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Since 1975 so many people have been moving to Utah such that Mormons
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Since 1975 so many people have been moving to Utah such that Mormons who were once 75 percent of the population are now only accounting for half of it. (A) so many people have been moving to Utah such that Mormons who were once 75 percent of the population are now only accounting for half of it (B) many people have been moving to Utah, so Mormons once 75 percent of the population are now accounting for only half (C) that many people have been moving to Utah, such that the Mormons that were once 75 percent of the population are now accounting for only half of it (D) many people have been moving to Utah such that the Mormons, who once represented 75 percent of the population, now only account for half (E) so many people have been moving to Utah that the Mormons, who once represented 75 percent of the population, now account for only half http://content.time.com/time/subscriber/article/0,33009,9735083,00.htmlThe West Mixing Business And FaithMost states are struggling with economic hard times, but Utah  and the Mormons  are riding high By Sally B. Donnelly/Salt Lake City Monday, July 29, 1991The new Utah is most evident in Salt Lake County (pop. 728,000). Since 1975, so many people have moved in that Mormons, once 75% of the population, now account for only half. Eighteen months ago, the city relaxed its prohibition on alcohol, and bars and restaurants are thriving. The local gay community has become large enough and vocal enough to have mounted a colorful antidiscrimination protest at the Salt Lake County fairgrounds in June. Some of America's best ski areas are 20 minutes away from highrise office buildings. A $500 million downtown redevelopment project has revived the city's arts community. Even intellectual life got a charge last month when the University of Utah named Arthur Smith as the first nonMormon president in its 141year history. "Salt Lake City is what people think Denver should be," says mayoral candidate Corradini.
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Originally posted by marine on 20 Sep 2004, 07:31.
Last edited by Bunuel on 04 Feb 2019, 03:17, edited 4 times in total.
Edited the question.




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Re: Since 1975 so many people have been moving to Utah such that Mormons
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15 Jul 2013, 00:10
fozzzy wrote: Can someone explain why option D is incorrect. I picked E but what are the errors in D
Can someone also elaborate on the usage of "such that" Hi fozzzy. A simple rule is: "Such that" tells you HOW a thing is to be done ("such that" = such a way that) "So that" tells you WHY a thing is to be done Back to this question: D. many people have been moving to Utah such that the Mormons, who once represented 75 percent of the population, now only account for half Wrong. D does not convey the result of "the moving". In fact, D says that many people have been moving such a way that the Mormons now only account for half. ==> D indicates the way that many people have been moving [ HOW people have been moving]. Hence, D does not make sense. E. so many people have been moving to Utah that the Mormons, who once represented 75 percent of the population, now account for only half Correct. "so that" tells you the result. Because so X, that Y...... Hope it helps.
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Re: Since 1975 so many people have been moving to Utah such that Mormons
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19 Aug 2015, 23:28
I don't think the 75% of the population is the subject of the choices of A, B and C. The subject of those choices is Mormons. A. so many people have been moving to Utah such that Mormons who were once 75 percent of the population are now only accounting for half of it >> pronoun error, is it 75% of Utah or population B. many people have been moving to Utah, so Mormons once 75 percent of the population are now accounting for only half >> accounting for = responsible for, object caused something >> changes the meaning C. that many people have been moving to Utah, such that the Mormons that were once 75 percent of the population are now accounting for only half of it >> same error in choice A D. many people have been moving to Utah such that the Mormons, who once represented 75 percent of the population, now only account for half >> only is misplaced >> changes the meaning E. so many people have been moving to Utah that the Mormons, who once represented 75 percent of the population, now account for only half >> meaning intact, no error.
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Re: Since 1975 so many people have been moving to Utah such that Mormons
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22 Aug 2015, 21:38
Since 1975 so many people have been moving to Utah such that Mormons who were once 75 percent of the population are now only accounting for half of it.
Split 1# : “Only accounting for half” Vs “Accounting for only half” Only should modify Half not account or accounting. Only accounting implies, Mormons could have done something great but they only account. So option A and D are incorrect. Split 2 # : “Are now accounting” Vs “now account” Present progressive is not required. Sentence presents a general fact, I think Simple present is much better choice than Simple progressive. Option A, B, C – Incorrect Split 3 : “Were 75 % population” Vs” represented 75% of population” One cannot be 75% of population, but it can represent 75% of population. Indians Represent 30 % of Canadian population. We cannot say Indians are 30% of Canadian population. Later is not proper. So “were 75 % of population” is incorrect Option A,C incorrect
A. so many people have been moving to Utah such that Mormons who were once 75 percent of the population are now only accounting for half of it  Incorrect – Split1, 2 , 3 B. many people have been moving to Utah, so Mormons once 75 percent of the population are now accounting for only half Incorrect – Split 2 C. that many people have been moving to Utah, such that the Mormons that were once 75 percent of the population are now accounting for only half of it Incorrect Incorrect  split 2,3 D. many people have been moving to Utah such that the Mormons, who once represented 75 percent of the population, now only account for half Incorrect Incorrect – split 2 E. so many people have been moving to Utah that the Mormons, who once represented 75 percent of the population, now account for only half  Correct



