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# QOTD: Consumers may not think of household cleaning products to be

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QOTD: Consumers may not think of household cleaning products to be  [#permalink]

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14 Mar 2018, 12:42
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62% (00:45) correct 38% (00:55) wrong based on 669 sessions

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Verbal Question of The Day: Day 244: Sentence Correction

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Consumers may not think of household cleaning products to be hazardous substances, but many of them can be harmful to health, especially if they are used improperly.

(A) Consumers may not think of household cleaning products to be

(B) Consumers may not think of household cleaning products being

(C) A consumer may not think of their household cleaning products being

(D) A consumer may not think of household cleaning products as

(E) Household cleaning products may not be thought of, by consumers, as

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.

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QOTD: Consumers may not think of household cleaning products to be  [#permalink]

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14 Mar 2018, 12:43
4
5
This question doesn’t test a terribly difficult set of concepts, but I still see a lot of errors on it, mostly because people tend to miss the pronouns “them” and “they” in the non-underlined portion. If you catch those right away, it’s a little bit easier to get to the right answer efficiently, as we discussed in this YouTube video.

Quote:
(A) Consumers may not think of household cleaning products to be

The idiom is one problem with (A): the correct idiom is “think of X as”, not “think of X to be.”

But let’s suppose that you don’t know that. After all, there are somewhere around 25,000 idioms in English; you don’t plan to memorize all of them, right?

Even if the idiom escapes you, the GMAT still gives you a decent reason to eliminate (A): the pronouns “they” and “them” are ambiguous, because both “consumers” and “household cleaning products” are plural. And you could argue that because “many of them” is the subject of the 2nd clause of the sentence, it most likely refers back to the subject of the 1st clause (“consumers”), and that would make the sentence illogical: “many of [the consumers] can be harmful to health…” (For more on the nuances of this particular type of pronoun issue, check out this video, and we also discussed this specific question in a more recent video.)

To be fair, this is tricky stuff, and I’m not 100% certain that the pronouns are WRONG in (A). After all, pronoun ambiguity isn’t an absolute rule on the GMAT (more on that in the same pronoun video mentioned above).

So if you aren’t sure about the idiom and wanted to be conservative, you could keep (A). But as we’ll see in a moment, there are answer choices that fix the pronoun issue completely.

Quote:
(B) Consumers may not think of household cleaning products being

I definitely can’t come up with any reason why we would say “think of X being…” I can’t even figure out what “being” is trying to do in that sentence, to be honest.

Plus, the pronoun issue mentioned in (A) is still a problem. See the explanation for (A) if you want more rambling (and resources) about the pronouns.

Anyway, (B) is out.
Quote:
(C) A consumer may not think of their household cleaning products being

This one is the easiest to eliminate. Sure, the word “being” doesn’t really make any sense in here (see the explanation for (B) for more on this), but the bigger issue is that “their” has no referent, since “a consumer” is singular.

So (C) is definitely out.

Quote:
(D) A consumer may not think of household cleaning products as

OK, so (D) very nicely cleans up the pronoun issue we described in answer choice (A). Because “a consumer” is now singular, “many of them” and “their” (in the non-underlined portion) MUST refer back to the only remaining plural noun, “household cleaning products.” And that makes perfect sense: it’s the “household cleaning products” that are hazardous to health, not the consumers.

So we can keep (D).

Quote:
(E) Household cleaning products may not be thought of, by consumers, as

The biggest problem with (E) is that it’s a passive version of (D). Passive voice isn’t automatically WRONG on the GMAT, but you need to have a really, really good reason to use it. Consider the following two sentences:

• Charlie ate three kilograms of dosas. → Active voice, since the grammatical subject of the sentence (Charlie) actually “performs” the action (“ate”).
• Three kilograms of dosas were eaten by Charlie. → Passive voice, since the main action of the sentence (eating) is performed by a noun (Charlie) which is no longer the subject of the sentence.

Again, the second version isn’t WRONG, but it’s a silly and inefficient way to write that particular sentence.

