It is currently 20 Nov 2017, 01:07

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

QOTD: Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Expert Post
1 KUDOS received
MBA Section Director
User avatar
D
Joined: 19 Mar 2012
Posts: 4685

Kudos [?]: 17626 [1], given: 1986

Location: India
GMAT 1: 760 Q50 V42
GPA: 3.8
WE: Marketing (Non-Profit and Government)
QOTD: Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Jul 2017, 12:18
1
This post received
KUDOS
Expert's post
8
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  55% (hard)

Question Stats:

59% (01:18) correct 41% (01:14) wrong based on 422 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 61: Sentence Correction


Subscribe to GMAT Question of the Day: E-mail | RSS
For All QOTD Questions Click Here


Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor proposed a nearly 17 percent reduction in the amount allocated the previous year to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize hundreds of local arts groups.

(A) proposed a nearly 17 percent reduction in the amount allocated the previous year to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize

(B) proposed a reduction from the previous year of nearly 17 percent in the amount it was allocating to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and for subsidizing

(C) proposed to reduce, by nearly 17 percent, the amount from the previous year that was allocated for the maintenance of the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize

(D) has proposed a reduction from the previous year of nearly 17 percent of the amount it was allocating for maintaining the city’s major cultural institutions, and to subsidize

(E) was proposing that the amount they were allocating be reduced by nearly 17 percent from the previous year for maintaining the city’s major cultural institutions and for the subsidization

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

_________________

My GMAT Resources
V30-V40: How to do it! | GMATPrep SC | GMATPrep CR | GMATPrep RC | Critical Reasoning Megathread | CR: Numbers and Statistics | CR: Weaken | CR: Strengthen | CR: Assumption | SC: Modifier | SC: Meaning | SC: SV Agreement | RC: Primary Purpose | PS/DS: Numbers and Inequalities | PS/DS: Combinatorics and Coordinates

My MBA Resources
Everything about the MBA Application | Over-Represented MBA woes | Fit Vs Rankings | Low GPA: What you can do | Letter of Recommendation: The Guide | Indian B Schools accepting GMAT score | Why MBA?

My Reviews
Veritas Prep Live Online

Kudos [?]: 17626 [1], given: 1986

Expert Post
1 KUDOS received
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
User avatar
G
Status: GMAT and GRE tutor
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 1160

Kudos [?]: 1872 [1], given: 449

Location: United States
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51
GRE 1: 340 Q170 V170
QOTD: Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Jul 2017, 12:20
1
This post received
KUDOS
Expert's post
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
This is one of my favorite, nasty GMAT parallelism questions. We discussed it in last Wednesday’s verbal chat (Vyshak ’s always-awesome transcript is available here), but it’s worth repeating this one for a QOTD, since it really gets into the meat of what parallelism really is.

Quote:
(A) proposed a nearly 17 percent reduction in the amount allocated the previous year to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize

Something has to be parallel to the phrase “to subsidize”, since that’s what follows the parallelism trigger “and.” We really only have one candidate: “to maintain.”

So we have: “… the city’s mayor proposed a… reduction in the amount allocated the previous year…

    1) to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions
    and 2) to subsidize hundreds of local arts groups

And that makes sense. Let’s keep (A).

Quote:
(B) proposed a reduction from the previous year of nearly 17 percent in the amount it was allocating to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and for subsidizing

I don’t like the parallelism as much here. The phrase “for subsidizing” follows the parallelism trigger “and”, and I’m not sure what’s parallel to “for subsidizing.” I guess “to maintain”? They’re both prepositional phrases, but the parallelism seems much better in (A).

Plus, we have a pronoun problem. “It” needs to refer to a singular noun, and we don’t have a lot of options. “City’s” is possessive, and as far as I can tell, a non-possessive pronoun can’t refer back to a possessive antecedent (more on this in a recent YouTube webinar on GMAT pronouns). “It” can’t refer to the mayor, either. So I guess the “it” refers to the “budget gap”? That doesn’t make sense. (B) is out.

Quote:
(C) proposed to reduce, by nearly 17 percent, the amount from the previous year that was allocated for the maintenance of the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize

This looks parallel, right? “To subsidize” is parallel with “to reduce.” That sounds fine.