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Re: Since 1975 so many people have been moving to Utah such that Mormons
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12 Dec 2015, 16:31
To solve this, we must keep in mind that, "so" and "that" are used together in a sentence. A. so many people have been moving to Utah such that Mormons who were once 75 percent of the population are now only accounting for half of it  such that is wrong, it should only be thatB. many people have been moving to Utah, so Mormons once 75 percent of the population are now accounting for only half  here the population has been compared with a value, hence, wrong comparison C. that many people have been moving to Utah, such that the Mormons that were once 75 percent of the population are now accounting for only half of it  that/such that combination is wrong, as in case of A + the usage of "it" is ambiguous D. many people have been moving to Utah such that the Mormons, who once represented 75 percent of the population, now only account for half  here the population has been compared with a value, hence, wrong comparison E. so many people have been moving to Utah that the Mormons, who once represented 75 percent of the population, now account for only half  no such errors
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Re: Since 1975 so many people have been moving to Utah such that Mormons
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13 Dec 2015, 01:11
The sentence tests usage of 2 correct idiomatic expressions 1. So X that Y { Answers the question why } 2. Account for {gives a satisfactory record of something} A. so many people have been moving to Utah such that Mormons who were once 75 percent of the population are now only accounting for half of it B. many people have been moving to Utah, so Mormons once 75 percent of the population are now accounting for only half C. that many people have been moving to Utah, such that the Mormons that were once 75 percent of the population are now accounting for only half of it D. many people have been moving to Utah such that the Mormons, who once represented 75 percent of the population, now only account for half E. so many people have been moving to Utah that the Mormons, who once represented 75 percent of the population, now account for only half So IMHO (E)
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Re: Since 1975 so many people have been moving to Utah such that Mormons
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31 Aug 2016, 21:49
Grammar in action:Correct idiom usage: so x that y Every option, other than E, demonstrates what not to combine with many, such that etc. Also, option E showcases the modifier placement very well Mormons, <phrase modifying or talking about what comes just before the comma>
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Re: Since 1975 so many people have been moving to Utah such that Mormons
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06 Mar 2017, 19:46
Note that plain usage of "such that" is considered unidiomatic. We need to say something like "such + Noun/Adjective + that" for its usage to be correct. For example  "the crime has risen to such levels that ..." Let us look at the answer options. Option A  Incorrect. "so many people have been moving to Utah such that"  Usage of such that is incorrect. "such that Mormons who were once 75 percent of the population"  Usage of restrictive clause suggests that we are referring to ONLY those Mormons who accounted for 75% percent of the population. Implies that there were other Mormons who did not account for 75% of the population. Illogical. "Mormons who were once 75 percent of the population are now only accounting for half of it"  Inappropriate usage of present continuous. To talk about facts/general truths we use the simple present. Option B  Incorrect. "Mormons [who were] once 75 percent of the population are now accounting"  usage of restrictive modifier changes the meaning of the sentence. Usage of present continuous tense is inappropriate. Also note that the intended meaning is " so many people have been moving to Utah that Mormons, who were once 75 percent of the population, now only account for half"  this suggests something unusual or dramatic. However, in this