The same is true of (E): why say “household cleaning products may not be thought of, by consumers, as…” when we could just start the sentence with a nice, clean subject and verb (“Consumers may not think of household cleaning products…”), like the version in (D)?

(D) is better than (E), so it’s our winner.
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##### General Discussion
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Re: QOTD: Consumers may not think of household cleaning products to be  [#permalink]

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14 Mar 2018, 13:26
souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 244: Sentence Correction

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Consumers may not think of household cleaning products to be hazardous substances, but many of them can be harmful to health, especially if they are used improperly.

(A) Consumers may not think of household cleaning products to be

(B) Consumers may not think of household cleaning products being

(C) A consumer may not think of their household cleaning products being

(D) A consumer may not think of household cleaning products as

(E) Household cleaning products may not be thought of, by consumers, as

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.

(A) Consumers may not think of household cleaning products to be (this one is nice, but "many of them " refers to consumers or to products?) so A is out

(B) Consumers may not think of household cleaning products being (same reason even more complicated with "being")

(C) A consumer may not think of their household cleaning products being ( incorrect)

(D) A consumer may not think of household cleaning products as this one looks fantastic

(E) Household cleaning products may not be thought of, by consumers, as (this one is wordy, and in passive voice )

I vote for D
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Re: QOTD: Consumers may not think of household cleaning products to be  [#permalink]

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14 Mar 2018, 18:54
souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 244: Sentence Correction

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Consumers may not think of household cleaning products to be hazardous substances, but many of them can be harmful to health, especially if they are used improperly.

(A) Consumers may not think of household cleaning products to be

(B) Consumers may not think of household cleaning products being

(C) A consumer may not think of their household cleaning products being

(D) A consumer may not think of household cleaning products as

(E) Household cleaning products may not be thought of, by consumers, as

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.

The main giveaway here is idiom THINK AS..
Only D uses it correctly...

Let's see the choices..

(A) Consumers may not think of household cleaning products to be
'think to be ' is wrong... Also consumers can be wrongly related to pronoun they

(B) Consumers may not think of household cleaning products being
same as A above.. think being is wrong

(C) A consumer may not think of their household cleaning products being
think being is wrong.... Pronoun error- consumer referred by 'their'

(D) A consumer may not think of household cleaning products as
Correct

(E) Household cleaning products may not be thought of, by consumers, as
Passive voice not required... Awkward construction

D
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Re: QOTD: Consumers may not think of household cleaning products to be  [#permalink]

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14 Mar 2018, 21:49
In B and C 'being' is wrong

In other options except D
'Them' can be ambiguous (can refer to consumers or products )
Hence D

Please correct me if my understanding is incorrect

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Re: QOTD: Consumers may not think of household cleaning products to be  [#permalink]

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19 Mar 2018, 09:43
1
+1 for D. My take :

Option a - Pronoun ambiguity error (does them refer to hazardous substances or cleaning products ?)
Option b - being is wrong
Option c - A consumer ... their ... -> wrong
Option e - wordy and passive

Option D wins
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Re: QOTD: Consumers may not think of household cleaning products to be  [#permalink]

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20 Mar 2018, 03:34
[quote="souvik101990"]

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 244: Sentence Correction

Subscribe to GMAT Question of the Day: E-mail | RSS

Consumers may not think of household cleaning products to be hazardous substances, but many of them can be harmful to health, especially if they are used improperly.

(A) Consumers may not think of household cleaning products to be

(B) Consumers may not think of household cleaning products being

(C) A consumer may not think of their household cleaning products being

(D) A consumer may not think of household cleaning products as

(E) Household cleaning products may not be thought of, by consumers, as

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.
[/quote

As must be followed by clause not by noun. Then how Option D is correct??
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Re: QOTD: Consumers may not think of household cleaning products to be  [#permalink]

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20 Mar 2018, 04:12
1
Consumers may not think of household cleaning products to be hazardous substances, but many of them can be harmful to health, especially if they are used improperly.

