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QOTD: The Federal Republic of Brazil achieved

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QOTD: The Federal Republic of Brazil achieved [#permalink]

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Verbal Question of The Day: Day 90: Sentence Correction


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The Federal Republic of Brazil achieved independence in 1822, became a republic in 1889, and consisted of 26 states and one federal district.

(A) The Federal Republic of Brazil achieved independence in 1822, became a republic in 1889, and consisted of 26 states and one federal district.
(B) The Federal Republic of Brazil, which achieved independence in 1822 and became a republic in 1889, consists of 26 states and one federal district.
(C) Achieving independence in 1822 and becoming a republic in 1889, the Federal Republic of Brazil consists of 26 states and one federal district.
(D) The Federal Republic of Brazil achieved independence in 1822, becoming a republic in 1889 and consisting of 26 states and one federal district.
(E) The Federal Republic of Brazil, which achieved independence in 1822, becoming a republic in 1889 and consisting of 26 states and one federal district.

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[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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QOTD: The Federal Republic of Brazil achieved [#permalink]

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(A) The Federal Republic of Brazil achieved independence in 1822, became a republic in 1889, and consisted of 26 states and one federal district.

The parallelism sounds nice here: “…Brazil achieved independence, became a republic, and consisted of 26 states and one federal district.” But these three things happened at three different time periods, so it doesn’t make a whole lot of sense to use three parallel, past-tense verbs – especially since Brazil still consists of 26 states and one federal district. (And a lot of amazing people – if you’ve never been to Brazil, I highly recommend it. One of my favorite countries.)

Anyway, (A) is out.

Quote:
(B) The Federal Republic of Brazil, which achieved independence in 1822 and became a republic in 1889, consists of 26 states and one federal district.

This seems better! The “which” modifier is placed correctly, and the stuff that happened in the 1800s is in the past tense – but “consists” is present. Keep (B).

Quote:
(C) Achieving independence in 1822 and becoming a republic in 1889, the Federal Republic of Brazil consists of 26 states and one federal district.

On one hand, this isn’t completely awful. Superficially, the “-ing” modifiers “achieving” and “becoming” seem OK, since those are actions that were performed by Brazil. But I can’t understand why we would make “achieving” and “becoming” modifiers in this case. (B) makes much more sense: these should be verbs, since they’re not really modifying the phrase “Brazil consists of 26 states and one federal district.” (C) is gone.

Quote:
(D) The Federal Republic of Brazil achieved independence in 1822, becoming a republic in 1889 and consisting of 26 states and one federal district.

(D) also warps the meaning a little bit. In this one, “becoming” and “consisting” are the modifiers, but I can’t understand why they would modify the phrase “Brazil achieved independence in 1822.” Those should be two separate actions, as in (B). Plus, the fact that Brazil currently consists of 26 states and one federal district is completely lost in (D), so we can safely eliminate it.

Quote:
(E) The Federal Republic of Brazil, which achieved independence in 1822, becoming a republic in 1889 and consisting of 26 states and one federal district.

This isn’t even a sentence. We need an independent clause (with a subject and a verb), and we don’t have that here: the subject (Brazil) never actually performs any sort of action – we just have a bunch of modifiers. (E) is out, and (B) is the correct answer.
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Re: QOTD: The Federal Republic of Brazil achieved [#permalink]

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The Federal Republic of Brazil achieved independence in 1822, became a republic in 1889, and consisted of 26 states and one federal district.

(A) The Federal Republic of Brazil achieved independence in 1822, became a republic in 1889, and consisted of 26 states and one federal district.
Brazil consists of 26 states. This is a fact. The sentence is not parallel.

(B) The Federal Republic of Brazil, which achieved independence in 1822 and became a republic in 1889, consists of 26 states and one federal district.
Correct. Brazil achieved independence in 1822 and post that became republic.

(C) Achieving independence in 1822 and becoming a republic in 1889, the Federal Republic of Brazil consists of 26 states and one federal district.
This is a close one. This sentence is grammatically correct, but the wordings are very awkward.
Example: "Making food, Joy went to park." or "Achieving highest marks in the test, John is wearing a red shirt". The first part of the sentence is not related to the second part of the sentence.
While achieving independence Brazil didn't side by side break down into 26 states.


