GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 14 Nov 2018, 13:56

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel
Events & Promotions in November
PrevNext
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
28293031123
45678910
11121314151617
18192021222324
2526272829301
Open Detailed Calendar
  • $450 Tuition Credit & Official CAT Packs FREE

     November 15, 2018

     November 15, 2018

     10:00 PM MST

     11:00 PM MST

    EMPOWERgmat is giving away the complete Official GMAT Exam Pack collection worth $100 with the 3 Month Pack ($299)
  • Free GMAT Strategy Webinar

     November 17, 2018

     November 17, 2018

     07:00 AM PST

     09:00 AM PST

    Nov. 17, 7 AM PST. Aiming to score 760+? Attend this FREE session to learn how to Define your GMAT Strategy, Create your Study Plan and Master the Core Skills to excel on the GMAT.

Past Perfect Tense questions

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 11 May 2009
Posts: 122
Schools: Columbia Business School, Goizueta, Sloan
GMAT ToolKit User
Past Perfect Tense questions  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Feb 2012, 03:11
Hello,

I am a little bit stuck with the Past Perfect because I just realized that it is a little more complex than I originally thought. Here is one example from MGMAT Guide:

By 1945, The United States HAD BEEN at war for several years.

Using this construction, you can even make a tricky sentence in which the first clause expresses an early action in Simple Past. Then, a second clause expresses a later action in Past Perfect to indicate continued effect (by a still later past time).

Right: The band U2 WAS just one of many new groups on the rock music scene in the early 1980's, but less than ten years later, U2 HAD fully ECLIPSED its early rivals in the pantheon of popular music.

Can someone please explain me exactly why is the first sentence considered to be younger than the second one, and what is the logic behind it. Thanks
_________________

Set your aims high, carpe diem

Retired Moderator
avatar
Status: Enjoying the GMAT journey....
Joined: 26 Aug 2011
Posts: 603
Location: India
GMAT 1: 620 Q49 V24
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
Re: Past Perfect Tense questions  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Feb 2012, 04:15
Laker7 wrote:
By 1945, The United States HAD BEEN at war for several years.
Laker7 wrote:
Can someone please explain me exactly why is the first sentence considered to be younger than the second one, and what is the logic behind it. Thanks

the sequence is required to be shown here for the two things ( both of which are in past)
by 1945....is conveying the meaning that "By the time it was year 1945", thus the sentence is conveying that by the time it was 1945, the US had fought many wars ( or by the time it was 1945, the US had been at war for several years..
thus the sequence is required wherein the event taken place in past( The state of US been at war) demands past perfect.
now if we write sentence this way
By 1945, The US was at war for several years.
now this sentence doesn't explicitly expresses the logical meaning that is conveyed by the original sentence
apply the same on the second sentence.
Regards.
_________________

Fire the final bullet only when you are constantly hitting the Bull's eye, till then KEEP PRACTICING.

A WAY TO INCREASE FROM QUANT 35-40 TO 47 : http://gmatclub.com/forum/a-way-to-increase-from-q35-40-to-q-138750.html

Q 47/48 To Q 50 + http://gmatclub.com/forum/the-final-climb-quest-for-q-50-from-q47-129441.html#p1064367

Three good RC strategies http://gmatclub.com/forum/three-different-strategies-for-attacking-rc-127287.html

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 11 May 2009
Posts: 122
Schools: Columbia Business School, Goizueta, Sloan
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Past Perfect Tense questions  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Feb 2012, 04:22
Thanks. But that first sentence is just an intro to what proceeds. Sorry for not clarifying that.

I understood the first sentence but not the one with U2. It is very confusing to me because the second sentence states "10 years later" and then comes past perfect even though their action came after 1980s.

A verb should be in past perfect if that the verb occurred before another action. But here it is not the case yet past perfect was used. Why is that so? It has to do something with continued effect but I do not get it.
_________________

Set your aims high, carpe diem

Retired Moderator
avatar
Status: Enjoying the GMAT journey....
Joined: 26 Aug 2011
Posts: 603
Location: India
GMAT 1: 620 Q49 V24
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
Re: Past Perfect Tense questions  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Feb 2012, 05:31
1
Laker7 wrote:
I understood the first sentence but not the one with U2. It is very confusing to me because the second sentence states "10 years later" and then comes past perfect even though their action came after 1980s.


