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Premillennialism - a type of eschatology (the study of the last things

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Premillennialism - a type of eschatology (the study of the last things  [#permalink]

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Premillennialism - a type of eschatology (the study of the last things) based on a literal and rigid interpretation of the Bible - and the corresponding global events were the major reasons of the rise of American fundamentalism in the early 1900s. It also played an important part in the fall of Hitler and in the rise of America as a superpower. Premillennialists, most of them fundamentalists, then generally believed that the teachings of the Bible, especially when overlaid with some of Jesus’ and Paul’s New Testament statements, reveal a hidden “plan of the ages” according to which the current age will climax with the restoration of the land of birth of Jesus, the emergence of powerful empires in Rome, Russia, and the Far East, and then war. The plan further stated that out of this chaos, a new leader will appear, promising peace and security, and most political and religious leaders, unwilling or unable to recognize that this leader is actually the prophesied antichrist, will cede their sovereignty and independence to him. But just before this tyrant is revealed for the threat that he is, all true Christians will join the resurrected Jesus, battle the forces of evil at Armageddon, and establish a millennial kingdom of peace and prosperity on earth.

This belief, malleable enough to fit the many crises and changing geopolitical contexts of the twentieth century, especially World War II, proved stable enough to provide fundamentalists with a secure sense of their place in this world. Along with the rebirth of the Roman Empire, the rise of Hitler and the corresponding growth of anti-Semitism around the globe emerged as signs seized by fundamentalists as evidence of the looming rupture and the “plan of ages” coming true. After completing a 1933 tour of Germany, the Boston minister Harold Ockenga, a fundamentalist, called Hitler, the Nazi leader, “an instrument in the hand of God for the restoring the birth place of Jesus.” Many fundamentalists and other conservatives, already predisposed to see evidence of impending doom and extremely motivated to end Hitler’s reign, were convinced by F.D. Roosevelt’s utopian promises that he might be laying the foundations for a revolution against Hitler. They supported him even though they had initially greeted Roosevelt’s campaign for president with skepticism. As a result, upon being elected as president, Roosevelt appointed several fundamentalists on the cabinet. This reciprocal action led to help spread the fundamentalist movement to new geographies almost spanning the entire country.



1. In the light of the information provided in the passage, it may be inferred that the fundamentalists considered themselves to play the role of
A. Forces of the new leader who will appear out of chaos promising peace and prosperity.
B. Citizens of the newly resurrected Roman or Russian empires.
C. Leaders of the world who cede control to the tyrant.
D. True Christians who battle the forces of the evil at Armageddon.
E. People who restore the place of birth of Jesus



2. It may be inferred from the author’s statement in the beginning of paragraph 2 “this belief, malleable enough to fit the many crises, …” that.
A. The Premillennialism belief was so generic that it might have fit some other geopolitical crisis had World War II not taken place.
B. The Premillennialism belief fit World War II perfectly, much better than it fit any other crisis.
C. The Premillennialism belief lacked any historical credibility or solid grounds for its existence.
D. Premillennialists had twisted the belief on purpose to the extent that it fit World War II perfectly.
E. The unique formulation of the belief not only allowed it to be specific enough to fit World War II but also stable enough to last throughout the war.



3. The main purpose of the passage is to
A.Illustrate that Premillennialism and World War 2 were the reasons of Roosevelt’s election as president.
B. Disprove the belief that fundamentalists had little relationship with world politics.
C. Renew the interest in eschatology by illustrating its contribution to World War 2.
D. Provide a correlation between beliefs of Premillennialists and rise of Hitler.
E. Illustrate how Premillennialism and World War 2 led to the rise of American Fundamentalism


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Re: Premillennialism - a type of eschatology (the study of the last things  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Sep 2018, 20:57

+1 kudos to the posts containing answer explanations of all questions


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Re: Premillennialism - a type of eschatology (the study of the last things  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Sep 2018, 00:26
1
2. It may be inferred from the author’s statement in the beginning of paragraph 2 “this belief, malleable enough to fit the many crises, …” that.
A. The Premillennialism belief was so generic that it might have fit some other geopolitical crisis had World War II not taken place.
Correct by eliminating other options.
B. The Premillennialism belief fit World War II perfectly, much better than it fit any other crisis.
Comparation is not done anywhere, so cant make the above statement!
C. The Premillennialism belief lacked any historical credibility or solid grounds for its existence.
Out of scope. Not discussing about the credibility.
D. Premillennialists had twisted the belief on purpose to the extent that it fit World War II perfectly.
Incorrect, it is malleable not twisted.
E. The unique formulation of the belief not only allowed it to be specific enough to fit World War II but also stable enough to last throughout the war.
"emerged as signs seized by fundamentalists as evidence of the looming rupture and the “plan of ages” coming true. "
comments that it didnot withstand the war.

