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Psychologists recently conducted a study in which people from widely

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Psychologists recently conducted a study in which people from widely [#permalink]

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New post 11 Feb 2018, 10:03
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Psychologists recently conducted a study in which people from widely disparate cultures were asked to examine five photographs. Each photograph depicted the face of a person expressing one of five basic human emotions - fear, happiness, disgust, anger, and sadness. The people in the study were asked to identify the emotion being expressed in each photograph. For each photograph, everyone identified the same emotion. This shows that people are genetically predisposed to associate certain facial expressions with certain basic emotions.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

(A) For each photograph, the emotion that the subjects agreed was being expressed was the emotion that the person photographed was, in fact, feeling.
(B) One's emotional disposition is not influenced by one's culture.
(C) Some behaviors that are present in people from widely disparate cultures are nonetheless culturally influenced.
(D) If there is a behavior common to people of widely disparate cultures, then there is probably a genetic predisposition to that behavior.
(E) The people whose faces were depicted in the photographs were not all from the same culture.

Source:LSAT

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Re: Psychologists recently conducted a study in which people from widely [#permalink]

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New post 11 Feb 2018, 11:13
Akela wrote:
Psychologists recently conducted a study in which people from widely disparate cultures were asked to examine five photographs. Each photograph depicted the face of a person expressing one of five basic human emotions - fear, happiness, disgust, anger, and sadness. The people in the study were asked to identify the emotion being expressed in each photograph. For each photograph, everyone identified the same emotion. This shows that people are genetically predisposed to associate certain facial expressions with certain basic emotions.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

(A) For each photograph, the emotion that the subjects agreed was being expressed was the emotion that the person photographed was, in fact, feeling.
(B) One's emotional disposition is not influenced by one's culture.
(C) Some behaviors that are present in people from widely disparate cultures are nonetheless culturally influenced.
(D) If there is a behavior common to people of widely disparate cultures, then there is probably a genetic predisposition to that behavior.
(E) The people whose faces were depicted in the photographs were not all from the same culture.

Source:LSAT


Premise: The observation of a study is that people of disparate cultures reacted in a similar manner to an experiment or situation.
Conclusion: The result shows that there is a genetic predisposition that led to this.

The assumption is that the commonality in behavior is because of the genetic predisposition.

Option D states this and hence is the correct answer.
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Re: Psychologists recently conducted a study in which people from widely [#permalink]

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New post 11 Feb 2018, 17:33
D.
Shift in the Conclusion.( Generalized conclusion drawn from a specific study).
Negating D will shatter the conclusion.
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Re: Psychologists recently conducted a study in which people from widely [#permalink]

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New post 16 Feb 2018, 03:46
Psychologists recently conducted a study in which people from widely disparate cultures were asked to examine five photographs. Each photograph depicted the face of a person expressing one of five basic human emotions - fear, happiness, disgust, anger, and sadness. The people in the study were asked to identify the emotion being expressed in each photograph. For each photograph, everyone identified the same emotion. This shows that people are genetically predisposed to associate certain facial expressions with certain basic emotions.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

(A) For each photograph, the emotion that the subjects agreed was being expressed was the emotion that the person photographed was, in fact, feeling.
--People fake emotions many times (they might be happy inside but showing their anger via facial expressions) --out of scope

(B) One's emotional disposition is not influenced by one's culture.
--Close contender. But it doesn't explain that how identification of emotions is genetically linked in humans

(C) Some behaviors that are present in people from widely disparate cultures are nonetheless culturally influenced.
--This weakens the argument. Anyways, this option is out of scope because there will always be "some" people.

(D) If there is a behavior common to people of widely disparate cultures, then there is probably a genetic predisposition to that behavior.
--Correct.

(E) The people whose faces were depicted in the photographs were not all from the same culture.
--Out of scope
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Re: Psychologists recently conducted a study in which people from widely [#permalink]

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New post 03 May 2018, 07:18
Hi gmatexam439

Can you give some more explanation to reject choice B on strong grounds.

Thanks!

gmatexam439 wrote:
Psychologists recently conducted a study in which people from widely disparate cultures were asked to examine five photographs. Each photograph depicted the face of a person expressing one of five basic human emotions - fear, happiness, disgust, anger, and sadness. The people in the study were asked to identify the emotion being expressed in each photograph. For each photograph, everyone identified the same emotion. This shows that people are genetically predisposed to associate certain facial expressions with certain basic emotions.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

(A) For each photograph, the emotion that the subjects agreed was being expressed was the emotion that the person photographed was, in fact, feeling.
--People fake emotions many times (they might be happy inside but showing their anger via facial expressions) --out of scope

(B) One's emotional disposition is not influenced by one's culture.
--Close contender. But it doesn't explain that how identification of emotions is genetically linked in humans

(C) Some behaviors that are present in people from widely disparate cultures are nonetheless culturally influenced.
--This weakens the argument. Anyways, this option is out of scope because there will always be "some" people.

(D) If there is a behavior common to people of widely disparate cultures, then there is probably a genetic predisposition to that behavior.
--Correct.

(E) The people whose faces were depicted in the photographs were not all from the same culture.
--Out of scope

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Re: Psychologists recently conducted a study in which people from widely   [#permalink] 03 May 2018, 07:18
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