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SC: GMAT Redundant words notes

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New post 08 Nov 2010, 14:16
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Hello,

I have come across the below redundant words in my GMAT verbal preparation so far. I would like to share the same with you guys. Please feel free to add/update further.

(1) Because + The reason
The reason that certain spicy foods, such as the Habanero pepper, makes some people sweat is because they contain a chemical that stimulates the same nerve endings in the mouth as does a rise in temperature; this stimulation sometimes results in the activation of certain biological cooling mechanisms, one of which is perspiration.

(2) despite + yet
Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law school and passing bar examinations, yet the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women have not risen to a comparable extent.

(3) Now + currently
His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine homeland, far outside the range of present-day glaciers, led Louis Agassiz in 1837 to propose the concept of an age in which great ice sheets had existed in now currently temperate areas.

(4) that + should

(5) maybe + perhaps

(6) Recommended + should
"The report recommended that hospital should eliminate unneeded beds ... "

(7) past + previous

(8) amount + as much as
Redundant: ... amount X is twice as much as amount Y
Better: ... amount X is twice amount Y

(9) twice + compare to

(10) due to + with the result

(11) sum + total
The three prices sum to a total of $ 321.

(12) underlying + behind
Redundant: The underlying motive behind his kind words was so that he could borrow money from me.
Better: The underlying motive for his kind words was so that he could borrow money from me.
Better: The motive behind his kind words was so that he could borrow money from me.

(13) Because + therefore
Redundant: Because we were tired, we therefore stopped for the night.
Better: We stopped for the night because we were tired

(14) both + as well as
Only through a thorough, government-funded vaccination program can the epidemic of malaria be curbed, just like the spread of both cholera as well as the spread of typhoid was curbed.

(15) may + likely to

(16) regain + again

(17) rise + up

(18) decline + down

(19) soar + up

(20) decrease + down

(21) free + gift

(22) cooperate + together

(23) can + potentially

(24) retrospective + back
The studio's retrospective art exhibit refers back to a simpler time in American history.

(25) Consensus of opinion
Consensus of opinion is redundant: consensus means "general agreement."

(26) Regardless vs. Irregardless
Regardless means "not withstanding." Hence, the "ir" in irregardless is redundant. Regardless is the correct form.

(27) revert + back

(28) past + experience.

(29) end + result

Happy Learning!
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Re: SC: GMAT Redundant words notes  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Nov 2010, 07:52
2
nravi549,

This is a good list. Thank you for sharing!

I'll be honest with you, though: I would not recommend trying to memorize all of the redundant word pairs. Although that is a good strategy for idioms because idioms tend to not have any grammatical principles underlying their constructions, there is a grammatical principle related to redundancy: concision.

As such, I would train yourself to ask the question: "Does every word in the answer choice a) make sense and b) add value to the sentence."

For example:

"Although I used to dislike watching football, now currently I'm a big fan and never miss a game."
"Although I used to dislike watching football, now I'm a big fan and never miss a game."

Here, you notice the only difference between these two sentences is the word "currently." When faced with a split such as this, ask yourself whether the word "currently" adds any value to the sentence. Your answer should be that it really doesn't; it's merely a synonym for another word in that same sentence.

I'll reiterate here that although "concision" is far less important than "Grammar" or "meaning," the example above is a great illustration of how it can serve as a tie breaker.

Happy studying!

Brett
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New post 16 Nov 2010, 22:45
Thanks Brett and thanks nravi for the effort. Though the list might be endless, these word pairs are certainly worth noting!
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New post 21 Dec 2010, 09:42
Thanks nravi, I find your post very useful
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New post 13 Jan 2011, 23:20
nravi549 wrote:
Hello,

I have come across the below redundant words in my GMAT verbal preparation so far. I would like to share the same with you guys. Please feel free to add/update further.

(1) Because + The reason
The reason that certain spicy foods, such as the Habanero pepper, makes some people sweat is because they contain a chemical that stimulates the same nerve endings in the mouth as does a rise in temperature; this stimulation sometimes results in the activation of certain biological cooling mechanisms, one of which is perspiration.

(2) despite + yet
Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law school and passing bar examinations, yet the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women have not risen to a comparable extent.

