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Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that lives only

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Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that lives only  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 11 Sep 2018, 08:51
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A
B
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D
E

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Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees and whose coloring is completely different from all other sparrows.


(A) that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows in cypress trees and whose coloring is completely different from

(B) that lives only in cypress groves, is almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and has coloring completely different from that of

(C) living only in cypress groves, is almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and whose coloring is completely different from

(D) that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and whose coloring is completely different from that of

(E) living only in cypress groves, depending almost wholly on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and having coloring completely different than


This question is part of the GMAT Club Sentence Correction : Parallelism" Revision Project.

Originally posted by ugimba on 14 Jan 2010, 14:58.
Last edited by Bunuel on 11 Sep 2018, 08:51, edited 3 times in total.
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Re: Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that lives only  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jul 2013, 13:38
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ugimba wrote:
Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees and whose coloring is completely different from all other sparrows.

A) that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows in cypress trees and whose coloring is completely different from

B) that lives only in cypress groves, is almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and has coloring completely different from that of

C) living only in cypress groves, is almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and whose coloring is completely different from

D) that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and whose coloring is completely different from that of

E)living only in cypress groves, depending almost wholly on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and having coloring completely different than

can some one explain?


HERE IS OE

The original sentence intends to identify a sparrow by the fact that it lives in cypress groves, eats certain berries, and has certain coloring. All these facts about the sparrow must be presented in parallel form. However, in the original sentence, these facts are presented in different forms. We need to find a choice that presents them all in parallel fashion. Moreover, "whose coloring is different from all other sparrows" is incorrect. The sparrow's coloring is different from the coloring of other sparrows, not from the sparrows themselves. We need to find a choice that makes this clear.

(A) This choice is incorrect as it repeats the original sentence.

(B) CORRECT. This choice remedies the parallelism issue: "lives only in...., is almost wholly... and has coloring..." The comparison issue is also remedied: "has coloring different from that of all other sparrows." The comparison is now logically drawn between the coloring of the new species and the coloring ("that") of other species.

(C) This answer choice remedies neither the parallelism issue ("living..., is almost..., and whose coloring") nor the illogical comparison (coloring and sparrows).

(D) While this answer choice remedies the comparison, the parallelism issue persists from the original sentence.

(E) This parallelism issue has been remedied in this answer choice, but the illogical comparison has not. In addition, the correct idiomatic expression is "different from," not "different than."
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Re: Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that lives only  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jan 2010, 02:42
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ugimba wrote:
Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees and whose coloring is completely different from all other sparrows.

A) that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows in cypress trees and whose coloring is completely different from

B) that lives only in cypress groves, is almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and has coloring completely different from that of

C) living only in cypress groves, is almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and whose coloring is completely different from

D) that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and whose coloring is completely different from that of

E)living only in cypress groves, depending almost wholly on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and having coloring completely different than

can some one explain?


My ans is B.
To make comparison parallel (coloring VS all other sparrows' coloring)--> require "that of"--> eliminate A,C,E
In D, almost wholly dependent on.. , could modify the cypress grove.--> which is not the intended meaning.
Plus, B maintains //ism--> 1. lives,2. is almost wholly independent, and 3. has coloring
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Re: Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that lives only  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jan 2010, 06:36
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My take is B as well. That lives..., is..., and has... makes everything comma separated parallel. All other answer options have one or the other extra issue such as tense matching or improper pronoun referencing.
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Re: Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that lives only  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jan 2010, 06:45
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BarneyStinson wrote:
My take is B as well. That lives..., is..., and has... makes everything comma separated parallel. All other answer options have one or the other extra issue such as tense matching or improper pronoun referencing.


can you please explain a bit more on why B is correct?

I couldn't understand the comma before is (,is almost wholly) .. it didn't make sense to me but looks like this option is correct since you all picked this choice.

if you can, please break down the option B to explain the independent clause(s), lists ..
( the 'is' connected to which subject?)

thanks.
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Re: Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that lives only  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jan 2010, 07:27
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ugimba wrote:
can you please explain a bit more on why B is correct?

I couldn't understand the comma before is (,is almost wholly) .. it didn't make sense to me but looks like this option is correct since you all picked this choice.

if you can, please break down the option B to explain the independent clause(s), lists ..
( the 'is' connected to which subject?)

thanks.


