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# Sales of wines declined in the late 1980s, but they began to

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Sales of wines declined in the late 1980s, but they began to [#permalink]

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06 May 2010, 12:37
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Sales of wines declined in the late 1980s, but they began to grow again after the 1991 report that linked moderate consumption of alcohol, and particularly of red wine, with a reduced risk of heart disease.

(A)they began to grow again after the 1991 report that linked moderate consumption of alcohol, and particularly of red wine, with a reduced risk of heart disease.
(B) after the 1991 report that linked a reduced risk of heart disease with a moderate alcohol consumption, particularly red wine, they began growing again
(C) in a 1991 report, moderate alcohol consumption, and particularly of red wine, which was linked with a reduced risk of heart disease, caused them to begin to grow again
(D) with a reduced risk of heart disease linked in a 1991 report with moderate alcohol consumption, in particular red wine, they began growing again
(E) a reduced risk of heart disease linked to moderate alcohol consumption in a 1991 report, and in particular red wine, started them growing again
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Re: Sales of wines declined in the late 1980s, but they began to [#permalink]

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10 Oct 2012, 23:20
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Hey Souvik.. how r u doing.

Well, coming to this question,
This sentence starts with a clause and a comma can not simply be used without any conjunction to combine it to another clause to complete it correctly. Therefore original sentece is correct while all options are incorrect. (Note that in question posted even the option A doesnt have 'but', and therefore option A is not a repeat of original sentence. Hoping it to be a typo - Ans is A.

souvik101990 wrote:
Sales of wines declined in the late 1980s, but they began to grow again after the 1991 report that linked moderate consumption of alcohol, and particularly of red wine, with a reduced risk of heart disease.

(A)they began to grow again after the 1991 report that linked moderate consumption of alcohol, and particularly of red wine, with a reduced risk of heart disease.
(B) after the 1991 report that linked a reduced risk of heart disease with a moderate alcohol consumption, particularly red wine, they began growing again
(C) in a 1991 report, moderate alcohol consumption, and particularly of red wine, which was linked with a reduced risk of heart disease, caused them to begin to grow again
(D) with a reduced risk of heart disease linked in a 1991 report with moderate alcohol consumption, in particular red wine, they began growing again
(E) a reduced risk of heart disease linked to moderate alcohol consumption in a 1991 report, and in particular red wine, started them growing again

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Re: Sales of wines declined in the late 1980s, but they began to [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2012, 05:48
Hey I am doing great!
Thanks for the inputs!
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Re: Sales of wines declined in the late 1980s, but they began to [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2012, 07:35
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First thing is that there is a transcriptional error. But should not be underlined. But being underlined, changes the entire complexion of the topic. That is why Vips0000 got the structure wrong, I suppose
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Re: Sales of wines declined in the late 1980s, but they began to [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2012, 08:52
(A) they began to grow again after the 1991 report that linked moderate consumption of alcohol, and particularly of red wine, with a reduced risk of heart disease-------- perfect foil

(B) after the 1991 report that linked a reduced risk of heart disease with a moderate alcohol consumption, particularly red wine, they began growing again --------The absence of the preposition turns the red wine without proper link to the mainstream; In addition, the placement of the reduced risk before the moderate consumption blurs the sequence of cause and effect.

(C) in a 1991 report, moderate alcohol consumption, and particularly of red wine, which was linked with a reduced risk of heart disease, caused them to begin to grow again --- moderate consumption caused them to begin to grow again— distorted meaning

(D) with a reduced risk of heart disease linked in a 1991 report with moderate alcohol consumption, in particular red wine, they began growing again ---- The reduced risk seems to be linked with moderate consumption only in the report. In addition, the improper sequence of cause and effect is a problem.

E. a reduced risk of heart disease linked to moderate alcohol consumption in a 1991 report, and in particular red wine, started them growing again----The reduced risk seems to have started them growing again; wrong meaning

The original is the best bet

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Re: Sales of wines declined in the late 1980s, but they began to [#permalink]

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15 Nov 2012, 22:59
Can some one help me with this
in option C : "Which Was is wrong it should be which were and also the use of " them " is ambiguous as it should point explicitly to "sales of wine" but due to the presence of "mod consum of alcohol and particularly red wine" in between sales and them makes it ambiguous.

