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Sales of United States manufactured goods to nonindustrialized countri

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Sales of United States manufactured goods to nonindustrialized countri  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 18 Mar 2019, 00:37
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A
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C
D
E

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  45% (medium)

Question Stats:

61% (01:13) correct 39% (01:13) wrong based on 576 sessions

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Sales of United States manufactured goods to nonindustrialized countries rose to $167 billion in 1992, which is 14 percent more than the previous year and largely offsets weak demand from Europe and Japan.

(A) which is 14 percent more than the previous year
(B) which is 14 percent higher than it was the previous year
(C) 14 percent higher than the previous year’s figure
(D) an amount that is 14 percent more than the previous year was
(E) an amount that is 14 percent higher than the previous year’s figure

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Originally posted by noboru on 21 Oct 2009, 11:51.
Last edited by Bunuel on 18 Mar 2019, 00:37, edited 3 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: Sales of United States manufactured goods to nonindustrialized countri  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Oct 2009, 12:33
E for me.

A,B out for misplaced 'which'.
For C, there is no clear subject of the verb 'offsets'.
In D, 'previous year was' is a bad comparison.
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Re: Sales of United States manufactured goods to nonindustrialized countri  [#permalink]

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New post 14 May 2011, 11:36
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fine E is right and whatever, but can someone explain what precisely is wrong with C ? if you are sure , give your precise reason for rejecting C.
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New post 14 May 2011, 21:27
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garimavyas wrote:
fine E is right and whatever, but can someone explain what precisely is wrong with C ? if you are sure , give your precise reason for rejecting C.


which is 14 percent more than the previous year was the wrong part. Here which is just after the Year and a comma. So, as if, which is indicating the year. But this is wrong. There has to be something that indicates the amount. C is directly mentioning the percentage without linking it with the amount of money. That's the reason why E is correct. Because, it's rectified the wrong-part given in the question stem.
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Re: Sales of United States manufactured goods to nonindustrialized countri  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jul 2011, 01:23
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garimavyas wrote:
fine E is right and whatever, but can someone explain what precisely is wrong with C ? if you are sure , give your precise reason for rejecting C.


613. Sales of United States manufactured goods to nonindustrialized countries rose to $167 billion in 1992, which is 14 percent more than the previous year and largely offsets weak demand from Europe and Japan.

(A) which is 14 percent more than the previous year
(B) which is 14 percent higher than it was the previous year
(C) 14 percent higher than the previous year’s figure
(D) an amount that is 14 percent more than the previous year was
(E) an amount that is 14 percent higher than the previous year’s figure

If C were right:

Sales of United States manufactured goods to nonindustrialized countries rose to $167 billion in 1992, 14 percent higher than the previous year’s figure and largely offsets weak demand from Europe and Japan

then "14 percent higher than the previous year’s figure"(noun modifier) is incorrectly modifying 1992.

A noun modifier always modifies the preceeding NOUN.
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Re: Sales of United States manufactured goods to nonindustrialized countri  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Feb 2013, 08:25
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By touch rule, "which" touching 1992 incorrectly modifies the year. Hence, eliminate A, B and C.
"plugging in an amount" explicitly shows which is being modified.


(A) which is 14 percent more than the previous year
(B) which is 14 percent higher than it was the previous year
(C) 14 percent higher than the previous year’s figure

"an amount [that is 14% more than the previous year's figure]" clearly modifies the amount and compares amount in 1992 and of the previous year. In D, "was" is unnecessary and redundant... .

(D) an amount that is 14 percent more than the previous year was

Answer: E

(E) an amount that is 14 percent higher than the previous year’s figure
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Re: Sales of United States manufactured goods to nonindustrialized countri  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jun 2018, 09:57
Hi egmat / GMATNinja,

Please explain how is E correct. Don't we need a "that" in front of "largely offsets..." in order to maintain parallelism ?
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Re: Sales of United States manufactured goods to nonindustrialized countri  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jun 2018, 10:14
Sometimes choosing the right answer is not aiming for the absolutely correct answer but to eliminate the bad answers.

A and B should be eliminated outright because which modifies 1992 directly (and falsely). C is very obscure in meaning because a modifier is usually placed right next to the thing it modifies. This leaves D and E.

By meaning, D is blatantly wrong because it compares the amount with the previous year.

By meaning (and also after elimination), E is the best choice.

Previously, I also doubted the strict parallelism rule. Yet, I remember reading somewhere about the current type of parallelism in the sentence and it is accepted. I think it depends on how clear the comparison refers to. This may be hard for non-native English speakers because the native speakers may "play by ear" in these types of sentences.


aviejay wrote:
Hi egmat / GMATNinja,

Please explain how is E correct. Don't we need a "that" in front of "largely offsets..." in order to maintain parallelism ?
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Re: Sales of United States manufactured goods to nonindustrialized countri  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jun 2018, 23:14
blayel wrote:
Sometimes choosing the right answer is not aiming for the absolutely correct answer but to eliminate the bad answers.

A and B should be eliminated outright because which modifies 1992 directly (and falsely). C is very obscure in meaning because a modifier is usually placed right next to the thing it modifies. This leaves D and E.

By meaning, D is blatantly wrong because it compares the amount with the previous year.

By meaning (and also after elimination), E is the best choice.