But wait: that really doesn’t work. “Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor proposed…

    1) to reduce… the amount from the previous year that was allocated for the maintenance of the city’s major cultural institutions
    and 2) to subsidize hundreds of local arts groups

Nope, that can’t be right. Look at #2 again: “Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor proposed… to subsidize hundreds of local arts groups.” No, s/he probably didn’t. It’s grammatically parallel, but it’s also illogical. As we said in our long-winded Beginner’s Guide to SC, meaning can be pretty darned important. (C) is gone.

Quote:
(D) has proposed a reduction from the previous year of nearly 17 percent of the amount it was allocating for maintaining the city’s major cultural institutions, and to subsidize

(D) has the same pronoun problem as (B). And “to subsidize” isn’t really parallel to anything at all. (D) can be eliminated.

Quote:
(E) was proposing that the amount they were allocating be reduced by nearly 17 percent from the previous year for maintaining the city’s major cultural institutions and for the subsidization

“They” has no antecedent, and “for the subsidization” is awfully messy. (E) is out, and (A) is the last answer standing.
_________________

GMAT Club Verbal Expert | GMAT/GRE tutor at www.gmatninja.com (Now hiring!) | GMAT blog | Food blog | Friendly warning: I'm bad at PMs

GMAT Ninja Wednesdays LIVE on YouTube
Join us, and ask your questions in advance!

Beginners' guides to GMAT verbal
Reading Comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Sentence Correction

SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations
All QOTDs | Subscribe via email | RSS

Need an expert reply?
Hit the request verbal experts' reply button -- and please be specific about your question. Feel free to tag @GMATNinja and @GMATNinjaTwo in your post.

Sentence Correction articles & resources
How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

Reading Comprehension, Critical Reasoning, and other articles & resources
All GMAT Ninja articles on GMAT Club | Using LSAT for GMAT CR & RC |7 reasons why your actual GMAT scores don't match your practice test scores | How to get 4 additional "fake" GMAT Prep tests for $29.99... in any section order

YouTube verbal webinars:
"Next-level" GMAT pronouns | Uses of "that" on the GMAT | Parallelism and meaning | Simplifying GMAT verb tenses | Comparisons, part I |
November webinar schedule

Kudos [?]: 1872 [1], given: 449

Director
Director
User avatar
G
Joined: 28 Mar 2017
Posts: 574

Kudos [?]: 145 [0], given: 132

QOTD: Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Jul 2017, 12:36
Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor proposed a nearly 17 percent reduction in the amount allocated the previous year to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize hundreds of local arts groups.

(A) proposed a nearly 17 percent reduction in the amount allocated the previous year to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize. CORRECT

(B) proposed a reduction from the previous year of nearly 17 percent in the amount it was allocating to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and for subsidizing -Incorrect. (pronoun error)

(C) proposed to reduce, by nearly 17 percent, the amount from the previous year that was allocated for the maintenance of the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize -Incorrect. Changes the intended meaning of the original sentence. The intended meaning is that the mayor wants to reduce the budget by 17% so that he can continue supporting institutions and art groups. However, this option says that the mayor wants to reduce the amount that was allocated to the institutions and art groups.

(D) has proposed a reduction from the previous year of nearly 17 percent of the amount it was allocating for maintaining the city’s major cultural institutions, and to subsidize -Incorrect. (reduction in the amount is correct idiom)

(E) was proposing that the amount they were allocating be reduced by nearly 17 percent from the previous year for maintaining the city’s major cultural institutions and for the subsidization -Incorrect. (past continuous is not required)

----------------------------------------------
Kudos if it helps!
_________________

Kudos if my post helps!

Helpful links:
1. e-GMAT's ALL SC Compilation

Kudos [?]: 145 [0], given: 132

Director
Director
avatar
S
Joined: 21 Mar 2016
Posts: 536

Kudos [?]: 5 [0], given: 97

Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Re: QOTD: Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Jul 2017, 23:51
Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor proposed a nearly 17 percent reduction in the amount allocated the previous year to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize hundreds of local arts groups.