3. The main purpose of the passage is to
A.Illustrate that Premillennialism and World War 2 were the reasons of Roosevelt’s election as president.
No, it is not about Roosevelt's election.
B. Disprove the belief that fundamentalists had little relationship with world politics.

This is not even a belief as per passage and trying to disapprove it is not correct.
C. Renew the interest in eschatology by illustrating its contribution to World War 2.
Out of scope. It didnot try to rise interest in eschatology!
D. Provide a correlation between beliefs of Premillennialists and rise of Hitler.
The correlation is just stated and is just partial.
E. Illustrate how Premillennialism and World War 2 led to the rise of American Fundamentalism
Correct, from the line 1 of para 1
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Re: Premillennialism - a type of eschatology (the study of the last things  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Sep 2018, 02:06
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Skywalker18 wrote:
Premillennialism - a type of eschatology (the study of the last things) based on a literal and rigid interpretation of the Bible - and the corresponding global events were the major reasons of the rise of American fundamentalism in the early 1900s. It also played an important part in the fall of Hitler and in the rise of America as a superpower. Premillennialists, most of them fundamentalists, then generally believed that the teachings of the Bible, especially when overlaid with some of Jesus’ and Paul’s New Testament statements, reveal a hidden “plan of the ages” according to which the current age will climax with the restoration of the land of birth of Jesus, the emergence of powerful empires in Rome, Russia, and the Far East, and then war. The plan further stated that out of this chaos, a new leader will appear, promising peace and security, and most political and religious leaders, unwilling or unable to recognize that this leader is actually the prophesied antichrist, will cede their sovereignty and independence to him. But just before this tyrant is revealed for the threat that he is, all true Christians will join the resurrected Jesus, battle the forces of evil at Armageddon, and establish a millennial kingdom of peace and prosperity on earth.

This belief, malleable enough to fit the many crises and changing geopolitical contexts of the twentieth century, especially World War II, proved stable enough to provide fundamentalists with a secure sense of their place in this world. Along with the rebirth of the Roman Empire, the rise of Hitler and the corresponding growth of anti-Semitism around the globe emerged as signs seized by fundamentalists as evidence of the looming rupture and the “plan of ages” coming true. After completing a 1933 tour of Germany, the Boston minister Harold Ockenga, a fundamentalist, called Hitler, the Nazi leader, “an instrument in the hand of God for the restoring the birth place of Jesus.” Many fundamentalists and other conservatives, already predisposed to see evidence of impending doom and extremely motivated to end Hitler’s reign, were convinced by F.D. Roosevelt’s utopian promises that he might be laying the foundations for a revolution against Hitler. They supported him even though they had initially greeted Roosevelt’s campaign for president with skepticism. As a result, upon being elected as president, Roosevelt appointed several fundamentalists on the cabinet. This reciprocal action led to help spread the fundamentalist movement to new geographies almost spanning the entire country.


1. In the light of the information provided in the passage, it may be inferred that the fundamentalists considered themselves to play the role of
A. Forces of the new leader who will appear out of chaos promising peace and prosperity.
B. Citizens of the newly resurrected Roman or Russian empires.
C. Leaders of the world who cede control to the tyrant.
D. True Christians who battle the forces of the evil at Armageddon.
E. People who restore the place of birth of Jesus



2. It may be inferred from the author’s statement in the beginning of paragraph 2 “this belief, malleable enough to fit the many crises, …” that.
A. The Premillennialism belief was so generic that it might have fit some other geopolitical crisis had World War II not taken place.
B. The Premillennialism belief fit World War II perfectly, much better than it fit any other crisis.
C. The Premillennialism belief lacked any historical credibility or solid grounds for its existence.
D. Premillennialists had twisted the belief on purpose to the extent that it fit World War II perfectly.
E. The unique formulation of the belief not only allowed it to be specific enough to fit World War II but also stable enough to last throughout the war.



