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QOTD: The deer, despite having traveled hundreds

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QOTD: The deer, despite having traveled hundreds  [#permalink]

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21 Aug 2017, 11:59
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Verbal Question of The Day: Day 85: Sentence Correction

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The deer, despite having traveled hundreds of miles to reach the Canadian wilderness and being free to roam without fear of highway traffic or other man-made dangers, has struggled to acclimate to the habitat that wildlife biologists had predicted would enable them to thrive.

(A) despite having traveled hundreds of miles to reach the Canadian wilderness and being free to roam without fear of highway traffic or other man-made dangers, has struggled
(B) in spite of having traveled hundreds of miles to reach the Canadian wilderness where it would be free to roam without fear of highway traffic or other man-made dangers, struggled
(C) despite having traveled hundreds of miles to reach the Canadian wilderness that offered freedom to roam without fear of highway traffic or other man-made dangers, had struggled
(D) after traveling hundreds of miles to reach the Canadian wilderness that offered freedom to roam without fear of highway traffic or other man-made dangers, struggles
(E) which traveled hundreds of miles to reach the Canadian wilderness where they would be free to roam without fear of highway traffic or other man-made dangers, struggled

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QOTD: The deer, despite having traveled hundreds  [#permalink]

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21 Aug 2017, 12:00
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(A) despite having traveled hundreds of miles to reach the Canadian wilderness and being free to roam without fear of highway traffic or other man-made dangers, has struggled

I’m not crazy about the “despite having traveled… and being free…”, but I’m not 100% sure that it’s wrong. I guess the sequencing makes sense, but it sounds awkward. Then again – “awkwardness” is a lame reason to eliminate an answer choice, especially on the first pass through. (See our beginners’ guide to SC for more on why “awkwardness” shouldn’t be your primary concern.)

But the verb tenses are a legit problem. “The deer… has struggled to acclimate to the habitat that wildlife biologists had predicted would enable them to thrive.” That doesn’t quite work: why would we pair the past perfect (“had predicted”) with an action in present perfect (“has struggled”)? I’d be OK if “has struggled” just said “struggled”, but this version doesn’t work.

More importantly: “the deer” is plural. More on that in a moment. Either way, (A) is out.

Quote:
(B) in spite of having traveled hundreds of miles to reach the Canadian wilderness where it would be free to roam without fear of highway traffic or other man-made dangers, struggled

Sneaky! “Deer” could be either singular or plural, so you have to let the question somehow “tell you” how to handle it. (Here’s an official example of this concept.) In this case, the word “them” is not underlined, so we know that “deer” has to be plural. So the “it” in (B) is wrong.

Quote:
(C) despite having traveled hundreds of miles to reach the Canadian wilderness that offered freedom to roam without fear of highway traffic or other man-made dangers, had struggled

I'm OK with basically everything here, except for the verb tenses: there’s no good reason to use the past perfect “had struggled” here, since we have no “time marker” (usually, another action in simple past tense) that occurred later. (C) is gone.

Quote:
(D) after traveling hundreds of miles to reach the Canadian wilderness that offered freedom to roam without fear of highway traffic or other man-made dangers, struggles

I feel kinda bad for the poor deer, because they’re still struggling in the present. But I can’t figure out why we would use present tense here, considering that we have another action in past perfect (“had predicted”). I think we need simple past tense in this case. (D) is gone.

Quote:
(E) which traveled hundreds of miles to reach the Canadian wilderness where they would be free to roam without fear of highway traffic or other man-made dangers, struggled

The “which” looks fine, “they” agrees with “them” later in the sentence, and the verb tense is finally correct. (E) is the winner.
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QOTD: The deer, despite having traveled hundreds  [#permalink]

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21 Aug 2017, 12:15
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The deer, despite having traveled hundreds of miles to reach the Canadian wilderness and being free to roam without fear of highway traffic or other man-made dangers, has struggled to acclimate to the habitat that wildlife biologists had predicted would enable them to thrive.