option that effect is lost  "many people have been moving to Utah". This no longer conveys the intended meaning. Option C  " that many people have been moving to Utah"  the usage is incorrect. " such that the Mormons that were once 75 percent"  Plain "such that" is unidiomatic. "such that the Mormons that were once 75 percent"  We do not use "that" to refer to people. Moreover, this suggests that we are referring ONLY to those who were once 75%, not to other Mormons there. "... are now accounting for only half of it"  We need simple present. Option D  " many people have been moving to Utah"  this distorts the intended meaning by suggesting that the movement was not dramatic/remarkable situation. " such that the Mormons" Usage of "such that" is unidiomatic.
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Re: Since 1975 so many people have been moving to Utah such that Mormons
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12 Mar 2017, 05:58
Since 1975 so many people have been moving to Utah such that Mormons who were once 75 percent of the population are now only accounting for half of itA. so many people have been moving to Utah such that Mormons who were once 75 percent of the population are now only accounting for half of it B. many people have been moving to Utah, so Mormons once 75 percent of the population are now accounting for only half Change in meaningC. that many people have been moving to Utah, such that the Mormons that were once 75 percent of the population are now accounting for only half of it D. many people have been moving to Utah such that the Mormons, who once represented 75 percent of the population, now only account for half > Only is incorrectly modifying Account.E. so many people have been moving to Utah that the Mormons, who once represented 75 percent of the population, now account for only half
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Re: Since 1975 so many people have been moving to Utah such that Mormons
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13 Apr 2017, 09:02
Mdacosta, there's some pretty persistent voices out there saying that you can "ignore the fluff" or "ignore the middleman" between two commas. That's an oversimplification, and not something that you'd want to apply too broadly to GMAT questions. Don't get me wrong: it can be useful to strip out some modifiers to help you see the sentence structure more clearly. Subjectverb agreement is the most obvious example:  A bag of peaches, which are delicious fruit grown in the hills of southern Georgia and on the western slope of Colorado, cost more at Whole Foods than at Safeway.
Obviously, it's much easier to spot the error ("A bag... cost" is incorrect) if you "ignore the fluff" ("of peaches" and that whole mess inside the commas). Thing is, you don't want to permanently and completely ignore that stuff. Absolutely anything in the sentence can impact the meaning, or provide a referent for a pronoun. In the GMATPrep example about Mormons in Utah, the sentence makes perfect sense if you're reading the whole thing, including the stuff inside the commas  but if you ignore that modifier completely, you'll end up with the wrong answer. So yes, "ignore the middleman" temporarily to help you understand structure or subjectverb agreement, but don't completely ignore anything when it comes to the meaning of the sentence. I hope this helps!
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Re: Since 1975 so many people have been moving to Utah such that Mormons
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06 Jan 2019, 01:06
I was wondering about the difference "half" and "half of it" in those answers. I used to saw a question " while more thn half of mainstream American business fail," or " while the rate of mainsteam American bussinss failling is more than half," the failure rate for bussiness in Amish community hovers above 5%. And the correct answer is the first one. The reason it gave mentioned that "the rate is more than half" is wrong, it didn't clearly state half of what, it could be 1% or half of 10%. So when I took this question, it reminds me of this old question, so I eliminated any choice that end with "half" Please please help me with the difference between the "half" and "half of it"