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Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow | that lives only in cypress groves, | is almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, | and whose coloring is completely different from all other sparrows.

So as you read, we are still discussing about the new species of sparrow in each clause after every comma, which is the subject of the entire sentence. All parts of the sentence when put together should make a complete sense, the intent should be crisp, clear and convincingly conveyable.

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Re: Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that lives only  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Nov 2013, 18:45
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Re: Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that lives only  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Nov 2014, 23:33
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abhinov wrote:
Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees and whose coloring is completely different from all other sparrows.

A) that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows in cypress trees and whose coloring is completely different from Faulty Comparison
B) that lives only in cypress groves, is almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and has coloring completely different from that of
C) living only in cypress groves, is almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and whose coloring is completely different from Faulty Comparison
D) that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and whose coloring is completely different from that of - Parallelism is not maintained
E) living only in cypress groves, depending almost wholly on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and having coloring completely different than - Faulty Comparison


The first notable split here is the comparison between the coloring of the sparrow and that of other sparrows. 'That Of' is important here, so choices A, C, E are eliminated - They compare the color of the sparrow too other sparrows

Between B & D - B maintains the parallelism, by using is almost wholly, where as D is not parallel.

Thus correct choice is B
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Re: Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that lives only  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Feb 2015, 18:20
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two 3-2 splits here,

1st 3-2 split is using THAT and WITHOUT THAT. 2nd 3-2 split is using IS and WITHOUT IS.

THAT and IS are necessary is this sentence.. Read the sentence in 2 ways here.. 1st without that clause..

Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow IS almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and has coloring completely different from that of all other sparrows.

this sentence makes sense here than a sentence without "IS" does..

now clause after THAT introduces some vital info that makes THAT mandatory... Only B has both..

For an extra error, the last comparison is made between colouring and sparrows, which is wrong.. It has to be made between colours of sparrows.. so we need "has coloring completely different from that of"
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Re: Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that lives only  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Feb 2015, 13:58
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souvik101990 wrote:
This question is part of the GMAT Club Sentence Correction : Parallelism" Revision Project.

Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees and whose coloring is completely different from all other sparrows.

A. that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees and whose coloring is completely different from

B. that lives only in cypress groves, is almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and has coloring completely different from that of

C. living only in cypress groves, is almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and whose coloring is completely different from

D. that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and whose coloring is completely different from that of

E. living only in cypress groves, depending almost wholly on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and having coloring completely different than


So this is my train of thought. The first answer choice is wrong because you are comparing the sparrows colors to other sparrows.
"whose coloring is different from all other sparrows." This is wrong. It should be the coloring is different from THAT of all other sparrows.

A, C, E are wrong. All you are left with now is B and D.

B. that lives only in cypress groves, is almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and has coloring completely different from that of

D. that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and whose coloring is completely different from that of

D is incorrect because it requires a "is" in front of almost. After all it sounds weird to say "Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that almost wholly dependent..."

It should be "Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that IS almost wholly dependent..."

B is correct.
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Re: Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that lives only  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Sep 2015, 00:00
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The original sentence intends to identify a sparrow by the fact that it lives in cypress groves, eats certain berries, and has certain coloring. All these facts about the sparrow must be presented in parallel form. However, in the original sentence, these facts are presented in different forms. We need to find a choice that presents them all in parallel fashion. Moreover, "whose coloring is different from all other sparrows" is incorrect. The sparrow's coloring is different from the coloring of other sparrows, not from the sparrows themselves. We need to find a choice that makes this clear.

(A) This choice is incorrect as it repeats the original sentence.

(B) CORRECT. This choice remedies the parallelism issue: "lives only in...., is almost wholly... and has coloring..." The comparison issue is also remedied: "has coloring different from that of all other sparrows." The comparison is now logically drawn between the coloring of the new species and the coloring ("that") of other species.

(C) This answer choice remedies neither the parallelism issue ("living..., is almost..., and whose coloring") nor the illogical comparison (coloring and sparrows).

(D) While this answer choice remedies the comparison, the parallelism issue persists from the original sentence.