Option D : Consruction " with a reduced risk of heart disease linked in a 1991 report with moderate alcohol consumption," is not correct.....Can anyone help in eliminating this option.

Option E : X and Y "a reduced risk of heart disease linked to moderate alcohol consumption in a 1991 report, and in particular red wine"

In particular red wine.....Prepositional phrase
a reduced risk of heart disease linked to moderate alcohol consumption in a 1991 report : Not a prepositional phrase.

Parallelism error in option E

I was not able to find any split in option B, except the change in meaning.

Also it will be great if anyone can use the split of X but Y construction, X, Y being parallel to eliminate.
As to go deep in meaning is difficult for most..

I request Jp27, Marcab, vipps and souvik to pls help me out.
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Re: Sales of wines declined in the late 1980s, but they began to [#permalink]

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16 Nov 2012, 00:05
Can some one help me with this
in option C : "Which Was is wrong it should be which were and also the use of " them " is ambiguous as it should point explicitly to "sales of wine" but due to the presence of "mod consum of alcohol and particularly red wine" in between sales and them makes it ambiguous.

Which were also would be wrong as you are still trying to refer to consumption, which is singular
Them is ambiguous it could refer to "disease" or "sales".
"and particularly of red wine" is not parallel.
We need "consumption of alcohol, and particularly (consumption ) of red wine" consumption in the bracket is understood.

Option D : Consruction " with a reduced risk of heart disease linked in a 1991 report with moderate alcohol consumption," is not correct.....Can anyone help in eliminating this option.

"(D) with a reduced risk of heart disease linked in a 1991 report with moderate alcohol consumption, in particular red wine, they began growing again"
"in particular red wine" is wrong here! - this is modifier. Sentence should have been
with moderate consumption of alcohol, in particular red wine - u are modifying alcohol here so makes sense.
or "consumption of alcohol, and particularly (consumption ) of red wine" - as it is done in A.
"" with a reduced risk of heart disease linked in a 1991 report with moderate alcohol consumption," is a modifier modifying "they began growing again"
It sounds as if "they began growing again WITH THESE THINGS" that's the implication of "with" modifies.

Option E : X and Y "a reduced risk of heart disease linked to moderate alcohol consumption in a 1991 report, and in particular red wine"

In particular red wine.....Prepositional phrase
a reduced risk of heart disease linked to moderate alcohol consumption in a 1991 report : Not a prepositional phrase.

Parallelism error in option E

yes there is def an || issue with "and in particular red wine" and " started them growing again" is also a problem

I was not able to find any split in option B, except the change in meaning.

All the errors dicussed above are present in B.
for example : "particularly red wine" is modifying "consumption"

Also it will be great if anyone can use the split of X but Y construction, X, Y being parallel to eliminate.
As to go deep in meaning is difficult for most..

here X is clause so Y should be a clause. so we can use stuffs inside the Y clause to eliminate choices .
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Re: Sales of wines declined in the late 1980s, but they began to [#permalink]

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22 Nov 2012, 00:55
I do not understand why in A we can have

and particularly of red wine

we do not need "and" in above phrase

I think A should be

"particularly of red wine"

pls help
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Re: Sales of wines declined in the late 1980s, but they began to [#permalink]

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05 Jan 2013, 16:47
Answers B-E ambiguously use they/them in the end of the sentence.
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Sales of wines declined in the late 1980s, but they began to [#permalink]

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06 Apr 2013, 14:31
Sales of wines declined in the late 1980s, but they began to grow again after the 1991 report that linked moderate consumption of alcohol, and particularly of red wine, with a reduced risk of heart disease.