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Re: Since 1975 so many people have been moving to Utah such that Mormons
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16 Jan 2019, 03:08
pqhai wrote: fozzzy wrote: Can someone explain why option D is incorrect. I picked E but what are the errors in D
Can someone also elaborate on the usage of "such that" Hi fozzzy. A simple rule is: "Such that" tells you HOW a thing is to be done ("such that" = such a way that) "So that" tells you WHY a thing is to be done Back to this question: D. many people have been moving to Utah such that the Mormons, who once represented 75 percent of the population, now only account for half Wrong. D does not convey the result of "the moving". In fact, D says that many people have been moving such a way that the Mormons now only account for half. ==> D indicates the way that many people have been moving [ HOW people have been moving]. Hence, D does not make sense. E. so many people have been moving to Utah that the Mormons, who once represented 75 percent of the population, now account for only half Correct. "so that" tells you the result. Because so X, that Y...... Hope it helps. thank you pqhai. can you give us more explanation and example of "so that" and " such that". can you give us more explanation and exam ple of " so.... that" and " such.... that". I think "so...that" and "such...that" are used to show result. but I am not clear about the use of "so that" and "such that" ( both words stand together) pls, help us



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Re: Since 1975 so many people have been moving to Utah such that Mormons
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16 Jan 2019, 03:38
the idioms are so+ adjective +that so+many/much/few/little +noun+that such+noun +that
there are 3 kinds "so that" can be used to show a purpose I lean gmat so that i can go to us
I do not see "such that" used to show a purpose. pls, help explain this point



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Re: Since 1975 so many people have been moving to Utah such that Mormons
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28 Aug 2019, 06:10
HI Experts, Please help me with option E, esp. the part "...only half". Although GMATNinja mentioned in one of the comments about data between commas can't be ignored straightaway, how to go ahead in such case. ".. only half" of what?. Any similar examples or posts to have better understanding? Thanks in advance.



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Re: Since 1975 so many people have been moving to Utah such that Mormons
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30 Aug 2019, 11:50
In OA E, can we not argue that sentence is incomplete. Half of what....??



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Re: Since 1975 so many people have been moving to Utah such that Mormons
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30 Aug 2019, 22:38
marine wrote: Since 1975 so many people have been moving to Utah such that Mormons who were once 75 percent of the population are now only accounting for half of it.
(A) so many people have been moving to Utah such that Mormons who were once 75 percent of the population are now only accounting for half of it
(B) many people have been moving to Utah, so Mormons once 75 percent of the population are now accounting for only half
(C) that many people have been moving to Utah, such that the Mormons that were once 75 percent of the population are now accounting for only half of it
(D) many people have been moving to Utah such that the Mormons, who once represented 75 percent of the population, now only account for half
(E) so many people have been moving to Utah that the Mormons, who once represented 75 percent of the population, now account for only half fauji wrote: HI Experts, Please help me with option E, esp. the part "...only half". Although GMATNinja mentioned in one of the comments about data between commas can't be ignored straightaway, how to go ahead in such case. ".. only half" of what?. Any similar examples or posts to have better understanding? Thanks in advance. shobhitkh wrote: In OA E, can we not argue that sentence is incomplete. Half of what....?? fauji and shobhitkh , you asked, half of what? Answer: Half of the population [of Utah]. I'm not sure what else the answer could be. We've just been told that a certain group was 75% of the population, but now that group accounts for only half (50%). Of . . . . the population. Nothing is wrong with the OA. ***** Nouns can be "dropped." Omitting words is called ellipsis. HERE is a post by Mike McGarry on ellipsis. His examples may help. When ellipsis is used, the "missing" words are implied. ******** In this question, a fully written out sentence would have been: . . . Mormons, who once represented 75% of the population, now account for only half of the population. Those two prepositional phrases are parallel. The second one can be dropped, leaving us with E) . . . . Mormons, who once represented 75% of the population, now represent only half [implied: of the population]. ********* Omitting words is very common. Omitting nouns is probably the most straightforward of all omissions. I bought four cookies and she bought two [cookies]. HERE is an official sentence that involves a lot of discussion of ellipsis (omitting words). Here is a thread on ellipsis and substitution. Mike McGarry's links are good. I can''t think offhand of any other official example that are similar to this one. If you start with the thread that I listed last, it should get you started. I hope that helps.
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Re: Since 1975 so many people have been moving to Utah such that Mormons
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