(E) This parallelism issue has been remedied in this answer choice, but the illogical comparison has not. In addition, the correct idiomatic expression is "different from," not "different than."
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Re: Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that lives only  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Nov 2015, 12:32
Hello

For Option D, "that lives ....groves" acts as an essential modifier for the noun sparrow and hence placed near it while the phrase starting with almost...trees acts as a non essential modifier for sparrow again. After that a ",and" format joins the two clauses together - How is this interpretation incorrect <Given that the sentence still conveys meaning>

Could you please throw some light on this.

Thank you

souvik101990 wrote:
This question is part of the GMAT Club Sentence Correction : Parallelism" Revision Project.

Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees and whose coloring is completely different from all other sparrows.

A. that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees and whose coloring is completely different from

B. that lives only in cypress groves, is almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and has coloring completely different from that of

C. living only in cypress groves, is almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and whose coloring is completely different from

D. that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and whose coloring is completely different from that of

E. living only in cypress groves, depending almost wholly on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and having coloring completely different than

Spoiler: :: OE
The original sentence intends to identify a sparrow by the fact that it lives in cypress
groves, eats certain berries, and has certain coloring. All these facts about the
sparrow must be presented in parallel form. However, in the original sentence, these
facts are presented in different forms. We need to find a choice that presents them all
in parallel fashion. Moreover, "whose coloring is different from all other sparrows" is
incorrect. The sparrow's coloring is different from the coloring of other sparrows, not
from the sparrows themselves. We need to find a choice that makes this clear.
(A) This choice is incorrect as it repeats the original sentence.
(B) CORRECT. This choice remedies the parallelism issue: "lives only in...., is almost
wholly... and has coloring..." The comparison issue is also remedied: "has coloring
different from that of all other sparrows." The comparison is now logically drawn
between the coloring of the new species and the coloring ("that") of other species.
(C) This answer choice remedies neither the parallelism issue ("living..., is almost...,
and whose coloring") nor the illogical comparison (coloring and sparrows).
(D) While this answer choice remedies the comparison, the parallelism issue persists
from the original sentence.
(E) This parallelism issue has been remedied in this answer choice, but the illogical
comparison has not. In addition, the correct idiomatic expression is "different from,"
not "different than."
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Re: Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that lives only  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Dec 2015, 20:17
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The parallelism is among the verbs "lives", "is" ,and "has". Hence, we have only one choice which is "B". In "D" The verbs are missing in the second and third items.
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Re: Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that lives only  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Dec 2015, 21:04
souvik101990 wrote:
This question is part of the GMAT Club Sentence Correction : Parallelism" Revision Project.

Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees and whose coloring is completely different from all other sparrows.

A. that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees and whose coloring is completely different from

B. that lives only in cypress groves, is almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and has coloring completely different from that of

C. living only in cypress groves, is almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and whose coloring is completely different from

D. that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and whose coloring is completely different from that of

E. living only in cypress groves, depending almost wholly on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and having coloring completely different than

Spoiler: :: OE
The original sentence intends to identify a sparrow by the fact that it lives in cypress
groves, eats certain berries, and has certain coloring. All these facts about the
sparrow must be presented in parallel form. However, in the original sentence, these
facts are presented in different forms. We need to find a choice that presents them all
in parallel fashion. Moreover, "whose coloring is different from all other sparrows" is
incorrect. The sparrow's coloring is different from the coloring of other sparrows, not
from the sparrows themselves. We need to find a choice that makes this clear.
(A) This choice is incorrect as it repeats the original sentence.
(B) CORRECT. This choice remedies the parallelism issue: "lives only in...., is almost
wholly... and has coloring..." The comparison issue is also remedied: "has coloring
different from that of all other sparrows." The comparison is now logically drawn
between the coloring of the new species and the coloring ("that") of other species.
(C) This answer choice remedies neither the parallelism issue ("living..., is almost...,
and whose coloring") nor the illogical comparison (coloring and sparrows).
(D) While this answer choice remedies the comparison, the parallelism issue persists
from the original sentence.
(E) This parallelism issue has been remedied in this answer choice, but the illogical
comparison has not. In addition, the correct idiomatic expression is "different from,"
not "different than."


hi,
why is D wrong?