(D) The Federal Republic of Brazil achieved independence in 1822, becoming a republic in 1889 and consisting of 26 states and one federal district.
Red part should be parallel. "Consisting" repeats option A's mistake.

(E) The Federal Republic of Brazil, which achieved independence in 1822, becoming a republic in 1889 and consisting of 26 states and one federal district.
It is not a sentence.
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Re: QOTD: The Federal Republic of Brazil achieved [#permalink]

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The Federal Republic of Brazil achieved independence in 1822, became a republic in 1889, and consisted of 26 states and one federal district.

My method of solving is as follows:

(A) The Federal Republic of Brazil achieved independence in 1822, became a republic in 1889, and consisted of 26 states and one federal district.: not correct on the interpretation - when did the states come about?
(B) The Federal Republic of Brazil, which achieved independence in 1822 and became a republic in 1889, consists of 26 states and one federal district. Noun, modifier and further description--> follows logic too - Federal republic --description -- consists of states..
(C) Achieving independence in 1822 and becoming a republic in 1889, the Federal Republic of Brazil consists of 26 states and one federal district.second best; but modifiers starting the sentence is not usually right. If B wasn't there I might have picked this because the meaning is clear
(D) The Federal Republic of Brazil achieved independence in 1822, becoming a republic in 1889 and consisting of 26 states and one federal district.not parallel : achieved - becoming - consisting
(E) The Federal Republic of Brazil, which achieved independence in 1822, becoming a republic in 1889 and consisting of 26 states and one federal district.same issue as D

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Re: QOTD: The Federal Republic of Brazil achieved [#permalink]

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New post 26 Aug 2017, 00:08
souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 90: Sentence Correction


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The Federal Republic of Brazil achieved independence in 1822, became a republic in 1889, and consisted of 26 states and one federal district.

(A) The Federal Republic of Brazil achieved independence in 1822, became a republic in 1889, and consisted of 26 states and one federal district.
(B) The Federal Republic of Brazil, which achieved independence in 1822 and became a republic in 1889, consists of 26 states and one federal district.
(C) Achieving independence in 1822 and becoming a republic in 1889, the Federal Republic of Brazil consists of 26 states and one federal district.
(D) The Federal Republic of Brazil achieved independence in 1822, becoming a republic in 1889 and consisting of 26 states and one federal district.
(E) The Federal Republic of Brazil, which achieved independence in 1822, becoming a republic in 1889 and consisting of 26 states and one federal district.

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Nice question ,
Was confused between B and C,
Finally went with B.
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Re: QOTD: The Federal Republic of Brazil achieved [#permalink]

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New post 26 Aug 2017, 01:36
souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 90: Sentence Correction


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The Federal Republic of Brazil achieved independence in 1822, became a republic in 1889, and consisted of 26 states and one federal district.

(A) The Federal Republic of Brazil achieved independence in 1822, became a republic in 1889, and consisted of 26 states and one federal district.-It still consists of 26 states
(B) The Federal Republic of Brazil, which achieved independence in 1822 and became a republic in 1889, consists of 26 states and one federal district.-Looks good
(C) Achieving independence in 1822 and becoming a republic in 1889, the Federal Republic of Brazil consists of 26 states and one federal district:Not the right tense used.
(D) The Federal Republic of Brazil achieved independence in 1822, becoming a republic in 1889 and consisting of 26 states and one federal district.It did not become a republic as a result of achieving indepedence
(E) The Federal Republic of Brazil, which achieved independence in 1822, becoming a republic in 1889 and consisting of 26 states and one federal district.;Main verb missing

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+1 for B. Answers highlighted above

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Re: QOTD: The Federal Republic of Brazil achieved [#permalink]

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New post 26 Aug 2017, 22:13
narrowed B and C,, but in C,, the sentence conveys that brazil consisted of 26 states because of achieving independence...
hope that helps

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Re: QOTD: The Federal Republic of Brazil achieved   [#permalink] 26 Aug 2017, 22:13
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