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Researchers have concluded from a survey of people aged 65 that emotio

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Researchers have concluded from a survey of people aged 65 that emotio  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Nov 2018, 04:23
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Researchers have concluded from a survey of people aged 65 that emotional well-being in adulthood is closely related to intimacy with siblings earlier in life. Those surveyed who had never had any siblings or who said that at college age they were emotionally distant from their siblings were emotionally less well adjusted at 65 than were those who had been close to at least one brother or sister.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the researchers’ argument?


(A) As they get older, many people think more about their mortality and thus must confront feelings of loneliness and isolation.

(B) People suffering from the emotional distress of maladjustment usually remember being less intimate with other people than they actually were.

(C) Memory of one’s past plays a greater role in the emotional well-being of older people than it does in that of younger people.

(D) Few people can correctly identify the true sources of their emotional well-being or of their emotional difficulties.

(E) Siblings are more likely to have major arguments and deep differences of opinion at college age than at any other time of their lives.


Similar Question: https://gmatclub.com/forum/researchers- ... 81016.html

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Re: Researchers have concluded from a survey of people aged 65 that emotio  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Nov 2018, 04:57
Bunuel wrote:
Researchers have concluded from a survey of people aged 65 that emotional well-being in adulthood is closely related to intimacy with siblings earlier in life. Those surveyed who had never had any siblings or who said that at college age they were emotionally distant from their siblings were emotionally less well adjusted at 65 than were those who had been close to at least one brother or sister.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the researchers’ argument?


(A) As they get older, many people think more about their mortality and thus must confront feelings of loneliness and isolation.

(B) People suffering from the emotional distress of maladjustment usually remember being less intimate with other people than they actually were.

(C) Memory of one’s past plays a greater role in the emotional well-being of older people than it does in that of younger people.

(D) Few people can correctly identify the true sources of their emotional well-being or of their emotional difficulties.

(E) Siblings are more likely to have major arguments and deep differences of opinion at college age than at any other time of their lives.


Similar Question: https://gmatclub.com/forum/researchers- ... 81016.html


I'd go with B. Option B shows a factual error in the question stimulus, that's normally a correct choice for weakener questions.

(A) As they get older, many people think more about their mortality and thus must confront feelings of loneliness and isolation. -->We need a linkage with the siblings during younger age. Nothing links this answer to the peoples' connects with siblings.

(B) People suffering from the emotional distress of maladjustment usually remember being less intimate with other people than they actually were. --> Describes a flaw in the stimulus and hence likely to be correct

(C) Memory of one’s past plays a greater role in the emotional well-being of older people than it does in that of younger people. --> Similar to option A. Nothing connects the stimulus to the siblings. It's a standalone fact that doesn't impact the argument in any way.

(D) Few people can correctly identify the true sources of their emotional well-being or of their emotional difficulties. --> This places a question on whether the respondents were actually emotionally stressed. Not a central part of the argument.

(E) Siblings are more likely to have major arguments and deep differences of opinion at college age than at any other time of their lives. --> One can have arguments yet share a strong emotional bond, this doesn't necessarily show that there was a lack of emotional bond.

Hence (B)
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Researchers have concluded from a survey of people aged 65 that emotio  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Nov 2018, 21:55
Researchers have concluded from a survey of people aged 65 that emotional well-being in adulthood is closely related to intimacy with siblings earlier in life. Those surveyed who had never had any siblings or who said that at college age they were emotionally distant from their siblings were emotionally less well adjusted at 65 than were those who had been close to at least one brother or sister.

Type - weaken
Boil it down - intimacy with siblings earlier in life --> emotional well-being in adulthood

(A) As they get older, many people think more about their mortality and thus must confront feelings of loneliness and isolation. - Irrelevant

(B) People suffering from the emotional distress of maladjustment usually remember being less intimate with other people than they actually were. - Correct; it suggests that the data is biased; people who well tend to remember the good times whereas people who are unwell tend to remember the bad times. So it may not be that intimacy leads to emotional well-being as the author concludes, but rather that emotional well-being makes memories of intimacy stand out.