(3) Now + currently
His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine homeland, far outside the range of present-day glaciers, led Louis Agassiz in 1837 to propose the concept of an age in which great ice sheets had existed in now currently temperate areas.

(4) that + should

(5) maybe + perhaps

(6) Recommended + should
"The report recommended that hospital should eliminate unneeded beds ... "

(7) past + previous

(8) amount + as much as
Redundant: ... amount X is twice as much as amount Y
Better: ... amount X is twice amount Y

(9) twice + compare to

(10) due to + with the result

(11) sum + total
The three prices sum to a total of $ 321.

(12) underlying + behind
Redundant: The underlying motive behind his kind words was so that he could borrow money from me.
Better: The underlying motive for his kind words was so that he could borrow money from me.
Better: The motive behind his kind words was so that he could borrow money from me.

(13) Because + therefore
Redundant: Because we were tired, we therefore stopped for the night.
Better: We stopped for the night because we were tired

(14) both + as well as
Only through a thorough, government-funded vaccination program can the epidemic of malaria be curbed, just like the spread of both cholera as well as the spread of typhoid was curbed.

(15) may + likely to

(16) regain + again

(17) rise + up

(18) decline + down

(19) soar + up

(20) decrease + down

(21) free + gift

(22) cooperate + together

(23) can + potentially

(24) retrospective + back
The studio's retrospective art exhibit refers back to a simpler time in American history.

(25) Consensus of opinion
Consensus of opinion is redundant: consensus means "general agreement."

(26) Regardless vs. Irregardless
Regardless means "not withstanding." Hence, the "ir" in irregardless is redundant. Regardless is the correct form.

(27) revert + back

(28) past + experience.

(29) end + result

Happy Learning!



Hello Ravi,

I went through your list.Its quite helpful.
But I would like to point at (23) can + potentially
Do you writing this way is wrong????
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New post 12 Apr 2011, 11:55
1
Hello Jullysabat,

Please refer OG11 Verbal Review 19th sentence correction problem explanation.

Option:B explanation is as below:

"Can potentially is redundant; ..."
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Re: SC: GMAT Redundant words notes  [#permalink]

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New post 07 May 2017, 08:06
nravi549 wrote:
Hello,

I have come across the below redundant words in my GMAT verbal preparation so far. I would like to share the same with you guys. Please feel free to add/update further.

(1) Because + The reason
The reason that certain spicy foods, such as the Habanero pepper, makes some people sweat is because they contain a chemical that stimulates the same nerve endings in the mouth as does a rise in temperature; this stimulation sometimes results in the activation of certain biological cooling mechanisms, one of which is perspiration.

(2) despite + yet
Despite the increasing number of women graduating from law school and passing bar examinations, yet the proportion of judges and partners at major law firms who are women have not risen to a comparable extent.

(3) Now + currently
His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine homeland, far outside the range of present-day glaciers, led Louis Agassiz in 1837 to propose the concept of an age in which great ice sheets had existed in now currently temperate areas.

(4) that + should

(5) maybe + perhaps

(6) Recommended + should
"The report recommended that hospital should eliminate unneeded beds ... "

(7) past + previous

(8) amount + as much as
Redundant: ... amount X is twice as much as amount Y
Better: ... amount X is twice amount Y

(9) twice + compare to

(10) due to + with the result

(11) sum + total
The three prices sum to a total of $ 321.

(12) underlying + behind
Redundant: The underlying motive behind his kind words was so that he could borrow money from me.
Better: The underlying motive for his kind words was so that he could borrow money from me.
Better: The motive behind his kind words was so that he could borrow money from me.

(13) Because + therefore
Redundant: Because we were tired, we therefore stopped for the night.
Better: We stopped for the night because we were tired

(14) both + as well as
Only through a thorough, government-funded vaccination program can the epidemic of malaria be curbed, just like the spread of both cholera as well as the spread of typhoid was curbed.

(15) may + likely to

(16) regain + again

(17) rise + up

(18) decline + down

(19) soar + up

(20) decrease + down

(21) free + gift

(22) cooperate + together

(23) can + potentially

(24) retrospective + back
The studio's retrospective art exhibit refers back to a simpler time in American history.

(25) Consensus of opinion
Consensus of opinion is redundant: consensus means "general agreement."