A verb should be in past perfect if that the verb occurred before another action. But here it is not the case yet past perfect was used. Why is that so? It has to do something with continued effect but I do not get it.


though i can explain but certainly not as good as an instructor does. Here is what Emily mgmat has to say


Generally, when you have two verbs in a sentence, one simple past and one past perfect, the timeline from earliest to latest event is (1) past perfect, (2) simple past, (3) now.

When we arrived at the theater, the movie had started.
Timeline: (1) movie began, (2) we arrived, (3) now.

In this exception:

The band U2 was just one of the many new groups on the rock musis scene in the early 80s, but less than ten years later, U2 had fully eclipsed its early rivals in the pantheon of popular music."
Timeline: U2 a new group (early 80's), U2 eclipses rivals (sometime in 80's), U2 top of pantheon of music (early 90's).

It's truly a tricky sentence, as the past perfect action happens before a certain implied event, which is simply the conclusion of that action. The main thing to note is that you could never make this exceptional use of the tense without very careful use of the time-indicating phrases in italics above.
hope the expl helps
u can also check out the link.
http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/the ... t8017.html
_________________

Fire the final bullet only when you are constantly hitting the Bull's eye, till then KEEP PRACTICING.

A WAY TO INCREASE FROM QUANT 35-40 TO 47 : http://gmatclub.com/forum/a-way-to-increase-from-q35-40-to-q-138750.html

Q 47/48 To Q 50 + http://gmatclub.com/forum/the-final-climb-quest-for-q-50-from-q47-129441.html#p1064367

Three good RC strategies http://gmatclub.com/forum/three-different-strategies-for-attacking-rc-127287.html

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 11 May 2009
Posts: 122
Schools: Columbia Business School, Goizueta, Sloan
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Past Perfect Tense questions  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 Feb 2012, 08:07
Thanks for the effort, but unfortunately I still do not understand despite going to the link you posted.
_________________

Set your aims high, carpe diem

Manager
Manager
avatar
S
Joined: 23 Aug 2016
Posts: 95
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Strategy
GMAT 1: 660 Q49 V31
GPA: 2.84
WE: Other (Energy and Utilities)
Reviews Badge
Re: Past Perfect Tense questions  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 Oct 2018, 23:34
Lolcat33 wrote:
Thanks for the effort, but unfortunately I still do not understand despite going to the link you posted.


Hi,

I truly agree with you!

Can some generous soul explain this example with another example and how can this be deciphered in exam conditions?

GMATNinja, VeritasKarishma! Experts, your take please?
_________________

Thanks and Regards,

Honneeey.

In former years,Used to run for "Likes", nowadays, craving for "Kudos". :D

VP
VP
User avatar
G
Joined: 27 Mar 2010
Posts: 1019
Location: Bangalore, India
Re: Past Perfect Tense questions  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Oct 2018, 23:13
Hello honneeey, the crux of Past Perfect is:

Past perfect expresses the scenario that an event happened at some point before another event in the past, or at some point before another time in the past.

Here, the sentence under consideration is:

By 1945, The United States had been at war for several years.

The event of United States being at war for several years, happened at some point before another time (in this case, 1945) in the past. Hence, past perfect (had been) is the appropriate usage here.

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses this aspect of Past Perfect. Have attached the corresponding section of the book, for your reference.
Attachments

Past perfect.pdf [20.79 KiB]
Downloaded 2 times

To download please login or register as a user


_________________

Thanks,
Ashish
EducationAisle, Bangalore

Sentence Correction Nirvana available on Amazon.in and Flipkart

Now! Preview the entire Grammar Section of Sentence Correction Nirvana at pothi.com

Manager
Manager
avatar
S
Joined: 23 Aug 2016
Posts: 95
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Strategy
GMAT 1: 660 Q49 V31
GPA: 2.84
WE: Other (Energy and Utilities)
Reviews Badge
Re: Past Perfect Tense questions  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Oct 2018, 23:18
EducationAisle wrote:
Hello honneeey, the crux of Past Perfect is:

Past perfect expresses the scenario that an event happened at some point before another event in the past, or at some point before another time in the past.

Here, the sentence under consideration is:

By 1945, The United States had been at war for several years.