(A)they began to grow again after the 1991 report that linked moderate consumption of alcohol, and particularly of red wine, with a reduced risk of heart disease.
(B) after the 1991 report that linked a reduced risk of heart disease with a moderate alcohol consumption, particularly red wine, they began growing again
(C) in a 1991 report, moderate alcohol consumption, and particularly of red wine, which was linked with a reduced risk of heart disease, caused them to begin to grow again
(D) with a reduced risk of heart disease linked in a 1991 report with moderate alcohol consumption, in particular red wine, they began growing again
(E) a reduced risk of heart disease linked to moderate alcohol consumption in a 1991 report, and in particular red wine, started them growing again

Finding difficult for me.Need detail explanation of every option
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Re: Sales of wines declined in the late 1980s, but they began to [#permalink]

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06 Apr 2013, 14:57
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Sales of wines declined in the late 1980s, but they began to grow again after the 1991 report that linked moderate consumption of alcohol, and particularly of red wine, with a reduced risk of heart disease.

(A)they began to grow again after the 1991 report that linked moderate consumption of alcohol, and particularly of red wine, with a reduced risk of heart disease.
CORRECT
(B) after the 1991 report that linked a reduced risk of heart disease with a moderate alcohol consumption, particularly red wine, they began growing again
This is a good option, it was between A and B. Here the problem is that "red wine" is not a "moderate alcohol consumption"
(C) in a 1991 report, moderate alcohol consumption, and particularly of red wine, which was linked with a reduced risk of heart disease, caused them to begin to grow again
"which" refers to red wine, and not to "moderate alcohol consumption", changing the meaning of the sentence. "to begin to grow" I'm not sure that is the right idiom (we are in the past); and I would add that the entire structure is not clear "Sale ... declined in the late 1980s, but in a 1991 report " (their are not well linked together)
(D) with a reduced risk of heart disease linked in a 1991 report with moderate alcohol consumption, in particular red wine, they began growing again
"in a 1991 report" is misplaced, same problem as B for the "red wine".
(E) a reduced risk of heart disease linked to moderate alcohol consumption in a 1991 report, and in particular red wine, started them growing again
"and in particular red wine" doesn't fit into the structure, what does it refer to?(it seems to modify the "1991 report") "started them growing" is not idiomatic
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Re: Sales of wines declined in the late 1980s, but they began to [#permalink]

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07 Apr 2013, 05:47
Sorry but I have to closed the topic for repeated forum's rules infringement.

Whenever you post a question, this must be underlined, three tags at least, source and OA. (these are the minumun rules to follow)

In this case the question was not underlined; unfortunately, it is not the first time.

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12 Apr 2013, 23:19
Span wrote:
I say A, although I chose between A & B a bit differently.

Choice B says: "..., particularly red wine,..." in reference to consumption. However, the noun phrase that fits would be "the consumption OF red wine," rather than "the consumption red wine." Thus, A fits better, because it says "and particularly OF red wine"

What is the difference between Particularly red wine and Particularly of red wine?
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12 Apr 2013, 23:59
LM wrote:
Sales of wines declined in the late 1980s, but they began to grow again after the 1991 report that linked moderate consumption of alcohol, and particularly of red wine, with a reduced risk of heart disease.
(A).........
(B) after the 1991 report that linked a reduced risk of heart disease with a moderate alcohol consumption, particularly red wine, they began growing again
(C) in a 1991 report, moderate alcohol consumption, and particularly of red wine, which was linked with a reduced risk of heart disease, caused them to begin to grow again
(D) with a reduced risk of heart disease linked in a 1991 report with moderate alcohol consumption, in particular red wine, they began growing again
(E) a reduced risk of heart disease linked to moderate alcohol consumption in a 1991 report, and in particular red wine, started them growing again

I just picked A because of the structure - Parallelism.

Sales of wines declined.............., BUT they began to grow..............

Sales // they.
"But" is a good signal of parallelism.
Other answers except A are not parallel. If you don't believe, plug in them and re-read the question.

Hope it helps.
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Re: Sales of wines declined in the late 1980s, but they began to [#permalink]

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02 May 2013, 02:15
All duplicate threads on this topic have been merged.

Please check and follow the Guidelines for Posting in Verbal GMAT forum before posting anything.
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Re: Sales of wines declined in the late 1980s, but they began to [#permalink]

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12 May 2013, 09:24
LM wrote:
Sales of wines declined in the late 1980s,
but they began to grow again after the 1991 report
that linked moderate consumption of alcohol,
and particularly of red wine, with a reduced risk of heart disease.

