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# Rail Executive: Last year we discontinued our Somerton train service

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Re: Rail Executive: Last year we discontinued our Somerton train service [#permalink]
NandishSS
Rail Executive: Last year we discontinued our Somerton train service because low ridership caused total fares collected to be substantially lower than the cost of operating the service. However, the number of people living in communities near the Somerton train line has increased significantly this year. Therefore, potential ridership must also have increased, and so there is a good chance that restoring the Somerton train service this year would not result in serious deficits.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the rail executive's argument?

A)Once rail service along a given route has been discontinued, there are substantial start-up costs associated with restoring service along that route.
B)Most potential Somerton riders are unwilling to pay more for the train service than riders paid last year.
C)Very few of the Somerton line's former daily commuters find the means of transportation that they now use as satisfactory as the train service had been.
D)After the train service was discontinued last year, several stores and factories in Somerton went out of business and their properties have remained vacant.
E)Several retail businesses that once each had a single store, located in the Somerton business district near the train station,now also have branches that are conveniently located in communities near Somerton

The correct answer is C. The reason that Rail Executive feels that there is no reliable transportation from Somerton rail station that the commuters can use for daily commute. Hence once the train service is restored ridership would definitely increase. Hence the answer C.

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Re: Rail Executive: Last year we discontinued our Somerton train service [#permalink]
Rail Executive: Last year we discontinued our Somerton train service because low ridership caused total fares collected to be substantially lower than the cost of operating the service. However, the number of people living in communities near the Somerton train line has increased significantly this year. Therefore, potential ridership must also have increased, and so there is a good chance that restoring the Somerton train service this year would not result in serious deficits.

Deficit will occur if cost of running the service is more than the revenue generated.
Revenue = no. of ridership*fare per passenger.

Fare per passenger can depend on on no. of miles or stop.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the rail executive's argument?

A)Once rail service along a given route has been discontinued, there are substantial start-up costs associated with restoring service along that route. Weakener
B)Most potential Somerton riders are unwilling to pay more for the train service than riders paid last year.
Weakener

C)Very few of the Somerton line's former daily commuters find the means of transportation that they now use as satisfactory as the train service had been. Strenthen

D)After the train service was discontinued last year, several stores and factories in Somerton went out of business and their properties have remained vacant. Weakener
E)Several retail businesses that once each had a single store, located in the Somerton business district near the train station,now also have branches that are conveniently located in communities near Somerton. irrelevant.
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Re: Rail Executive: Last year we discontinued our Somerton train service [#permalink]
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The Crux of this is to figure out the scope shift between more people and more Riders. I ask myself, what would make it more likely that the people who moved in are likely to be riders? The answer is most likely to have something about riders and transportation.

If it doesn't it's very likely to be out of the scope.

So I first look at answers that mention Riders.

That narrows it down to B & C, and B is basically talking about something that isn't relevant.

C is correct because it stating that they can recoup the previous riders.

If they cannot recoup the previous writers, who cares about the new people right?

They are unlikely to stay in business and avoid deficits if they can't get those folks back on board.

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Re: Rail Executive: Last year we discontinued our Somerton train service [#permalink]
nayanparikh
NandishSS
Rail Executive: Last year we discontinued our Somerton train service because low ridership caused total fares collected to be substantially lower than the cost of operating the service. However, the number of people living in communities near the Somerton train line has increased significantly this year. Therefore, potential ridership must also have increased, and so there is a good chance that restoring the Somerton train service this year would not result in serious deficits.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the rail executive's argument?

A)Once rail service along a given route has been discontinued, there are substantial start-up costs associated with restoring service along that route.
B)Most potential Somerton riders are unwilling to pay more for the train service than riders paid last year.
C)Very few of the Somerton line's former daily commuters find the means of transportation that they now use as satisfactory as the train service had been.
D)After the train service was discontinued last year, several stores and factories in Somerton went out of business and their properties have remained vacant.
E)Several retail businesses that once each had a single store, located in the Somerton business district near the train station,now also have branches that are conveniently located in communities near Somerton

The correct answer is C. The reason that Rail Executive feels that there is no reliable transportation from Somerton rail station that the commuters can use for daily commute. Hence once the train service is restored ridership would definitely increase. Hence the answer C.

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but rail is also a means of transportation. in that way it is weakening the argument? am i correct?
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Re: Rail Executive: Last year we discontinued our Somerton train service [#permalink]
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nayanparikh
NandishSS
Rail Executive: Last year we discontinued our Somerton train service because low ridership caused total fares collected to be substantially lower than the cost of operating the service. However, the number of people living in communities near the Somerton train line has increased significantly this year. Therefore, potential ridership must also have increased, and so there is a good chance that restoring the Somerton train service this year would not result in serious deficits.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the rail executive's argument?