(A) proposed a nearly 17 percent reduction in the amount allocated the previous year to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize...luks correct keep it

(B) proposed a reduction from the previous year of nearly 17 percent in the amount it was allocating to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and for subsidizing,, to maintain and for subsidizing is not parallel

(C) proposed to reduce, by nearly 17 percent, the amount from the previous year that was allocated for the maintenance of the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize... to maintain and for subsidizing is not parallel and also improper wording,,how can we reduce 17% from previous year

(D) has proposed a reduction from the previous year of nearly 17 percent of the amount it was allocating for maintaining the city’s major cultural institutions, and to subsidize...pronoun it has no proper referrent

(E) was proposing that the amount they were allocating be reduced by nearly 17 percent from the previous year for maintaining the city’s major cultural institutions and for the subsidization,,,same as C


ans A

Kudos [?]: 5 [0], given: 97

Top Contributor
1 KUDOS received
Retired Moderator
User avatar
P
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4311

Kudos [?]: 8171 [1], given: 364

Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
QOTD: Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Jul 2017, 23:56
1
This post received
KUDOS
Top Contributor
Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor proposed a nearly 17 percent reduction in the amount allocated the previous year to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize hundreds of local arts groups.

(A) proposed a nearly 17 percent reduction in the amount allocated the previous year to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize

(B) proposed a reduction from the previous year of nearly 17 percent in the amount it was allocating to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and for subsidizing

(C) proposed to reduce, by nearly 17 percent, the amount from the previous year that was allocated for the maintenance of the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize

(D) has proposed a reduction from the previous year of nearly 17 percent of the amount it was allocating for maintaining the city’s major cultural institutions, and to subsidize

(E) was proposing that the amount they were allocating be reduced by nearly 17 percent from the previous year for maintaining the city’s major cultural institutions and for the subsidization

I do not think one needs to stretch beyond the infinitive parallelism in this topic. Only A sticks to the infinitive to parallelism while all the rest falter on that.

_________________

Can you solve at least some SC questions without delving into the initial statement?

Narendran 98845 44509


Last edited by daagh on 03 Oct 2017, 22:18, edited 1 time in total.

Kudos [?]: 8171 [1], given: 364

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
G
Joined: 06 Jul 2016
Posts: 423

Kudos [?]: 124 [0], given: 98

Location: Singapore
Concentration: Strategy, Finance
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member CAT Tests
Re: QOTD: Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Jul 2017, 01:12
souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 61: Sentence Correction


Subscribe to GMAT Question of the Day: E-mail | RSS
For All QOTD Questions Click Here


Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor proposed a nearly 17 percent reduction in the amount allocated the previous year to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize hundreds of local arts groups.

(A) proposed a nearly 17 percent reduction in the amount allocated the previous year to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize

(B) proposed a reduction from the previous year of nearly 17 percent in the amount it was allocating to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and for subsidizing

(C) proposed to reduce, by nearly 17 percent, the amount from the previous year that was allocated for the maintenance of the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize

(D) has proposed a reduction from the previous year of nearly 17 percent of the amount it was allocating for maintaining the city’s major cultural institutions, and to subsidize

(E) was proposing that the amount they were allocating be reduced by nearly 17 percent from the previous year for maintaining the city’s major cultural institutions and for the subsidization

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.


This seemed like a straightforward parallelism question.

A - to maintain and to subsidise are parallel. No other errors. KEEP.
B - to maintain and for subsidising breaks parallelism. OUT.
C - for maintenance and to subsidise breaks parallelism. OUT.
D - for maintaining and to subsidise breaks parallelism. OUT.
E - for maintaining and for the subsidisation breaks parallelism. OUT.

A is the answer.
_________________

Put in the work, and that dream score is yours!

Kudos [?]: 124 [0], given: 98

Intern
Intern
User avatar
B
Joined: 09 Mar 2017
Posts: 48

Kudos [?]: 6 [0], given: 13

Location: India
GMAT 1: 650 Q45 V31
GPA: 4
WE: Marketing (Advertising and PR)
QOTD: Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Jul 2017, 09:57
Parallelism: Remember, every incorrect sentence has multiple reasons to be incorrect. Make your order when you check.
Such as - Subject Verb Agreement, Pronouns, Parallelism, Modifiers. You can eliminate one sentence for multiple errors.

That said, the below sentence is all about parallelism.

Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor proposed a nearly 17 percent reduction in the amount allocated the previous year to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidise hundreds of local arts groups.

(A) proposed a nearly 17 percent reduction in the amount allocated the previous year to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidise --- Correct (Clear Parallelism)

(B) proposed a reduction from the previous year of nearly 17 percent in the amount it was allocating to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and for subsidizing

(C) proposed to reduce, by nearly 17 percent, the amount from the previous year that was allocated for the maintenance of the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize

(D) has proposed a reduction from the previous year of nearly 17 percent of the amount it was allocating for maintaining the city’s major cultural institutions, and to subsidize

(E) was proposing that the amount they were allocating be reduced by nearly 17 percent from the previous year for maintaining the city’s major cultural institutions and for the subsidization

Kudos [?]: 6 [0], given: 13

Board of Directors
User avatar
G
Joined: 17 Jul 2014
Posts: 2672

Kudos [?]: 431 [0], given: 200

Location: United States (IL)
Concentration: Finance, Economics
GMAT 1: 650 Q49 V30
GPA: 3.92
WE: General Management (Transportation)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: QOTD: Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Jul 2017, 10:13
Allocating to x and y
Only A maintains parallelism

Posted from my mobile device

Kudos [?]: 431 [0], given: 200

Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 18 May 2016
Posts: 149

Kudos [?]: 23 [0], given: 103

Location: India
GMAT 1: 710 Q48 V40
GPA: 4
WE: Marketing (Other)
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
Re: QOTD: Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Jul 2017, 09:20
A it is. I misunderstood the meaning and chose C but A maintains proper parallelism with meaning.



Sent from my A0001 using GMAT Club Forum mobile app

Kudos [?]: 23 [0], given: 103

Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 23 Jun 2016
Posts: 141

Kudos [?]: 8 [0], given: 44

CAT Tests
Re: QOTD: Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 Oct 2017, 17:25
(C) proposed to reduce, by nearly 17 percent, the amount from the previous year that was allocated for the maintenance of the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize

Could you suggest if usage of "that" here correctly modifies "the amount"? That is, is this usage (or exception to modifier touch rule) accepted where there is a prepositional phrase between noun and the modifier?

Thanks
daagh wrote:
Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor proposed a nearly 17 percent reduction in the amount allocated the previous year to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize hundreds of local arts groups.

(A) proposed a nearly 17 percent reduction in the amount allocated the previous year to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize

(B) proposed a reduction from the previous year of nearly 17 percent in the amount it was allocating to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and for subsidizing

(C) proposed to reduce, by nearly 17 percent, the amount from the previous year that was allocated for the maintenance of the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize

(D) has proposed a reduction from the previous year of nearly 17 percent of the amount it was allocating for maintaining the city’s major cultural institutions, and to subsidize

(E) was proposing that the amount they were allocating be reduced by nearly 17 percent from the previous year for maintaining the city’s major cultural institutions and for the subsidization

I do not think one needs to stretch beyond the infinitive parallelism in this topic. Only sticks to the infinitive to parallelism while all the rest falter on that.

Kudos [?]: 8 [0], given: 44

Top Contributor
1 KUDOS received
Retired Moderator
User avatar
P
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4311

Kudos [?]: 8171 [1], given: 364

Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: QOTD: Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Oct 2017, 00:16
1
This post received
KUDOS
Top Contributor
Notwithstanding what is just in front of the relative pronouns, the ultimate decider is the logic behind such references. This has been made abundantly clear by GMAT as seen from the OG topic below.

Quote:
The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that lying produces emotional reactions in an individual that, in turn, create unconscious physiological response.

A) that, in turn, create unconscious physiological responses.
B) that creates unconscious physiological responses in turn.
C) creating, in turn, unconscious physiological responses.
D) to create, in turn, physiological responses that are unconscious.
E) who creates unconscious physiological responses in turn.

OA is 'A' and 'that' is preceded by a prepositional phrase, but the true referent of 'that' is the 'reactions', beyond the prepositional phrase
_________________

Can you solve at least some SC questions without delving into the initial statement?

Narendran 98845 44509

Kudos [?]: 8171 [1], given: 364

Re: QOTD: Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap   [#permalink] 04 Oct 2017, 00:16
Display posts from previous: Sort by

QOTD: Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.