The event of United States being at war for several years, happened at some point before another time (in this case, 1945) in the past. Hence, past perfect (had been) is the appropriate usage here.

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses this aspect of Past Perfect. Have attached the corresponding section of the book, for your reference.


Hi,

probably I needed to be more clear!

I got the point you are making over here but i want your help on this sentence that i mentioning here!

The band U2 WAS just one of many new groups on the rock music scene in the early 1980's, but less than ten years later, U2 HAD fully ECLIPSED its early rivals in the pantheon of popular music

How is this sentence correct?

what am i missing?

Your take please!
_________________

Thanks and Regards,

Honneeey.

In former years,Used to run for "Likes", nowadays, craving for "Kudos". :D

VP
VP
User avatar
G
Joined: 27 Mar 2010
Posts: 1019
Location: Bangalore, India
Re: Past Perfect Tense questions  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Oct 2018, 23:29
honneeey wrote:
The band U2 WAS just one of many new groups on the rock music scene in the early 1980's, but less than ten years later, U2 HAD fully ECLIPSED its early rivals in the pantheon of popular music

How is this sentence correct?

Hi honneeey, this particular sentence represents the following scenario:

Past perfect is used to depict an event that has happened within some timeframe before time in the past

Reproducing a similar example given in our book:

Peter started his business in 2012; by 2014, he had established himself well in the business.

Explanation: This sentence is in past perfect (had established). If the sentence was by 2014, Peter had established himself well in the business, the time frame of reference for the event (Peter getting well-established in the business) would basically start in the past (in this case, year 2014) and would continue infinitely into the past. However, the sentence under consideration also states: Peter started his business in 2012. By stating this, the sentence is restricting the time frame that it is referring to in the past (in this case, until year 2012).

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses this scenario of Past Perfect. Have attached the corresponding section of the book, for your reference.
Attachments

Past Perfect - scenario 2.pdf [25.21 KiB]
Downloaded 6 times

To download please login or register as a user


_________________

Thanks,
Ashish
EducationAisle, Bangalore

Sentence Correction Nirvana available on Amazon.in and Flipkart

Now! Preview the entire Grammar Section of Sentence Correction Nirvana at pothi.com

Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
User avatar
P
Joined: 16 Oct 2010
Posts: 8531
Location: Pune, India
Re: Past Perfect Tense questions  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Oct 2018, 02:33
honneeey wrote:
Lolcat33 wrote:
Thanks for the effort, but unfortunately I still do not understand despite going to the link you posted.


Hi,

I truly agree with you!

Can some generous soul explain this example with another example and how can this be deciphered in exam conditions?

GMATNinja, VeritasKarishma! Experts, your take please?



First of all, I have discussed use of past perfect without simple past here: https://www.veritasprep.com/blog/2015/0 ... questions/

And here is small excerpt which is relevant in this case:
The Past Perfect expresses the idea that something occurred before another action in the past. It can also show that something happened before a specific time in the past.

We often ignore the “something happened before a specific time in the past” part of the tense.

For example, look at this sentence: Robin had never cooked pasta before last night.

Here, we use past perfect “had cooked” without another verb in the past tense – why? Because we use past perfect to show that something happened before a specific time in the past i.e. before last night.

So past perfect can be used before a specific time in the past.

The band U2 WAS just one of many new groups on the rock music scene in the early 1980's, but less than ten years later, U2 HAD fully ECLIPSED its early rivals in the pantheon of popular music.

The past perfect "U2 HAD fully ECLIPSED" happens before the end of 10 years i.e. early 90s (which is also in the past). The eclipsing happens BEFORE the end of early 1990s and that is why we use past perfect. It is not related to the first part of the sentence.

This is similar to saying:
U2 WAS just one of many new groups on the rock music scene in the early 1980's.
By early 1990s, U2 HAD fully ECLIPSED its early rivals. - specific time in the past in early 1990s.
_________________

Karishma
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor

Learn more about how Veritas Prep can help you achieve a great GMAT score by checking out their GMAT Prep Options >

GMAT self-study has never been more personalized or more fun. Try ORION Free!

GMAT Club Bot
Re: Past Perfect Tense questions &nbs [#permalink] 23 Oct 2018, 02:33
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Past Perfect Tense questions

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.