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Politician: It is wrong for the government to restrict the liberty of

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Politician: It is wrong for the government to restrict the liberty of  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Nov 2018, 10:26
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A
B
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E

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  95% (hard)

Question Stats:

34% (02:12) correct 66% (02:12) wrong based on 160 sessions

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Politician: It is wrong for the government to restrict the liberty of individuals, except perhaps in those cases when to fail to do so would allow individuals to cause harm. Yet, to publish something is a liberty, and to offend is not to cause harm.

Which one of the following can be properly inferred from the politician's statements?

A) It is not right for the government to restrict the publication of literature that is only offensive

B) It is not wrong for the government to restrict individuals' liberty when failing to do so would allow individuals to cause harm

C) It is offensive for the government to restrict the liberty of individuals to publish, but it is not harmful

D) It is not wrong for individuals to publish literature that is offensive

E) It is not right for the government to restrict the publication of literature that does not cause serious harm

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Re: Politician: It is wrong for the government to restrict the liberty of  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Nov 2018, 17:43
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Since people seem to be struggling on this one, here is the explanation:

Politician: It is wrong for the government to restrict the liberty of individuals, except perhaps in those cases when to fail to do so would allow individuals to cause harm. Yet, to publish something is a liberty, and to offend is not to cause harm.

The difference between A and B in this wording of the passage. For (B), please note the use of the term "perhaps". Now this statement introduces ambiguity. Without "perhaps", (B) would be 100% correct. Now, (A) is correct because of the following breakdown: It is wrong for the government to restrict the liberty of individuals, except......when to fail to do so would allow individuals to cause harm. Yet, to publish something is a liberty, and to offend is not to cause harm. This says exactly what (A) says. You cannot restrict the right of someone unless it harms them -- and being offensive is not harm.

(C), (D), and (E) are all horribly wrong, but I can explain them further if it is needed.

Which one of the following can be properly inferred from the politician's statements?

A) It is not right for the government to restrict the publication of literature that is only offensive

B) It is not wrong for the government to restrict individuals' liberty when failing to do so would allow individuals to cause harm
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Re: Politician: It is wrong for the government to restrict the liberty of  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Dec 2018, 22:40
Is B wrong, because this is a restatement of premise ? aragonn
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Re: Politician: It is wrong for the government to restrict the liberty of  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Dec 2018, 02:41
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nightblade354 wrote:
Politician: It is wrong for the government to restrict the liberty of individuals, except perhaps in those cases when to fail to do so would allow individuals to cause harm. Yet, to publish something is a liberty, and to offend is not to cause harm.

Which one of the following can be properly inferred from the politician's statements?

A) It is not right for the government to restrict the publication of literature that is only offensive

B) It is not wrong for the government to restrict individuals' liberty when failing to do so would allow individuals to cause harm

C) It is offensive for the government to restrict the liberty of individuals to publish, but it is not harmful

D) It is not wrong for individuals to publish literature that is offensive

E) It is not right for the government to restrict the publication of literature that does not cause serious harm


It is wrong for Govt to restrict liberty (except perhaps in those cases when individuals could cause harm).
To publish something is a liberty.
To offend is not to cause harm.

So we can conclude it is wrong for Govt to restrict publishing (a liberty) if it only offends (which is not harmful). So (A) is correct.

B) It is not wrong for the government to restrict individuals' liberty when failing to do so would allow individuals to cause harm

Note that the argument is not fully convinced about restricting when it can cause harm - "exceptperhaps in those cases when individuals could cause harm"
So we cannot conclude that it is not wrong. Perhaps it is not wrong but can we be sure? No.

C) It is offensive for the government to restrict the liberty of individuals to publish, but it is not harmful

The argument does not talk about what is offensive for the government. This is irrelevant.

D) It is not wrong for individuals to publish literature that is offensive

The argument does not talk about whether it is wrong or not. It only talks about whether the Govt restricting liberty is wrong or not.

E) It is not right for the government to restrict the publication of literature that does not cause serious harm

The argument does not talk about "serious" harm.
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Re: Politician: It is wrong for the government to restrict the liberty of   [#permalink] 18 Dec 2018, 02:41
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