(A) despite having traveled hundreds of miles to reach the Canadian wilderness and being free to roam without fear of highway traffic or other man-made dangers, has struggled -SV agreement. "has" should be "have".
(B) in spite of having traveled hundreds of miles to reach the Canadian wilderness where it would be free to roam without fear of highway traffic or other man-made dangers, struggled -SV agreement. "it" should be "they".
(C) despite having traveled hundreds of miles to reach the Canadian wilderness that offered freedom to roam without fear of highway traffic or other man-made dangers, had struggled -"perfect tense" can be avoided.
(D) after traveling hundreds of miles to reach the Canadian wilderness that offered freedom to roam without fear of highway traffic or other man-made dangers, struggles -SV agreement + tense issue
(E) which traveled hundreds of miles to reach the Canadian wilderness where they would be free to roam without fear of highway traffic or other man-made dangers, struggled -Correct.
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Re: QOTD: The deer, despite having traveled hundreds  [#permalink]

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21 Aug 2017, 13:50
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The deer, despite having traveled hundreds of miles to reach the Canadian wilderness and being free to roam without fear of highway traffic or other man-made dangers, has struggled to acclimate to the habitat that wildlife biologists had predicted would enable them to thrive.

(A) despite having traveled hundreds of miles to reach the Canadian wilderness and being free to roam without fear of highway traffic or other man-made dangers, has struggled --- Note the pronoun 'them' in the non-underlined part. The deer is plural; therefore, 'has struggled' is SV number mismatch

(B) in spite of having traveled hundreds of miles to reach the Canadian wilderness where it would be free to roam without fear of highway traffic or other man-made dangers, struggled -- do not see any point in the contrast marker 'in spite of'. The Canadian habitat would be helpful not because of their odyssey

(C) despite having traveled hundreds of miles to reach the Canadian wilderness that offered freedom to roam without fear of highway traffic or other man-made dangers, had struggled ---- 'The Struggle' was neither earlier nor simultaneous to 'had predicted'. Therefore, use of past perfect 'had struggled' is wrong

(D) after traveling hundreds of miles to reach the Canadian wilderness that offered freedom to roam without fear of highway traffic or other man-made dangers, struggles ---The singular 'struggles' is plain wrong.

(E) which traveled hundreds of miles to reach the Canadian wilderness where they would be free to roam without fear of highway traffic or other man-made dangers, struggled -- correct choice.
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Re: QOTD: The deer, despite having traveled hundreds  [#permalink]

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22 Aug 2017, 03:43
by meaning there is no need in "despite", "in spite of". So, ABC out. This sentence has Past Perfect in the end, so Simple Past should exist somewhere.

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Re: QOTD: The deer, despite having traveled hundreds  [#permalink]

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22 Aug 2017, 06:45
Could someone help shed some light here? Is there a difference between 'in spite of' and 'despite'?

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Re: QOTD: The deer, despite having traveled hundreds  [#permalink]

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22 Aug 2017, 10:39
souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 85: Sentence Correction

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The deer, despite having traveled hundreds of miles to reach the Canadian wilderness and being free to roam without fear of highway traffic or other man-made dangers, has struggled to acclimate to the habitat that wildlife biologists had predicted would enable them to thrive.

(A) despite having traveled hundreds of miles to reach the Canadian wilderness and being free to roam without fear of highway traffic or other man-made dangers, has struggled
(B) in spite of having traveled hundreds of miles to reach the Canadian wilderness where it would be free to roam without fear of highway traffic or other man-made dangers, struggled
(C) despite having traveled hundreds of miles to reach the Canadian wilderness that offered freedom to roam without fear of highway traffic or other man-made dangers, had struggled
(D) after traveling hundreds of miles to reach the Canadian wilderness that offered freedom to roam without fear of highway traffic or other man-made dangers, struggles
(E) which traveled hundreds of miles to reach the Canadian wilderness where they would be free to roam without fear of highway traffic or other man-made dangers, struggled

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.

Which can refer to animals

A being free is not correct
B in spite of takes a noun
C there is no need of had
D present tense is wrong
E correct
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Re: QOTD: The deer, despite having traveled hundreds  [#permalink]

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22 Aug 2017, 19:07
Paulli1982 wrote:
Could someone help shed some light here? Is there a difference between 'in spite of' and 'despite'?

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Re: QOTD: The deer, despite having traveled hundreds  [#permalink]

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22 Aug 2017, 19:55
The terminal segment of non underlined part "would enable them to thrive" tells us that "The Deer" refers to the deer species as a whole. So any options which contains "IT" will be wrong.
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Re: QOTD: The deer, despite having traveled hundreds  [#permalink]

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27 Aug 2017, 08:20
Hi,
Can we use 'which' fr animal?
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Re: QOTD: The deer, despite having traveled hundreds  [#permalink]

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27 Aug 2017, 08:39
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Why not? e.g. The cow, which yielded 15 liters of milk in the competition got the first prize. We can also use 'that' as an alternative for an animal, but with different connotations.
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Re: QOTD: The deer, despite having traveled hundreds  [#permalink]

