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# Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that lives only

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Intern
Joined: 08 Feb 2016
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Re: Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that lives only  [#permalink]

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16 Jun 2016, 22:22
sayantanc2k wrote:
Pri2506 wrote:
E also exhibits parallelism. So, why not E?
B seems a little awkward.

The idiom "different than" is wrong, correct form is "different from". Thus E is wrong.

If you could elaborate why B seems awkward, then we may discuss further on the specific issue.

Thank you so much, sayantanc2k. I had completely ignored the idiom structure there.

However, I have another question.
If option E had the correct idiom (different 'from'), then would that (option) have been correct?
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18 Jun 2016, 14:39
Pri2506 wrote:
sayantanc2k wrote:
Pri2506 wrote:
E also exhibits parallelism. So, why not E?
B seems a little awkward.

The idiom "different than" is wrong, correct form is "different from". Thus E is wrong.

If you could elaborate why B seems awkward, then we may discuss further on the specific issue.

Thank you so much, sayantanc2k. I had completely ignored the idiom structure there.

However, I have another question.
If option E had the correct idiom (different 'from'), then would that (option) have been correct?

Not quite. The phrase "that of" would still be required after "different from" in order to maintain parallelism in comparison.
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08 Oct 2016, 06:25
Whats wrong with option D ?? i dont seem to get the parallel issue in D !
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08 Oct 2016, 08:12
1
anuj11 wrote:
Whats wrong with option D ?? i dont seem to get the parallel issue in D !

There are 3 modifiers for "a new species of sparrow":
1. "that lives only in cypress groves": relative clause
2. "almost wholly dependent ........... on cypress trees": phrase
3. "whose coloring is completely different...": relative clause

The second modifier is not a relative clause, but an adjective phrase... hence not parallel.
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17 Sep 2018, 02:31
My POE was that 'whose' and 'that' cannot parallel.
Thus, B is the correct choice.

I am not sure if my approach was right.
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04 Dec 2018, 06:55
chetan2u wrote:
souvik101990 wrote:
This question is part of the GMAT Club Sentence Correction : Parallelism" Revision Project.

Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees and whose coloring is completely different from all other sparrows.

A. that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees and whose coloring is completely different from

B. that lives only in cypress groves, is almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and has coloring completely different from that of

C. living only in cypress groves, is almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and whose coloring is completely different from

D. that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and whose coloring is completely different from that of

E. living only in cypress groves, depending almost wholly on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and having coloring completely different than

Spoiler: :: OE
The original sentence intends to identify a sparrow by the fact that it lives in cypress
groves, eats certain berries, and has certain coloring. All these facts about the
sparrow must be presented in parallel form. However, in the original sentence, these
facts are presented in different forms. We need to find a choice that presents them all
in parallel fashion. Moreover, "whose coloring is different from all other sparrows" is
incorrect. The sparrow's coloring is different from the coloring of other sparrows, not
from the sparrows themselves. We need to find a choice that makes this clear.
(A) This choice is incorrect as it repeats the original sentence.
(B) CORRECT. This choice remedies the parallelism issue: "lives only in...., is almost
wholly... and has coloring..." The comparison issue is also remedied: "has coloring
different from that of all other sparrows." The comparison is now logically drawn
between the coloring of the new species and the coloring ("that") of other species.
(C) This answer choice remedies neither the parallelism issue ("living..., is almost...,
and whose coloring") nor the illogical comparison (coloring and sparrows).
(D) While this answer choice remedies the comparison, the parallelism issue persists
from the original sentence.
(E) This parallelism issue has been remedied in this answer choice, but the illogical
comparison has not. In addition, the correct idiomatic expression is "different from,"
not "different than."

hi,
why is D wrong?

D. that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and whose coloring is completely different from that of...

now three parts, which are supposedly parallel are:-
i)that lives only in cypress groves
ii) almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees
iii) whose coloring is completely different from that of....

now ii) could easily be modifying the portion in i)...
as far as parallelism issue is concerned the sentence should be correct...
a species of sparrow that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and a species of sparrow whose coloring is completely different from that of...
that can easily be parallel to whose..

