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Pedanius Dioscorides, a first-century physician and botanist,

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Pedanius Dioscorides, a first-century physician and botanist,  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 16 Mar 2018, 07:47
2
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A
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Pedanius Dioscorides, a first-century physician and botanist, presented detailed information about medicinal materials and practices in his five-volume book De Materia Medica, a compilation of all medicine after Hippocrates and summarizing as well new experiments that Dioscorides was himself working on.

(A) a compilation of all medicine after Hippocrates and summarizing as well
(B) a compilation of all medicine following Hippocrates and also summarizing
(C) a compilation of all medical knowledge since Hippocrates as well as a summary of
(D) compiling all medicine from Hippocrates forward and also a summary of
(E) compiling all the medicine done since Hippocrates as well as his own summary of

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Originally posted by devikeerthansr on 13 Jan 2018, 12:58.
Last edited by generis on 16 Mar 2018, 07:47, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Pedanius Dioscorides, a first-century physician and botanist,  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jan 2018, 14:03
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devikeerthansr wrote:
Pedanius Dioscorides, a first-century physician and botanist, presented detailed information about medicinal materials and practices in his five-volume book De Materia Medica, a compilation of all medicine after Hippocrates and summarizing as well new experiments that Dioscorides was himself working on.



a.a compilation of all medicine after Hippocrates and summarizing as well
b.a compilation of all medicine following Hippocrates and also summarizing
c.a compilation of all medical knowledge since Hippocrates as well as a summary of
d.compiling all medicine from Hippocrates forward and also a summary of
e.compiling all the medicine done since Hippocrates as well as his own summary of


A - Wrong verb-ing modifier - summarizing and incorrect as well.
B - same as A
C - Correct
D&E - incorrect modifier compiling
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Re: Pedanius Dioscorides, a first-century physician and botanist,  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Mar 2018, 05:17
a compilation of all medicine after Hippocrates and summarizing as well new experiments that Dioscorides was himself working on.
||ism error
only (C) corrects this { X as well as Y}

c)a compilation of all medical knowledge since Hippocrates as well as a summary of
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Re: Pedanius Dioscorides, a first-century physician and botanist,  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Mar 2018, 04:34
Pedanius Dioscorides, a first-century physician and botanist, presented detailed information about medicinal materials and practices in his five-volume book De Materia Medica, a compilation of all medicine after Hippocrates and summarizing as well new experiments that Dioscorides was himself working on.



a.a compilation of all medicine after Hippocrates and summarizing as well
b.a compilation of all medicine following Hippocrates and also summarizing
c.a compilation of all medical knowledge since Hippocrates as well as a summary of
d.compiling all medicine from Hippocrates forward and also a summary of
e.compiling all the medicine done since Hippocrates as well as his own summary of

For D and E, you have an clause before it meaning, the -ing form can modify it grammatically. Also, for D, X and Y look parallel. So what is wrong the modifier?

Also, for B, why would you reject it? X and Y are both in the -ING form and thus parallel.

On what grounds are those answers rejected?
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Pedanius Dioscorides, a first-century physician and botanist,  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Mar 2018, 10:47
devikeerthansr wrote:
Pedanius Dioscorides, a first-century physician and botanist, presented detailed information about medicinal materials and practices in his five-volume book De Materia Medica, a compilation of all medicine after Hippocrates and summarizing as well new experiments that Dioscorides was himself working on.

(A) a compilation of all medicine after Hippocrates and summarizing as well
Compilation is not parallel with summarizing.
• Medicine cannot be compiled in the way this sentence intends. Medical knowledge can be compiled.
VOCABULARY: The verb "to compile" refers to information, data, scores, computing, etc.
• Idiom is wrong: X . . . and Y as well (NO)


(B) a compilation of all medicine following Hippocrates and also summarizing
Parallelism: Identical to A's problems
• Medicine / medical knowledge: Identical to A's problems
• Idiom is wrong: X . . . and also Y (NO)


(C) a compilation of all medical knowledge since Hippocrates as well as a summary of
CORRECT

(D) compiling all medicine from Hippocrates forward and also a summary of
Parallelism: Compiling is not parallel with summary
• Medicine / medical knowledge: Identical to problems in A and B
• Idiom is wrong: X . . . and also Y (same problem as B has - NO)

Another idiom is wrong: "from Hippocrates forward."
The correct idiom is "from that time forward." (Similar to "from this day forward.")
History moves forward from a time, not from a person.


(E) compiling all the medicine done since Hippocrates as well as his own summary of
Parallelism: Identical to D's problem.
• S/V is not idiomatic: medicine is not "done," and certainly not in this context.
The meaning should convey "medical knowledge since Hippocrates['time]"
• Pronoun phrase redundancy: "his own." The last part of the prompt already tells us "was himself working on."


albertziade wrote:
For D and E, you have an clause before it meaning, the -ing form can modify it grammatically. Also, for D, X and Y look parallel. So what is wrong the modifier?

Also, for B, why would you reject it? X and Y are both in the -ING form and thus parallel.

On what grounds are those answers rejected?


albertziade , see my explanations above.

In B, which words, X and Y, seem parallel to you?

With respect to D and E, I address your modifier question below.
The decisive issues, however, are parallelism and idiom construction.

Parallelism, Idiom

GMAT writers love to test parallelism.

The correct idiom is X as well as Y or X and Y.

Only Answer C contains the correct idiom plus parallel X and Y

A) Noun (compilation) X . . . Present Participle (summarizing)(Verb-ING) Y as well

B) Noun (compilation) X . . . and also Present Participle (summarizing)(Verb-ING) Y

C) Noun (compilation) X . . . as well as Noun (summary) Y

D) Present Participle(compiling)(Verb-ING) . . . and also Noun (summary) Y

E) Present Participle (compiling)(Verb-ING) . . . as well as . . . Noun (summary) Y

Your question about the modifier

albertziade wrote:
For D and E, you have an clause before it meaning, the -ing form can modify it grammatically. So what is wrong [with] the modifier?


I assume you mean "it" as an acceptable pronoun for the book, such that "compiling" could modify the book?

Here is the sentence I think you imagine:

Pedanius Dioscorides, a first-century physician and botanist, presented detailed information about medicinal materials and practices in his five-volume book De Materia Medica, compiling all medical knowledge since Hippocrates as well as summarizing new experiments that Dioscorides was himself working on.

Does "compiling all medical knowledge . . ." modify the book, or the author?
If this sentence replaced C, and the other answers remained the same, you would choose this one.
Compiling and summarizing are parallel.
The idiom X as well as Y is correct.

If you have to choose between that hypothetical sentence and C, as happens sometimes on very hard questions?
Choose C. A person cannot be a compilation or a summary.
In Answer C, the nouns make it clear that the modifying phrase (after . . . "Medica") modifies the book

Hope that helps. :-)
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Pedanius Dioscorides, a first-century physician and botanist, &nbs [#permalink] 16 Mar 2018, 10:47
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Pedanius Dioscorides, a first-century physician and botanist,

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