Previously, I also doubted the strict parallelism rule. Yet, I remember reading somewhere about the current type of parallelism in the sentence and it is accepted. I think it depends on how clear the comparison refers to. This may be hard for non-native English speakers because the native speakers may "play by ear" in these types of sentences.


aviejay wrote:
Hi egmat / GMATNinja,

Please explain how is E correct. Don't we need a "that" in front of "largely offsets..." in order to maintain parallelism ?


Hi Blayel,

I really appreciate your response, but I would like to disagree with your analysis. Here is my analysis:

A: Here, "which" does not modify 1992 but rather it correctly modifies "$167 billion". I understand that ", which" directly modifies the noun before the comma but there are exceptions. Here "in 1992" modifies "167 billion" and thus ",which" modifies "$167 billion". The reason this option should be eliminated is there is a comparison error. This option compares the increase to "previous year".

A similar example is " I killed a snake with scales, which was entering the garden". This is a correct sentence. Logic precedes grammar.

B: This option should be eliminated because the option uses "it" in the phrase "higher than it was the previous year". The other side of the comparison uses "sales" which is plural

C: Hold. "14 percent higher than the previous year’s figure" correctly modifies "$167 billion in 1992". However, I also understand that in this case "Sales of United States manufactured goods to non industrialized countries" becomes the source of the list and that "rose to $167 billion in 1992" and "largely offsets weak demand from Europe and Japan." are the elements in the list, which are not parallel on grounds of verb tense.

D: Same as B. Comparison error

E: Looks correct but then I noticed that "that" was missing before "largely offsets...". "That" is needed here to maintain parallelism. Hence eliminated.

egmat / GMATNinja,

Kindly let me know if my analysis approach is correct though I marked C, which is wrong. Please let me know where am I going wrong. Especially, please explain how is E correct.
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Re: Sales of United States manufactured goods to nonindustrialized countri  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jun 2018, 02:45
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aviejay wrote:
blayel wrote:
Sometimes choosing the right answer is not aiming for the absolutely correct answer but to eliminate the bad answers.

A and B should be eliminated outright because which modifies 1992 directly (and falsely). C is very obscure in meaning because a modifier is usually placed right next to the thing it modifies. This leaves D and E.

By meaning, D is blatantly wrong because it compares the amount with the previous year.

By meaning (and also after elimination), E is the best choice.

Previously, I also doubted the strict parallelism rule. Yet, I remember reading somewhere about the current type of parallelism in the sentence and it is accepted. I think it depends on how clear the comparison refers to. This may be hard for non-native English speakers because the native speakers may "play by ear" in these types of sentences.


aviejay wrote:
Hi egmat / GMATNinja,

Please explain how is E correct. Don't we need a "that" in front of "largely offsets..." in order to maintain parallelism ?


Hi Blayel,

I really appreciate your response, but I would like to disagree with your analysis. Here is my analysis:

A: Here, "which" does not modify 1992 but rather it correctly modifies "$167 billion". I understand that ", which" directly modifies the noun before the comma but there are exceptions. Here "in 1992" modifies "167 billion" and thus ",which" modifies "$167 billion". The reason this option should be eliminated is there is a comparison error. This option compares the increase to "previous year".

A similar example is " I killed a snake with scales, which was entering the garden". This is a correct sentence. Logic precedes grammar.

B: This option should be eliminated because the option uses "it" in the phrase "higher than it was the previous year". The other side of the comparison uses "sales" which is plural

C: Hold. "14 percent higher than the previous year’s figure" correctly modifies "$167 billion in 1992". However, I also understand that in this case "Sales of United States manufactured goods to non industrialized countries" becomes the source of the list and that "rose to $167 billion in 1992" and "largely offsets weak demand from Europe and Japan." are the elements in the list, which are not parallel on grounds of verb tense.

D: Same as B. Comparison error

E: Looks correct but then I noticed that "that" was missing before "largely offsets...". "That" is needed here to maintain parallelism. Hence eliminated.

egmat / GMATNinja,

Kindly let me know if my analysis approach is correct though I marked C, which is wrong. Please let me know where am I going wrong. Especially, please explain how is E correct.


It is not necessary to repeat "that". We can assume that it exists for both.

"... that A and B" is fine.
"... that A and that B" is fine too.
"... that A, that B and C" is not correct.

If you repeat it for one of the other elements, you must repeat for all. Else you repeat for none.

Sometimes you might need to repeat some words to show which elements are parallel to which. Here is a post that explains this: https://www.veritasprep.com/blog/2018/0 ... lism-part/

(E) is correct.
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Re: Sales of United States manufactured goods to nonindustrialized countri  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jun 2018, 00:59
noboru wrote:
613. Sales of United States manufactured goods to nonindustrialized countries rose to $167 billion in 1992, which is 14 percent more than the previous year and largely offsets weak demand from Europe and Japan.

(A) which is 14 percent more than the previous year
(B) which is 14 percent higher than it was the previous year
(C) 14 percent higher than the previous year’s figure
(D) an amount that is 14 percent more than the previous year was
(E) an amount that is 14 percent higher than the previous year’s figure


Imo E

A very good example of the absolute phrase .
In original sentence we have two absolute phrases connected by and .
A is out for using which incorrectly
B Again same error as A
C We have noun missing to have proper Noun + modifier phrase
D Incorrect comparison and parallelism
E correct
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