(A)they began to grow again after the 1991 report that linked moderate consumption of alcohol, and particularly of red wine, with a reduced risk of heart disease.
(B) after the 1991 report that linked a reduced risk of heart disease with a moderate alcohol consumption, particularly red wine, they began growing again
(C) in a 1991 report, moderate alcohol consumption, and particularly of red wine, which was linked with a reduced risk of heart disease, caused them to begin to grow again
(D) with a reduced risk of heart disease linked in a 1991 report with moderate alcohol consumption, in particular red wine, they began growing again
(E) a reduced risk of heart disease linked to moderate alcohol consumption in a 1991 report, and in particular red wine, started them growing again

Break the sentence into clauses
1.Sales of wines declined in the late 1980s,
2.but they began to grow again after the 1991 report
3.that linked moderate consumption of alcohol, and particularly of red wine, with a reduced risk of heart disease.

POE
(B)Incorrect, because after "but" an independent clause should be there and here "particularly red wine" is a non-essential modifier which should be a essential modifier.
(C)construction of sentence is awkward
(D)construction of sentence is awkward
(E)construction of sentence is awkward

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Re: Sales of wines declined in the late 1980s, but they began to [#permalink]

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17 Jul 2013, 02:34
There are several ways to approach this question. For moment, disregard, verb, tenses and SVA. In options B,C,D & E note that the pronoun "them" or "they" is ambiguous. It doesn't properly refer to the subject. Immediately all these will go off. You remain with A.
OA is A.

Hope this helps in clearing many doubts
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Re: Sales of wines declined in the late 1980s, but they began to [#permalink]

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23 Oct 2013, 07:27
Hi guys,

could someone please justify the usage of 'and' in A?! I know that ',and' normally introduces an independent clause. As soon as I have seen it in A I was not sure about A anymore.

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Re: Sales of wines declined in the late 1980s, but they began to [#permalink]

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09 Nov 2013, 10:14
Sales of wines, they...

they => sales
or
they => wines?

It's a rhetorical question, don't bother answering it, the real question is how come we take for granted that "they" refers to sales and not wines?
I know "it just makes sense" but, how is it explained structurally?
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Re: Sales of wines declined in the late 1980s, but they began to [#permalink]

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19 Nov 2013, 05:38
LM wrote:
Sales of wines declined in the late 1980s, but they began to grow again after the 1991 report that linked moderate consumption of alcohol, and particularly of red wine, with a reduced risk of heart disease.

(A)they began to grow again after the 1991 report that linked moderate consumption of alcohol, and particularly of red wine, with a reduced risk of heart disease.
(B) after the 1991 report that linked a reduced risk of heart disease with a moderate alcohol consumption, particularly red wine, they began growing again
(C) in a 1991 report, moderate alcohol consumption, and particularly of red wine, which was linked with a reduced risk of heart disease, caused them to begin to grow again
(D) with a reduced risk of heart disease linked in a 1991 report with moderate alcohol consumption, in particular red wine, they began growing again
(E) a reduced risk of heart disease linked to moderate alcohol consumption in a 1991 report, and in particular red wine, started them growing again

I am confused about the usage of "comma+ and"
As far as I remember its structure is
1)IC,and IC
2)presenting more than 2 items in the list
Over here , and particularly modifies consumption of alcohol as per OG.I am not sure about this sentence construction.
Kindly Enlighten.
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Re: Sales of wines declined in the late 1980s, but they began to [#permalink]

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16 Dec 2013, 20:00
Sales of wines declined in the late 1980s, but thev began to grow again after the 1991 report that linked moderate consumption of alcohol, and particularly of red wine, with a reduced risk of heart disease.

I came to correct choice A , by meaning analysis compared to other choice .
Just one query- about the role of " particularly of red wine"

The construction is parallel

Is this a list ? - If is a list then why comma came before and ? [ I think it is not a list - red wine doesn't talk about moderate consumption]
Is this a modifier ? - Then what is the use of and after comma ? What will be the error if I write

linked moderate consumption of alcohol, particularly of red wine, [construction kept same - no parallelism error] .

Regards
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Re: Sales of wines declined in the late 1980s, but they began to   [#permalink] 16 Dec 2013, 20:00

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