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27 Aug 2017, 13:02
For Me A, B and C are out because the non underlined part does not hint any contrast, so we dont need contrast words like despite and inspite. please correct me if I am wrong
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Re: QOTD: The deer, despite having traveled hundreds  [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2017, 08:31
GMATNinja wrote:
Quote:
(A) despite having traveled hundreds of miles to reach the Canadian wilderness and being free to roam without fear of highway traffic or other man-made dangers, has struggled

I’m not crazy about the “despite having traveled… and being free…”, but I’m not 100% sure that it’s wrong. I guess the sequencing makes sense, but it sounds awkward. Then again – “awkwardness” is a lame reason to eliminate an answer choice, especially on the first pass through. (See our beginners’ guide to SC for more on why “awkwardness” shouldn’t be your primary concern.)

But the verb tenses are a legit problem. “The deer… has struggled to acclimate to the habitat that wildlife biologists had predicted would enable them to thrive.” That doesn’t quite work: why would we pair the past perfect (“had predicted”) with an action in present perfect (“has struggled”)? I’d be OK if “has struggled” just said “struggled”, but this version doesn’t work.

More importantly: “the deer” is plural. More on that in a moment. Either way, (A) is out.

Quote:
(B) in spite of having traveled hundreds of miles to reach the Canadian wilderness where it would be free to roam without fear of highway traffic or other man-made dangers, struggled

Sneaky! “Deer” could be either singular or plural, so you have to let the question somehow “tell you” how to handle it. (Here’s an official example of this concept.) In this case, the word “them” is not underlined, so we know that “deer” has to be plural. So the “it” in (B) is wrong.

Quote:
(C) despite having traveled hundreds of miles to reach the Canadian wilderness that offered freedom to roam without fear of highway traffic or other man-made dangers, had struggled

I'm OK with basically everything here, except for the verb tenses: there’s no good reason to use the past perfect “had struggled” here, since we have no “time marker” (usually, another action in simple past tense) that occurred later. (C) is gone.

Quote:
(D) after traveling hundreds of miles to reach the Canadian wilderness that offered freedom to roam without fear of highway traffic or other man-made dangers, struggles

I feel kinda bad for the poor deer, because they’re still struggling in the present. But I can’t figure out why we would use present tense here, considering that we have another action in past perfect (“had predicted”). I think we need simple past tense in this case. (D) is gone.

Quote:
(E) which traveled hundreds of miles to reach the Canadian wilderness where they would be free to roam without fear of highway traffic or other man-made dangers, struggled

The “which” looks fine, “they” agrees with “them” later in the sentence, and the verb tense is finally correct. (E) is the winner.

Although E is correct in grammar but if you remove WHICH modifier, the meaning is lost.
I think DESPITE mentions the paradox clearly.

What do you think?
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Re: QOTD: The deer, despite having traveled hundreds  [#permalink]

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20 Nov 2017, 17:38
Although E is correct in grammar but if you remove WHICH modifier, the meaning is lost.
I think DESPITE mentions the paradox clearly.

What do you think?

Hm, interesting question! I don't think that it would be wrong to use "despite" here, but I don't think that it's ideal, either. The intended meaning is that the deer struggled despite the biologists' prediction, and despite the lack of "highway traffic or other man-made dangers." But in (A) and (C), "despite" is immediately followed with "having traveled hundreds of miles..." -- and the deer's travels are irrelevant to the deer's struggles to acclimate. So there's no real reason to use "despite", since there's no apparent paradox between the deer's travels and its struggles to acclimate. But I wouldn't automatically eliminate (A) or (C) because of the use of "despite" -- I think it's probably acceptable, but not strictly necessary.

More importantly, there are other problems with (A) and (C), as described above. I don't think that the "which" modifier is perfect either, but it's not clearly wrong -- and the other problems in the other answer choices are far more important.

I hope this helps!
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Beginners' guides to GMAT verbal
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SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations
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Hit the request verbal experts' reply button -- and please be specific about your question. Feel free to tag @GMATNinja and @GMATNinjaTwo in your post. Priority is always given to official GMAT questions.

Sentence Correction articles & resources
How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

Reading Comprehension, Critical Reasoning, and other articles & resources
All GMAT Ninja articles on GMAT Club | Using LSAT for GMAT CR & RC |7 reasons why your actual GMAT scores don't match your practice test scores | How to get 4 additional "fake" GMAT Prep tests for \$29.99 | Time management on verbal

Re: QOTD: The deer, despite having traveled hundreds &nbs [#permalink] 20 Nov 2017, 17:38
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