(A) Consumers may not think of household cleaning products to be
: think Of A as B is the correct idiom
(B) Consumers may not think of household cleaning products being :usage of being is wrong

(C) A consumer may not think of their household cleaning products being: usage of being is wrong

(D) A consumer may not think of household cleaning products as : correct idiom :think of A as B

(E) Household cleaning products may not be thought of, by consumers, as : corrects the idiom issue but is very wordy (passive construction ruins more)

D : correct
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Re: QOTD: Consumers may not think of household cleaning products to be  [#permalink]

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20 Mar 2018, 09:34
1
1
sumitgoyal2727 wrote:
As must be followed by clause not by noun. Then how Option D is correct??

Hi sumitgoyal2727, grammatically, the word as can be used both as a conjunction and as a preposition.

i. If as is followed by a clause, it implies that as is used as a conjunction - This is the usage that you are referring to.
ii. On the other hand, if as is followed by a Noun/Noun phrase, it implies that as is used as a preposition.

The grammatical usage of as determines the meaning.
i. If as is used as a conjunction, the usage of as depicts in the same way.
ii. If as is used as a preposition, the usage of as depicts something or someone's function or appearance.

In the sentence under consideration, as is used as a preposition and so, depicts something or someone's function or appearance.

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses the various usages of as, their application and examples in significant detail. If someone is interested, PM me your email-id; I can mail the corresponding section.
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Re: QOTD: Consumers may not think of household cleaning products to be  [#permalink]

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20 Mar 2018, 11:09
souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 244: Sentence Correction

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Consumers may not think of household cleaning products to be hazardous substances, but many of them can be harmful to health, especially if they are used improperly.

(A) Consumers may not think of household cleaning products to be

(B) Consumers may not think of household cleaning products being

(C) A consumer may not think of their household cleaning products being

(D) A consumer may not think of household cleaning products as

(E) Household cleaning products may not be thought of, by consumers, as

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.

Think of X as Y is an idiom , non but (D) uses it correctly, errors in other options highlighted in RED.
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Re: QOTD: Consumers may not think of household cleaning products to be  [#permalink]

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20 Mar 2018, 14:05
This question imitates a question from the official guide.

Intended Meaning: Consumers consider household cleaning stuff as not hazardous but the products used are harmful to health especially used improperly.

Error analysis:

1. Idiom Error: Think of X to be Y is incorrect, correct usage would be Think of X as Y
2. Pronoun error: There is no clear antecedent for the pronoun "them". Possible referents are Consumers and Products. As per our understanding from the intended meaning, it is products that are dangerous, not consumers.

A. Pronoun error and Idiom error repeated, refer error analysis;
B. Pronoun error and Idiom error repeated, refer error analysis;
C. Though it corrects the pronoun error by changing Consumers(Plural) to Consumer(Singular), it still retains the Idiom error
D. Perfecto!! Both the errors rectified
E. the meaning is completely changed in this choice. Moreover, it still has the pronoun reference error.

Hope This helps
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Re: QOTD: Consumers may not think of household cleaning products to be  [#permalink]

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18 Apr 2018, 10:24
Consumers may not think of household cleaning products to be hazardous substances, but many of them can be harmful to health, especially if they are used improperly.

(A) Consumers may not think of household cleaning products to be

(B) Consumers may not think of household cleaning products being

(C) A consumer may not think of their household cleaning products being

(D) A consumer may not think of household cleaning products as

(E) Household cleaning products may not be thought of, by consumers, as - Passive voice construction is awkword.

The use of to be/being is incorrect. The correct idiom is think of x as y.
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Re: QOTD: Consumers may not think of household cleaning products to be  [#permalink]

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24 May 2018, 23:16
GMATNinja

' A consumer may not think of household cleaning products as being hazardous.'
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Re: QOTD: Consumers may not think of household cleaning products to be  [#permalink]

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25 May 2018, 14:29
1
ENEM wrote:
GMATNinja

' A consumer may not think of household cleaning products as being hazardous.'

ENEM wrote:
GMATNinja

' A consumer may not think of household cleaning products as being hazardous.'

Hello ENEM,

A consumer may not think of household cleaning products as being hazardous

The above-mentioned structure is incorrect because of the usage of being. The sentence intends to say that a consumer may not think that household cleaning products = hazardous.