A)Once rail service along a given route has been discontinued, there are substantial start-up costs associated with restoring service along that route.
B)Most potential Somerton riders are unwilling to pay more for the train service than riders paid last year.
C)Very few of the Somerton line's former daily commuters find the means of transportation that they now use as satisfactory as the train service had been.
D)After the train service was discontinued last year, several stores and factories in Somerton went out of business and their properties have remained vacant.
E)Several retail businesses that once each had a single store, located in the Somerton business district near the train station,now also have branches that are conveniently located in communities near Somerton

The correct answer is C. The reason that Rail Executive feels that there is no reliable transportation from Somerton rail station that the commuters can use for daily commute. Hence once the train service is restored ridership would definitely increase. Hence the answer C.

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but rail is also a means of transportation. in that way it is weakening the argument? am i correct?

It is given in the passage that the train service has been discontinued last year. Hence the "means of transportation that they now use" mentioned in option C does not include the train service.
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Re: Rail Executive: Last year we discontinued our Somerton train service [#permalink]
NandishSS
Rail Executive: Last year we discontinued our Somerton train service because low ridership caused total fares collected to be substantially lower than the cost of operating the service. However, the number of people living in communities near the Somerton train line has increased significantly this year. Therefore, potential ridership must also have increased, and so there is a good chance that restoring the Somerton train service this year would not result in serious deficits.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the rail executive's argument?

A)Once rail service along a given route has been discontinued, there are substantial start-up costs associated with restoring service along that route.
B)Most potential Somerton riders are unwilling to pay more for the train service than riders paid last year.
C)Very few of the Somerton line's former daily commuters find the means of transportation that they now use as satisfactory as the train service had been.
D)After the train service was discontinued last year, several stores and factories in Somerton went out of business and their properties have remained vacant.
E)Several retail businesses that once each had a single store, located in the Somerton business district near the train station,now also have branches that are conveniently located in communities near Somerton

HI
between C and E i chose E because C is talking only baout the customers of Somerton rail service. But number of these customers was already very low because of which the service was clsoed. Therefore, even if "ALL" the customers return to the rail service no "NEW CUSTOMERS" are being added. So the situation remains same...In contrast "E" is giving a possibility of "INCREASE" in the numer of customers.
Had it been a DS question "both are required---option c" could have been correct, but here I think E is better....

Thanx
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Re: Rail Executive: Last year we discontinued our Somerton train service [#permalink]
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saurabhsavant
NandishSS
Rail Executive: Last year we discontinued our Somerton train service because low ridership caused total fares collected to be substantially lower than the cost of operating the service. However, the number of people living in communities near the Somerton train line has increased significantly this year. Therefore, potential ridership must also have increased, and so there is a good chance that restoring the Somerton train service this year would not result in serious deficits.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the rail executive's argument?

A)Once rail service along a given route has been discontinued, there are substantial start-up costs associated with restoring service along that route.
B)Most potential Somerton riders are unwilling to pay more for the train service than riders paid last year.
C)Very few of the Somerton line's former daily commuters find the means of transportation that they now use as satisfactory as the train service had been.
D)After the train service was discontinued last year, several stores and factories in Somerton went out of business and their properties have remained vacant.
E)Several retail businesses that once each had a single store, located in the Somerton business district near the train station,now also have branches that are conveniently located in communities near Somerton

HI
between C and E i chose E because C is talking only baout the customers of Somerton rail service. But number of these customers was already very low because of which the service was clsoed. Therefore, even if "ALL" the customers return to the rail service no "NEW CUSTOMERS" are being added. So the situation remains same...In contrast "E" is giving a possibility of "INCREASE" in the numer of customers.
Had it been a DS question "both are required---option c" could have been correct, but here I think E is better....

Thanx

The passage already indicates that "people living in communities near the Somerton train line has increased significantly this year." Therefore your reason for eliminating C is incorrect.

The fact that the stores have branches in the district does not contribute to increase in ridership of the train service.
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Re: Rail Executive: Last year we discontinued our Somerton train service [#permalink]
Conclusion: Restoring the train ride will not result in deficits. That is there will be sufficient rail patrons to cover the costs of operating the rail.

A)Once rail service along a given route has been discontinued, there are substantial start-up costs associated with restoring service along that route.
180 - weakens the conclusion. If it costs a lot more to start up the service again then it would likely be a long time before the railway recovers the costs.

B)Most potential Somerton riders are unwilling to pay more for the train service than riders paid last year.

Neither strengthens nor weakens. Are they willing to pay the same? If yes, then our argument holds because we background context states that the general population has increased so there is greater potential ridership.
C)Very few of the Somerton line's former daily commuters find the means of transportation that they now use as satisfactory as the train service had been.
This means that commuters are dissatisfied with their current mode of transportation, and so they are likely to use the trains again/ first time. Sufficient

