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Some scientists have been critical of the laboratory tests conducted b

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Re: Some scientists have been critical of the laboratory tests conducted b  [#permalink]

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12 Aug 2018, 00:01
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Those refer to the plural 'amounts'. 'That' is a relative pronoun, which refers to the plural 'those.' C) regarded by the world’s best classical cellists as the best cellist of the classical world, plays in an ever-changing style, yet employs
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Some scientists have been critical of the laboratory tests conducted b  [#permalink]

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12 Aug 2018, 10:11
laxieqv wrote:
Some scientists have been critical of the laboratory tests conducted by the Federal Drug Administration on the grounds that the amounts of suspected carcinogens fed to animals far exceeds those that humans could consume.

E. far exceed those that humans could consume

teaserbae wrote:
daagh generis hazelnut Vyshak

I got the ans from POE but can you please elaborate what do those and that refer to in the OA E ?

teaserbae , arriving at an answer through process of elimination is an excellent method. (The best method, IMO.) Nice work, especially because these pronouns can be tricky.

If pronouns seem convoluted or unclear, replace the pronoun with what you think is the possible antecedent. Then decide whether the sentence makes sense.*

"Some scientists have been critical of the laboratory tests conducted by the FDA on the grounds that the amounts of suspected carcinogens fed to animals far exceed those THE AMOUNTS that humans could consume."

those in Option E is a pronoun referring to the antecedent amounts (of carcinogens)

Until we do the substitution above, that looks tricky. Afterwards, THAT should be much less confusing.

"That" connects "amounts" to "humans could consume." ("That" is a relative pronoun.)

If doubt still exists, test "that" by dropping the "that" clause.

If we strike "that humans could consume" we have

. . . the amounts of suspected carcinogens fed to animals far exceed [amounts]

Shortened: amounts far exceed amounts

Huh? That construction does not make any sense. Dropping the THAT clause produces nonsense.

In formal terms, "that" is a relative pronoun introducing a restrictive clause; the clause contains information we must have about "amounts."

Conclusion: "that" stays and E is indeed the correct answer. We're good.

Hope that helps.

*The sentence means: The FDA uses animals to test whether and at what level certain substances cause cancer. Some scientists have criticized the test results because the scientists believe that the tests do not replicate real conditions. The testers feed the animals huge amounts of the carcinogens -- amounts that are much higher than a human being actually could eat or drink.
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Re: Some scientists have been critical of the laboratory tests conducted b  [#permalink]

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12 Aug 2018, 22:24
laxieqv wrote:
Some scientists have been critical of the laboratory tests conducted by the Federal Drug Administration on the grounds that the amounts of suspected carcinogens fed to animals far exceeds those that humans could consume.

A. far exceeds those that humans could consume
B. exceeds by far those humans can consume
C. far exceeds those humans are able to consume
D. exceed by far those able to be consumed by humans
E. far exceed those that humans could consume

Split Exceeds v/s Exceed.
Non underlined portion - Amounts -- plural so Exceed makes sense.

D is wordy so E
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Re: Some scientists have been critical of the laboratory tests conducted b  [#permalink]

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12 Dec 2018, 23:47
A. far exceeds those that humans could consume
B. exceeds by far those humans can consume
C. far exceeds those humans are able to consume
D. exceed by far those able to be consumed by humans
E. far exceed those that humans could consume

exceed vs exceeds. Exceed is correct (as subject "amounts" is plural). Eliminate A,B and C.
"Able to be consumed" is wrong and wordy.
Hence, E is the answer choice.
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Re: Some scientists have been critical of the laboratory tests conducted b  [#permalink]

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19 Aug 2019, 00:17
laxieqv wrote:
Some scientists have been critical of the laboratory tests conducted by the Federal Drug Administration on the grounds that the amounts of suspected carcinogens fed to animals far exceeds those that humans could consume.

A. far exceeds those that humans could consume
B. exceeds by far those humans can consume
C. far exceeds those humans are able to consume
D. exceed by far those able to be consumed by humans
E. far exceed those that humans could consume

Experts, other than the difference of active/passive in D & E is there any other reason why D is incorrect. Is exceed by far unidiomatic?
Re: Some scientists have been critical of the laboratory tests conducted b   [#permalink] 19 Aug 2019, 00:17

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