Hence, the correct expression is think of the said products as hazardous.

As followed by a noun presents the role/function of that noun. For example:

John joined the company as a manager. (John = manager)

This is the function as plays in this official sentence as well. hence, it should directly be followed by the noun whose function it presents.

Please note that A consumer may not think of household cleaning products as hazardous actually stands for A consumer may not think of household cleaning products as hazardous (products). So technically, in this structure, as is followed by a noun.

Hope this helps.
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Re: QOTD: Consumers may not think of household cleaning products to be  [#permalink]

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27 May 2018, 23:53
still did not follow why 'being' is wrong. But thank you for the insight on the use of 'as' @e-gmat

egmat wrote:
ENEM wrote:
GMATNinja

' A consumer may not think of household cleaning products as being hazardous.'

ENEM wrote:
GMATNinja

' A consumer may not think of household cleaning products as being hazardous.'

Hello ENEM,

A consumer may not think of household cleaning products as being hazardous

The above-mentioned structure is incorrect because of the usage of being. The sentence intends to say that a consumer may not think that household cleaning products = hazardous.

Hence, the correct expression is think of the said products as hazardous.

As followed by a noun presents the role/function of that noun. For example:

John joined the company as a manager. (John = manager)

This is the function as plays in this official sentence as well. hence, it should directly be followed by the noun whose function it presents.

Please note that A consumer may not think of household cleaning products as hazardous actually stands for A consumer may not think of household cleaning products as hazardous (products). So technically, in this structure, as is followed by a noun.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.

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Re: QOTD: Consumers may not think of household cleaning products to be  [#permalink]

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28 May 2018, 01:05
Consumers may not think of household cleaning products to be hazardous substances, but many of them can be harmful to health, especially if they are used improperly.

(A) Consumers may not think of household cleaning products to be - usage of to be here is incorrect. The sentence meant that consumers,to be hazardous substances, may not think of house hold cleaning products. This is not logical at all - kicked off.

(B) Consumers may not think of household cleaning products being - Usage of being here is incorrect. Being acts as “because” here. Sentence states that “because of hazardous substances, consumers may not think of household substances”. This is also not logical. - Kicked off

(C) A consumer may not think of their household cleaning products being - Noun and pronoun do not agree here-Consumer is singular where as their is pronoun; and usage of being is not correct. - kicked off.

(D) A consumer may not think of household cleaning products as - Usage of “as” here is correct.

(E) Household cleaning products may not be thought of, by consumers, as - Passive voice. If option D is not there, this choice can be preferred - kicked off as Option D is in active voice. Remember that active voice is prederred than passive voice.

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Re: QOTD: Consumers may not think of household cleaning products to be  [#permalink]

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02 Aug 2018, 15:44
Hi GMATNinja,
Thanks again for such a elaborate answer. Now for answer choice B, Can you please throw some light on correct usage of being in GMAT? There is plethora of data available on net but i cannot comprehend it too well. Please advise
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Re: QOTD: Consumers may not think of household cleaning products to be  [#permalink]

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03 Aug 2018, 13:34
Sidbendale1 wrote:
Hi GMATNinja,
Thanks again for such a elaborate answer. Now for answer choice B, Can you please throw some light on correct usage of being in GMAT? There is plethora of data available on net but i cannot comprehend it too well. Please advise
Sid

Thank you for the kind words, Sidbendale1! Check out this article for more about the use of "being" on the GMAT. It's a relatively minor topic on GMAT SC, but hopefully the article is clear enough to be helpful. If not, feel free to ask any followups directly on that thread.
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Beginners' guides to GMAT verbal
Reading Comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Sentence Correction

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SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations
All QOTDs | Subscribe via email | RSS

Hit the request verbal experts' reply button -- and please be specific about your question. Feel free to tag @GMATNinja and @GMATNinjaTwo in your post. Priority is always given to official GMAT questions.

Sentence Correction articles & resources
How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

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Re: QOTD: Consumers may not think of household cleaning products to be &nbs [#permalink] 03 Aug 2018, 13:34
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