3. The main purpose of the passage is to
A.Illustrate that Premillennialism and World War 2 were the reasons of Roosevelt’s election as president.
B. Disprove the belief that fundamentalists had little relationship with world politics.
C. Renew the interest in eschatology by illustrating its contribution to World War 2.
D. Provide a correlation between beliefs of Premillennialists and rise of Hitler.
E. Illustrate how Premillennialism and World War 2 led to the rise of American Fundamentalism



My views,

1. In the light of the information provided in the passage, it may be inferred that the fundamentalists considered themselves to play the role of
A. Forces of the new leader who will appear out of chaos promising peace and prosperity- No! Promise of peace and prosperity nowhere mentioned!
B. Citizens of the newly resurrected Roman or Russian empires- No! New resurrected Jesus not roman or Russian empire.
C. Leaders of the world who cede control to the tyrant.-No! Fundamentalists were not the leader to control the tyrant.
D. True Christians who battle the forces of the evil at Armageddon- Correct! Refer "But just before this tyrant is revealed for the threat that he is, all true Christians will join the resurrected Jesus, battle the forces of evil at Armageddon, and establish a millennial kingdom of peace and prosperity on earth.". Here , all Christians refer to the fundamentalists. Therefore they will join with Jesus and battle the forces at evil Armageddon
E. People who restore the place of birth of Jesus- No! they are not to restore the place of birth of jesus. Refer"After completing a 1933 tour of Germany, the Boston minister Harold Ockenga, a fundamentalist, called Hitler, the Nazi leader, “an instrument in the hand of God for the restoring the birth place of Jesus.” Said by Minister for Hitler, not for fundamentalists!

2. It may be inferred from the author’s statement in the beginning of paragraph 2 “this belief, malleable enough to fit the many crises, …” that.
A. The Premillennialism belief was so generic that it might have fit some other geopolitical crisis had World War II not taken place-Looks fine! but no mention of WW2 not taking place! Keep it for now!
B. The Premillennialism belief fit World War II perfectly, much better than it fit any other crisis- Hmm! It did fit WW2 better but not perfectly plus "Much better than any other crisis" is a bot strong! author says it fits WW2 but not better than every other crisis not mentioned anywhere. What if there were 2 crisis and it fit both of them equally? still the sentence "especially WW2" would have made sense! "This belief, malleable enough to fit the many crises and changing geopolitical contexts of the twentieth century, especially World War II,"
Although very close but not better than A. Reject it!
C. The Premillennialism belief lacked any historical credibility or solid grounds for its existence.-No! historical credibility is no where mentioned!
D. Premillennialists had twisted the belief on purpose to the extent that it fit World War II perfectly.-NO author doesnt think P's had twisted the belief!
E. The unique formulation of the belief not only allowed it to be specific enough to fit World War II but also stable enough to last throughout the war.-No! no mention of through out the war!


3. The main purpose of the passage is to
A.Illustrate that Premillennialism and World War 2 were the reasons of Roosevelt’s election as president-Partial Scope
B. Disprove the belief that fundamentalists had little relationship with world politics-Incorrect!
C. Renew the interest in eschatology by illustrating its contribution to World War 2-P's contribuiton along with GLobal events that occured as a result of P are mentioned. Not only P! Reject it!
D. Provide a correlation between beliefs of Premillennialists and rise of Hitler- Partial Scope
E. Illustrate how Premillennialism and World War 2 led to the rise of American Fundamentalism- Perfect! P& WW2 led to the rise of American Fundamentalists!
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Re: Premillennialism - a type of eschatology (the study of the last things  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Oct 2018, 20:03
Skywalker18 wrote:
Premillennialism - a type of eschatology (the study of the last things) based on a literal and rigid interpretation of the Bible - and the corresponding global events were the major reasons of the rise of American fundamentalism in the early 1900s. It also played an important part in the fall of Hitler and in the rise of America as a superpower. Premillennialists, most of them fundamentalists, then generally believed that the teachings of the Bible, especially when overlaid with some of Jesus’ and Paul’s New Testament statements, reveal a hidden “plan of the ages” according to which the current age will climax with the restoration of the land of birth of Jesus, the emergence of powerful empires in Rome, Russia, and the Far East, and then war. The plan further stated that out of this chaos, a new leader will appear, promising peace and security, and most political and religious leaders, unwilling or unable to recognize that this leader is actually the prophesied antichrist, will cede their sovereignty and independence to him. But just before this tyrant is revealed for the threat that he is, all true Christians will join the resurrected Jesus, battle the forces of evil at Armageddon, and establish a millennial kingdom of peace and prosperity on earth.