D)After the train service was discontinued last year, several stores and factories in Somerton went out of business and their properties have remained vacant.
Irrelevant
E)Several retail businesses that once each had a single store, located in the Somerton business district near the train station,now also have branches that are conveniently located in communities near Somerton
Irrelevant
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Re: Rail Executive: Last year we discontinued our Somerton train service [#permalink]
Conclusion: Somerton train service will be in profits this year because the living in communities near Somerton have increased significantly.
The argument states that Somerton train service was in serious deficits because of low ridership. Now that people living near Somerton have increase, Officials think that restoring Somerton train service is a good idea and it would be profitable. This is only possible if people living near Somerton prefer train rides over other transport. Increase in number of people living near Somerton will increase the revenue of Somerton train service only if those additional people take train rides.
Choice C states that only few people find any other transportation mode as efficient as good as train service. So, they are supposed to take train rides if the Somerton train service is restored. This statement best strengthens the argument. Hence, C is the answer.
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Re: Rail Executive: Last year we discontinued our Somerton train service [#permalink]
Conclusion: Somerton train service will be in profits this year because the living in communities near Somerton have increased significantly.
The argument states that Somerton train service was in serious deficits because of low ridership. Now that people living near Somerton have increase, Officials think that restoring Somerton train service is a good idea and it would be profitable. This is only possible if people living near Somerton prefer train rides over other transport. Increase in number of people living near Somerton will increase the revenue of Somerton train service only if those additional people take train rides.
Choice C states that only few people find any other transportation mode as efficient as good as train service. So, they are supposed to take train rides if the Somerton train service is restored. This statement best strengthens the argument. Hence, C is the answer.
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Re: Rail Executive: Last year we discontinued our Somerton train service [#permalink]
NandishSS
Rail Executive: Last year we discontinued our Somerton train service because low ridership caused total fares collected to be substantially lower than the cost of operating the service. However, the number of people living in communities near the Somerton train line has increased significantly this year. Therefore, potential ridership must also have increased, and so there is a good chance that restoring the Somerton train service this year would not result in serious deficits.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the rail executive's argument?

(A) Once rail service along a given route has been discontinued, there are substantial start-up costs associated with restoring service along that route.

(B) Most potential Somerton riders are unwilling to pay more for the train service than riders paid last year.

(C) Very few of the Somerton line's former daily commuters find the means of transportation that they now use as satisfactory as the train service had been.

(D) After the train service was discontinued last year, several stores and factories in Somerton went out of business and their properties have remained vacant.

(E) Several retail businesses that once each had a single store, located in the Somerton business district near the train station,now also have branches that are conveniently located in communities near Somerton

Hi KarishmaB ,

Option C :

(C) Very few of the Somerton line's former daily commuters find the means of transportation that they now use as satisfactory as the train service had been.

So say 100 people were the former daily commuter. Out of 100 , only 10 find other means of transportation satisfactory . So these 10 wont return back to use Somerton Train. Hence, if Somerton Train service is restored only 90 people will use it.

Option C talks about OLD riders. Option C doesnot give us any information whether New Riders will be added or not.

WHEREAS

Option E:

E) Several retail businesses that once each had a single store, located in the Somerton business district near the train station,now also have branches that are conveniently located in communities near Somerton

It says that the retail businesses have opened their branches that are located in communities near Somerton. So , people will need to travel to work here.
Consequently, Ridership will increase.

Hence I chose E over C

Regards
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Re: Rail Executive: Last year we discontinued our Somerton train service [#permalink]
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Iwillget770
NandishSS
Rail Executive: Last year we discontinued our Somerton train service because low ridership caused total fares collected to be substantially lower than the cost of operating the service. However, the number of people living in communities near the Somerton train line has increased significantly this year. Therefore, potential ridership must also have increased, and so there is a good chance that restoring the Somerton train service this year would not result in serious deficits.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the rail executive's argument?

(A) Once rail service along a given route has been discontinued, there are substantial start-up costs associated with restoring service along that route.

(B) Most potential Somerton riders are unwilling to pay more for the train service than riders paid last year.

(C) Very few of the Somerton line's former daily commuters find the means of transportation that they now use as satisfactory as the train service had been.

(D) After the train service was discontinued last year, several stores and factories in Somerton went out of business and their properties have remained vacant.

(E) Several retail businesses that once each had a single store, located in the Somerton business district near the train station,now also have branches that are conveniently located in communities near Somerton

Hi KarishmaB ,

Option C :

(C) Very few of the Somerton line's former daily commuters find the means of transportation that they now use as satisfactory as the train service had been.

So say 100 people were the former daily commuter. Out of 100 , only 10 find other means of transportation satisfactory . So these 10 wont return back to use Somerton Train. Hence, if Somerton Train service is restored only 90 people will use it.

Option C talks about OLD riders. Option C doesnot give us any information whether New Riders will be added or not.

WHEREAS

Option E:

E) Several retail businesses that once each had a single store, located in the Somerton business district near the train station,now also have branches that are conveniently located in communities near Somerton

It says that the retail businesses have opened their branches that are located in communities near Somerton. So , people will need to travel to work here.
Consequently, Ridership will increase.

Hence I chose E over C

Regards

(C), note the intent of the author - very few people found other satisfactory means of transport. This means there aren’t other satisfactory means of transport available in that area. So if number of potential train users has increased, these people are likely to use the train, if available. Other means are not that satisfactory. It strengthens the conclusion.

(E) has dual impact.
When a store has more branches, fewer customers need to travel to reach that store. But within the store branches, some business travel is involved. But it seems reasonable to assume that clients to the store will far outnumber business travellers. Hence option (E) is likely to weaken the conclusion.

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Re: Rail Executive: Last year we discontinued our Somerton train service [#permalink]
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