(C) Memory of one’s past plays a greater role in the emotional well-being of older people than it does in that of younger people. - Irrelevant - we are not comparing old and young people here

(D) Few people can correctly identify the true sources of their emotional well-being or of their emotional difficulties. - Irrelevant because the argument does not rely on people's ability to understand why they are emotionally well/unwell. It relies only on the existence of a cause-effect relationship between intimacy in early life and emotional well-being in later life

(E) Siblings are more likely to have major arguments and deep differences of opinion at college age than at any other time of their lives. - Irrelevant
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Researchers have concluded from a survey of people aged 65 that emotio  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Dec 2018, 11:45
Bunuel wrote:
Researchers have concluded from a survey of people aged 65 that emotional well-being in adulthood is closely related to intimacy with siblings earlier in life. Those surveyed who had never had any siblings or who said that at college age they were emotionally distant from their siblings were emotionally less well adjusted at 65 than were those who had been close to at least one brother or sister.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the researchers’ argument?


(A) As they get older, many people think more about their mortality and thus must confront feelings of loneliness and isolation.

(B) People suffering from the emotional distress of maladjustment usually remember being less intimate with other people than they actually were.

(C) Memory of one’s past plays a greater role in the emotional well-being of older people than it does in that of younger people.

(D) Few people can correctly identify the true sources of their emotional well-being or of their emotional difficulties.




(E) Siblings are more likely to have major arguments and deep differences of opinion at college age than at any other time of their lives.


Similar Question: https://gmatclub.com/forum/researchers- ... 81016.html



I got this one wrong. But analysing the solution gave me beautiful insights...

(B) People suffering from the emotional distress of maladjustment usually remember being less intimate with other people than they actually were.

This option says... if a person A is emotionally distressed of maladjustment... A remembers being less intimate with their brothers/sisters than they actually were... which means A was emotionally close with his/her brother or sister... but he remembers being not very close... because he is currently under emotional stress.. therefore the survey saying emotional closeness in childhood is a measure of emotional stability in old age is wrong.. because it is based on false data.. A is emotionally distressed now.. but that is not because he was not close with A's brother/ sister ... Hats off to this question and to GMAT...
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Re: Researchers have concluded from a survey of people aged 65 that emotio  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Apr 2019, 16:38
Bunuel wrote:
Researchers have concluded from a survey of people aged 65 that emotional well-being in adulthood is closely related to intimacy with siblings earlier in life. Those surveyed who had never had any siblings or who said that at college age they were emotionally distant from their siblings were emotionally less well adjusted at 65 than were those who had been close to at least one brother or sister.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the researchers’ argument?


(A) As they get older, many people think more about their mortality and thus must confront feelings of loneliness and isolation.

(B) People suffering from the emotional distress of maladjustment usually remember being less intimate with other people than they actually were.

(C) Memory of one’s past plays a greater role in the emotional well-being of older people than it does in that of younger people.

(D) Few people can correctly identify the true sources of their emotional well-being or of their emotional difficulties.

(E) Siblings are more likely to have major arguments and deep differences of opinion at college age than at any other time of their lives.


Similar Question: https://gmatclub.com/forum/researchers- ... 81016.html


Conclusion :- Emotional well-being in adulthood is closely related to intimacy with siblings earlier in life.

For weakening we need to show that "Emotional well-being in adulthood is NOT closely related to intimacy with siblings earlier in life. "

Option B states that "People suffering from the emotional distress of maladjustment usually remember being less intimate with other people than they actually were."

That means the people suffering from the emotional distress of maladjustment were also intimate with their siblings but they are now suffering from emotional distress.

Hence , we can show that "Emotional well-being in adulthood is NOT closely related to intimacy with siblings earlier in life. "

B is the answer.

Please give me kudos if you liked my explanation.
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Re: Researchers have concluded from a survey of people aged 65 that emotio   [#permalink] 24 Apr 2019, 16:38
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