This belief, malleable enough to fit the many crises and changing geopolitical contexts of the twentieth century, especially World War II, proved stable enough to provide fundamentalists with a secure sense of their place in this world. Along with the rebirth of the Roman Empire, the rise of Hitler and the corresponding growth of anti-Semitism around the globe emerged as signs seized by fundamentalists as evidence of the looming rupture and the “plan of ages” coming true. After completing a 1933 tour of Germany, the Boston minister Harold Ockenga, a fundamentalist, called Hitler, the Nazi leader, “an instrument in the hand of God for the restoring the birth place of Jesus.” Many fundamentalists and other conservatives, already predisposed to see evidence of impending doom and extremely motivated to end Hitler’s reign, were convinced by F.D. Roosevelt’s utopian promises that he might be laying the foundations for a revolution against Hitler. They supported him even though they had initially greeted Roosevelt’s campaign for president with skepticism. As a result, upon being elected as president, Roosevelt appointed several fundamentalists on the cabinet. This reciprocal action led to help spread the fundamentalist movement to new geographies almost spanning the entire country.


1. In the light of the information provided in the passage, it may be inferred that the fundamentalists considered themselves to play the role of
A. Forces of the new leader who will appear out of chaos promising peace and prosperity.
B. Citizens of the newly resurrected Roman or Russian empires.
C. Leaders of the world who cede control to the tyrant.
D. True Christians who battle the forces of the evil at Armageddon.
E. People who restore the place of birth of Jesus



2. It may be inferred from the author’s statement in the beginning of paragraph 2 “this belief, malleable enough to fit the many crises, …” that.
A. The Premillennialism belief was so generic that it might have fit some other geopolitical crisis had World War II not taken place.
B. The Premillennialism belief fit World War II perfectly, much better than it fit any other crisis.
C. The Premillennialism belief lacked any historical credibility or solid grounds for its existence.
D. Premillennialists had twisted the belief on purpose to the extent that it fit World War II perfectly.
E. The unique formulation of the belief not only allowed it to be specific enough to fit World War II but also stable enough to last throughout the war.



3. The main purpose of the passage is to
A.Illustrate that Premillennialism and World War 2 were the reasons of Roosevelt’s election as president.
B. Disprove the belief that fundamentalists had little relationship with world politics.
C. Renew the interest in eschatology by illustrating its contribution to World War 2.
D. Provide a correlation between beliefs of Premillennialists and rise of Hitler.
E. Illustrate how Premillennialism and World War 2 led to the rise of American Fundamentalism



In question 1, how can it be inferred that in the sentence "But just before this tyrant is revealed for the threat that he is, all true Christians will join the resurrected Jesus, battle the forces of evil at Armageddon, and establish a millennial kingdom of peace and prosperity on earth." true christians is being referred to the fundamentalists???? Fundamentalists have this belief but it has not been specified that they are the true Christians and will fight the battle. Please help in this??

In question 2, I understand that option 1 is right. But I need help on how can we eliminate option 2 since it said "especially world war 2" shouldn't this mean that it fit world war 2 perfectly and better than other crisis??

workout please help to understand!
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Re: Premillennialism - a type of eschatology (the study of the last things  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Mar 2019, 08:17
About OA in 1 question. How could fundamentalists consider themselves as an Armageddon fighters if this Armageddon will happen only ones? At this time many fundamentalists has already lived their lives and hence cannot participate in battle.
OA seems to be incorrect!
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Re: Premillennialism - a type of eschatology (the study of the last things   [#permalink] 23 Mar 2019, 08:17
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