can be appraised against.- the action of calculating is subjective and not the intention of calculating
E. Calculating the market value of art is subjective because there is no single factor against which the art can be appraised.- Correct!

Well done, sampriya! You cracked the code, and your explanations are very clear.

Kudos to you!
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Re: Pack 5 Q3: Because there is a lack of a single factor to appraise...  [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2019, 14:50
Raxit85 wrote:
Imo. E

Because there is a lack of a single factor to appraise the art against, calculating the market value of art is subjective.

Because there is a lack of a single factor to appraise the art against, calculating...., against what???

A. Because there is a lack of a single factor to appraise the art against, calculating the market value of art is subjective. - Incomplete construction, incorrect
B. Subjective is to calculate the market value of art because a single factor is lacking against which the art can be appraised. - Subjective is to calculate.... Distorts the meaning
C. It is subjective to calculate the market value of art because against no single factor can the art be appraised. - Awkward construction.
D. To calculate the market value of art is subjective because there is no single factor that the art can be appraised against. - Starting the sentence with preposition to requires comma, subject. Distorts the meaning.
E. Calculating the market value of art is subjective because there is no single factor against which the art can be appraised. - Aha, perfect meaningful construction and no error. Hold it.

Well done, Raxit85! You cracked the code on this one!
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Re: Pack 5 Q3: Because there is a lack of a single factor to appraise...  [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2019, 14:52
harsh8686 wrote:
EMPOWERgmatVerbal wrote:
Because there is a lack of a single factor to appraise the art against, calculating the market value of art is subjective.

A. Because there is a lack of a single factor to appraise the art against, calculating the market value of art is subjective.
B. Subjective is to calculate the market value of art because a single factor is lacking against which the art can be appraised.
C. It is subjective to calculate the market value of art because against no single factor can the art be appraised.
D. To calculate the market value of art is subjective because there is no single factor that the art can be appraised against.
E. Calculating the market value of art is subjective because there is no single factor against which the art can be appraised.

Let me try.

A. Because there is a lack of a single factor to appraise the art against, calculating the market value of art is subjective.
It can be discerned that if at least one factor was available, it would be possible to calculate...
So, I think meaning wise this choice is wrong.
I think what the sentence wants to convey is that most of the time art is judge subjectively because one has to take into account many factors.

B. Subjective is to calculate the market value of art because a single factor is lacking against which the art can be appraised.
This looks as if we are defining subjectivity

C. It is subjective to calculate the market value of art because against no single factor can the art be appraised.
Looks good to me.

D. To calculate the market value of art is subjective because there is no single factor that the art can be appraised against.
The substantive clause is used so SV agreement is right but I guess again it seems that the sentence is more defining subjectivity.

E. Calculating the market value of art is subjective because there is no single factor against which the art can be appraised.
Using gerund is okay and SV agreement is also right but again, meaning wise it seems the sentence is defining subjective.

You were on the right track with some of these, harsh8686. Check out the official explanation for more on why option E is the better choice!
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Re: Pack 5 Q3: Because there is a lack of a single factor to appraise...  [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2019, 14:54
StrugglingGmat2910 wrote:
Because there is a lack of a single factor to appraise the art against, calculating the market value of art is subjective.

A 5 second scan of answer choices gives us no clear split : apart fromsome active passive issues
Lets get to meaning of the sentence
literally author wants to convey : calculating the value of art is subjective and he provides a reason: the art cannot be appraised against any single factor

note while inferring the meaning only we see idea is clearly stated if we keep everything as it is ,Now lets attack the choices

A) A. Because there is a lack of a single factor to appraise the art against, calculating the market value of art is subjective. : jumbling the sentence keeps us to an open ended question appraise the art form against what ???

B. Subjective is to calculate the market value of art because a single factor is lacking against which the art can be appraised. : shifting the sentence to passive construction changes our intended meaning.

C. It is subjective to calculate the market value of art because against no single factor can the art be appraised. : hold for now

D. To calculate the market value of art is subjective because there is no single factor that the art can be appraised against. : sentence ending with preposition red flag in GMAT

E. Calculating the market value of art is subjective because there is no single factor against which the art can be appraised

Now between C and E
E is active voice clearly stating our inferred idea in few words
C is passive and takes more word to state the idea and has a subtle meaning change

we can always say :"calculating market value of art is subjective" has different meaning than it is subjective to calculate the value of art

So My Take E

Well done, StrugglingGmat2910! You cracked the code on this one! We look forward to hearing more great explanations from you in future questions!

Kudos to you!
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Re: Pack 5 Q3: Because there is a lack of a single factor to appraise...  [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2019, 14:56
mykrasovski wrote:
Options (A), (B), and (D) are clearly messed up.

(C) and (E) are contenders. Let's compare them.

C. It is subjective to calculate the market value of art because against no single factor can the art be appraised.
The highlighted portion looks good, but the rest of the sentence is a bit clumsy, let's look at (E).

E. Calculating the market value of art is subjective because there is no single factor against which the art can be appraised.
Simplified, (E) looks as follows [Method X] is subjective [why?] because there is no factor [which factor?] against which the art can be valued.

Option (E) is clearer than (C).

Well done, mykrasovski! Make sure that you explain what's wrong with each incorrect choice so others can see your thought process. For example, why are options A, B, & D messed up? It may have been clear to you, but it may not be for everyone!
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Re: Pack 5 Q3: Because there is a lack of a single factor to appraise...  [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2019, 15:03
snoep wrote:
Because there is a lack of a single factor to appraise the art against, calculating the market value of art is subjective.

this question tests clarity using simplified words, and describing the reason for correct process

A. Because there is a lack of a single factor to appraise the art against, calculating the market value of art is subjective.
Lack of -> is noun , we generally use lack to denote shortage (less or none). Lack of water, lack of money. lack of resources
lack of single factor -> there is not too much wrong with writing lack of factors or shortage of factors. the sentence suggests there are 0 factors and it will only add to clarity to use - there is no single factor (none)
Lack can also be used as- verb -> means missing; e.g. lacking skills
For clarity again, "against" the preposition should be closer to what it is modifying. it should be closer to single factor
subjective is adjective that modifies calculating value of art

B. Subjective is to calculate the market value of art because a single factor is lacking against which the art can be appraised.
Subject and Object are reversed here. Subjective is a main subject here and reason specified by because modifies the reversed relationship.
incorrect use of subjective to modify 'to calculate'. Because a single factor is lacking -> is lacking is verb, it misses the object. Is lacking what?
hence, incorrect!

C. It is subjective to calculate the market value of art because against no single factor can the art be appraised.
subjective (adjective) modifies infinitive to calculate. because is used to present the reason and is unnecessarily worded with inverted structure

D. To calculate the market value of art is subjective because there is no single factor that the art can be appraised against
Same as C, to calculate is being modified by adjective subjective. Because clause is unnecessarily wordy with the use of That and incorrect placement of against

E. Calculating the market value of art is subjective because there is no single factor against which the art can be appraised.
Calculating value is modified by adjective subjective. why do we say it is subjective because there is no single factor. against which art can be appraised modifies single factor.

Well done, snoep! Another great, thorough explanation! You cracked the code on this one for sure!

Kudos to you!
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Re: Pack 5 Q3: Because there is a lack of a single factor to appraise...   [#permalink] 25 Nov 2019, 15:03
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