D. that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and whose coloring is completely different from that of...

now three parts, which are supposedly parallel are:-
i)that lives only in cypress groves
ii) almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees
iii) whose coloring is completely different from that of....

now ii) could easily be modifying the portion in i)...
as far as parallelism issue is concerned the sentence should be correct...
a species of sparrow that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and a species of sparrow whose coloring is completely different from that of...
that can easily be parallel to whose..
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Re: Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that lives only  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Dec 2015, 01:26
The parallelism is among the three verbs "lives", "is" and "has" - which is there only in one answer choice B. In "D" the parallelism among the following verbs is missing. For D to be correct, it should have been something like i) that lives only in cypress groves ii) who is almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees iii) who has coloring completely different from that of....

Hope this helps.
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Re: Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that lives only  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Dec 2015, 19:17
souvik101990 wrote:


Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees and whose coloring is completely different from all other sparrows.[/quote]


let's understand the meaning first.
Researches have discovered a new species of sparrow
this new species:
a) lives only in cypress groves
b) is almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine "that" correctly modifies certain type. this certain type of vine grows on cypress trees.
c) has color completely different from the colors of other sparrows.

let's do the error analysis:
"almost wholly".. looks like a modifier, but what actually it modifies? the fact that it lives in the cypress groves makes it wholly dependent? no? the fact that its colors are different from those colors of other sparrows? no. thus incorrect.
comparison error - compares colors with sparrows. incorrect.

A. that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees and whose coloring is completely different from
incorrect as mentioned.

B. that lives only in cypress groves, is almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and has coloring completely different from that of
looks good, that lives, "that" is already implied so "is almost.." is correct. and perfectly connects the list. comparison error now removed. looks like a good candidate for correct answer.

C. living only in cypress groves, is almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and whose coloring is completely different from
is almost now looks like 2 IC clauses are not properly connected. in addition, who is almost wholly dependent? who is the subject?
living acts as an ing modifier, which modifies the closest noun new species. this is not incorrect, but the whole sentence now is not structurally correct. moreover, the comparison error is present.

D. that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and whose coloring is completely different from that of
same modifier error as in A.

E. living only in cypress groves, depending almost wholly on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and having coloring completely different than
same errors as in C.
depending is an ing modifier that modifies the whole clause "researchers have discovered a new species". this is illogical as it does not present reasoning nor result of the clause.
comparison error is still present.

B looks to be the correct answer.
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Re: Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that lives only  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Dec 2015, 08:09
All other sparrows include umpteen numbers of species of sparrows with as many shades of hues and colors. Is the demonstrative pronoun ‘that’ relevant to call them in a singular vein in B and D than in a plural vein ‘those'?
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Re: Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that lives only  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jun 2016, 22:27
tough call b/w B and D.

Both seem correct to me.

Can answer choices be so close in GMAT so that you can't distinguish between them.
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Re: Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that lives only  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jun 2016, 13:20
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hsbinfy wrote:
tough call b/w B and D.

Both seem correct to me.

Can answer choices be so close in GMAT so that you can't distinguish between them.


B and D have very different structures.

Structure of B:

Researchers discovered a new species that lives..., is almost wholly dependent....., and has coloring.....

The object ("new species") of the main sentence has only one relative clause modifier (underlined) starting with "that". Within this modifier there are three parallel verbs "lives", "is" and "has" (marked in three different colors).

Structure of D:
Researchers discovered a new species that lives..., almost wholly dependent..., and whose coloring.....

The object ("new species") of the main sentence has three modifiers (marked in different colors) : "that lives..." (relative clause modifier), "almost wholly independent..." ( adjectival phrase modifier) and "whose coloring..." (relative clause modifier).

As you see, the three modifiers should be parallel, i.e. they should have the same structure. However the second one is adjectival phrase whereas the other two are relative clauses. Hence D is incorrect.
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Re: Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that lives only  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jun 2016, 10:43
Pri2506 wrote:
E also exhibits parallelism. So, why not E?
B seems a little awkward.

Please help.


The idiom "different than" is wrong, correct form is "different from". Thus E is wrong.

If you could elaborate why B seems awkward, then we may discuss further on the specific issue.
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Re: Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that lives only &nbs [#permalink] 16 Jun 2016, 10:43

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