In option D which is eh most debatable option .Isnt it that whose can refer sparrow ..or cypress groves ?
This is in addition to the fact that whose clause can modify cyprus groves
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Re: Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that lives only  [#permalink]

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10 Dec 2018, 05:01
sayantanc2k
I have a quick question/clarification

B. that lives only in cypress groves, is almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and has coloring completely different from that of

In (B), is the reason why it writes "that lives" because of the singular subject "a new species" or "sparrow"

I like to think "of sparrow" is just prepositional phrase of "a new species". Am I correct or wrong?
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Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that lives only  [#permalink]

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10 Dec 2018, 05:34
lary301254M7 wrote:
sayantanc2k
I have a quick question/clarification

B. that lives only in cypress groves, is almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and has coloring completely different from that of

In (B), is the reason why it writes "that lives" because of the singular subject "a new species" or "sparrow"

I like to think "of sparrow" is just prepositional phrase of "a new species". Am I correct or wrong?

I think it refers to sparrow or best said-- to the noun phrase a new species of sparrow as a whole.

The that will directly refer back to the preceding noun entity and the verb after that is singular therby further strengthening the point.

Hope below example helps..

The number of swans is very high in number--'is"refers to entire phrase

The number of crows that are coming to ---that refers only to crows ..not the entire phrase.

Press Kudos if it helps!!
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10 Dec 2018, 08:04
ugimba wrote:
Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees and whose coloring is completely different from all other sparrows.

(A) that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows in cypress trees and whose coloring is completely different from

(B) that lives only in cypress groves, is almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and has coloring completely different from that of

(C) living only in cypress groves, is almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and whose coloring is completely different from

(D) that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and whose coloring is completely different from that of

(E) living only in cypress groves, depending almost wholly on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and having coloring completely different than

This question is part of the GMAT Club Sentence Correction : Parallelism" Revision Project.

Need clarity on this.

Since "that lives only in cypress groves," is a restrictive clause, in option B, the comma after "cypress groves" is incorrect. Pl. help me get this.
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Re: Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that lives only  [#permalink]

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10 Dec 2018, 11:56
Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees and whose coloring is completely different from all other sparrows.

(A) that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows in cypress trees and whose coloring is completely different from
--subject here is a new species of sparrow therefore all the verbs associated with it lives,is dependent and is completely different should be in parallel. But in this case 'is' is missing before dependent. Strike out A

(B) that lives only in cypress groves, is almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and has coloring completely different from that of
--Verbs are in parallel form, lets hold on to it

(C) living only in cypress groves, is almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and whose coloring is completely different from
--living is not a verb without is as prefix. Also wrong comparison of colour of sparrow to sparrow itself. Strike out C

(D) that lives only in cypress groves, almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and whose coloring is completely different from that of
--again is is missing--striking out D

(E) living only in cypress groves, depending almost wholly on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees, and having coloring completely different than
--firstly living is ,modifying preceding sentence which is wrong. Secondly, different than is not a logical idiom.
Strike out E

I chose B over all other choices
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06 Apr 2019, 01:25
The parallelism is among the three verbs "lives", "is" and "has" - which is there only in one answer choice B. In "D" the parallelism among the following verbs is missing. For D to be correct, it should have been something like i) that lives only in cypress groves ii) who is almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees iii) who has coloring completely different from that of....

Hope this helps.

I think to refer to a bird / animal we should not use "who".

sayantanc2k
Posted from my mobile device
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06 Apr 2019, 23:03
sayan640 wrote:
The parallelism is among the three verbs "lives", "is" and "has" - which is there only in one answer choice B. In "D" the parallelism among the following verbs is missing. For D to be correct, it should have been something like i) that lives only in cypress groves ii) who is almost wholly dependent on the berries of a certain type of vine that grows on cypress trees iii) who has coloring completely different from that of....

Hope this helps.

I think to refer to a bird / animal we should not use "who".

sayantanc2k
Posted from my mobile device

I agree with you.I guess who shouldnt be used rather "which" is more opt.
Re: Researchers have discovered a new species of sparrow that lives only   [#permalink] 06 Apr 2019, 23:03

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