(26) Regardless vs. Irregardless
Regardless means "not withstanding." Hence, the "ir" in irregardless is redundant. Regardless is the correct form.

(27) revert + back

(28) past + experience.

(29) end + result

Happy Learning!


Can someone give example from official guide of following redundant words.
free + gift
may + likely to
that + should
past + experience.

Regards,
Amm
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New post 17 Sep 2017, 02:29
BKimball wrote:
nravi549,

This is a good list. Thank you for sharing!

I'll be honest with you, though: I would not recommend trying to memorize all of the redundant word pairs. Although that is a good strategy for idioms because idioms tend to not have any grammatical principles underlying their constructions, there is a grammatical principle related to redundancy: concision.

As such, I would train yourself to ask the question: "Does every word in the answer choice a) make sense and b) add value to the sentence."

For example:

"Although I used to dislike watching football, now currently I'm a big fan and never miss a game."
"Although I used to dislike watching football, now I'm a big fan and never miss a game."


Here, you notice the only difference between these two sentences is the word "currently." When faced with a split such as this, ask yourself whether the word "currently" adds any value to the sentence. Your answer should be that it really doesn't; it's merely a synonym for another word in that same sentence.

I'll reiterate here that although "concision" is far less important than "Grammar" or "meaning," the example above is a great illustration of how it can serve as a tie breaker.

Happy studying!

Brett



hello, i need help.
Traffic safety officials predict that drivers will be equally likely to exceed the proposed speed limit as the current one.
Correct: as likely to exceed the proposed speed limit as they are

how can i know that the option is suing redundancy.
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New post 07 Oct 2017, 19:05
hello, can I ask a question?

how though and although are used with redundant? I did some researches on the Internet, but I am not sure how the matter will appear in the real gmat.
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New post 27 Dec 2017, 00:25
1
chesstitans wrote:


hello, i need help.
Traffic safety officials predict that drivers will be equally likely to exceed the proposed speed limit as the current one.
Correct: as likely to exceed the proposed speed limit as they are

how can i know that the option is suing redundancy.


This is a case of ellipsis, not redundancy .
Traffic safety officials predict that drivers will be as likely to exceed the proposed speed limit as they are [likely to exceed] the current one.

Ellipsis is the intentional omission of a word, sentence, or whole section from a text without altering its original meaning because the omitted context is obvious, or implied
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New post 27 Dec 2017, 01:02
TaN1213 wrote:
chesstitans wrote:


hello, i need help.
Traffic safety officials predict that drivers will be equally likely to exceed the proposed speed limit as the current one.
Correct: as likely to exceed the proposed speed limit as they are

how can i know that the option is suing redundancy.


This is a case of ellipsis, not redundancy .
Traffic safety officials predict that drivers will be as likely to exceed the proposed speed limit as they are [likely to exceed] the current one.

Ellipsis is the intentional omission of a word, sentence, or whole section from a text without altering its original meaning because the omitted context is obvious, or implied


Pls help me, I am an international student, and English is not my strength. Ellipsis is a hard concept for me to figure it out. How do I know that the sentence is fine with ellipsis? In other words, how can I be so sure that ellipsis is present in the sentence in a particular context?
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Re: SC: GMAT Redundant words notes  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Dec 2017, 01:39
chesstitans wrote:
Pls help me, I am an international student, and English is not my strength. Ellipsis is a hard concept for me to figure it out. How do I know that the sentence is fine with ellipsis? In other words, how can I be so sure that ellipsis is present in the sentence in a particular context?


You could find this topic useful
https://gmatclub.com/forum/how-far-elli ... 48973.html
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SC: GMAT Redundant words notes  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Dec 2017, 02:09
1
chesstitans wrote:

Pls help me, I am an international student, and English is not my strength. Ellipsis is a hard concept for me to figure it out. How do I know that the sentence is fine with ellipsis? In other words, how can I be so sure that ellipsis is present in the sentence in a particular context?


broall has directed you to the right resource. In any other query, we all are here to assist.

Hope that helps.
By the way, the blue portion uses ellipsis as 'hope' here implies 'I am hoping' ;)
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SC: GMAT Redundant words notes &nbs [#permalink] 27 Dec 2017, 02:09
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